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Hygiene for food of animal origin

Hygiene for food of animal origin

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Hygiene for food of animal origin

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Veterinary checks animal health rules food hygiene

Hygiene for food of animal origin

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 29 April 2004, laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin. [See amending act(s)].

Summary

Foodstuffs of animal origin listed in Annex I of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union may present microbiological and chemical hazards, necessitating the adoption of specific hygiene rules contributing to the completion of the internal market and ensuring a high level of public health protection. These rules supplement those laid down in Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs, which primarily concerns the approval of operators.

GENERAL OBLIGATIONS

The provisions of this Regulation apply to unprocessed and processed products of animal origin, but not to foods consisting of both products of plant origin and processed products of animal origin, unless expressly indicated to the contrary. Furthermore, this Regulation does not apply to the retail trade or to primary production for private consumption, for which the provisions of the above-mentioned Regulation on the hygiene of foodstuffs are sufficient.

Registration and approval of establishments

Establishments handling products of animal origin must be registered and, where necessary, approved by the competent authority in their Member State. This does not apply to establishments engaged only in primary production, transport or storage of products not requiring temperature-controlled storage conditions, or retail operations not subject to the Regulation.

In accordance with Regulation (EC) 882/2004 on official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law and with the provisions relating to animal health and animal welfare. Member States must keep up-to-date lists of approved establishments, which are given an approval number with additional codes indicating the type of products of animal origin manufactured.

Health marking and identification

Where required by the Regulation, products of animal origin must be given a health mark applied in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 laying down specific rules on the organisation of official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption or, failing this, an identification mark applied to products before they leave the product establishment if their packaging and/or wrapping is removed or it is further processed in another establishment. This mark must be legible, indelible and clearly visible for the competent authorities, and must show the name of the exporting country and the establishment’s approval number where the operations took place. When applied in an establishment located within the European Union, the mark must be oval in shape and include the abbreviation CE, EC, EF, EG, EK or EY.

Imports from Non-EU Member Countries

The Commission draws up lists of Non-EU Member Countries from which imports of products of animal origin are permitted, in accordance with the Regulation (EC) 854/2004 on official controls. In principle, a third country may only be included on these lists if a European control has taken place in that country and demonstrates that the competent authority provides appropriate guarantees that their provisions comply with or are equivalent to European legislation.

Furthermore, Regulation (EC) 854/2004 provides that an establishment may only be included in these lists if the competent authority in the originating third country guarantees:

  • >that the aforementioned establishment, as well as any other establishment handling raw materials of animal origin used in the production of the products of animal origin concerned, comply with the relevant European requirements, specifically with those of Regulation (EC) 853/2004 or those which have been defined as equivalent to these requirements following the decision to include this third country in the relevant list, in accordance with Article 11;
  • >that an official inspection service in this country carries out monitoring of the establishments and makes available to the Commission, where necessary, all relevant information on the establishments providing raw materials;
  • >that this service has the power to prevent establishments from exporting to the Union in the even that they do not comply with the requirements detailed above.

When drawing up these lists, particular account is taken of:

  • the existing legislation of the third country, and the organisation and powers of the competent authority and the inspection services;
  • where applicable, the situation regarding animal health, zoonoses and plant health, as well as the procedures for notifying the Commission and the competent international bodies of animal or plant diseases which occur;
  • experience gained in relation to marketing vis-à-vis the third country and its collaboration in exchanging information, particularly on health risks;
  • the results of EU inspections/audits carried out in the country concerned;
  • the existence, in the third country concerned, of legislation on animal nutrition and programmes for monitoring zoonoses and residues.

By way of derogation, there are special provisions for imports of fishery products.

Food chain information

The Regulation also provides instructions to ensure that slaughterhouse operators receive food chain information on all animals except wild game.

SECTORAL APPROACH

In Annex II to the Regulation, a sectoral approach is taken to determining the specific hygiene provisions applicable to foodstuffs of animal origin.

In order to take account of traditional production methods, the competent authority may grant special conditions for applying the appropriate hygiene rules in the sectors concerned.

