Tag Archives: Health certificate

Fight against Newcastle disease

Fight against Newcastle disease

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fight against Newcastle disease

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Animal health

Fight against Newcastle disease

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 92/66/EEC of 14 July 1992 introducing Community measures for the control of Newcastle disease [See amending acts].

Summary

This Directive lays down measures for tackling Newcastle disease as soon as its presence is detected in poultry. Similar measures are applied to racing pigeons and other birds kept in captivity.

Once a case of Newcastle disease is suspected, the official veterinarian shall inform the competent authority and implement the measures imposed by them. These measures provide for:

  • the placing of all holdings with suspected outbreaks under surveillance;
  • a record of all categories of poultry kept on the holdings to be made;
  • the isolation of all animals in their living quarters;
  • the banning of transporting poultry;
  • the competent authority to limit the movement of people, vehicles, other animals and materials connected with the poultry, which are liable to be contaminated;
  • the requirement that eggs remain within the holding;
  • the installation of appropriate means of disinfection inside the holding;
  • carrying out an epizootiological inquiry.

The preventative measures shall be withdrawn by the veterinarian once the suspicion of Newcastle disease has been officially ruled out.

Once the presence of Newcastle disease has been officially confirmed, the competent authority shall order a series of measures, including:

  • all poultry on the holding shall be killed;
  • all substances and waste liable to be contaminated shall be destroyed or treated appropriately;
  • meat from poultry from the holding, slaughtered during the presumed incubation period of disease shall be destroyed;
  • eggs laid during the presumed incubation period shall be destroyed;
  • buildings used for housing poultry shall be cleaned and disinfected;
  • no poultry shall be reintroduced to the holding until at least 21 days after completion of cleaning and disinfecting operations;
  • carrying out an epizootiological inquiry.

Some flocks of poultry do not have to be destroyed if the official veterinarian confirms that the animals are healthy and have been completely separated from infected flocks.

After the confirmation of Newcastle disease, the competent authority shall establish a protection zone (based on a minimum radius of three kilometres around the infected holding) and a surveillance zone (based on a minimum radius of 10 kilometres around the infected holding), in which specific measures apply. These measures include, amongst others, the identification of all holdings keeping poultry, periodic visits, clinical examinations and isolating animals. The measures applied in the protection zone shall be withdrawn no less than twenty one days after the cleaning and disinfecting of the holding. In the surveillance zone the measures shall be maintained for thirty days after the cleaning and disinfecting operations.

Each Member State shall designate a national laboratory responsible for coordinating the standards and methods of diagnosis, the use of reagents and the testing of vaccines for Newcastle disease. Each Member State shall then communicate the details of their laboratory to the other Member States and the public. The national laboratories shall work in cooperation with the Community reference laboratory, located in Weybridge (United Kingdom).

Vaccination against Newcastle disease can be carried out in accordance with procedures laid down by Member States. Member States may also provide a vaccination programme for racing pigeons. If the presence of the disease is confirmed, emergency vaccination may also be performed in the zones and for periods as defined by the competent authority.

Each Member State shall draw up a contingency plan which shall determine how Newcastle disease will be managed nationally. The plans shall comply with the series of criteria detailed in this Directive. For example, they must include the establishment of a crisis centre, local disease control centres and detailed information on the staff responsible for the emergency measures.

Commission experts may undertake checks on national establishments.

In order to eradicate Newcastle disease, Member States shall benefit from Community financial assistance according to the conditions defined in Decision 90/424/EEC.

The Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health shall assist the Commission in managing Newcastle disease. They will be involved in designing the checks carried out by the Commission’s experts, amongst other tasks.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 92/66/EEC

25.9.1992

1.10.1993

OJ L 260 of 5.9.1992

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 806/2003

5.6.2003

OJ L 122 of 16.5.2003

Directive 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.1.2010

OJ L 219 of 14.8.2008

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 92/66/EEC have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated versionis of documentary value only.

Related Acts

Commission Decision 2007/24/CE of 22 December 2006 approving contingency plans for the control of avian influenza and Newcastle disease [Official Journal L 8 of 13.1.2007].

Intra-Community trade of bovine animals and swine

Intra-Community trade of bovine animals and swine

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Intra-Community trade of bovine animals and swine

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Veterinary checks animal health rules food hygiene

Intra-Community trade of bovine animals and swine

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 64/432/EEC of 26 June 1964 on animal health problems affecting intra-Community trade in bovine animals and swine [See amending act(s)].

Summary

The Directives apply to intra-Community trade in bovine animals or swine for breeding, production or slaughter.

The transport of bovine animals and swine to another Member State is only authorised if the animals:

  • do not display any clinical sign of disease;
  • have not been obtained from a holding subject to prohibition for animal health reasons;
  • are identified in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2008/71/EC for swine and in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 for bovine animals;
  • are accompanied by a health certificate (see Annex F) during transport to the country of destination;
  • come from a bovine herd officially free of tuberculosis, brucellosis or enzootic bovine leukosis (this condition only affects bovine animals).

