Tag Archives: FA

Farm Accountancy Data Network

Farm Accountancy Data Network

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Farm Accountancy Data Network

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > General framework

Farm Accountancy Data Network

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1217/2009 of 30 November 2009 setting up a network for the collection of accountancy data on the incomes and business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Community.

Summary

The network for the collection of accountancy data is essential for the development and improvement of the common agricultural policy. It provides a comprehensive overview of the business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Union (EU).

The accountancy data network contains data relating to the economic activity of agricultural holdings. The information is collected from a sample composed of up to 105 000 agricultural holdings.

Organisation of the collection of accountancy data

Member States shall be responsible for surveys on their territory. To this end, they shall designate two authorities:

  • the liaison agencies, which collect the data and forward them to the Commission;
  • a National Committee, which is responsible for the selection of returning holdings. Where a Member State is composed of several divisions, the National Committee may rely on regional committees.

Moreover, the data collected by the liaison agencies shall be provided by the farm accountancy offices. The accountancy offices shall compile a farm return for each agricultural holding. The accountancy offices authorised to complete such returns must be approved by the liaison agencies.

Farm return

Each agricultural holding shall therefore be the subject of a farm return containing data which allow two types of study to be carried out:

  • the assessment of incomes on agricultural holdings;
  • the study of the business operation of agricultural holdings.

These studies shall enable the Commission to draw up reports on the situation of agricultural holdings and simulations of the impact of policy scenarios. These reports shall be used for the development and evaluation of the common agricultural policy.

Moreover, the Commission shall be assisted by a Community Committee for the Farm Accountancy Data Network for the definition of data, selection of holdings and analysis of data.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1217/2009

4.1.2010

OJ L 328 of 15.12.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) 1217/2009 have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated versionis for reference purposes only.

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1291/2009 of 18 December 2009 concerning the selection of returning holdings for the purpose of determining incomes of agricultural holdings [Official Journal L 347 du 24.12.2009].

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 385/2012 of 30 April 2012 on the farm return to be used for determining the incomes of agricultural holdings and analysing the business operation of such holdings [Official Journal L 127 of 15.5.2012].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1242/2008 of 8 December 2008 establishing a Community typology for agricultural holdings [Official Journal L 335 of 13.12.2008].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1264/2008 of 16 December 2008 fixing the standard fee per farm return from the 2009 accounting year of the farm accountancy data network [Official Journal L 338 of 17.12.2008].

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1915/83 of 13 July 1983 on certain detailed implementing rules concerning the keeping of accounts for the purpose of determining the incomes of agricultural holdings [Official Journal L 190 of 14.7.1983].


Another Normative about Farm Accountancy Data Network

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Other

Farm Accountancy Data Network

The Farm Accountancy Data Network gathers information on the business operation of farms. This Regulation launches the network and describes how it works.

Document or Iniciative

Regulation No 79/65/EEC of the Council of 15 June 1965 setting up a network for the collection of accountancy data on the incomes and business operation of agricultural holdings in the European Economic Community [See amending acts].

Summary

The Farm Accountancy Data Network was set up in 1965 to provide the Commission with the information it needs to monitor farming business in the European Union (EU). It has the task of collecting and analysing data from a sample of up to 105 000 farms.

Each Member State appoints two bodies to take part in the survey:

  • a liaison agency, which gathers and transmits the data
  • a national committee, which is responsible for selecting returning holdings. Where a Member State is composed of a number of divisions, this body relies on regional committees.

The accountancy offices draw up a separate return for every returning holding for which they are responsible. These returns contain essential information on factors of production and the other particulars required to assess the farm’s income.

The Commission is also assisted by the Community Committee for the Farm Accountancy Data Network.

Other provisions

No individual accountancy data or other individual details obtained under this Regulation may be used for tax purposes, or be divulged or used for purposes other than those specified in the Regulation.`

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation No 79/65/EEC 13.07.1965 OJ 109 of 23.06.1965

DEROGATIONS TO THE ACT

Regulation (EC) No 636/2007 [Official Journal L 146 of 08.06.2007]
Romania is considered a single division until 2010.

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 2835/72 01.01.1973 OJ L 298, 31.12.1972
Regulation (EEC) No 2910/73 30.10.1973 OJ L 299, 27.10.1973
Regulation (EEC) No 2143/81 01.08.1981 OJ L 210, 30.07.1981
Regulation (EEC) No 3644/85 01.01.1986 OJ L 348, 24.12.1985
Regulation (EEC) No 3768/85 01.01.1986 OJ L 362, 31.12.1985
Regulation (EEC) No 3577/90 01.01.1991 OJ L 353, 17.12.1990
Regulation (EC) No 2801/95 13.10.1995 OJ L 291, 06.12.1995
Regulation (EC) No 1256/97 09.07.1997 OJ L 174, 02.07.1997
Regulation (EC) No 806/2003 05.06.2003 OJ L 122, 16.05.2003
Regulation (EC) No 2059/2003 02.12.2003 OJ L 308, 25.11.2003
Regulation (EC) No 660/2004 16.04.2004 OJ L 104, 08.04.2004
Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006 01.01.2007 OJ L 363, 20.12.2006

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation No 79/65/EEC have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version (PDF ) has a purely documentary value”.

Related Acts

Decision 85/377/EEC establishing a Community typology for agricultural holdings [Official Journal L 220 of 17.081985].
See consolidated version (PDF ).

Regulation (EEC) No 1915/83 [Official Journal L 190 of 14.07.1983].
On certain detailed implementing rules concerning the keeping of accounts for the purpose of determining the incomes of agricultural holdings.
See consolidated version (PDF ).