Meat of domestic ungulates

This section is concerned mainly with meat from domestic animals of the bovine, porcine, ovine and caprine species.

Animals for slaughter must be collected and transported carefully so as not to cause unnecessary distress. Animals showing symptoms of disease or from contaminated herds or flocks may not be transported, except with special authorisation.

Ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections must be carried out in accordance with the Regulation on official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption.

With a view to minimising the possibility of any contamination of meat, specific hygiene rules cover the following aspects:

  • construction and equipment of slaughterhouses;
  • the slaughter process in general and emergency slaughter in particular: stunning, bleeding, skinning, dressing and evisceration;
  • cutting and boning operations in cutting plants;
  • control of health marking of meat by an official veterinarian;
  • storage, transport and maturation of meat (temperature at which it is kept).

Meat of poultry and lagomorphs

The following provisions apply to meat of farmed birds and of rabbits, hares and rodents.

Poultry and lagomorphs must be collected and transported carefully so as not to cause unnecessary distress. Those showing symptoms of disease or from contaminated flocks may not be transported, except with special authorisation.

Ante-mortem and post-mortem inspections must be carried out in accordance with the Regulation on official controls.

Specific hygiene standards are laid down with the aim of minimising the possibility of any contamination of the meat produced, covering the following elements:

  • transport of birds to the slaughterhouse;
  • construction, design and equipping of slaughterhouses and cutting plants;
  • the slaughter process: stunning, bleeding, skinning or plucking, dressing and evisceration;
  • cutting and boning work;
  • poultry reared for the purpose of producing ‘foie gras’.

Meat of farmed game

Unless the competent authority considers them inappropriate, meat of farmed game coming from even-toed mammals (Cervidae and Suidae) must be produced and marketed under the conditions laid down for meat of domestic ungulates (see above).

The provisions relating to poultry meat will apply to the production and marketing of meat from ratites (flightless birds).

In the interest of animal welfare, the competent authority may, in certain circumstances, authorise the slaughter of farmed game at the place of origin instead of at an approved establishment.

Wild game meat

Specific hygiene provisions cover the following elements:

  • training of hunters in health and hygiene;
  • killing, evisceration and transport of wild game to an approved establishment;
  • game handling establishments.

Minced meat, meat preparations and mechanically separated/recovered meat (MSM)

This section does not apply to the production and marketing of minced meat intended for the processing industry, which is subject to the requirements for fresh meat.

Specific hygiene rules cover the following elements:

  • equipping and approval of production establishments;
  • raw materials used (or prohibited) in the production of minced meat;
  • production, conservation and use of minced meat, meat preparations obtained from minced meat, and mechanically separated meat (MSM);
  • product labelling.

Meat products

There are hygiene standards specific to meat products. Depending on the type of animal, they cover the raw materials which may not be used in the manufacture of meat products.

Live bivalve molluscs

With the exception of the provisions on purification, the following rules also apply to live echinoderms, tunicates and marine gastropods.

Live bivalve molluscs harvested from the wild and intended for human consumption must comply with high health standards applicable at all stages of the production chain:

  • production of live bivalve molluscs: three types of production area (Class A, B or C);
  • harvesting of molluscs and their transport to a dispatch or purification centre, relaying area or processing plant;
  • relaying of molluscs in approved areas under optimal conditions of traceability and purification;
  • essential equipment and hygiene conditions in dispatch and purification centres;
  • health standards applicable to live bivalve molluscs: freshness and viability; microbiological criteria, evaluation of the presence of marine biotoxins and harmful substances in relation to the permissible daily intake;
  • health marking, wrapping, labelling, storage and transport of live bivalve molluscs;
  • the rules applicable to pectinides harvested outside classified areas.

Fishery products

Fishery products caught in their natural environment may have to be handled for bleeding, heading, gutting and the removal of fins. They are then chilled, frozen or processed and/or wrapped/packaged on board vessels in accordance with the rules laid down in this section.

