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Employment and Social Policy

Employment and Social Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Employment and social policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy

Employment and social policy

European society is changing, influenced by different factors such as technological progress, the globalisation of trade and an ageing population. European employment, social affairs and equal opportunities policies contribute to improving people’s living conditions with a view to sustainable growth and greater social cohesion. The European Union (EU) plays the role of a trigger in social change. It has introduced a protective legal framework for European citizens. It fosters the cooperation of Member States, the coordination and harmonisation of national policies, and the participation of local authorities, unions, employers’ organisations and other stakeholders involved.

The priority aims of this policy are to increase employment and worker mobility, to improve the quality of jobs and, working conditions, to inform and consult workers, to combat poverty and social exclusion, to promote equality between men and women, and to modernise social protection systems.

Employment and social policy Contents

  • European Strategy for Growth: Europe 2020 Strategy, Intelligent growth, Sustainable growth, Inclusive growth
  • Priorities and objectives: the social agenda:Social agenda
  • Community employment policies: Partnership for growth and employment, Legal instruments for Community employment policies, Skills and mobility, Quality of employment
  • Social and employment situation in europe: Reports, Statistics
  • Job creation measures: General job creation measures, Promoting employment at a local level, Sectoral job creation promotion
  • Employment rights and work organisation: Protection of employee’s rights, Organisation of working time, Corporate social responsibility
  • Social dialogue and employee participation: Cross-industry social dialogue, Sectoral social dialogue, Information, consultation and participation of employees
  • Health, hygiene and safety at work: Equipment, signs and loads, Protection of specific groups of workers, The workplace, Chemical, physical and biological agents
  • Social protection: Coordination of social security regimes, Supplementary pension schemes, Modernising social protection
  • Equality between men and women: Gender mainstreaming, Female employment and entrepreneurship, Combating sexual harassment and violence against women
  • Social measures for target groups: disability and old age: Equal opportunities, Rights and dignity of handicapped persons, Pensions and healthcare for the elderly, Demographic changes
  • Social inclusion and the fight against poverty: Combating social exclusion, Social protection and the fight against poverty
  • Anti-discrimination and relations with civil society: Combating discrimination, Fundemental social rights, Relations with civil society
  • Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement: Social development, Measures aimed at target groups, Enlargement

Social inclusion and the fight against poverty

Social inclusion and the fight against poverty

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Social inclusion and the fight against poverty

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Social inclusion and the fight against poverty

Social inclusion and the fight against poverty

Social inclusion and the fight against poverty are an integral part of the European Union’s growth and employment objectives. Coordination of the national social protection and inclusion policies is based on a process of mutual exchange and learning, better known as the “open method of coordination” (OMC). In addition to eliminating poverty and social exclusion, this process will hinge in the years to come on providing adequate and sustainable pensions and on developing accessible, high-quality and sustainable health care and long-term care.

TRANSVERSAL ACTIONS

  • European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion
  • Reinforcing the Open Method of Coordination for social protection and social inclusion
  • Community programme for employment and solidarity – PROGRESS (2007-2013)
  • European Progress Microfinance Facility (EPMF)
  • Active inclusion of people excluded from the labour market
  • Promoting decent work for all
  • Sufficient resources and assistance
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2008
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion: 2007
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2006
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion
  • Joint report on social inclusion
  • A new framework for the open coordination of social protection and inclusion policies
  • Community programme encouraging cooperation between Member States to combat social exclusion (2002-2006)
  • Building an inclusive Europe
  • URBAN II

SPECIFIC ACTIONS

  • Consumer access to basic payment accounts
  • National Roma Integration Strategies: Common European Framework
  • Social and economic integration of Roma
  • Participation of young people with fewer opportunities
  • European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion (2010)
  • European Year of Education through Sport 2004
  • European Fund for Refugees (2000-2004)
  • Social inclusion of young people
  • Promoting the role of voluntary organisations and foundations in Europe

Soil protection

Soil protection

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Soil protection

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Soil protection

Soil protection

The soil provides the main foundation for human activity and housing. It is a limited and fragile resource, however: erosion, the loss of organic matter, landslides and various forms of contamination are among the problems that Europe’s environment policy seeks to address.