Regulation (EEC) No 1859/82 [Official Journal L 205 of 13.07.1982].
Concerning the selection of returning holdings for the purpose of determining incomes of agricultural holdings.
See consolidated version (PDF ).

Regulation (EEC) No 2237/77 [Official Journal L 263 of 17.10.1977].
On the form of farm return to be used for the purpose of determining incomes of agricultural holdings.
See consolidated version (PDF ).

Facilitating judicial cooperation in civil matters

Facilitating judicial cooperation in civil matters

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facilitating judicial cooperation in civil matters

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Judicial cooperation in civil matters

Facilitating judicial cooperation in civil matters

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 743/2002 of 25 April 2002 establishing a general Community framework of activities to facilitate the implementation of judicial cooperation in civil matters.

Summary

This regulation aims to establish a general framework for Community activities for the period from 1 January 2002 to 31 December 2006 to facilitate judicial cooperation in civil matters. The European Commission put forward a proposal on 6 April 2005 to establish for the period 2007-13 the specific “Civil justice” programme as part of the general “Fundamental Rights and Justice” programme (see “related acts”).

This regulation is not applicable in Denmark. The United Kingdom and Ireland, on the other hand, expressed their wish to participate in the adoption and application of this regulation (in accordance with the Protocols on the position of the United Kingdom and Ireland annexed to the EU and EC Treaties).

Providing grants, working towards the programme’s objectives

The programme’s objectives are to:

  • promote judicial cooperation in civil matters with a view to ensuring legal certainty and improving access to justice;
  • improve mutual knowledge of legal and judicial systems between European Union (EU) countries;
  • ensure the sound implementation and application of Community instruments in the area of judicial cooperation in civil matters;
  • improve information to the public on access to justice, judicial cooperation and the legal systems of EU countries.

As regards the activities supported, the general framework is to provide:

  • grants for co-financed projects that meet at least one of the objectives;
  • grants to cover the running costs of European non-governmental organisations;
  • funding for actions set up by the Commission of its own motion.

Providing grants for private and public institutions

This regulation provides for grants for the activities of non-governmental organisations and for specific projects submitted by institutions and public or private organisations.

Non-governmental organisations may be granted financial support if they meet specified criteria:

  • they must be non-profit-making organisations, established under the law of one of the EU countries;
  • they must pursue activities with a European dimension, involving, as a general rule, at least half of the EU countries;
  • they must pursue activities with a view to promoting judicial cooperation in civil matters.

Specific projects may be submitted by institutions and public or private organisations, including professional organisations, research institutes, etc. They must consist of training, exchanges and work experience placements, studies and research, meetings and seminars or dissemination of information.

Article 4 of the regulation provides for this general framework to be opened up to include the participation of the candidate countries of central and eastern Europe, Cyprus, Malta and Turkey, and other countries, subject to various conditions and if the relevant agreements and procedures permit. This article is no longer applicable to the ten new EU countries that joined the Union on 1 May 2004.

Ensuring implementation of the Community activity framework

To ensure implementation of the framework for activities, the Commission, if possible before 30 June each year, is to publish an annual work programme setting out the priorities in terms of objectives and types of activities for the following year.

The Commission is responsible for the evaluation and selection of projects, having regard to a series of priority criteria (the European dimension, ability to contribute to the objectives set, complementarity with other activities, etc.).

All financing decisions are subject to financial control by the Commission and to audits by the Court of Auditors. The proportion of financial support from the general budget of the EU should in principle not exceed 60% of the total cost of the actions undertaken. However, under exceptional circumstances, financial support may amount to 80%.

The Commission is to ensure the yearly publication of a list of recipients and actions financed to ensure transparency. Recipients are to report to the Commission on each action. The Commission may reduce, suspend or recover financial support granted for an activity if it detects irregularities.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 743/2002

1.5.2002

OJ L 115 of 1.5.2002

Related Acts

Decision No 1149/2007/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 September 2007 establishing for the period 2007-2013 the Specific Programme “Civil Justice” as part of the General Programme “Fundamental Rights and Justice” [Official Journal L 257 of 3.10.2007].

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council of 9 February 2005 on the implementation of the framework programme for judicial cooperation in civil matters (2002-2006) [COM(2005) 34 – Not published in the Official Journal].
This report documents the programme’s progress from its adoption in 2002 to 30 June 2004. The Commission’s actions, which aimed to inform legal practitioners and the general public of progress made in the field of cooperation in civil matters (e.g. the European Judicial Atlas in Civil Matters, the case-law database under the “Brussels I” and “Brussels II” and an information campaign aimed at legal practitioners), have been very well received. However, the 2002, 2003 and 2004 calls for proposals for specific civil-society projects attracted a limited amount of interest, probably owing to the available budget. 51 of the 106 proposals were accepted.

Facility providing financial assistance for balances of payments

Facility providing financial assistance for balances of payments

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facility providing financial assistance for balances of payments

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Internal market > Single market for capital

Facility providing financial assistance for balances of payments

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 332/2002 of 18 February 2002 establishing a facility providing medium-term financial assistance for Member States’ balances of payments [See amending acts].

Summary

The support facility provides medium-term financial assistance is established, enabling loans to be granted to Member States experiencing difficulties in their balance of payments on current or capital account. Only those Member States that have not adopted the euro may benefit from this European facility.

This Regulation defines the application procedure and arrangements for granting loans to Member States benefiting from this facility.

Procedure

The facility may be implemented by the Council on the initiative of either the Commission, in agreement with the Member State concerned, or a Member State experiencing difficulties.