Specific hygiene requirements cover the following elements:

  • equipment and facilities on fishing vessels, factory vessels and freezer vessels: areas for receiving products taken on board, work and storage areas, refrigeration and freezing installations, pumping of waste and disinfection;
  • hygiene on board fishing vessels, factory vessels and freezer vessels: cleanliness, protection from any form of contamination, washing with water and cold treatment;
  • conditions of hygiene during and after the landing of fishery products: protection against any form of contamination, equipment used, auction and wholesale markets;
  • fresh and frozen products, mechanically separated fish flesh, endo-parasites harmful to human health (visual examination), and cooked crustaceans and molluscs;
  • processed fishery products;
  • health standards applicable to fishery products: evaluation of the presence of substances and toxins harmful to human health;
  • wrapping, packaging, storage and transport of fishery products.

Raw milk and milk products

As regards primary production of raw milk, the specific health requirements are as follows:

  • raw milk and colostrum must come from females of the species (cows, buffaloes, ewes, goats, other) which are in a good general state of health that do not show any symptoms of infectious diseases communicable to humans through the milk or colostrum and which are not suffering from any infection of the genital tract with discharge, enteritis with diarrhoea and fever, or a recognisable inflammation of the udder. The animals must not have any udder wound likely to affect the milk or the colostrum;
  • subject to further, more specific provisions, raw milk must comply with microbiological criteria and standards for plate count and somatic cell count.
  • milking, collection and transport of raw milk and colostrum must comply with clearly-defined hygiene rules in order to avoid any contamination. The same applies to persons involved, premises, equipment and utensils used in production.

The Regulation sets out the general hygiene requirements for heat-treated drinking milk and other milk products, dealing mainly with the preparation of pasteurised milk and Ultra High Temperature (UHT) milk.

Wrapping and packaging must be designed to protect milk and/or milk products from harmful effects of external origin. For control purposes, the labelling must clearly show the characteristics of the product, including where applicable the terms ‘raw milk’, ‘made with raw milk’, ‘colostrum’ or ‘colostrum-based’.

Eggs and egg products

At the producer’s premises and until sale to the consumer, eggs must be kept clean, dry, free of extraneous odour, protected from shocks and direct sunlight, stored and transported at an optimal temperature for conservation. They must be delivered to consumers within 21 days of laying.

The hygiene rules governing egg products (e.g. albumin) cover:

  • the availability of suitable rooms within approved production establishments in order to separate egg product manufacturing operations;
  • the raw materials used in egg products: conditions for using eggshells and liquid egg;
  • the manufacture of egg products in such a way as to avoid any contamination during production, handling and storage;
  • analytical specifications for various residues and for butyric and lactic acids;
  • labelling and identification marking.

Frogs’ legs and snails

Only approved establishments with the required facilities, having due regard to handling and preparation, may prepare and kill frogs and snails.

Frogs and snails which are found dead are not fit for consumption. The same applies to those considered to present a hazard on the basis of an organoleptic examination carried out by sampling.

Rendered animal fats and greaves

Hygiene standards for storage, preparation and preservation apply to establishments collecting or processing raw materials.

The hygiene rules in respect of rendered animal fats, greaves and by-products cover:

  • raw materials: these must come from animals deemed fit for consumption after inspection, consisting of adipose tissues or bones which are reasonably free from blood and impurities;
  • the originating establishment which must be registered or approved pursuant to Regulation 852/2004 and pursuant to this Regulation;
  • preservation during the collection, transport and storage of these raw materials;
  • the rendering methods: heat, pressure, decantation, prohibition of solvents;
  • the composition of animal fats;
  • the storage of finished products intended for human consumption.

Treated stomachs, bladders and intestines

In addition to the storage requirements for these products, specific hygiene rules govern the production and placing on the market of treated stomachs, bladders and intestines, as regards the animals they come from and the establishments where they are treated.

Only products which have been cleaned and scraped, then salted, heated or dried, and treated to avoid any new contamination, are suitable for human consumption. There are also rules on conservation, in particular the temperature of products that are not salted or dried.

