Tag Archives: Lithuania

Enlargement 2004 and 2007

Enlargement 2004 and 2007

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Enlargement 2004 and 2007

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007

Enlargement 2004 and 2007

The fifth enlargement is historic and unprecedented in the history of the European Union. The ten Central and Eastern European countries, together with Cyprus and Malta, joined the EU in two successive waves in 2004 and 2007. In this context, the EU paved the way for the current enlargement process by establishing suitable instruments to be able to respond not only to the needs of the candidate countries, but also to the specific needs of the EU to receive them.

  • Bulgaria – adoption of the community acquis
  • Romania – adoption of the community acquis
  • Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis
  • Estonia – adoption of the community acquis
  • Hungary – adoption of the community acquis
  • Latvia – adoption of the community acquis
  • Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis
  • Malta – adoption of the community acquis
  • Poland – adoption of the community acquis
  • Czech republic – adoption of the community acquis
  • Slovakia – adoption of the community acquis
  • Slovenia – adoption of the community acquis
  • Partnership for the accession of Cyprus
  • Partnership for the accession of Estonia
  • Partnership for the accession of Hungary
  • Partnership for the accession of Latvia
  • Partnership for the accession of Lithuania
  • Partnership for the accession of Malta
  • Partnership for the accession of Poland
  • Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic
  • Partnership for the accession of Slovakia
  • Partnership for the accession of Slovenia

HISTORY OF EASTERN ENLARGEMENT

General Provisions

  • The 2004 enlargement: the challenge of a 25-member EU
  • Enlargement, two years after – an economic success
  • The communication strategy on enlargement
  • Participation of the Central and Eastern European candidate countries in Community programmes
  • The challenge of enlargement
  • Agenda 2000: for a stronger and wider Union

Sectoral approach

  • Enlargement of the euro area after 1 May 2004
  • Joint assessments of employment policies in the candidate countries
  • Community response to the flooding in central Europe
  • Strengthening administrative and judicial capacity
  • Nuclear safety in the Newly Independent States and Central and Eastern Europe
  • Accession strategies for the environment
  • Community action for regions bordering the candidate countries

PRE-ACCESSION INSTRUMENTS 2000-2006

  • Phare Programme
  • Pre-accession agricultural instrument (SAPARD)
  • Instrument for structural policy for pre-accession
  • Cross-border cooperation programme
  • Coordination instrument

ENLARGEMENT 2007

  • Roadmaps for Bulgaria and Romania

Bulgaria

  • Partnership for the accession of Bulgaria

Romania

  • The Accession Partnership with Romania

ENLARGEMENT 2004

Cyprus

  • Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Estonia

  • Partnership for the accession of Estonia

Hungary

  • Partnership for the accession of Hungary

Latvia

  • Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Lithuania

  • Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Malta

  • Partnership for the accession of Malta

Poland

  • Partnership for the accession of Poland

Czech Republic

  • Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Slovakia

  • Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Partnership for the accession of Slovenia

Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

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Lithuania

Lithuania

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Competition > Competition: international dimension and enlargement

Lithuania

1) References

Commission Opinion [COM(1997) 2007 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1998) 706 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 507 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000)707 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

In its Opinion of July 1997, the European Commission considered that, where restrictive agreements were concerned, Lithuania had made significant progress in satisfying Community requirements but that the competition authority needed further support in carrying out its activities and providing economic operators with appropriate information. As for State aid, it took the view that the requisite transparency was still lacking and that Lithuania should give priority to establishing an aid inventory covering all measures taken by the State or by regional or local authorities as well as schemes involving state resources. Lastly, it called on Lithuania to resolve the problems resulting from the existence in certain sectors of exclusive or special rights, which were incompatible with the Community acquis.

The November 1998 Report noted that, although Lithuania had taken steps to address some of the short-term priorities of the Accession Partnership and although some progress had been made in implementing competition policy, State aid control clearly remained a problem. Lithuania needed to continue its efforts to create full transparency in the granting of State aid and to establish a comprehensive and up-to-date State aid inventory.

In its 1999 October Report, the Commission emphasised that Lithuania had met the short-term priorities of the Partnership for accession by adopting a new law on competition and various measures relating to State aid designed to guarantee transparency. However, the alignment of existing legislation on State aid remained partial and there was not yet any control of State aid.

The November 2000 Report found that progress had been made in both antitrust and State aid legislation. While including the principles of Community law and the principles of the acquis, the new law on the monitoring of State aid and the amendments to the existing legislation on economic free zones was a significant step forward.

The November 2001 Report recognises that considerable progress has been made with regard to competition, in particular in the field of State aid.

The October 2002 Report concluded that Lithuania had made steady progress in the adoption of legislation on restrictive agreements and State aid and in developing the administrative capacity of the Competition Council.

The November 2003 Report recognises that Lithuania is essentially meeting the commitments arising from the accession negotiations. Lithuania should, however, adopt a more deterrent sanctioning policy in the area of antitrust and further improve its track record of proper application of state aid legislation.

COMMUNITY

ACQUIS

European Community rules on competition stem from Article 3(g) of the Treaty, which states that the activities of the Community shall include “a system ensuring that competition in the internal market is not distorted”. The main areas of application are restrictive agreements and State aid.

