Tag Archives: Health protection

Combating stress and depression-related problems

Combating stress and depression-related problems

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Combating stress and depression-related problems

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Public health > Health determinants: lifestyle

Combating stress and depression-related problems

Document or Iniciative

Council conclusions of 15 November 2001 on combating stress and depression-related problems [Official Journal C 6 of 09.01.2002].

Summary

These conclusions tie in with the Council resolution of 18 November 1999 on the promotion of mental health, which invited the Commission to consider incorporating activities on the theme of mental health into a future public health action programme. Thus, the decision of 23 September 2002 adopting the public health action programme 2003-2008 emphasises that the overall aim of the programme is to contribute towards the attainment of a high level of physical and mental health and well-being. The programme also provides for the preparation and implementation of mental health strategies and measures through action on health determinants.

A widespread phenomenon

Stress and depression-related problems are of major importance to all age groups and are significant contributors to the burden of disease and loss of quality of life within the European Union.

Effects of stress and depression

The challenge is all the greater in that stress and depression-related problems are common and have an impact in numerous areas. Among other things, they cause human suffering, increase the risk of social exclusion and increase mortality. Also, their economic impact on society must not be overlooked.

Promotion and prevention

While there are effective methods to prevent stress and depression-related problems, there is a need to further develop research and methods for intervention, in order to promote mental health and to prevent stress and depression.

Mental health must be promoted through actions across all relevant policies and activities, particularly as regards stress and depression determinants. Likewise, strategies must be developed for tackling stress and depression-related problems.

Actions at Member State level

The Council invites the Member States to:

  • give due attention to the impact of stress and depression-related problems in all age groups and ensure that these problems are recognised; in this context, give special attention to the increasing problem of work-related stress and depression;
  • take actions to improve knowledge on the promotion of mental health and the prevention of stress and depression-related problems in primary care and other health services as well as in social services;
  • collect good quality data on stress and depression-related problems and share them with other Member States and the Commission;
  • develop, implement and evaluate actions to prevent stress and depression-related problems, and promote exchanges of good practice and joint projects within the Member States.

Actions at Commission level

The Council invites the Commission, in the context of the programmes of action in the field of public health, to:

  • facilitate the collection of comparable data on the characteristics, determinants and causes of stress and depression;
  • consider undertaking activities on the theme of stress and depression-related problems, such as facilitating exchange of information, experience, and good practices concerning recognition, prevention and monitoring of stress and depression-related problems;
  • consider opportunities to prevent stress and depression in the definition and implementation of relevant Community policies and activities intended to complement national policies;
  • consider developing strategies for the prevention of stress and depression-related problems.

Related Acts

STIGMA AND DISCRIMINATION IN RELATION TO MENTAL HEALTH

Conclusions of the “Employment, social policy, health and consumer affairs” Council of 2 and 3 June 2003 on combating stigma and discrimination in relation to mental health.
With these conclusions, the Council emphasises the impact of stigma and discrimination in relation to mental health. The Council therefore calls for concrete actions to be taken in order to improve social inclusion and to combat the phenomena of stigma and discrimination.

PROMOTION OF MENTAL HEALTH

Council Resolution of 18 November 1999 on the promotion of mental health [Official Journal C 86 of 24.03.2000].

With this resolution the Council invited the Commission to:

  • consider incorporating activities on the theme of mental health into the future action programme for public health;
  • develop and implement, as a part of the Community health monitoring system, a component for mental health, and produce a report on mental health;
  • analyse the impact of Community activities on mental health, for example in the fields of education, youth policy, social affairs and employment;
  • consider, after consultation of the Member States, the need to draw up a proposal for a Council recommendation on the promotion of mental health.

The Member States were also invited to act in this field by promoting mental health and preventing mental illness, by promoting exchanges of good practice and joint projects with other Member States, and by stimulating and supporting research on mental health and its promotion.

Noise emission by equipment used outdoors

Noise emission by equipment used outdoors

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Noise emission by equipment used outdoors

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Noise pollution

Noise emission by equipment used outdoors

Document or Iniciative

Directive 2000/14/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2000 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the noise emission in the environment by equipment for use outdoors [See amending acts].