Gelatine

The following raw materials, derived from animals declared fit for consumption after inspection and slaughtered according to the existing hygiene rules, may be used in the manufacture of gelatine which is to be used in foodstuffs:

  • bones, tendons and sinews;
  • hides and skins of farmed ruminant animals, pigs, poultry and wild game;
  • fish skin and bones.

Specific provisions apply to:

  • collection centres and tanneries authorised to supply raw materials;
  • the transport and storage of raw materials;
  • the gelatine manufacturing process;
  • the maximum limits for residues in finished products;
  • labelling.

Collagen

Collagen may be manufactured from the same raw materials as gelatine, with the exception of hides and skins that have undergone a tanning process.

Specific provisions also apply to:

  • collection centres and tanneries authorised to supply raw materials;
  • the transport and storage of raw materials;
  • the collagen manufacturing process;
  • the maximum limits for residues in finished products;
  • labelling.

BACKGROUND

This Regulation forms part of the ‘hygiene package’, a body of law laying down hygiene rules for foodstuffs, which, in addition to this Regulation, includes the following acts:

  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 defining the food safety objectives to be achieved, leaving food operators responsible for adopting the safety measures to be implemented in order to guarantee food safety;
  • Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 putting in place a Community framework for official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption and laying down specific rules for fresh meat, bivalve molluscs, milk and milk products.

The following acts supplement the Community legislation on food hygiene:

  • Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 laying down the general principles of food law. This Regulation explains the food safety procedures and establishes the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA);
  • Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 reorganising official controls on foodstuffs and feedingstuffs so as to integrate controls at all stages of production and in all sectors;
  • Directive 2002/99/EC laying down the conditions for placing products of animal origin on the market and the restrictions applicable to products from non-EU countries or regions of non-EU countries subject to animal health restrictions.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 853/2004

20.5.2004

OJ L 139 of 30.4.2004

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

OJ L 87 of 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated versionis for reference purposes only.

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down implementing measures for certain products under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and for the organisation of official controls under Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, derogating from Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council and amending Regulations (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) 854/2004 [Official Journal L 338, 22.12.2005].
See consolidated version

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the experience gained from the application of the hygiene Regulations (EC) No 852/2004, (EC) No 853/2004 and (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on they hygiene of foodstuffs [COM(2009) 403 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
The Commission reviews the experience gained from the application of the aforementioned regulations. It presents the progress achieved and the difficulties encountered by all the interested actors in the implementation of the 2006 – 2008 hygiene package. It concludes that overall Member States have taken the necessary administrative and control steps to ensure compliance, but that there is still room for improvement in relation to implementation. The main difficulties identified are in relation to:

  • certain exemptions from the scope of the hygiene Regulations;
  • certain definitions laid down in these Regulations;
  • certain practical aspects concerning the approval of establishments handling foods of animal origin and the marking of such foods;
  • the import regime for certain foods;
  • the implementation of HACCP-based procedures in certain food businesses; and
  • the implementation of official controls in certain sectors.

This report does not suggest any detailed solutions. However, on the basis of the difficulties identified, the Commission will consider the need for any proposals to improve the food hygiene package.

Additional levy in the milk and milk products sector

Additional levy in the milk and milk products sector

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Additional levy in the milk and milk products sector

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Markets for agricultural products

Additional levy in the milk and milk products sector (milk quotas)

The additional milk levy scheme, introduced in 1984, is designed to reduce the imbalance between supply and demand for milk and milk products and consequently the resulting structural surpluses. Member States pay the levy to the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) when they exceed their national reference quantity or national quota.

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 of 29 September 2003 establishing a levy in the milk and milk products sector [See amending acts].

Summary

Cow’s milk and other milk products marketed as of 1 April 2008 are governed by the common organisation of agricultural markets.

Reference quantities

For each Member State, the Regulation sets reference quantities for the production of cow’s milk and other milk products for 11 consecutive periods of twelve months, starting on 1 April 2004. These quantities are then allocated among the producers in each Member State.

Principle of the levy

Each year, where the quantities of cow’s milk or other marketed products exceed the reference quantities, Member States collect a levy from farmers on the additional quantities produced.