During transport the animals must not come into contact with other animals which do not conform to the same health conditions.

Furthermore, the vehicles used to transport animals must guarantee their well-being and meet the following additional conditions. They must:

  • be designed in such a way as to prevent the dispersal of droppings, litter or fodder;
  • be cleaned and disinfected after each transportation of animals, in line with the methods and procedures approved by the competent authority;
  • hold a register including information on the location, date and time of the loading and delivery of animals, the type and quantity of animals transported, the length of the journey, the date and location of when the vehicle was disinfected, etc. This information must be kept for at least three years.

In accordance with animal health requirements, animals for slaughter, which have been transported directly to an abattoir on their arrival in the destination country, must be slaughtered within the 72 hours following their arrival. If the animals are transported directly to an approved assembly centre on their arrival in the destination country before being transported to the abattoir, their slaughter must take place within the three working days following their arrival in the assembly centre.

A Member State which has a national control programme for one of the contagious diseases not referred to in Annex E for the whole or part of its territory may submit the said programme to the Commission.

REFERENCES

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition into the Member States Official Journal
Directive 64/432/EEC

30.06.1964

30.06.1965

 L 121 of 29.07.1964

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition into the Member States Official Journal

Directive 80/1098/EEC

20.11.1980

1.7.1981

OJ L 325 of 1.12.1980

Directive 80/1274/EEC

31.12.1980

1.1.1981

OJ L 375 of 31.12.1980

Directive 81/476/EEC

1.7.1981

OJ L 186 of 8.07.1981

Directive 82/61/EEC

10.2.1982

1.1.1982

OJ L 29 of 6.02.1982

Directive 82/893/EEC

29.12.1982

1.1.1983

OJ L 378 of 31.12.1982

Directive 83/336/EEC

30.6.1984

OJ L 177 of 4.7.1984

Directive 84/643/EEC

30.06.1984

30.09.1985 (Ireland – United Kingdom)

OJ L 339 of 27.12.1984

Directive 84/644/EEC

30.09.1985

OJ L 339 of 27.12.1984

Directive 85/586/EEC

24.12.1985

01.01.1986

OJ L 372 of 31.12.1985

Directive 87/231/EEC

10.04.1987

OJ L 99 of 11.04.1987

Directive 87/489/EEC

30.10.1987

31.12.1988

OJ L 280 of 03.10.1987

Directive 89/662/EEC

22.12.1989

31.12.1991

31.12.1992 (for Greece)

OJ L 395 of 30.12.1989

Directive 90/423/EEC

26.7.1990

1.1.1992

OJ L 224 of 18.08.1990

Directive 90/425/EEC

26.7.1990

1.7.1992

OJ L 224 of 18.08.1990

Directive 91/687/EEC

19.11.1992

1.1.1992 (for Article 1 point 3 and Article 2 point 1)

1.7.1992 (for all other articles)

OJL 377 of 31.12.1991

Directive 92/65/EEC

29.7.1992

1.1.1994

OJ L 268 of 14.9.1992

Directive 92/102/EEC

08.12.1992

1.2.1993 (registration of bovine animals according to national measures)
1.10.1993 (Community system of registering bovine animals)
1.1.1994 (swine)
1.1.1995 (ovine and caprine)

OJ L 355 of 5.12.1992

Directive 97/12/EC

25.4.1997

30.6.1998

OJ L 109 of 25.4.1997

Directive 98/46/EC

15.7.1998

30.6.1999

OJ L 198 of 15.7.1998

Directive 98/99/EC

31.12.1998

1.1.1999 (Article 2)

1.7.1999 (Article 1)

OJ L 358 of 31.12.1998

Directive 2000/15/EC

3.5.2000

OJ L 105 of 3.5.2000

Directive 2000/20/EC

4.7.2000

1.12.1999

OJ L 163 of 4.7.2000

Regulation (EC) No 535/2002

13.4.2002

OJ L 80 of 23.3.2002

Regulation (EC) No 1226/2002

29.7.2002

OJ L 179 of 9.7.2002

Regulation (EC) No 21/2004

29.1.2004

OJ L 5 of 9.1.2004

Regulation (EC) No 1/2005

25.1.2005

OJ L 3 of 5.1.2005

Decision 2006/911/EC

29.12.2006

OJ L 346 of 9.12.2006

Directive 2006/104/EC

1.1.2007

OJ L 363 of 20.12.2006

Decision 2007/729/EC

OJ L 294 of 13.11.2007

Directive 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.10.2010

OJ L 219 of 14.8.2008

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 64/432/EEC have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version  is for reference purpose only.

