Tag Archives: Supply

Specific measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands

Specific measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Specific measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > General framework

Specific measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1405/2006 of 18 September 2006 laying down specific measures for agriculture in favour of the smaller Aegean islands and amending Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 [See amending acts].

Summary

The smaller Aegean islands benefit from specific supply arrangements for certain agricultural products and adapted support measures for local agricultural production. These measures, exemplified by this Regulation, aim at promoting the development of these regions which is hindered by a number of geographical and economic factors.

Specific supply arrangements

Supply of agricultural products (a list of which can be found in Annex I of the treaty) that are essential for human consumption or for the manufacture of other products is based on a specific support policy. In this respect, the authorities designated by Greece establish a forecast supplybalance which quantifies annual needs for the products concerned. This forecast is then approved by the Commission.

The products benefit from supply aid which is fixed according to the additional marketing costs. Implementing the specific supply arrangements takes into account certain factors such as the particular needs of the smaller islands, traditional trade flows, the economic aspect of the aid envisaged and the development of local production.

Products covered by this scheme may only be re-exported under the conditions established by the Committee which assists the Commission. These conditions include the reimbursement of aid received. Moreover, products which are processed in the smaller islands using materials which have benefited from the specific supply arrangements may only be exported to third countries or sent to the Community within the maximum quantities defined by the Commission.

Measures in favour of local agricultural production

Greece presents a support programme which is submitted to the Commission for approval. This programme includes measures to foster agricultural production in the smaller islands. The measures must be coherent and compatible with Community legislation and policies, in particular the Common Agricultural Policy.

The support programme may include:

  • a quantified description of the situation as regards agricultural production;
  • the proposed strategy and expected impact in economic, environmental and social terms;
  • an implementation schedule for the measures and a general summary table describing the resources to be mobilised;
  • a justification of the compatibility and coherence of the various measures in the programme and a definition of the criteria and quantitative indicators used for monitoring and assessment;
  • action taken to ensure that the programme is implemented effectively and appropriately;
  • the competent authority designated to implement the programme and associated organisations.

Support measures

The Commission may authorise additional aid in the form of operating aid in the sectors of production, processing and marketing of the said products to implement the support programme.

Financial provisions

The specific supply arrangements and the measures fostering local agricultural production amount to a maximum of EUR 23.93 million per year. With regard to the specific supply arrangements, the maximum annual amount is EUR 5.47 million.

General provisions

The Commission is assisted by the Management Committee for Direct Payments.

Greece presents to the Commission:

  • by 15 February of each year, funding for the implementation of the programme in the following year;
  • by 30 June of each year, a report on the measures laid down in this Regulation.

The Commission presents a general report on the impact of action carried out pursuant to this Regulation to the European Parliament and the Council by 31 December 2011.

Context

The first unique support framework for agriculture in the Aegean islands was presented in Regulation No 2019/93, which laid down specific supply arrangements and specific aid measures for certain sectors such as potatoes, vines and olive growing. In view of the success of this system, this Regulation aims at maintaining this aid whilst reinforcing partnerships with local authorities and giving them more freedom to manage funding.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1405/2006

3.10.2006

OJ L 265 of 26.9.2006

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 615/2008

29.6.2008

OJ L 168 of 28.6.08

Regulation (EC) No 72/2009

7.2.2009

OJ L 30 of 31.1.09

The subsequent amendments and corrections to Regulation (EEC) No 1405/2006 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated versionis only of documentary value.

Related Acts

Application procedure

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1914/2006 of 20 December 2006 laying down detailed rules for applying Council Regulation (EC) No 1405/2006 laying down specific measures for agriculture in favour of the smaller Aegean islands [Official Journal L 365 of 21.12.2006].