To obtain financial support in the medium term, the Member State will carry out a needs assessment with the European Commission and present to the Commission and the Economic and Financial Committee an adjustment programme. After examining the situation in the Member State seeking assistance, the Council decides:

  • whether to grant a loan or appropriate financing facility, its amount and its average duration;
  • the economic policy conditions attached to the medium-term financial assistance with a view to re-establishing a sustainable balance of payments situation;
  • the techniques for disbursing the loan or financing facility, the release or drawings of which are, as a rule, by successive instalments.

The Commission and the Member State concerned will then conclude a Memorandum of Understanding which details the conditions set by the Council. The Memorandum is then sent to the European Parliament and the European Council.

At regular intervals, the Commission, in conjunction with the Economic and Financial Committee, verifies that the economic policy of the Member State receiving assistance accords with the commitments laid down in the adjustment programme or any other conditions. The Member State will make all the necessary information available to the Commission and cooperate fully with them. The release of further instalments depends on the findings of such verification.

Loan arrangements

The borrowing and lending operations are carried out in euros. They use the same value date and must not involve the EU in the transformation of maturities, in any exchange or interest-rate risk or in any other commercial risk.

At the request of the beneficiary Member State, loans may carry the option of early repayment.

At the request of the debtor Member State and where circumstances permit an improvement in the interest rate on the loans, the Commission may refinance all or some of its initial borrowings or restructure the corresponding financial conditions. These operations may not have the effect of extending the average duration of the borrowing concerned or increasing the amount of capital outstanding. The costs incurred in concluding and carrying out each operation are borne by the beneficiary Member State. The Economic and Financial Committee must be kept informed of these operations.

Moreover, the outstanding amount of loans which can be granted to Member States under this financial assistance facility for balances of payments is limited to EUR 50 billion. To this end, the Commission shall be empowered on behalf of the EU to contract borrowings on the capital markets or with financial institutions.

The ECB makes the necessary arrangements for the administration of the loans.

The beneficiary State shall open a special account with its central bank for the management of the financial assistance. It is also required to transfer the payments due to an account with the ECB seven working days prior to the corresponding due date.

The European Court of Auditors has the right to carry out any necessary financial controls or audits. The European Commission and the European Anti-Fraud Office can also send officials to the Member State receiving financial support in order to carry out controls.

Compatibility with other financial assistance facilities

Loans granted as medium-term financial assistance may be granted in addition to short-term monetary support granted by the European Central Bank (ECB) under the very short-term financing facility.

The financial assistance facility for balances of payments is also compatible with the European financial stabilisation facility. This stabilisation facility offers financial assistance to Member States in financial difficulties.

Lastly, where a Member State which has not adopted the euro proposes to call upon sources of financing outside the EU, it shall first consult the Commission and the other Member States. Such consultations shall be held within the Economic and Financial Committee. Their aim is to examine, in the first instance, the options offered by the financial assistance facility for balances of payments.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 332/2002

24.2.2002

OJ L 053 of 23.2.2002

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1360/2008

1.1.2009

OJ L 352 of 31.12.2008

Regulation (EC) No 431/2009

28.5.2009

OJ L 128 of 27.5.2009

Related Acts

Decision ECB/2003/14 of the European Central Bank of 7 November 2003 concerning the administration of the borrowing-and-lending operations concluded by the European Community under the medium-term financial assistance facility [Official Journal L 297 of 15.11.2003].
The regulation of the ECB implements Article 9 of Regulation (EC) 332/2002 and ensures the administration of loans granted under the regulation.

Facility for rapid response to soaring food prices

Facility for rapid response to soaring food prices

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facility for rapid response to soaring food prices

Topics

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Development > Sectoral development policies

Facility for rapid response to soaring food prices

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 1337/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 establishing a facility for rapid response to soaring food prices in developing countries.

Summary

This Regulation establishes a financial facility for rapid response to variations in food prices in developing countries. It is an emergency measure, which accompanies medium and long-term cooperation actions.
The assistance and cooperation should:

  • improve availability and access to food products for vulnerable persons in the partner countries and regions;
  • support food price stability, in compliance with the world-wide objectives for food security (in particular the United Nations’ standards);
  • strengthen production capacity and good agricultural governance in the partner countries.

A differentiated approach depending on development contexts and the impact of volatile food prices shall be pursued so that target countries or regions and their populations are provided with targeted, tailor-made and well adapted support, based on their own needs.

Implementation

Taking into account the specific situation of each country, supporting measures that shall be eligible for implementation are:

  • access to the products and services required for agricultural production, including the availability of fertilisers and seeds;
  • production capacity and satisfying food needs, through a “safety net” prioritising vulnerable people such as children;
  • the use of small-scale measures aimed at increasing production, such as vocational training, microcredit, investment, equipment and infrastructure.

These measures form part of an overall plan for the use of this facility.

Eligibility

The facility resources are targeted towards a list of specific countries. In addition, the Regulation specifies the entities which can benefit from finance, where their programmes contribute to achieving the objectives of this Regulation. They are:

  • partner countries or regions of the European Union (EU);
  • local authorities in the partner countries;
  • joint bodies comprising European members and third country partners;
  • international organisations, including regional organisations, the United Nations, financial institutions and development banks;
  • EU institutions, bodies and agencies, for administering the facility;
  • EU Member States;
  • all entities, bodies, countries or regions complying with the rules on access to the EU’s external assistance.

Financing
The facility has a budget of EUR 1 billion for the period 2008-2010. Financing may take the form of:

  • projects and programmes;
  • budget support, where the partners’ good management of public spending enables it and the relevant geographical financing instruments allow it;
  • contributions to international or regional organisations and the international funds they manage;
  • contributions to national funds set up by partners and those established by donors;
  • co-financing to benefit eligible entities;
  • holdings in loans, risk capital, enterprise capital, contributions to guarantee funds through financing granted by the European Investment Bank (EIB) or other financial intermediaries.

