Tag Archives: Water supply

Quality of drinking water

Quality of drinking water

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Quality of drinking water

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Water protection and management

Quality of drinking water

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption [See amending act(s)].

Summary

The Directive is intended to protect human health by laying down healthiness and purity requirements which must be met by drinking water within the European Union (EU).

Drinking water

The Directive applies to all water intended for human consumption apart from natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products.

General obligations

Member States shall ensure that such drinking water:

  • does not contain any concentration of micro-organisms, parasites or any other substance which constitutes a potential human health risk;
  • meets the minimum requirements (microbiological and chemical parameters and those relating to radioactivity) laid down by the Directive.

They will take any other action needed in order to guarantee the healthiness and purity of water intended for human consumption.

Quality standards

Member States shall lay down the parametric values corresponding at least to the values set out in the Directive. Where parameters are not set out in the Directive limit values must be laid down by the Member States if necessary to protect health.

Controls

The Directive requires Member States to regularly monitor the quality of water intended for human consumption by using the methods of analysis specified in the Directive, or equivalent methods. For this purpose they shall determine the sampling points and draw up monitoring programmes.

Corrective action and restrictions on use

Where the parametric values are not attained the Member States concerned shall ensure that the corrective action needed is taken as quickly as possible in order to restore water quality.

Regardless of compliance, or otherwise, with the parametric values, Member States shall prohibit the distribution of drinking water or shall restrict its use and shall take any action needed where that water constitutes a potential human health hazard. Consumers shall be informed of any such action.

Exceptions

The Directive shall provide the Member States with scope to provide for exemptions from the parametric values up to a maximum value, provided that:

  • the exemption does not constitute a human health hazard;
  • there is no other reasonable means of maintaining the distribution of drinking water in the area concerned;
  • the exemption must be as restricted in time as possible and not exceed three years (it being possible to renew the exemption for two further three-year periods).

Any exemption granted must be accompanied by a detailed justification except if the Member State concerned feels that failure to meet the limit value is not serious and may be quickly remedied. Water sold in bottles or containers may not be exempted.

Any Member State granting an exemption must inform the following thereof:

  • the population affected;
  • the Commission within a two-month period if the exemption covers the distribution of more than 1000 m³ per day on average, or supplies for more than 5000 persons.

Quality guarantees on the processes, equipment and materials

Neither the materials or substances used in new installations for preparing and distributing drinking water may not continue to be present in drinking water beyond a strictly necessary level.

Re-examination

At least every five years the Commission shall re-examine the parameters laid down by the Directive in the light of scientific and technical progress. It will be assisted in that process by a Committee comprising representatives of the Member States.

Information and reports

Every three years Member States shall publish a report on the quality of drinking water for its consumers. On the basis of those reports the Commission will, every three years, draw up a summary report on the quality of the water intended for human consumption within the Community.

Deadline for compliance

Within five years at the latest Member States shall take any action needed in order to guarantee that water quality complies with the Directive. In exceptional cases that period may be extended provided that it does not exceed three years.

Repeal

Directive 98/83/EC replaces Directive 80/778/EEC from 25 December 2003.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 98/83/EC

25.12.1998

25.12.2000

OJ L 330 of 05.12.1998

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 596/2009

7.8.2009

OJ L 188 of 18.7.2009

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 98/83/EC have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated versionis for reference only.

Remedies mechanisms: water, energy, transport and postal services sectors

Remedies mechanisms: water, energy, transport and postal services sectors

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Remedies mechanisms: water, energy, transport and postal services sectors

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Businesses in the internal market > Public procurement

Remedies mechanisms: water, energy, transport and postal services sectors

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 92/13/EEC of 25 February 1992 coordinating the laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the application of Community rules on the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and telecommunications sectors [See amending acts].

Summary

This Directive seeks to guarantee the effective application of the provisions of Directive 2004/17/EC coordinating the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors.

The provisions of the Directive are based on three main elements:

  • adaptation to the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors (the so-called “special” sectors) of the redress mechanisms available under Directive 89/665/EEC concerning national remedies relating to public supply, works and service contracts awarded by the contracting authorities;
  • an attestation procedure;
  • a corrective mechanism to strengthen the lines of action open to the Commission in cases where a clear and manifest infringement has been committed.

In the case of certain redress mechanisms, the Directive empowers the Member States to choose between two options . They may take measures to permit:

  • either direct intervention in the procurement procedures to suspend those procedures and repeal any illegal decisions;
  • or the exercising of an indirect influence on contracting entities through the specific imposition of a financial penalty.