This Regulation contains the application procedure for measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands. Concerning specific supply arrangements, it describes the function of administrative components such as the aid certificate and the register of operators, gives details of export conditions and explains the procedure for inspection and exports. With regard to measures in favour of local production, the Regulation describes how the amount of aid is determined, how applications are to be submitted and how aid is paid, as well as the principles governing inspections relating to the proper use of aid and sanctions.
See consolidated version

Transmission of information

Commission Regulation (EC) No 792/2009 of 31 August 2009 laying down detailed rules for the Member States’ notification to the Commission of information and documents in implementation of the common organisation of the markets, the direct payments’ regime, the promotion of agricultural products and the regimes applicable to the outermost regions and the smaller Aegean islands [Official Journal L 228 of 1.9.2009].

Petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of vehicles

Petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of vehicles

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of vehicles

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Air pollution

Petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of vehicles

Document or Iniciative

Directive 2009/126/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 on Stage II petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of motor vehicles at service stations.

Summary

This Directive aims at ensuring that harmful petrol vapour displaced from the fuel tank of a motor vehicle during refuelling at a service station is recovered. The petrol pumps of many service stations in the European Union (EU) will have to be equipped to recover this vapour.

Service stations

This Directive applies to new service stations or those having undergone major refurbishment, of which the annual throughput must be in excess of 500 m3 of petrol. It imposes upon operators of these service stations an obligation to install a Stage II Petrol Vapour Recovery system or “Stage II PVR”. Furthermore, service stations with a throughput in excess of 100 m3 per year which are located under living accommodation must also install this equipment.

Larger existing service stations with a throughput in excess of 3 000 m3 per year must also apply Stage II PVR by 2018.

Stage II PVR equipment has already been installed in service stations in almost 50 % of the Member States. This Directive extends this practice to the whole European Union.

Minimum level of petrol vapour recovery

The Stage II PVR equipment installed on petrol pumps in service stations must capture 85 % of petrol vapour. The petrol vapour capture efficiency of such systems must be certified by the manufacturer in accordance with the relevant European technical standards or type approval procedures or, if there are no such standards or procedures, with any relevant national standard.

Stage II PVR equipment draws off petrol vapour. It is then transferred to a storage tank at the service station. The vapour/petrol ratio shall be equal to or greater than 0.95 but less than or equal to 1.05.

Periodic checks

The petrol vapour capture efficiency of Stage II petrol vapour recovery systems must be tested at least once a year. This test may be carried out either by checking the vapour/petrol ratio defined above under simulated petrol flow conditions, or by any other appropriate methodology.

If the service station has automatic monitoring equipment, capture efficiency shall be tested at least once every three years. If the tests detect anomalies, the service station operator must rectify the fault within seven days.

Consumer information

All service stations which have installed Stage II petrol vapour recovery systems must inform consumers thereof. In order to do this, the operator may place a sign, sticker or other notification on, or in the vicinity of, the petrol dispenser.

Context

This Directive comes under the Sixth Environment Action Programme adopted in July 2002 which established the need to reduce air pollution to levels which minimise harmful effects on human health and the environment.

This Directive supplements the technical specifications for the storage of petrol. These technical specifications are harmonised at European level by Directive 94/63/EC which forms Stage I of petrol vapour recovery.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2009/126/EC

31.10.2009

1.1.2012

OJ L 285 of 31.10.2009

Euratom Supply Agency

Euratom Supply Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Euratom Supply Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Energy > Nuclear energy

Euratom Supply Agency

Document or Iniciative

Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)
Council Decision 2008/114/EC, Euratom of 12 February 2008 establishing Statutes for the Euratom Supply Agency [Official Journal L 41 of 15.2.2008].

Summary

The Euratom Supply Agency was established by the Euratom Treaty. It became operational on 1 June 1960.

Mission

The Agency must ensure that all users in the European Union (EU) enjoy a regular and equitable access to ores and nuclear fuels (source materials and special fissile materials), through the common supply policy and in accordance with the principles detailed in Title II, Chapter VI of the Treaty.

In order to successfully carry out its mission, the Agency shall:

  • provide the Community with expertise, information and advice on the nuclear market;
  • monitor trends of the market in nuclear materials and services which could affect the security of supply;
  • cooperate with the Advisory Committee.

