Tag Archives: Industrial normes

Technical implications of road safety

Technical implications of road safety

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Technical implications of road safety

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Motor vehicles > Technical implications of road safety

Technical implications of road safety

The technical implications of road safety cover both vehicle and infrastructure safety. By 2020, the European Commission aims to halve the number of deaths on the roads (in relation to the 2010 figures) in the European Union (EU).
To achieve this objective, the Commission promotes the use of modern technologies to improve road safety. It defines a legislative framework which aims to make vehicles and road infrastructure safer. The protection of vulnerable passengers is also a policy priority.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • General safety of motor vehicles
  • Road safety: Road Safety Action Programme (2003-2010)
  • Road safety: cross-border application of the legislation
  • EC type-approval system for motor vehicles

SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

Restraint devices for passengers

  • Passenger restraint devices on two-wheel vehicles
  • Compulsory fitting of safety belts

Vehicle protection in the event of impact

  • Motor vehicles with trailers: front underrun protection devices (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: protection of occupants in the event of a frontal impact (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: behaviour of steering device under impact (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: lateral protection for goods vehicles (until 2014)

Reduction of blind spots

  • Rear-view mirrors and supplementary devices for indirect vision (until 2014)

Protection of vulnerable road users

  • Protection of pedestrians and vulnerable road users
  • Protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users
  • Vulnerable road users and frontal protection systems

Control devices

  • Speed limitation on-board devices of certain categories of motor vehicles (until 2014)
  • Maximum authorised settings for speed limitation devices in commercial vehicles
  • Driving time in the road transport sector

Intelligent automobile security systems

  • Le service eCall
    (FR)
  • eCall: Time for deployment
  • eSafety: the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for road safety
  • In-vehicle emergency call system “eCall” (Second eSafety Communication)
  • i2010 Intelligent Car Initiative (third eSafety communication)

Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Motor vehicles > Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles, implemented at Community level pursuant to Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), is based on the Community’s WVTA (whole vehicle type-approval) system.
Under this system, manufacturers can obtain certification for a vehicle type in one Member State if it meets the harmonised technical requirements and then market it EU-wide with no need for further tests.
Total technical harmonisation has already been achieved in different vehicle categories (passenger cars, motorcycles, agricultural and forestry tractors, utility vehicles, coaches, moped and motorcycle trailers) and will soon be extended to other vehicle categories (other types of tractors and trailers).
It is essential that European car manufacturers be ensured access to as large a market as possible. While the Community type-approval system allows manufacturers to benefit fully from the opportunities offered by the internal market, worldwide technical harmonisation in the context of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) offers them a market which extends beyond European borders.

FRAMEWORK FOR THE TECHNICAL HARMONISATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

  • A competitive automotive regulatory framework for the 21st Century
  • Global technical harmonisation of vehicles

TECHNICAL HARMONISATION IN THE INTERNAL MARKET

Motor Vehicles and Trailers

  • EC type-approval system for motor vehicles
  • General safety of motor vehicles
  • Emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules
  • Windscreen defrosting and demisting systems for motor vehicles
  • Rear registration plates on motor vehicles
  • Motor vehicle towing devices
  • Windscreen wiper and washer systems of motor vehicles
  • Motor vehicle wheel guards
  • Manufacturer’s statutory plate and identification number for motor vehicles
  • Spray-suppression systems for motor vehicles
  • Installation of tyres
  • Tyre labelling
  • Engine power of motor vehicles and trailers (up until 2013)
  • Motor vehicles and their trailers: steering equipment (until 2014)
  • Braking devices of certain motor vehicles (until 2014)
  • Direction indicator lamps for motor vehicles with trailers (until 2014)
  • Parking lamps on motor vehicles (until 2014)
  • Front fog lamps on motor vehicles (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: rear fog lamps (until 2014)
  • Headlamps which function as main-beam and/or dipped-beam headlamps for motor vehicles (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: liquid fuel tanks and rear underrun protection devices
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: tyres (until 2017)
  • Technical standards: tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles (until December 2015)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: spray-suppression devices (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: heating systems for the passenger compartment (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: interior fittings (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: cabs of commercial vehicles (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: fire behaviour of the materials used in the internal fittings of buses and coaches (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: safety glass and glazing materials
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: mechanical coupling devices (until 2014)
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: masses and dimensions of cars (until 2014)
  • Road safety: dimensions and maximum weights authorised for both national and international journeys
  • The reusing, recycling and recovering of motor vehicles
  • Reduction of pollutant emissions from light vehicles
  • Emissions from diesel and gas engines (up until 2013)
  • Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: permissible sound level