Summary

This framework Directive harmonises the 9 existing legal instruments on noise emissions for each type of construction plant and equipment, as well as a directive on lawnmowers. The aim is to improve the control of noise emissions by more than 50 types of equipment used outdoors, such as compressors, excavator-loaders, different types of saws, mixers, etc. (Annex I).

The aim of the Directive is to promote the smooth functioning of the internal market and to improve the health and well-being of the population by reducing the noise emitted by equipment used outdoors. With a view to achieving this aim, it provides for four types of action:

  • harmonisation of noise emission standards;
  • harmonisation of conformity assessment procedures;
  • harmonisation of noise level marking;
  • gathering of data on noise emissions.

The following equipment is excluded:

  • non-powered attachments that are separately placed on the market or put into service (except for hand-held concrete-breakers and picks);
  • all equipment intended for the transport of goods or persons by public road or rail or by air or on waterways;
  • equipment designed and constructed for use by the police or the military.

Member States will be responsible for verifying that the Directive’s provisions are being applied. Annex V contains the various checking procedures to be employed.

The manufacturer or the person placing the equipment on the market or putting it into service must ensure (Annex V, 2) that:

  • they have drawn up a declaration of conformity certifying that each of item of equipment is in conformity with the provisions of the Directive;
  • they have affixed an indelible legible marking to each item of equipment indicating the guaranteed sound power level.

Where a Member State ascertains that equipment does not comply with these conditions, it must withdraw it from the market or prohibit its use.

Labelling is compulsory for all items of equipment covered by the Directive and must include:

  • the CE marking visibly, legibly and indelibly affixed to each item of equipment;
  • details of the sound power level Lwa in dB(A) in relation to 1 pW.

The noise emission limits * laid down for certain types of equipment involve two stages, so as to enable undertakings to adapt to the new regulations. The emission limits for stage 1 take effect two years after the entry into force of the Directive. More stringent limits will enter into force in stage 2 four years later.

Responsibility for monitoring the noise emission limits applicable to the equipment is vested in a notified body set up by the Member States. These monitoring controls apply both to the equipment design phase and the equipment production phase. On the other hand, it is not necessary to monitor the design of equipment that is subject only to compulsory marking.

With a view to assessing the impact of the Directive, a procedure for the collection of noise emission data will be established. This information will serve as the basis for devising economic incentives and eco-label awards. Responsibility for collecting the data will rest with the certification bodies, which will be required to send the Commission a copy of their test reports. The Commission envisages the appointment of the European Environmental Agency to collect and evaluate these data.

The document has ten annexes on the following subjects:

  • definitions of equipment;
  • EC declaration of conformity;
  • method of measurement of airborne noise emitted by equipment for use outdoors;
  • models of the CE marking of conformity and of the indication of the guaranteed sound power level;
  • internal control of production;
  • internal control of production with assessment of technical documentation and periodical checking;
  • unit verification;
  • full quality assurance;
  • minimum criteria to be taken into account by Member States for the notification of bodies;
  • unit verification – model of conformity certificate.

Background

The Commission Green Paper of 1996 on Noise Policy highlighted the increase of noise pollution in urban areas. Some 20 % of the population of Western Europe have to endure noise levels judged by the experts as unacceptable. While most external noise is caused by transport equipment, the extent of noise emissions as the result of the use of outdoor equipment is constantly increasing.

Termes clés
  • Noise limits are laid down following a general formula: L = A + B 1g P, where
    1. L is the sound emission limit,
    2. P is a power-related descriptor,
    3. A and B are product-related constants.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2000/14/EC

3.7.2000

3.7.2001

OJ L 162 of 3.7.2000

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2005/88/EC

27.12.2005

31.12.2005

OJ L 344 of 27.12.2005

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

OJ L 87 of 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 2000/14/EC have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version  is for reference purpose only.

Related Acts

Commission Recommendation of 6 August 2003 concerning the guidelines on the revised interim computation methods for industrial noise, aircraft noise, road traffic noise and railway noise, and related emission data [C(2003) 2807 – Official Journal L 212 of 22.08.2003].

The Commission recommends the interim application of the ISO 9613-2 engineering method for calculating the abatement of sound during propagation outdoors, in order to predict environmental noise levels around a variety of sources, particularly industrial sources.

Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise – Declaration by the Commission in the Conciliation Committee on the Directive relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise [Official Journal L 189 of 18.07.2002].