GENERAL FRAMEWORK

  • Thematic strategy for soil protection
  • Towards a strategy for soil protection
  • Évaluation d’impact de certains projets sur l’environnement
    (FR)

MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC SOIL TYPES

  • Convention on the Protection of the Alps
  • Development and integrated management of coastal zones
  • Thematic strategy on the urban environment
  • Financial framework for the urban environment

DISCHARGES OF SUBSTANCES

  • Industrial emissions
  • Integrated pollution prevention and control (until 2013)
  • Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
  • Export and storage of mercury

ACTIVITIES LEADING TO SPECIFIC RISKS

  • Carbon dioxide capture and geological storage
  • Landfill of waste
  • Promoting sustainable development in the non-energy extractive industry

Priorities and objectives: the social agenda

Priorities and objectives: the social agenda

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Priorities and objectives: the social agenda

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Priorities and objectives: the social agenda

Priorities and objectives: the social agenda

The aim of the European Unions social policy is to promote employment, the improvement of living and working conditions, an appropriate level of social protection, dialogue with the social partners, development of human resources so as to ensure a high and sustainable employment level, and measures to combat exclusion. The new Social Agenda for the period 2006 2010 is set in the context of the relaunching of the Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs. It responds to the European objectives of solidarity and prosperity through fundamental priorities: employment, and action to tackle poverty and promote equal opportunities.

THE SOCIAL AGENDA

  • The renewed social agenda
  • The Social Policy Agenda (2006-2010)
  • Agenda for social policy (2000-2005)
  • Mid-term review of the Social Policy Agenda
  • Scoreboard on implementing the 2004 social policy agenda

PRIORITIES AND OBJECTIVES

  • Towards a new social vision for 21st century Europe
  • European Globalisation Adjustment Fund
  • European values in a globalised world

Social dialogue and employee participation

Social dialogue and employee participation

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Social dialogue and employee participation

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Social dialogue and employee participation

Social dialogue and employee participation

Dialogue with the social partners constitutes one of the pillars of the European social model. Firmly anchored in the Treaty establishing the European Community, it embraces discussions, consultations, negotiations and joint actions involving the representative social partner organisations. The European social dialogue, which can be bipartite or tripartite, supplements the national social dialogue arrangements which exist in most Member States. Based on the principles of solidarity, responsibility and participation, it constitutes the main channel through which the social partners contribute to the establishing of European social standards and play a vital role in the governance of the Union.

EUROPEAN SOCIAL DIALOGUE

  • Enhancing the contribution of European social dialogue in an enlarged Europe
  • European social dialogue: a force for innovation and change
  • 2010 Report on industrial relations in Europe
  • 2008 Report on Industrial Relations in Europe
  • 2006 Report on Industrial Relations in Europe

CROSS-INDUSTRY SOCIAL DIALOGUE

  • European cross-industry social dialogue

Framework agreements

  • Parental leave
  • Parental leave and leave for family reasons
  • Part-time working
  • Fixed-term work
  • Equal treatment of temporary workers
  • Teleworking

SECTORAL SOCIAL DIALOGUE

  • European Sectoral Dialogue
  • Reassessing the regulatory social framework for more and better seafaring jobs in the EU
  • Organisation of seafarers’ working time
  • Organisation of working time of mobile workers in civil aviation
  • Working conditions of mobile workers engaged in interoperable cross-border services in the railway sector

FORUM FOR SOCIAL DIALOGUE

  • Tripartite Social Summit for Growth and Employment
  • Employment Committee

INFORMATION, CONSULTATION AND PARTICIPATION OF EMPLOYEES

  • European Works Council (from 2011)
  • European Works Council
  • General framework for informing and consulting employees
  • Framework for promoting employee financial participation
  • Statute for a European Company
  • A European Private Company Statute
  • Statute for a European Cooperative Society