As the body responsible for the management of supply and demand of ores, source materials (natural uranium, for example) and special fissile materials (enriched uranium and plutonium, for example) in the EU, the Agency has:

  • a right of option on ores, source materials and special fissile materials produced on the territory of Member States;
  • an exclusive right to conclude supply contracts on ores, source materials and special fissile materials originating from within or outside the Community.

Location and status

The Agency is located in Luxembourg. It is placed under the supervision of the European Commission, which has a right of veto over all its decisions (Article 53(1)). It also has legal personality and financial autonomy.

Right of option (Article 57)

The Agency has the right of option on materials produced in the Community. This applies to the full ownership of ores and source materials and to the right to use and consume special fissile materials. The Treaty requires all producers in the territory of the EU to offer the Agency all the ores, source materials or special fissile materials they produce before they are used, transferred or stored. This right of option is exercised by concluding supply contracts in a simplified manner.

However, producers may, with the Agency’s authorisation, keep materials either to store them, use them or make them available to companies located within the EU. Nevertheless, specific conditions must be met and notified to the Commission.

Should the Agency decide not to exercise its right of option, this must be clearly set out in the contract concluded. Consequently, with regard to ores and source materials, the buyer has all the ownership rights. However, in the case of special fissile materials, the buyer obtains only the right to use and consume them, and the Community retains the right of ownership.

Exclusive right to conclude supply contracts (Article 52)

Any contract relating to the supply of the materials concerned must be authorised and concluded by the Agency. This is the Agency’s key operating instrument. It applies to all supply contracts, including purchases and sales of materials (uranium, whether natural, depleted or enriched, thorium and plutonium), exchanges and loans.

This right applies to supplies coming from within or from outside the EU. As regards materials coming from outside the Union, should the Commission find that the Agency is not in a position to deliver the materials within a reasonable period of time, users may, with the Commission’s authorisation, conclude contracts directly with other parties.

However, in the case of a transfer, import or export of small quantities of materials for research, the Agency just has to be notified.

In practice and according to the Agency’s rules, users are authorised to negotiate freely with the producer of their choice. After the negotiations, the supply contracts for ores and source materials and, by analogy, the supply contracts for special fissile materials, including enrichment contracts, must be submitted to the Agency, and are concluded by the Agency.

Financing

The Treaty allows a charge to be levied on transactions in order to defray the Agency’s operating expenses. The Agency is financed by the Community budget, revenue from its capital and bank investments.

Each year the Agency’s Director-General must submit a budget forecast to the Commission.

Director-General and staff

The Director-General is appointed by the Commission. He is responsible for managing the Agency, and represents it in certain situations. The Agency’s staff is made up of permanent Commission officials seconded to the Agency.

Advisory Committee

The Euratom Supply Agency is assisted by an Advisory Committee which is the link between producers, users and the Agency. It provides advice, opinions and information on the supply of nuclear energy and on trade relating to nuclear energy. It is also a discussion forum.

The Committee has 56 members, appointed by Member States for a 3-year renewable mandate and chosen from producers, users and experts in the field of nuclear energy according to their level of experience and expertise. The Director-General is required to consult the Committee on decisions relating to the Agency’s capital, the drawing-up of rules to determine the manner in which demand is to be balanced against supply, the preparation of the Agency’s annual balance sheet and report, and the setting-up of branches of the Agency and the winding-up of the Agency.

The Committee normally meets twice a year. It can also be convened at the request of the Director-General or at the request in writing of a third of the Committee members when necessary.

Follow-up

Three main documents are drawn up by the Director-General, in consultation with the Committee:

  • the annual balance sheet, together with a trading account. This document is submitted to the Court of Auditors, which draws up a report on the Agency’s accounts;
  • the annual report on the Agency’s activities. This document brings together data on the supply of and demand for nuclear fuels in the European Union;
  • the budget for the following year.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/114/EC, Euratom

3.6.2008

OJ L 41 of 15.2.2008

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (Euratom) No 66/2006 of 16 January 2006 exempting the transfer of small quantities of ores, source materials and special fissile materials from the rules of the chapter on supplies [Official Journal L 11 of 17.1.2006].