Tag Archives: Traineeship

A new dimension for European judicial training

A new dimension for European judicial training

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about A new dimension for European judicial training


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Judicial cooperation in criminal matters

A new dimension for European judicial training

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 13 September 2011 – Building trust in EU-wide justice A new dimension to European judicial training [COM(2011) 551 final – Not published in the Official Journal].


National laws and European law coexist within the European Union (EU). Legal practitioners must have sufficient knowledge of national legal systems and of EU law to guarantee legal security and the uniform application of European law. The recognition and execution of judicial decisions and cooperation between the judicial authorities of different Member States are also dependent on this.

The Commission has therefore set itself the objective of ensuring that half of legal practitioners have participated in a European judicial training activity by 2020. Although priority is given to judges and prosecutors, the goal is to target all legal practitioners.

Training content

Above all, training should be practical and be given both on entry to the profession (initial training) and throughout a person’s career (continuous training). Priority should be given to the areas of activity identified by legal practitioners as being those where the need is greatest, those which are particularly technical, and those where the legislation is poorly implemented. Training should also include the teaching of foreign languages, to facilitate exchanges between Member States.

To address the time constraints faced by legal practitioners, eLearning should be developed. The European e-Justice Portal will be further developed, to provide more information about judicial training.

Starting from 2014, the Commission also intends to launch a programme of short term exchanges for newly appointed judges and prosecutors to improve their knowledge of the legal systems of other EU countries.


The most effective way to achieve the objective of training half of the legal practitioners is to use the existing structures, actors and networks at national and European level.

At national level, training is provided, depending on the Member State, by judicial training structures, the ministry of Justice, the Council for the judiciary, court services and professional associations. The Commission aims to reinforce cooperation with and between these different stakeholders.

At European level, European associations of legal practitioners and judicial training providers such as the Academy of European Law (ERA), the European Centre for Judges and Lawyers of the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA), the European University Institute of Firenze and the College of Europe are a way of increasing European judicial training.

The European Judicial Training Network (EJTN), which brings together the ERA and the national training structures, should be reinforced to ensure that its activities reach more members of the judiciary. For the network to play a more active role, Member States should increase their financial contribution. The goal is for the network to be able to organise 1 200 exchanges in courts per year.

European Commission action

The Commission will support a number of measures such as public-private partnerships to develop innovative training solutions and the organisation of an annual gathering of all legal professions to facilitate exchanges of good practice.

With regard to funding, the Commission aims to make European judicial training a priority of the new financial framework and to increase EU financial support. It will encourage, notably through grants, high-quality projects with a considerable European impact and reaching a large audience.

Related Acts

The Stockholm Programme – An open and secure Europe serving and protecting citizens [Official Journal C 115 of 4.5.2010].

Council conclusions of 27 October 2011 on European judicial training [Official Journal C 361 of 10.12.2011].

Youth employment: opportunities

Youth employment: opportunities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Youth employment: opportunities


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Education training youth sport > Youth

Youth employment: opportunities

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 20 December 2011 – Youth Opportunities Initiative [COM(2011) 933 final — Not published in the Official Journal].


This Communication presents the current situation regarding youth employment in the European Union (EU) and proposes solutions for tackling the high levels of unemployment in this age category.

Current situation of youth employment

It is becoming harder for young people to find work in a context of rising unemployment. In some EU countries, the rate of youth unemployment may reach 40 %. This Communication notes that a total of 7.5 million people in the 15-24 age group are neither in employment nor in education or training.

Although unemployment is high, many posts remain vacant. This situation points to labour market mismatches in the EU. Between now and 2020, there will be 73 million job openings due to retirement of workers, which should be filled by young people with the necessary skills.

The European Commission has identified several factors in youth unemployment:

  • early school leaving without qualifications;
  • lack of relevant skills and lack of work experience;
  • precarious employment followed by spells of unemployment;
  • limited training opportunities;
  • insufficient/inappropriate active labour market programmes.

Faced with this problem, the Commission proposes to examine national policies and performances. It also plans to provide financial support to national and cross-border actions.

Objectives for fostering youth employment

For the year 2012, the Commission encourages Member States to concentrate on the following objectives:

  • Preventing early school leaving: the 2020 Strategy aims to reduce early school leaving from 14 % to 10 %. One of the tools proposed for achieving this objective is the Council Recommendation of 28 June 2011 concerning policies for reducing early school leaving. The Recommendation advocates measures which combine prevention, intervention and compensation.
  • Developing skills that are relevant to the labour market: young people should acquire the skills required by the world of work as part of their studies. With regard to budget, Member States are requested to plan efficient expenditure for education and vocational training. The Agenda for new skills and jobs proposes in particular a European Skills, Competences and Occupations classification to bring the worlds of education and employment closer together. Furthermore, the Digital Agenda should enable young people’s ICT skills to be improved.
  • Supporting a first work experience and on-the-job training: the Commission believes that apprenticeships and good quality placements in enterprises need to be developed in order to enable young people to acquire skills and experience. Social partners must help young people to target their skills better in their job searches.
  • Getting a first job: the Commission wants to improve young people’s access to the labour market. To this end, Member States are requested to reform employment protection legislation in consultation with social partners. In addition, the Commission wants to encourage self-employment of young people so that they create their own companies.

Actions to be taken to encourage an active youth population

In order to improve young people’s access to employment, the Commission suggests several courses of action:

  • Using the European Social Fund: a portion of the structural funds (European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and European Social Fund (ESF)) representing EUR 79 billion should be allocated to education and employment measures. However, new approaches need to be developed in order to support participation of young people in apprenticeship/traineeship programmes.
  • Improving the transition from school to work: it is crucial that the link between education and vocational training is improved through dual/twin-track learning and apprenticeships. Some projects already exist through the ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ programme; however, this Communication specifies that businesses must make a stronger commitment in this area. The Commission plans to present a framework in 2012 aimed at encouraging the provision and take-up of high quality traineeships, as well as a preparatory action for ‘Activation measures targeting young people’.
  • Supporting the mobility of young people in the labour market: the Commission wants to take inspiration from the success of the ‘Erasmus’ programme to encourage more mobility and efficiency in the labour market. To this end, a preparatory action (‘Your first EURES job’) already exists, which aims to support young people and employers through transnational recruitment and job placements. The Commission also aims to strengthen the European Voluntary Service during the last two years of the ‘Youth in action’ programme. A new European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps will be set up.