The Commission shall evaluate the implementation of the cooperation actions in consultation with all the stakeholders involved and will submit a final report to the European Parliament and the Council by 31 December 2012. It will take into account the requirements of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action on trade and development.

The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee set up under Regulation (EC) No 1905/2006 on the financing instrument for development cooperation.

Context

The large increases in food prices in 2007 and 2008 have hit people in the majority of developing countries hard, and led to worsening poverty, unrest and instability. This crisis has a direct consequence on achieving the Millennium Development Goals, particularly on the first objective of food security.
The facility for rapid response to soaring food prices is coordinated with the other instruments for development cooperation and with the Cotonou Agreement. It complements the Instrument for Humanitarian Aid and the Instrument for Stability formulated to respond to crisis situations.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1337/2008

1.1.2009

OJ L 354 of 31.12.2008

Facilitating procedures for issuing visas for those taking part in sporting events

Facilitating procedures for issuing visas for those taking part in sporting events

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facilitating procedures for issuing visas for those taking part in sporting events

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Free movement of persons asylum and immigration

Facilitating procedures for issuing visas for those taking part in sporting events

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1295/2003 of 15 July 2003 relating to measures envisaged to facilitate the procedures for applying for and issuing visas for members of the Olympic family taking part in the 2004 Olympic or Paralympic Games in Athens.

Summary

The Regulation was not designed to abolish the visa requirement for members of the Olympic family who are subject to it by virtue of their nationality but to lay down measures for adoption by Greece to facilitate their entry into the Schengen area in order to take part in the 2004 Games in Athens.

The special procedure for applying for visas is incorporated into accreditation request procedure that members of the Olympic family have to comply with. This means that they do not have to present themselves in person at the consular services either to make the application or to receive the visa, which is formalised instead by the marking of a specific number in the Olympic Games accreditation card.

Organisations applying for the Olympic accreditation card * for the persons selected to take part in the Games may, at the same time submit a collective group application for visas as well.

The Organising Committee * sends the applications to the consular services as quickly as possible. The services then check that the persons in question:

  • have been accredited by the Organising Committee;
  • hold a passport;
  • have not been identified for non-admission in the Schengen Information System;
  • are not deemed liable to undermine public order.

Once compliance with these conditions has been checked, the services issue a uniform short-stay, multiple-entry visa authorising a stay of up to 90 days for the duration of the Games.

If the conditions are not met, the consular services may issue a visa with limited territorial validity.

The visa takes the form of two numbers entered on the Olympic accreditation card (visa number and passport number).

The visas are issued free of charge.

When members of the Olympic family cross the external borders of the Member States:

  • entry checks are limited to verifying compliance with the four conditions set out above;
  • the passports of all members (whether or not they are subject to a visa requirement) are stamped on entry and exit.

The Regulation also provides for the Commission to report to the European Parliament and the Council on the functioning of the derogation on the basis of a report transmitted by Greece after the Games with a view to the organisation of the Winter Olympics in Turin.

Background

To enable the Games to be organised, the Community must establish legislation facilitating the issue of visas to members of the Olympic family. The Regulation meets this requirement.

Greece is the first Member State to apply the Schengen acquis in its entirety for the organisation of the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004.


Key terms used in the act
  • Olympic accreditation cards: documents issued to members of the Olympic family authorising access to the facilities at which competitions are held for the duration of the Games; these cards are highly secure in order to avoid the occurrence of terrorist attacks;
  • Organising Committee: Committee responsible for organising the 2004 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games in Athens.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation 1295/2003/EC 04.08.2003 03.01.2004 OJ. L 183 of 22.07.2003

Related Acts

Regulation (EC) No 2046/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2005 relating to measures envisaged to facilitate the procedures for applying for and issuing visas for members of the Olympic family taking part in the 2006 Olympic and/or Paralympic Winter Games in Turin [Official Journal L 334 of 22 December 2005].
This Regulation provides the Community with the necessary legislation to facilitate the issuing of visas in time for the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin. It takes over most of the arrangements and procedures that were applied for the 2004 Games in Athens.

 

Facilitated Transit Document

Facilitated Transit Document

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facilitated Transit Document

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Free movement of persons asylum and immigration

Facilitated Transit Document (FTD) and Facilitated Rail Transit Document (FRTD)

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 693/2003 of 14 April 2003 establishing a specific Facilitated Transit Document (FTD), a Facilitated Rail Transit Document (FRTD) and amending the Common Consular Instructions and the Common Manual.

Summary

This Regulation establishes a Facilitated Transit Document (FTD) * and a Facilitated Rail Transit Document (FRTD) * for the specific and direct transit by land of third country nationals who must necessarily cross the territory of one or more Member States of the European Union (EU) in order to travel between two parts of their own country which are not geographically contiguous.

Scope and validity

The FTD and the FRTD have the same value as transit visas and are territorially valid for the issuing Member State. The FTD is valid for a maximum period of up to three years and transit based on the FTD will not exceed 24 hours. The FRTD is valid for a maximum period of up to three months and transit based on the FRTD will not exceed six hours.

No FTD/FRTD can be affixed in a travel document that has expired or with a period of validity shorter than that of the FTD/FRTD.