The levy for 100 kilograms of milk is set at EUR 33.27 for the period 2004/05, EUR 30.91 for 2005/06, EUR 28.54 for 2006/07 and EUR 27.83 for 2007/08 and periods thereafter.

If a producer exceeds the quantity allocated by the Member State, he/she then pays his/her contribution to the levy. The Member States transfer these levies to the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF).

Member States, which are the bodies deemed to be primarily liable to the Community, are obliged to pay 99% of the amount due to the EAGF in the course of a period between 16 October and 30 November following the twelve-month period in question.

Producers may have one individual reference quantity, or two individual reference quantities – one for direct sales to consumers and one for deliveries. The Member States established before 1 June 2004 the individual quantities (quotas) allocated to each producer on the basis of his/her production between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004. For Finnish producers this reference quantity may be increased up to a maximum national quantity of 200 000 tonnes. In the case of the Member States which joined the European Union in 2004 and 2007, the twelve-month periods for establishing the reference quantities vary depending on the country and lie between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2007.

Management and calculation of the levy

The levy is managed separately for deliveries and for direct sales. For milk deliveries, each producer is assigned a reference fat content for his/her quota. Where the real fat content differs from the reference content, the deliveries are adjusted accordingly. The contribution of producers to payment of the levy is established by decision of the Member State after any unused part of the national quota allocated to deliveries has or has not been re-allocated. The processing undertaking collects the levies from the producers and pays them to the competent body in the Member State. In the case of direct sales, the producers pay the levy directly to the bodies in the Member States. In all cases, where the contribution collected from the producers is greater than that due by the Member State to the EAGF, the Member State may reimburse the amount collected in excess or allocate it for the restructuring of the sector or environmental improvement.

National reserve

Each Member State establishes a national reserve made up of quotas consisting mainly of those released as a result of inactivity on the part of producers and retaining part of transfers between producers. The Member States may then re-allocate these unused quantities to producers of their choice on the basis of objective criteria.

Inactivity

Where a producer fails to produce milk during a twelve-month period and does not prepare to produce again, his/her quantities revert to the national reserve before 1 April of the following calendar year. Where the producer once again becomes a producer before the end of the following twelve-month period, all or part of the individual reference quantity will be returned to him/her. Where producers do not market at least 70% of their reference quantity during a twelve-month period, the Member State may decide to return all or part of the unused quantities to the national reserve.

Temporary transfers

The Member States may agree in accordance with rules adopted by them to temporary transfers of quotas between producers.

Transfers of quotas with land

Reference quantities are transferred by sale, inheritance or any other means in accordance with rules to be laid down by the Member States, account being taken of the areas used for milk production. Where transfer takes place by lease or any comparable means, the Member State may decide that the quotas will be allocated exclusively to producers and refuse to transfer them at the same time as the holding. Where a transfer is made to the public authorities or for non-agricultural purposes, the Member State must ensure that steps are taken to protect the interests of the parties, including the right of the producer to continue production.

Special transfer measures

To facilitate the restructuring of the sector and protect the environment, the Member States may provide, among other things, for transfers without land by granting an allowance to producers who give up all or part of their production, by centralising and supervising offers and requests for transfers without land, or by determining, on the basis of objective criteria, the regions and collection areas within which transfers of reference quantities without land are authorised, with the aim of improving the structure of production.

Committee

The Commission is assisted by the Management Committee for Milk and Milk Products (FR), comprising a representative of the European Commission and representatives of the Member States.

Background

Since 2 April 1984, a national production threshold for milk has been imposed on all Member States under a Community quota system. The system also introduced a levy to be paid on the quantities of milk collected or directly sold over and above the guarantee threshold. The regime has been extended several times, in particular by Regulation (EEC) No 3950/92 and Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999. Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 introduced a simplified procedure consolidating the experience gained.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 28.10.2003 OJ L 270 of 21.10.2003
Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 2217/2004 23.12.2004 OJ L 375 of 23.12.2004
Protocol concerning the conditions and arrangements for admission of the Republic of Bulgaria and Romania to the European Union 1.1.2007 OJ L 157 of 21.06.2005
Regulation (EC) No 1406/2006 27.9.2006 OJ L 265 of 26.09.2006
Regulation (EC) No 336/2007 1.4.2007 OJ L 88 of 29.03.2007
Regulation (EC) No 1186/2007 14.11.2007 OJ L 265 of 11.10.2007

The successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version (PDF ) is for reference only.

 related Acts

Commission Regulation (EC) No 607/2007 of 1 June 2007 on the division between deliveries and direct sales of national reference quantities fixed for 2006/2007 in Annex I to Council Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 [Official Journal L 141 of 02.06.2007].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 927/2006 of 22 June 2006 on the release of the special restructuring reserve provided for in Article 1(4) of Council Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 [Official Journal L 170 of 23.06.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 595/2004 of 30 March 2004 laying down detailed rules for applying Council Regulation (EC) No 1788/2003 establishing a levy in the milk and milk products sector [Official Journal L 94 of 31.03.2004].
See consolidated version (PDF ).

 

Common organisation of the market in milk and milk products

Common organisation of the market in milk and milk products

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Common organisation of the market in milk and milk products

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Markets for agricultural products

Common organisation of the market in milk and milk products

The common organisation of the market in milk and milk products enables prices to be stabilised and farmers guaranteed a fair standard of living through the implementation of systems of intervention, marketing and trade with Non-EU Member Countries.

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 of 17 May 1999 on the common organisation of the market in milk and milk products [See amending acts]

Summary

This Regulation contains a comprehensive legislative framework for the common organisation of the market in milk and milk products. Before the adoption of this Regulation, legislation for these products, starting with the first Regulation of 1968, was fragmented.

This CMO provides for a system of intervention within the framework of the internal market and certain support measures for European products when they are traded on the world markets.

Scope

The CMO for milk covers:

  • milk and creams;
  • buttermilk, yoghourt and kephir;
  • whey;
  • butter and other fats;
  • cheese and curd;
  • lactose and lactose syrups;
  • preparations used as animal feed.

Internal market

This is to run annually from 1 July to 30 June.

The intervention prices for 100 kg of butter are:

  • EUR 328.20 from 1 July 2000 to 30 June 2004,
  • EUR 305.23 from 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005,
  • EUR 282.44 from 1 July 2005 to 30 June 2006,
  • EUR 259.52 from 1 July 2006 to 30 June 2007,
  • EUR 246.39 as from 1 July 2007.

The intervention price for 100 kg of skimmed milk powder is EUR 169.80.

Intervention and private-storage arrangements

Intervention agencies in each Member State buy in butter at 90% of the intervention price during the period 1 March to 31 August of any year, on the basis of specifications to be determined. The Commission may suspend intervention if the quantities offered exceed 30 000 tonnes in 2008 and subsequent years. The butter bought in must have certain characteristics and meet certain requirements. Private storage aid may be granted for salted or unsalted butter produced from cream or milk. The aid amount is determined in the light of storage costs and the likely trend in prices for fresh butter and butter from stocks. Butter bought in by the intervention agencies is to be disposed of in such a way as to avoid disturbing the balance on the market.

The intervention agencies of the Member States buy in skimmed milk powder at the intervention price between 1 March and 31 August. That milk must comply with certain composition characteristics, particularly as regards minimum protein content, which must be 34% of the non-fat dry matter. The Commission may suspend intervention if the quantities offered exceed 109 000 tonnes.

Private-storage aid is granted for certain cheeses, such as Grana Padano, Parmigiano Reggiano, Provolone, sheep’s and goat’s milk cheese, as well as long-keeping cheeses. The aid amount is determined in the light of storage costs and the likely trend in prices. Where the market situation so requires, the Commission may decide to remarket the various cheeses stored.

Special marketing aid

Aid is available for:

  • producers of skimmed milk and skimmed milk powder (including buttermilk and buttermilk powder) used for animals, provided that these products meet certain conditions;
  • skimmed milk processed into casein and caseinates;
  • the purchase of cream, butter and concentrated butter by non-profit bodies, by manufacturers of certain food products and for direct consumption.