In both instances the aim is to ensure that any infringements of the law are corrected and that the relevant interests are protected. Independently of the option chosen, the Directive provides for the possibility of obtaining damages and interest.

Remedies

The Directive states that where a contract award infringes the procedures, any person who is harmed or is likely to suffer damage may apply for an effective review of the decision taken by the contracting entity. To this end, the following time limits are laid down:

  • at least 15 days (or 10 days if electronic means are used) between the award decision and the conclusion of the contract;
  • a maximum of 15 days (or 10 days if electronic means are used) between the decision by the contracting entity and the application for review (however, enforcement of this period remains at the discretion of the Member State);
  • 30 days between the decision to award the contract and cancellation of this decision;
  • maximum of six months between conclusion of the contract and cancellation of the award decision.

Attestation

The contracting entity may award the contract without prior publication of a notice in the Official Journal of the European Union. However, it must publish its intention to award the contract.

The Advisory Committee for Public Contracts assists the Commission.

Corrective mechanism

Where the Commission feels that a clear and manifest infringement of the Community provisions has been committed in the course of the procurement procedure, it may ask the Member State to correct the infringement, referring to the review and the ineffectiveness of a contract before it is concluded.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 92/13/EEC

1.1.1993
30.6.1995 (Spain)
30.6.1997 (Greece and Portugal)

1.1.1993
30.6.1995 (Spain)
30.6.1997 (Greece and Portugal)

OJ L 76 of 23.03.1992

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden and the adjustments to the Treaties on which the European Union is founded

1.1.1995

OJ C 241 of 29.8.1994

Directive 2006/97/EC

20.11.2006

1.1.2007

OJ L 363 of 20.12.2006

Directive 2007/66/CE

9.1.2008

20.12.2009

OJ L 335 of 20.12.2007

Subsequent amendments and corrections to Directive 92/13/EEC have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference only.

Related Acts

Council Directive 93/38/EEC of 14 June 1993 coordinating the procurement procedures of entities operating in the water, energy, transport and telecommunications sectors [OJ L 199, 9.8.1993].

EU-Russia environmental cooperation

EU-Russia environmental cooperation

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about EU-Russia environmental cooperation

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

External relations > Eastern europe and central asia

EU-Russia environmental cooperation

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission of 17 December 2001 – EU-Russia environmental cooperation [COM(2001)772 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The dialogue and cooperation conducted between the European Union (EU) and Russia must be strengthened with regard to the environment.

The progress achieved by Russia in this area should benefit its socio-economic development, particularly in the energy and water resource management sectors, by complying with international standards for products and services intended for export, and promoting investment.

Existing cooperation frameworks

The Agreement on partnership and cooperation adopted in 1997 and its joint work programme on the environment are the partners’ principal instruments in this area.

The partners also set environmental objectives under the framework of:

  • the EU-Russia Energy Dialogue ;
  • the EU common strategy on Russia adopted in June 1999 (energy efficiency, sustainable use of natural resources, combating pollution, waste management, etc.);

The country must also renew its commitment to international cooperation, particularly under the framework of the Northern Dimension policy and the Conventions concerning the Regional Seas (the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, and Atlantic Ocean), as well as the implementation of multi-lateral agreements on the environment and combating climate change.

Cooperation priorities

However, the partners’ cooperation objectives must be expanded. The new priorities are primarily based on Russia’s national objectives for the environment and resource management. In particular, these concern conserving ecosystems and developing an environmentally-friendly economy. These priorities must also comply with the principles of the European strategy for sustainable development.

In addition, the partners establish a set of short-term priorities, in particular:

  • energy and natural resource savings through the development of adapted technologies, processes and products;
  • improving environmental standards, controls and assessments;
  • waste water treatment and reducing atmospheric pollution;
  • combating industrial pollution by applying the ‘polluter pays principle’;
  • establishing mechanisms to encourage investment, including foreign investment.

Context

This Communications followed on from the 7th EU-Russia Summit on 17 May 2001 during which the partners confirmed their desire to strengthen their strategic cooperation.

Related Acts

Commission Decision 2006/890/Euratom of 4 December 2006 concerning the conclusion on behalf of the European Atomic Energy Community of a Framework Agreement on a Multilateral Nuclear Environmental Programme in the Russian Federation and of the Protocol on Claims, Legal Proceedings and Indemnification to the Framework Agreement on a Multilateral Nuclear Environmental Programme in the Russian Federation (notified under document number C(2006) 5219).