Conditions and issuing procedure

In order to obtain an FTD/FRTD, the applicants must meet the following conditions:

  • possess a valid document, authorising them to cross external borders;
  • not be persons for whom an alert has been issued for the purposes of refusing entry;
  • not be considered to be a threat to public policy or the international relations of any of the Member States;
  • for the FTD, have valid reasons for frequent travelling between the two parts of the territory of their country.

The application for an FTD/FRTD is presented to the consular authorities of a Member State. This procedure provides for the submission of documentation demonstrating the need for frequent travel, such as documents concerning family links or social, economic or other motives.

The fee corresponding to the administrative costs of processing the application for an FTD is EUR 5. The FRTD is issued free of charge.

Issuing and refusal of the document

The FTD/FRTD are issued by the consular offices of the Member States and may not be issued at the border.

The procedures, and appeal in cases where the consular post of a Member State refuses to examine an application or issue an FTD/FRTD, are governed by national law of the respective Member State. If an FTD/FRTD is refused, the reason will be communicated to the applicant, where required by national law.

Penalties are imposed on the holder of the FTD/FRTD in case of misuse. Such penalties will be effective, proportionate and dissuasive, and include the possibility of cancelling or revoking the FTD/FRTD.

Final provisions

Member States deciding to issue the FTD and the FRTD will communicate this decision to the Council and the Commission and the latter will publish it in the Official Journal. If Member States decide to stop issuing the FTD and the FRTD they will communicate that decision to the Council and the Commission and the latter will publish it in the Official Journal.

The Commission will report to the European Parliament and the Council on the functioning of the FTD/FRTD scheme at the latest three years after the entry into force of the first decision taken by a Member State to issue FTD/FRTD.

Key terms used in the act
  • Facilitated Transit Document (FTD): a specific authorisation allowing for a facilitated transit, which may be issued by Member States for multiple entries by whatever means of land transport. The FTD will be issued in the form of uniform formats in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 694/2003.
  • Facilitated Rail Transit Document (FRTD): a specific authorisation allowing for facilitated transit, which may be issued by Member States for a single entry and return by rail. The FRTD will be issued in the form of uniform formats in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 694/2003.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 693/2003

18.04.2003

L 99 of 17.4.2003

Related Acts

Council Regulation (EC) No 694/2003 of 14 April 2003 on uniform formats for Facilitated Transit Documents (FTD) and Facilitated Rail Transit Documents (FRTD) provided for in Regulation (EC) No 693/2003 [Official Journal L 99, 17.04.2003].
FTD/FRTD are produced in the form of a uniform format (sticker) and have the same value as transit visas. They conform to the specifications set out in Annexes I and II to the Regulation. Further technical specifications for FTD and FRTD are established relating to additional security requirements (including anti-forgery) and technical processes and rules for the filling in of the uniform FTD/FRTD. These specifications are not published.

Fair Trade and non-governmental trade-related sustainability assurance schemes

Fair Trade and non-governmental trade-related sustainability assurance schemes

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fair Trade and non-governmental trade-related sustainability assurance schemes

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Development > Sectoral development policies

Fair Trade and non-governmental trade-related sustainability assurance schemes

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee of 5 May 2009 – Contributing to Sustainable Development: the role of Fair Trade and non-governmental trade-related sustainability assurance schemes [COM(2009) 215 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

Following the 1999 Communication on Fair Trade, the Commission presented a report on the developments in the sector.

Since then a single international brand has replaced national Fair Trade certification labels in the Member States. The introduction of this brand has strengthened consumer confidence and recognition of Fair Trade products. In 2009 between 60 % and 70 % of global sales of Fair Trade products were made in the European Union (EU).

The growth of the sector has encouraged the development of new sustainability schemes. Fair Trade * is based on economic, environmental and social development. Private trade-related *
sustainability schemes are based on at least one of these three pillars.

The definition of Fair Trade is based on common criteria, which form part of an integrated approach to sustainable development. They concern:

  • the definition of a fair price which covers the costs of sustainable production and living and the possibility for part payments to be made to producers in advance;
  • the establishment of long-term relations between producers and distributors;
  • transparency and traceability throughout the supply chain;
  • compliance with the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) core conventions, specifically with regard to decent work, trade union freedom and labour standards;
  • respect for human rights, the environment and traditional methods;
  • building production capacity and developing market access for producers;
  • raising the awareness of stakeholders and consumers on the aims and operation of Fair Trade;
  • establishing a certification process;
  • impact assessments of Fair Trade activities.

Private trade-related sustainability schemes also offer possibilities for growth and sustainable development. The Commission considers that certain measures could improve their results. It seems necessary to preserve the non-governmental nature of the organisations setting up these schemes in order to encourage synergies between the different schemes and to increase their visibility. It is also necessary to reach a common definition of the basic requirements of these schemes and to develop impact assessment criteria.

Private sustainability schemes are compatible with the principles of the multilateral trading system. The World Trade Organization (WTO) and EU trade policy support the integration of developing countries into the global economy. However, the awarding of Fair Trade labels should comply with the WTO obligations concerning the principles of transparency and non-discrimination.

Public procurement contracts represent 16 % of the EU GDP. Their procedures should comply to a greater extent with the principles of sustainable development. In 2009, the Commission published a Communication on Green Public Procurement. In addition, a guide on social procurement is currently being produced. It recommends that Fair Trade criteria be considered in public tenders.

Through its development cooperation instruments, the EU supports non-governmental organisations carrying out Fair Trade activities. Between 2007 and 2008 the EU provided

funding of EUR 19.466 million for actions specifically related to raising awareness of Fair Trade. Such actions are also carried out under the framework of support for developing agricultural, rural and trade sectors through the Special Framework for Assistance to traditional ACP suppliers of bananas
and signatory countries to the Sugar Protocol.