Two or three-wheeled motorised vehicles

  • Two or three-wheeled motor vehicles: EC type-approval system
  • Two or three-wheeled motor vehicles: components and characteristics
  • Two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles: maximum design speed
  • Lighting and light-signalling for two or three-wheel motor vehicles
  • Two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles: audible warning device
  • Controls, tell-tales and indicators for two or three-wheel motor vehicles
  • Rear registration plates of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
  • Two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles: braking devices
  • Two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles: maximum dimensions, masses and loads
  • Statutory markings for two- or three-wheel motor vehicles
  • Two- or three-wheeled motor vehicles: anti-theft devices
  • Stands for two-wheel vehicles

Agricultural and forestry tractors

  • Agricultural or forestry tractors: EC type-approval procedure
  • Parts and characteristics of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors
  • Lighting and light-signalling on agricultural and forestry tractors and machines
  • Driver-perceived noise level of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors
  • Roll-over protection structures of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors
  • The coupling device and the reverse of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors
  • Tractors and agricultural or forestry machinery: braking
  • Tractors and agricultural or forestry machinery: driver’s seat
  • Tractors and agricultural or forestry machinery: passenger seats
  • Tractors and agricultural or forestry machinery: front-mounted protection structures
  • Tractors and agricultural or forestry machinery: rear-mounted protective devices
  • Pollutant gases of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors

Hydrogen-powered motor vehicles

  • Approval of hydrogen-powered motor vehicles

Interactions between the automobile industry and specific policies

Interactions between the automobile industry and specific policies

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Interactions between the automobile industry and specific policies

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Motor vehicles > Interactions between the automobile industry and specific policies

Interactions between the automobile industry and specific policies

A number of policy fields are closely linked to the car industry and affect activity within the sector. The aim of the European car industry to build safer and more environmentally-friendly vehicles clearly ties in with transport and environmental policy, and also actively stimulates research and development.

INTERACTION WITH TRANSPORT POLICY

  • Road transport operators: conditions for the pursuit of the occupation
  • Responding to the crisis in the European automotive industry
  • Road safety: Road Safety Action Programme (2003-2010)
  • Road safety: cross-border application of the legislation
  • Motor vehicles and trailers: vehicle registration documents
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: distinguishing sign of the Member State of registration
  • Motor vehicles and their trailers: roadworthiness testing of heavy goods vehicles
  • Road safety: Driving licences
  • Motor vehicles with trailers: roadworthiness test
  • Drinking and driving: Maximum authorised level of alcohol in the blood

INTERACTION WITH ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY

End-of-life vehicles

  • End-of-life vehicles
  • The reusing, recycling and recovering of motor vehicles

Fuels

  • EU strategy for biofuels
  • Quality of petrol and diesel fuels: sulphur and lead

Polluting emissions

  • Reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from light commercial vehicles
  • Reduction in CO? emissions of new passenger cars
  • Emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI): certification rules
  • “Green” vehicles: a European strategy
  • Clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles
  • Reduction of pollutant emissions from light vehicles
  • Emissions from diesel and gas engines (up until 2013)
  • Pollutant gases of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors
  • Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles
  • Non-road mobile machinery: gaseous pollutants
  • Information on the fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of new cars

Noise pollution

  • Motor vehicles with trailers: permissible sound level

INTERACTION WITH COMPETITION POLICY

  • Motor vehicle distribution and after-sales service

INTERACTION WITH RESEARCH AND INNOVATION POLICY

  • Satellite navigation: Galileo

INTERACTION WITH THE RULES OF THE INTERNAL MARKET

Free movement of goods

  • Procedures for the registration of motor vehicles originating in another Member State

Car insurance

  • Civil liability insurance for motor vehicles
  • Motor vehicle liability insurance: freedom to provide services

Intellectual property

  • Harmonisation of Member States’ legislation on designs

INTERACTION WITH TAXATION POLICY

  • Passenger car related taxes
  • Tax-free allowances: permanent or temporary importation of private motor vehicles
  • Taxation of heavy goods vehicles: Eurovignette Directive
  • Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity
  • Fiscal marking of gas oils and kerosene

INTERACTION WITH THE AREA OF JUSTICE, FREEDOM AND SECURITY

  • Combating cross-border vehicle crime