Tag Archives: Third countries in the Mediterranean

New neighbourhood policy strategy

New neighbourhood policy strategy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about New neighbourhood policy strategy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

External relations > Eastern europe and central asia

New neighbourhood policy strategy

Document or Iniciative

Joint Communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 25 May 2011 – A new response to a changing Neighbourhood [COM(2011) 303 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

By presenting a new strategy for the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), the Commission intends to improve its support for the processes of reform undertaken by its partner countries.

This new approach is based on greater differentiation by country of the cooperation objectives. Therefore, the action plans for each country that set the priorities for the short and medium term must be more targeted and more flexible in order to be able to be adapted to new financial priorities if necessary.

The strategy also aims to:

  • increase the conditionality of financial assistance, which can be increased or restricted depending on the progress made concerning democracy and human rights;
  • support inclusive economic development, which promotes trade, investment, sustainable development, and reducing unemployment;
  • strengthen regional synergies between the partners, within the Eastern Partnership and the Union for the Mediterranean, particularly in the areas of trade, energy, transport, migration and mobility.

Supporting democracy

The strategy creates new instruments for promoting democracy and human rights:

  • a European Endowment for Democracy aimed at democratic political parties representing a broad spectrum of views, non-governmental organisations and social partners;
  • a Civil Society Facility, which is essential in any democratic society.

Establishing deep and sustainable democracies also requires stronger partnership on matters of political cooperation and security. The partners must conduct a more continuous political dialogue at a bilateral level and within regional bodies. Their joint action must be strengthened at international level.

Promoting sustainable and inclusive growth

The partner countries are encouraged to adopt policies which promote economic growth, the business environment and investment, and reduce the differences in development between regions.

Economic growth should lead to higher levels of employment and social inclusion. The ENP therefore provides for political dialogue for macroeconomic reforms, employment and social affairs. The Commission also suggests that agricultural and rural development projects are launched to combat poverty.

Lastly, the creation of Free Trade Areas should be encouraged to strengthen trade ties between the partners, and regional integration. The European Union (EU) is the main import and export market for the ENP partners. In this context, those countries not wishing to embark on free trade negotiations can benefit from trade concessions and mutual acceptance agreements on the conformity of industrial products.

Enhancing cooperation

Certain areas of sector cooperation must be enhanced, in particular for:

  • knowledge, research and innovation, including through student and academic staff mobility;
  • partner participation in EU programmes and the work of EU agencies.

Similar enhanced cooperation is also planned to improve energy security, environmental protection, transport, communication technologies, and tackling climate change.

Partners whose reforms are the most advanced can begin a process of visa facilitation.

Financing

This new strategy is presented in the last programming phase of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). Its resources need to be increased and oriented towards new priorities.

The financial resources of the ENP can be diversified by having recourse to other European thematic instruments and crisis intervention mechanisms.

In addition, the options for financing through loans from the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) must be increased. These banks must be able to act jointly, including for the financing of development operations of large infrastructure and connectivity projects.

Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin

Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Customs

Pan-Euro-Mediterranean system of cumulation of origin

Proposal

Proposal for a Council Decision on the signature of the regional convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin [COM(2010) 168 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion of the regional convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin [COM(2010) 172 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The draft convention lays down rules allowing the origin of goods traded under free trade agreements in the pan-Euro-Mediterranean zone to be determined. It is necessary to ascertain the origin of goods in order to apply tariff preferences, i.e. reducing or removing customs duties or taxes of equivalent effect.

The contracting parties to this Convention are the following:

  • the European Union;
  • the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) States, which are Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein;
  • signatories to the Barcelona declaration, namely Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, and Palestine;
  • the Faroe Islands;
  • the participants in the European Union Stabilization and Association Process.

Originating products

Goods are considered as products originating in the pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation zone if they are:

  • wholly obtained in the territory of a Contracting Party to the Convention;
  • composed of materials originating in countries that are not signatories to the Convention (non-originating materials), but which have been sufficiently processed in the territory of a Contracting Party to the Convention. Annex II of Appendix I to the Convention presents the criteria for sufficient processing for each product category;
  • imported from the European Economic Area (EEA) and exported to another Contracting Party to the Convention.

Pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation of origin

If three Contracting Parties to the Convention are bound by a Free Trade Agreement (FTA), they may apply a system of diagonal cumulation of origin. Products that have obtained originating status in one of the countries in the pan-euro-Mediterranean cumulation zone may be added to products originating from any other country in the zone without losing their originating status within that zone.

Cumulation of origin is subject to certain conditions:

  • the existence of a preferential trade agreement in accordance with the GATT;
  • compliance with the rules of the Convention;
  • publication of a notice in the Official Journal of the EU (C series) on compliance with the implementing conditions for cumulation.

Furthermore, a total cumulation of origin may be applied within the EEA (i.e. EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) and for trade between the EU, Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. As regards the EEA, products traded between these countries shall be considered to have originated from the same territory.

Products originating in third countries

In order to manufacture * their products, the Contracting Parties to the Convention may use non-originating materials, which shall generally be subject to customs duties.

Proof of origin

Exporters must be able to present movement certificates EUR.1 or EUR-MED to the customs authorities of the importing countries. Such certificates shall be issued by the customs authorities of the exporting country.

Approved exporters may also issue an invoice declaration or an invoice declaration EUR-MED.

If goods are in transit in a free zone and they are handled for reasons other than those designed to prevent their deterioration, a new movement certificate must be issued.

Joint Committee

The management and implementation of the Convention shall be overseen by a Committee composed of representatives of all of the Contracting Parties.

Key terms
  • Manufacture: any kind of working or processing, including assembly or specific operations.

References And Procedure

Proposal Official Journal Procedure

COM(2010) 168

Non-legislative NLE(2010) 0092

COM(2010) 172

Non-legislative NLE(2010) 0093