The European Agreement with Lithuania, which came into force on 1 February 1995, provides for a competition regime to be applied in trade relations between the Community and Lithuania based on the requirements set out in Articles 81, 82 and 87 of the Treaty (ex-Articles 85, 86 and 92) concerning agreements between undertakings, abuses of dominant position and State aid, and for implementing rules in these fields to be adopted within three years of the entry into force of the Agreement.

Furthermore, the Agreement requires Lithuania to make its rules on competition compatible with those of the Community.

The White Paper refers to the progressive application of the above provisions and of those contained in the merger Regulation (4064/89) and Articles 31 (ex-Article 37) and 86 (ex-Article 90) concerning monopolies and special rights of the Treaty.

EVALUATION

As regards restrictive agreements, dominant positions and mergers, the current legislation is largely in line with the Community acquis. The new law on competition, which entered into force in 1999, incorporated the basic concepts underlying the Community’s antitrust rules.

Despite the reasonable results obtained by the Competition Council, familiarity with these rules must be improved, particularly on the part of the business world. Moreover, special training for judges should be further developed.

In the area of state aid, Lithuania has made steady progress by adopting basic provisions on state aid control in 1997, surveillance rules designed to make the sector transparent in 1999 and a new law on state aid control and legislation on free economic zones in 2000. Further efforts are still required to ensure that the rules are properly applied and complied with, particularly with regard to the rescuing and restructuring of firms in difficulty.

Negotiations on this chapter are provisionally closed (see the 2002 Report). Lithuania has not requested any transitional arrangements for this sector. However, it will have to continue improving on its results in respect of both restrictive agreements and State aids.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.


Another Normative about Lithuania

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Lithuania – adoption of the community acquis

Lithuania

1) References

Commission Opinion [COM(97) 2007 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(98) 706 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 507 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000) 707 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2001) 1750 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

In its Opinion of July 1997 the European Commission considered that Lithuanian consumer protection law fell considerably short of the Community directives, notably as regards general product safety. It considered that Lithuania was having serious difficulties in ensuring compliance with the existing law, despite the creation of institutional structures to implement consumer protection legislation. However, the Commission concluded that Lithuania should be in a position to transpose the Community acquis in the field of consumer policy in the medium-term, provided it continued its harmonisation work.

The November 1998 Report ascertained that very little headway had been made in this area and stressed in particular that Lithuania needed to redouble its efforts, mainly as regards transposition of the Community acquis.

In its October 1999 Report, the Commission noted that, despite positive developments, a great deal remained to be done in implementing a consumer policy both at institutional level and in terms of raising the Lithuanian people’s awareness of consumer protection policy.

The October 2002 Report noted that Lithuania had continued to make progress despite difficulties encountered in setting up the institutional structure for consumer protection. Lithuania had reached a good level of alignment with the acquis, particularly in terms of safety, but further measures were still necessary and enforcement capacity needed to be increased.

The October 2003 Report confirms that Lithuania complies with most of the Community acquis in terms of legislation on product safety, market surveillance and consumer associations. However, further work is needed in these areas, including full transposition of non-safety-related measures and improved market surveillance.
The Treaty of Accession was signed on 16 April 2003 and accession took place on 1 May 2004.

COMMUNITY ACQUIS

The Community acquis covers the protection of consumers’ economic interests (notably in the fields of misleading advertising, indication of prices, consumer credit, unfair contract terms, distance selling, package travel, and timeshares), general product safety, cosmetics safety, the labelling of textile products and toy safety.

The European Association Agreement provides for aligning the legislation with Community law and for cooperation measures to bring Lithuanian consumer protection law fully into line with the Community rules. The measures set out in the first phase of the White Paper on the Central and Eastern European Countries and the Internal Market (1995) focus on the improvement of product safety, notably in respect of cosmetics, textiles and toys, and on the protection of consumers’ economic interests, mainly in the field of misleading advertising, consumer credit, unfair contract terms, and indication of prices. The second-phase measures concern package travel and timeshares. New, recently adopted Community legislation (distance selling, comparative advertising and indication of prices) must also be transposed.

EVALUATION

Safety-related measures

Lithuanian legislation complies with the Community acquis in terms of safety-related measures, but the new Directive on general product safety has not yet been transposed. With regard to the market surveillance mechanism required for the application of the Directive, the necessary information system has yet to be put in place, and the human and financial resources of the bodies charged with these tasks still need to be strengthened.

Cooperation between bodies involved in market surveillance activities should be reinforced and extended to other bodies, including customs, which should play a much more significant role in checks on the safety of imported products. The range of products checked by market surveillance authorities should be widened.

Non safety-related measures

The acquis in the field of consumer protection is not yet fully transposed. A national database on the market for consumer goods and services must also be set up.

In addition, the powers of arbitration bodies, which play a key role in resolving consumer complaints, must be increased.

Consumer associations

Lithuania must also continue its efforts to support consumer associations with a view to involving them in the implementation of the new national consumer protection strategy and the national consumer education programme.

The activities of the Consumer Protection Commission, an advisory body attached to the National Consumer Rights Protection Council, should also be promoted.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.