Related Acts

Commission Decision 2008/185/EC of 21 February 2008 on additional guarantees in intra-Community trade of pigs relating to Aujeszky’s disease and criteria to provide information on this disease [Official Journal L 59 of 4.3.2008].
See consolidated version

Commission Decision 2004/558/ECOfficial Journal L 249 of 23.07.2004 of 15 July 2004 implementing Council Directive 64/432/EEC as regards additional guarantees for intra-Community trade in bovine animals relating to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and the approval of the eradication programmes presented by certain Member States.
See consolidated version

Commission Decision 2003/467/EC of 23 June 2003 establishing the official tuberculosis, brucellosis, and enzootic-bovine-leukosis-free status of certain Member States and regions of Member States as regards bovine herds [Official Journal L 156 of 25.6.2003].
See consolidated version

Intra-Community trade and imports of certain animals and their semen, ova and embryos

Intra-Community trade and imports of certain animals and their semen, ova and embryos

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Intra-Community trade and imports of certain animals and their semen, ova and embryos

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Veterinary checks animal health rules food hygiene

Intra-Community trade and imports of certain animals and their semen, ova and embryos

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 92/65/EEC of 13 July 1992 laying down animal health requirements governing trade in and imports into the Community of animals, semen, ova and embryos not subject to animal health requirements laid down in specific Community rules referred to in Annex A(I) to Directive 90/425/EEC [See amending acts].

Summary

The Directive lays down the animal health requirements for the trade and import in the European Union (EU) of live animals, sperm, ova and embryos which are not covered by specific Community legislation (as is already the case for cattle and swine, equidae, sheep and goats, poultry and hatching eggs, certain live ungulates, as well as for aquaculture products).

Species covered by the Directive

The Directive lays down the animal health requirements applicable to trade in zoo animals, ungulates and birds which are not covered by other specific Directives, camelidae, bees, lagomorphs, minks, foxes, etc., as well as the trade in pet animals such as cats, dogs and ferrets. In order to be the subject of trade, ferrets, cats and dogs must meet the conditions provided for in Regulation (EC) No 998/2003 on the non-commercial movement of pet animals. For the latter category of animals, Finland, Ireland, Malta, the United Kingdom and Finland require additional guarantees. They may, for example, in certain cases, keep their national rules on quarantine for animals susceptible to rabies.

The Directive also lays down the animal health requirements applicable to trade in semen, ova and embryos of certain animals like equidae, sheep and goats.

Controls and penalties

Checks are carried out in accordance with the provisions of Council Directive 90/425/EEC applicable to intra-Community trade in live animals and their sperm, ova and embryos.

The Member States must take administrative or penal measures to penalize infringements of the Directive.

Live animals and their sperm, ova and embryos covered by this Directive and coming from third countries are subject to the minimum requirements laid down in Directive 97/78/EEC CEE concerning veterinary checks applicable to products from third countries.

Authorised imports

Imports from third countries are authorized provided they offer guarantees equivalent to those required in intra-Community trade. Conditions concerning the veterinary certificate, checks and transport are laid down, and animals must be quarantined prior to importation.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 92/65/EEC

29.7.1992

1.1.1994

OJ L 268 of 14. 9. 1992

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 998/2003

3.7.2003

OJ L 146 of 13. 6. 2003

Directive 2004/68/EC

20.5.2004

19.11.2005

OJ L 139 of 30.4. 2004

Directive 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.1.2010

OJ L 219 of 14.8.2008

AMENDMENTS TO THE ANNEXES

Annex A – Notifiable diseases
Regulation (EC) No 1282/2002 [Official Journal L 187 of 16.7.2002];
Regulation (EC) No 1398/2003 [Official Journal L 198 of 6.8.2003].

Annex C – Conditions governing approval of bodies, institutes or centres
Decision 95/176/EC [Official Journal L 117 of 24.5.1995];
Regulation (EC) No 1282/2002 [Official Journal L 187 of 16.7.2002].

Annex D – Conditions governing semen collection and storage centres and embryo collection and production teams
Decision 95/176/EC [Official Journal L 117 of 24.5.1995];
Regulation (EU) No 176/2010 [Official Journal L 52 of 3.3.2010].

Annex E – Health certificate templates
Regulation (EC) No 1282/2002 [Official Journal L 187 of 16.7.2002];
Decision 2010/270/EU [Official Journal L 118 of 12.5.2010];
Decision 2010/684/EU [Official Journal L 293 of 11.11.2010].

Annex F – Trade and imports of animals, sperm, ova and embryos not subject to specific legislation
Directive 2004/68/EC [Official Journal L 139 of 30.4.2004].

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (EU) No 206/2010 of 12 March 2010 laying down lists of third countries, territories or parts thereof authorised for the introduction into the European Union of certain animals and fresh meat and the veterinary certification requirements [Official Journal L 73 of 20.3.2010].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1739/2005 of 21 October 2005 laying down animal health requirements for the movement of circus animals between Member States [Official Journal L 279 of 22.10.2005].