In the coming years, additional efforts should enable EU aid for the development of Fair Trade schemes to be increased. The Commission proposes to improve the current interventions by evaluating the assistance provided, carrying out impact assessments and promoting market transparency.

Key terms
  • Fair Trade: a term which applies to organisations whose operations comply with standards established by the international standard setting and conformity assessment organisations, that are members of the International Social and Environment Accreditations and Labelling Alliance (ISEAL).
  • Private sustainability assurance schemes: a term used to describe labelling schemes that aim to inform consumers about the sustainability of the production of the product.

Fair trade

Fair trade

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fair trade

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

External trade

Fair trade

This Communication aims to launch the process for the development of the Community’s position on fair trade.

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the Council of 29 November 1999 on ‘fair trade’ [COM(1999) 619 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

Background

The promotion of fair trade comes under the framework of the Community’s broader objectives in relation to development cooperation, in other words the fight against poverty, economic and social development and, in particular, the gradual integration of developing countries into the world economy.

Trade has a fundamental role to play in the creation of wealth and thus development. This communication is a first stage in the development of the Community’s position on this matter.

Definition of fair trade

The concept of fair trade applies in general to trade operations which strengthen the economic position of small-scale producers and landowners in order to ensure that they are not marginalised in the world economy. It mainly relates to developing countries and, under the present communication, covers two main aspects:

  • ensuring that producers, including employees, receive a share of the total profit commensurate with their input;
  • improving social conditions, particularly those of employees in the absence of developed structures for social services and worker representation (trade union representation for instance), etc.;

This concept has long-term development in mind. Participation in initiatives on fair trade is voluntary for both sellers and consumers.

It is important to note that the concept of ‘fair trade’ is not the same as that of ‘ethical trade’. ‘Ethical trade’ usually relates to the operating methods of companies present in the country (codes of conduct, for example).

Fair trade in practice

Fair trade goods are always made available to consumers through private initiatives. The practical implementation of fair trade has changed considerably over the years.

The traditional fair trade movement

The concept was originally developed by non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The philosophy is based upon precise principles and was originally applied by alternative trading organisations often started by churches, charities, etc. The organisations are involved in every stage (sourcing, production, etc.) and the profits are often devoted to development causes. The products are not always labelled.

Labelling initiatives

Since the end of the 1980s, normal commercial companies (supermarkets, etc.) have been more likely to be involved in fair trade initiatives and the products are marketed according to the usual rules.

In this regard, systems for labelling products were introduced in order to ensure their authenticity. There are several fair trade labels (‘Fairtrade Mark’, etc.) and each has a certification agency which verifies all the stages in the production process to ensure that the product respects fair trade principles. The certification bodies also set the criteria that must be respected in order for a product to carry a fair trade label. These criteria are harmonised at international level. All the labels are members of the FLO (Fair Trade Labelling Organisations International) which is responsible for coordination at EU and international level.

Producers and importers who have been assessed as complying with the fair trade criteria are included in international fair trade registers. Fair trade labelling schemes are financed by licence fees paid by importers and traders. These fees are related to turnover and volume of sales.

European Union and fair trade

Fair trade accounts for a relatively substantial proportion of consumption in Europe. In 1997, the turnover in the EU of fair trade products was estimated to be in the region of EUR 200 to 250 million. Overall, 11% of the EU population buy fair trade products and surveys show that there is high demand for such products.

The EU has already implemented initiatives concerning fair trade, including European Parliament resolutions and financing of NGOs, labelling bodies and projects in developing countries. With regard to legislation, the Union implements these principles through various instruments, particularly measures concerning the EU’s generalised system of preferences. Some of these regulations on fair trade benefit fair trade goods by facilitating their access to the Community market.

International community

The international community has recognised the important role played by fair trade in the development of poorer countries. The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has concluded that initiatives in this field do not represent an obstacle to the liberalisation of markets since they do not impose import restrictions or other forms of protectionism. They are thus in line with the general principles of the world economy.

Issues

The Commission identifies certain problems that should be addressed in order to ensure the continued success of fair trade initiatives. This involves ensuring greater consistency between the policies of the actors at various levels and establishing a legal definition of the concept as well as the criteria involved. Efforts should also be made to improve the substantiation, verification and control of fair trade products so as to allow consumers to make properly informed choices. In addition, consumers must be better informed about fair trade and dialogue should be continued with the movement, through the creation of a formal platform for example.

Facilitating the issuance of short-stay visas with Russia

Facilitating the issuance of short-stay visas with Russia

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Facilitating the issuance of short-stay visas with Russia

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Free movement of persons asylum and immigration

Facilitating the issuance of short-stay visas with Russia

Another agreement on readmission of illegals entered into force on the same date.

Document or Iniciative

2007/340/EC: Council Decision of 19 April 2007 on the conclusion of the Agreement between the European Community and the Russian Federation on the facilitation of issuance of short-stay visas.

Summary

This decision concludes the agreement between the European Community and the Russian Federation to facilitate on a reciprocal basis the issuance of short-stay visas to citizens of the European Union (EU) and the Russian Federation for intended stays of no more than 90 days per period of 180 days.

The agreement between the European Community and Russia and a protocol to the agreement concerning the Member States that do not fully apply the Schengen arrangements are annexed to the decision.