School milk aid

In order to encourage children to drink milk, aid for the supply of 0.25 l of milk equivalent per pupil and per day is paid to educational establishments. The Community aid is EUR 18.15 for 100 kg of all types of milk. Member States may grant additional aid.

Trade with Non-EU Member Countries

Imports and exports may be subject to issue by the Member States of an import/export licence.

In general, in trade with Non-EU Member Countries, milk and milk products are subject to the rates of duty in the common customs tariff; taxes having equivalent effect to customs duty and the application of quantitative restrictions or measures of equivalent effect are prohibited.

However, additional duty may be charged under the conditions set out in the agriculture agreement (pdf ) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The Community informs the WTO of the trigger prices below which additional duty may be charged. In addition, under certain circumstances, tariff quotas may be awarded using the first come/first served principle, the simultaneous examination method, the traditional importers/new arrivals method, or other non-discriminatory methods.

In the case of exports, the difference between prices on the world market and Community prices may be covered by export refunds. These are awarded using the method considered the most suitable and creating the lightest administrative burden. The refund amount established takes into account a series of factors, such as the price of the milk and the costs of marketing. In certain cases, such as where the free-at-frontier price significantly exceeds the Community price and threatens to cause long-term disruption to the proper functioning of the Community market, the Community may fully or partially suspend import duties and even collect export levies.

Safeguard measures may be taken if the Community market is threatened with serious disturbance by reason of imports or exports. In addition, under certain circumstances, recourse to inward processing arrangements may be prohibited.

Committee procedures

In implementing the Regulation, the Commission is assisted by a Management Committee for Milk and Milk Products (FR), comprising representatives of the Member States and chaired by a representative of the Commission.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 26.6.1999 OL 160 of 26.06.1999
Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1040/2000 26.5.2000 OJ L 118 of 19.05.2000
Regulation (EC) No 1526/2000 15.7.2000 OJ L 175 of 14.07.2000
Regulation (EC) No 1670/2000 29.7.2000 OJ L 193 of 29.07.2000
Regulation (EC) No 509/2002 23.3.2002 OJ L 79 of 22.03.2002
Regulation (EC) No 1787/2003 24.10.2003 1.4.2004 (partial application) OJ L 270 of 21.10.2003
Regulation (EC) No 186/2004 4.2.2004 OJ L 29 of 03.02.2004
Regulation (EC) No 1913/2005 2.12.2005 OJ L 307 of 25.11.2005
Regulation (EC) No 1152/2007 7.10.2007 OJ L 258 of 04.10.2007

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version (pdf ) is for reference purposes only.

Related Acts

Detailed implementing rules

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2771/1999 of 16 December 1999 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards intervention on the market in butter and cream [Official Journal L 333, 24.12.1999].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2799/1999 of 17 December 1999 laying down detailed rules for applying Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards the grant of aid for skimmed milk and skimmed-milk powder intended for animal feed and the sale of such skimmed-milk powder [Official Journal L 340, 31.12.1999].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2707/2000 of 11 December 2000 laying down rules for applying Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards Community aid for supplying milk and certain milk products to pupils in educational establishments [Official Journal L 311, 12.12.2000].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 214/2001 of 12 January 2001 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards intervention on the market in skimmed-milk powder [Official Journal L 37, 7.2.2001].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2535/2001 of 14 December 2001 laying down detailed rules for applying Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards the import arrangements for milk and milk products and opening tariff quotas [Official Journal L 341, 22.12.2001].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1244/2004 of 6 July 2004 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards the granting of private storage aid for certain cheeses in the 2004/05 storage period [Official Journal L 236, 7.7.2004].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 562/2005 of 5 April 2005 laying down rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards communications between the Member States and the Commission in the milk and milk products sector [Official Journal L 95, 14.4.2005].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1898/2005 of 9 November 2005 laying down detailed rules for implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards measures for the disposal of cream, butter and concentrated butter on the Community market [Official Journal L 308, 25.11.2005].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 734/2006 of 16 May 2006 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards the granting of private storage aid for certain cheeses in the 2006/2007 storage period [Official Journal L 129, 17.05.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1282/2006 of 17 August 2006 laying down special detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards export licences and export refunds for milk and milk products [Official Journal L 234, 29.8.2006].
See consolidated version (pdf
)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 587/2007 of 30 May 2007 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1255/1999 as regards the granting of private storage aid for certain cheeses in the 2007/2008 storage period [Official Journal L 139, 31.05.2007].