Social and employment situation in europe

Social and employment situation in europe

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Social and employment situation in europe

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Social and employment situation in europe

Social and employment situation in europe

Statistical data which can be compared at European level are essential for the monitoring of social and labour market developments in the European Union. They are used in particular to assess the impact of economic and demographic changes on the labour market. In this respect, the Commission has set up systems for collecting statistical information used to establish performance indicators. It also supports the analysis work undertaken by the Member States through the Community Programme for Employment and Solidarity, and the work of the European Employment Observatory. All this information is recorded in annual reports.

REPORTS

  • 2009 “Employment in Europe” Report
  • ?????? „????????? ? ??????“ 2008 ?.
    (FR)
  • Employment in Europe Report 2007
  • Employment in Europe Report – 2006
  • Report on Employment in Europe 2005
  • Report on employment in Europe 2004
  • Joint employment report 2006/2007
  • Joint Employment Report 2005/2006
  • Joint Employment Report 2004/2005
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2008
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion: 2007
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2006
  • Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion
  • Joint report on social inclusion

STATISTICS

  • Promoting solidarity between the generations
  • The demographic future of Europe – from challenge to opportunity
  • Green Paper “Confronting demographic change: a new solidarity between the generations”
  • Labour Force Sample Survey
  • Structural statistics on earnings and labour costs
  • European system of integrated social protection statistics (ESSPROS)
  • European Statistical Advisory Committee
  • European Statistical Governance Advisory Board

INFORMATION AND INCENTIVES

  • Community programme for employment and solidarity – PROGRESS (2007-2013)
  • European Progress Microfinance Facility (EPMF)
  • Programme for mutual learning in employment
  • European Employment Observatory (EEO)

Job creation measures

Job creation measures

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Job creation measures

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Job creation measures

Job creation measures

Employment has been made an absolute priority under the revised Lisbon Strategy. This is reflected in the programming of the Community financial instruments for the period 2007-2013 (the Community Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity, the European Social Fund and the European Regional Development Fund). At the same time, the Commission is supporting the fight against unemployment and undeclared work through the modernisation of public employment services and the promotion of flexibility among employers and employees. It is encouraging differing policy approaches according to the key economic sectors, such as services, and categories of employees who could be better integrated into the labour market (e.g. women and older people). The Commission allows the Member States to use State aid and VAT reductions as instruments to foster employment.

JOB CREATION MEASURES

Positive actions

  • New skills for new jobs
  • Towards common principles of flexicurity
  • Promoting solidarity between the generations
  • The Community Lisbon Programme
  • Community programme for employment and solidarity – PROGRESS (2007-2013)
  • European Progress Microfinance Facility (EPMF)
  • Programme for mutual learning in employment
  • Cohesion Policy in support of growth and jobs – Community Strategic Guidelines, 2007-13
  • The European Social Fund (2007-2013)
  • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (2007-2013)
  • ESF: European Social Fund.
  • ERDF: European Regional Development Fund

Tackling unemployment and undeclared work

  • Undeclared work
  • Modernising public employment services
  • Undeclared work
  • A comprehensive approach contributing to making work pay
  • Restructuring and employment: the role of the European Union in anticipating and accompanying restructuring in order to develop employment

SECTORAL JOB CREATION PROMOTION

Job creation through enterprise policy

  • Access to financing for businesses
  • Fostering structural change: an industrial policy for an enlarged Europe

Services

  • ‘Services’ Directive

Information society and research

  • Research and innovation serving growth and employment
  • i2010: Information Society and the media working towards growth and jobs

Environnement

  • Strategy for sustainable development

Agriculture

  • Employment in rural areas: closing the jobs gap

FINANCIAL DIMENSION OF JOB CREATION

  • State aid for employment
  • Risk Capital Action Plan (RCAP)
  • VAT: labour-intensive services

Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement

Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement

Employment and social policy: international dimension and enlargement

Internationally, as on its own territory, the EU strives to ensure that economic development is accompanied by social progress. It has therefore made social issues a subject of its external relations, both in the context of fair and sustainable globalisation and with a view to future enlargements. At international level, it advocates compliance with core labour standards, which it considers an integral part of human rights. It also takes an active part in the defence of equal opportunities and non-discrimination, and promotes the establishment of a fair economic system. In the specific case of the process of accession to the EU, this approach is reflected in the obligation on candidate countries to adopt established Community law (the Community acquis).

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

  • Promoting decent work for all
  • Extending the benefits of the social dimension of globalisation to all
  • Social development in the context of globalisation
  • Strengthening of maritime labour standards
  • The link between the multilateral trading system and labour standards
  • World Summit for Social Development

MEASURES FOR TARGET GROUPS

  • Europe’s response to world ageing
  • Promotion and protection of the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities at international level
  • Fourth United Nations Conference on Women

ENLARGEMENT

Ongoing enlargement

  • Croatia – Employment and Social Affairs
  • Turkey – Employment and social policy
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Employment and Social Policy
  • Iceland – Employment and social policy

Enlargement of January 2007

  • Bulgaria
  • Romania

Enlargement of May 2004: 10 new Member States

  • Cyprus
  • Hungary
  • Estonia
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Malta
  • Poland
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia

Health, hygiene and safety at work

Health, hygiene and safety at work

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Health, hygiene and safety at work

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Health hygiene and safety at work

Health, hygiene and safety at work

Although one of the goals of the European Union is to create employment through the Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs, it also tries to ensure that these new jobs are of a higher quality. Health and safety at work is now one of the most important and most advanced areas of EU social policy. Community action in this area is not limited to legislation. The European Institutions carry out several activities providing information and guidance and promoting a safe and healthy working environment in cooperation with the European Agency for Health and Safety at Work and the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • Health and safety at work – general rules
  • Community strategy on health and safety at work (2007-2012)
  • Community programme for employment and solidarity – PROGRESS (2007-2013)
  • European Progress Microfinance Facility (EPMF)
  • Communication on the practical implementation of directives on health and safety at work
  • European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
  • European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (EUROFOUND)
  • Advisory Committee on Safety and Health at Work (ACSHW)
  • Statistics on public health and health and safety at work
  • European schedule of occupational diseases
  • Organisation of working time: basic Directive
  • Community strategy on health and safety at work (2002-2006)

EQUIPMENT, SIGNS AND LOADS

  • Use of work equipment
  • Use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Work with display screen equipment
  • Provision of health and safety signs at work
  • Manual handling of loads involving risk

PROTECTION OF SPECIFIC GROUPS OF WORKERS

  • Self-employed workers: health and safety at work
  • Health and safety for temporary workers
  • Protection of young people at work
  • Protection of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding

THE WORKPLACE

  • Health and safety of workers: conditions applicable to the workplace
  • Temporary and mobile work sites
  • Extractive industries by means of boreholes
  • Extractive industries in the surface and underground
  • Equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres
  • Reassessing the regulatory social framework for more and better seafaring jobs in the EU
  • Strengthening of maritime labour standards
  • Fishing vessels
  • Improved medical treatment on board vessels

CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL AGENTS

  • Protection of workers from exposure to biological agents
  • Protection of workers exposed to asbestos
  • Exposure to electromagnetic fields
  • Exposure to noise
  • Exposure to mechanical vibration
  • Risk of explosive atmospheres
  • Exposure to chemical agents
  • Dangers arising from ionising radiation
  • Exposure to artificial optical radiation
  • Exposure to carcinogens and mutagens
  • European system for registration of carriers of radioactive materials (Proposal)
  • Exposure to biological agents
  • Exposure to asbestos