Content of the agreement

For the categories of citizen indicated below, the following documents constitute sufficient justification of their journey to the other Party:

  • for members of official delegations, an official invitation to take part in a meeting and a letter issued by an authority of a Member State or of the Russian Federation confirming that the individual concerned is a member of its delegation;
  • for drivers engaged in international cargo and passenger transportation between the European Community and Russia, a written request from the national association of carriers of Russia or a national association of carriers of a Member State;
  • for business people, a written invitation from a host legal person, company or organisation;
  • for journalists, a certificate issued by a professional organisation proving that the person concerned is a qualified journalist and a document issued by his/her employer stating that the purpose of the journey is to carry out journalistic work;
  • for participants in international sports events and the persons accompanying them, a written invitation from the host organisation;
  • for close relatives, a written invitation from the host person;
  • for participants in scientific, cultural and artistic activities, a written invitation from the host organisation to participate in those activities;
  • for pupils, students and accompanying teachers, a written invitation or certificate of enrolment from the host primary school or university.

Diplomatic missions and consular posts of the Member States and of Russia issue multiple-entry visas valid for up to:

  • 5 years to members of national and regional governments and parliaments, constitutional and supreme courts, and spouses and children of EU or Russian citizens who regularly visit Russia or the EU respectively;
  • 1 year to members of official delegations, business people, drivers engaged in international cargo and passenger transportation between the Russian Federation and the Member States, participants in international sporting events, participants in scientific, cultural and artistic events, and journalists. Validity can be extended for a period ranging from 2 to 5 years, subject to certain conditions.

The fee for processing visa applications is 35. The fee is waived for the following categories:

  • the applicant’s close relatives, spouse and children;
  • members of official delegations;
  • members of national and regional governments and parliaments, constitutional courts and supreme courts;
  • pupils, students and accompanying teachers;
  • disabled persons and the person accompanying them;
  • participants in international sporting events;
  • participants in scientific, cultural and artistic activities;
  • persons who have presented documents proving that they need to travel on humanitarian grounds.

Diplomatic missions and consular posts of the Member States must take a decision on visa applications within ten calendar days of receiving the application and the requisite documents. This may be extended to 30 days when further scrutiny of the application is needed.

Citizens of the European Union and of Russia whose identity documents are lost or stolen in the course of their stay may leave the territory of the host state on presentation of valid identity documents issued by a diplomatic mission or consular post of the Member States or of the Russian Federation.

Background

In a joint statement adopted on the occasion of the St Petersburg Summit on 31 May 2003, the European Union and the Russian Federation agreed to examine the conditions for visa-free travel in a long-term perspective. In a statement on EU enlargement and EU-Russia relations agreed on 27 April 2004, they confirmed their intention to facilitate visa issuance to their citizens and to launch negotiations with a view to concluding an agreement. On the day that this agreement was concluded, 19 April 2007, a readmission agreement was also concluded.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2007/340/EC OJ L 129 of 17.5.2007

Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram

Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Community employment policies

Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram

Dokument

Kommissionens meddelelse til Rådet og Europa-Parlamentet af 20. juli 2005 – “En fælles indsats for vækst og beskæftigelse: Fællesskabets Lissabon-program” [KOM(2005) 330 endelig – Ikke offentliggjort i Den Europæiske Unions Tidende].

Resumé

Europa står i dag over for at skulle løse en række aktuelle problemer – befolkningens aldring, en stigende konkurrence på verdensmarkedet, teknologiske ændringer, miljøproblemer – og finde en fornuftig vej fremad.

Det er nødvendigt at modernisere den europæiske økonomi og foreslå bæredygtige løsninger på grundlag af sunde makroøkonomiske politikker, som gør det muligt at sikre den europæiske sociale model.

Det Europæiske Råd opfordrede Kommissionen til som modstykke til de nationale programmer at forelægge “Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram”, der dækker alle de tiltag, der skal iværksættes på fællesskabsplan. Inden for rammerne af programmet vil der blive foreslået politiske tiltag på følgende tre hovedområder:

  • støtte viden og innovation
  • gøre Europa til et mere attraktivt sted at investere og arbejde
  • skabe flere og bedre arbejdspladser.

Kommissionen foreslår, at disse mål inddrages i programmerne for strukturfondene og samhørighedsfonden. Den nye fond for udvikling af landdistrikter er et godt eksempel på dette, eftersom den især støtter investering i personer, i innovation og viden, i anvendelse af informationsteknologier og diversificering i landdistrikterne.

Den Europæiske Investeringsbank (EIB) og Den Europæiske Investeringsfond bidrager ligeledes til finansiering af initiativer inden for rammerne af Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram.

Støtte viden og innovation

Det er nødvendigt at investere mere (der sigtes mod at nå op på 3 % af BNP) og mere effektivt (ved at lade de nationale ressourcer indgå i en fælles pulje) for at stimulere en konkurrencedygtig europæisk forskning. Ansvaret herfor påhviler hovedsageligt medlemsstaterne.

Kommissionen støtter viden og innovation i EU gennem finansielle instrumenter og en effektiv lovgivning. For perioden 2007-2013 findes der to store finansieringsinstrumenter på EU-plan:

  • støtte til initiativer, der er nyskabende for den europæiske økonomi. Programmet indeholder bl.a. forslag om at etablere strategiske offentlig-private partnerskaber på de områder, der har størst betydning for konkurrenceevnen. Det tilstræbes ligeledes at hjælpe små og mellemstore virksomheder med at drage nytte af forskningen
  • rammeprogrammet for innovation og konkurrenceevne skal især tilskynde virksomhederne til at anvende informations- og økoteknologier.

Der findes også andre finansieringsinstrumenter:

  • de transeuropæiske transportnets budgetposter støtter den praktiske anvendelse af den viden, der er erhvervet gennem forskning. denne viden kan anvendes i industriprojekter, der tager sigte på at mindske overbelastning i transportsektoren
  • EU-handlingsplanen for miljøteknologier tager sigte på at fremme disses udvikling og anvendelse. Disse teknologier indeholder et økonomisk og miljømæssigt potentiale. Strukturfondene og EIB støtter handlingsplanen.