Milk quotas

of 29 September 2003 establishing a levy in the milk and milk products sector [Official Journal L 270, 21.10.2003].
With effect from 1 April 2004, for eleven consecutive periods of twelve months, the Member States collect a levy from farmers on quantities of cow’s milk or other milk products marketed during the relevant twelve-month period in excess of the maximum reference quantities allocated to each Member State.

 

Products not covered by a specific CMO

Products not covered by a specific CMO

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Products not covered by a specific CMO

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Markets for agricultural products

Products not covered by a specific CMO

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EEC) No 827/68 of the Council of 28 June 1968 on the common organisation of the market in certain products listed in Annex II to the Treaty [See amending Acts].

Summary

This Regulation has been repealed and, as of 1 July 2008, products falling within its scope are governed by the common organisation of agricultural markets.

This Regulation establishes a common market organisation (CMO) for most products not already covered by a CMO. These products are listed by their tariff nomenclature in the former Annex II to the Treaty, which became Annex I following the amendments introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam.

Trade with non-member countries

Customs duties are levied on the products covered by this Regulation. These products are classed in accordance with the general rules for interpreting the combined nomenclature and the rules for its application.

All barriers to trade with non-member countries are prohibited, particularly charges having an effect equivalent to customs duty and quantitative restrictions on imports or equivalent measures.

Safeguard measures may be adopted if the market is threatened with disturbance as a result of imports or exports.

Trade within the Community

Charges having an effect equivalent to customs duty and quantitative restrictions on imports or equivalent measures are prohibited in trade within the Community.

Subject to authorisation by the Commission, aid for the production and marketing of reindeer and reindeer products may be granted to Sweden and Finland.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 827/68 1.7.1968 OJ L 151 of 30.6.1968
Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 2727/71 24.12.1971 OJ L 282 of 23.12.1971
Regulation (EEC) No 1014/73 1.7.1973 OJ L 106 of 20.4.1973
Regulation (EEC) No 2427/76 8.10.1976 OJ L 276 of 7.10.1976
Regulation (EEC) No 425/77 8.3.1977 OJ L 61 of 5.3.1977
Regulation (EEC) No 2560/77 1.1.1978 OJ L 303 of 28.11.1977
Regulation (EEC) No 1117/78 2.6.1978 OJ L 142 of 30.5.1978
Regulation (EEC) No 114/80 22.1.1980 OJ L 16 of 22.1.1980
Regulation (EEC) No 1837/80 5.8.1980 OJ L 183 of 16.7.1980
Regulation (EEC) No 2966/80 21.11.1980 OJ L 307 of 18.11.1980
Regulation (EEC) No 3911/87 2.1.1988 OJ L 370 of 30.12.1987
Regulation (EEC) No 789/89 2.4.1989 OJ L 85 of 30.3.1989
Regulation (EEC) No 638/93 20.3.1993 OJ L 69 of 20.3.1993
Regulation (EEC) No 1574/93 1.1.1994 OJ L 152 of 24.6.1993
Regulation (EEC) No 2430/93 2.9.1993 OJ L 223 of 2.9.1993
Regulation (EC) No 794/94 9.4.1994 OJ L 92 of 9.4.1994
Regulation (EC) No 3290/94 1.1.1995 OJ L 349 of 31.12.1994
Regulation (EC) No 195/96 2.2.1996 OJ L 26 of 2.2.1996
Regulation (EC) No 1272/2002 20.7.2002 OJ L 184 of 13.7.2002
Regulation (EC) No 865/2004 7.5.2004 OJ L 161 of 30.4.2004
Regulation (EC) No 1182/2007 6.11.2007 OJ L 273 of 17.10.2007

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EEC) No