Aftalen om EF-patentet er fortsat et væsentligt element i understøttelsen af en nyskabende økonomi baseret på viden. EU vil støtte de bestræbelser, der tager sigte på at bevare en stærk industrikapacitet, når medlemsstaterne alene ikke er i stand til at overvinde de problemer, der knytter sig til europæisk forskning, lovgivning og finansiering.

Kommissionen foreslår at forenkle de administrative rammer for statsstøtte og at målrette statsstøtten til at støtte viden og innovation, uddannelse, mobilitet og spin-off. Den nye retsramme vil lette tildelingen af støtte til små og mellemstore virksomheder, unge og nyskabende virksomheder, ikke blot gennem direkte støtte, men også gennem finansiering med risikovillig kapital. Bestemmelserne skal sikre, at støtten kun tildeles, når virkningerne for selskabet er betydelige, og de skal desuden anvendes på en sådan måde, at konkurrencefordrejninger undgås.

Tiltrække flere investeringer og lette arbejdet

For at lette adgangen til markedet er det vigtigt at forbedre lovgivningsrammerne og gennemføre det indre marked.

Forbedringen af lovgivningen kan være en tilskyndelse for virksomhederne ved at nedsætte omkostningerne og fjerne hindringer for tilpasning og nyskabelse. Under hensyntagen til de synspunkter, som små og mellemstore virksomheder giver udtryk for, vil Kommissionen fortsætte sit arbejde med:

  • evalueringen af virkningen af alle de nye politiske initiativer
  • en streng sortering af de forslag, der ligger ubehandlet i Rådet og Europa-Parlamentet
  • forenklingen af den eksisterende lovgivning gennem handlingsplaner for de enkelte sektorer.

Det indre marked for tjenesteydelser skal gøres operationelt, samtidig med at den europæiske sociale model bevares. I betragtning af, hvor stor betydning tjenesteydelsessektoren har for skabelsen af arbejdspladser og merværdi i EU, kan “Tjenesteydelsesdirektivet” muligvis medføre en stigning i beskæftigelsen og i EU’s bruttonationalprodukt.

Kommissionen har desuden til hensigt at:

  • offentliggøre retningslinjer for at fremme effektive tjenesteydelser af almen interesse af høj kvalitet (til opfølgning af dens hvidbog herom)
  • koncentrere den disponible støtte om projekter inden for rammerne af udviklingen af det transeuropæiske transportnet
  • koordinere gennemførelsen af 45 grænseoverskridende “quick start”-projekter vedrørende transport-, energi- og bredbåndsnet, forskning, udvikling og innovation, på betingelse af at medlemsstaterne igangsætter programmerings- og finansieringsprocessen
  • arbejde på at opnå en aftale om fælles skattesatser for selskaber, der opererer i flere medlemsstater med forskellige beskatningsregler.

En komplet integration af kapitalmarkederne kan bevirke en mere effektiv fordeling af kapital. Lovgivningen er på plads, men der skal nu fjernes hindringer for adgangen til markedet.

For at sikre konkurrencedygtige markeder, både i og uden for Europa har Kommissionen for nylig forelagt sin dagsorden for ekstern konkurrenceevne (EN). Denne dagsorden omfatter initiativer vedrørende adgang til markedet, den europæiske politik over for Kina, offentlige kontrakter, handelspolitiske beskyttelsesforanstaltninger, bedre kendskab til intellektuelle ejendomsrettigheder og en ny generation af bilaterale handelsforbindelser. Dagsordenen er et tydeligt tegn på EU’s engagement til fordel for Verdenshandelsorganisationen.

Skabe flere og bedre arbejdspladser

Kommissionen støtter medlemsstaternes aktioner på områderne menneskelig kapital, almen uddannelse og erhvervsuddannelse, bl.a. gennem:

Kommissionen vil ligeledes supplere medlemsstaternes aktioner for at nå målene i den sociale dagsorden. Med dette formål opfordrer den bl.a. arbejdsmarkedets parter på det europæiske plan til at spille en vigtig rolle.

For at nå frem til et virkeligt indre marked for arbejdskraft er det nødvendigt at fjerne hindringer for mobilitet. Kommissionen vil foreslå en ramme for europæiske kvalifikationer ved at skabe transparens og gensidig tillid.

Kommissionen vil arbejde for en fælles ramme for forvaltning af økonomisk migration, som skal omfatte hurtige procedurer for tredjelandsforskeres langtidsophold og lettelse af tildeling af visa til kortvarige ophold.

Omstruktureringer er en uundgåelig følge af økonomiske fremskridt og markedets integration. De kan imidlertid have destabiliserende virkninger for de berørte borgere. Kommissionen vil oprette en ny fond for at hjælpe de personer og regioner, der er hårdest ramt af disse omstruktureringer, med at blive herre over disse ændringer. Den vil ligeledes foretage en opfølgning af sin meddelelse om omstrukturering og beskæftigelse ( src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_es.gif” align=”center” alt=”castellano” height=”13″ lang=”es” title=”castellano” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_de.gif” align=”center” alt=”deutsch” height=”13″ lang=”de” title=”deutsch” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_en.gif” align=”center” alt=”english” height=”13″ lang=”en” title=”english” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_fr.gif” align=”center” alt=”français” height=”13″ lang=”fr” title=”français” width=”18/”>
).

Kontekst

Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram er Fællesskabets bidrag til det partnerskab for vækst og beskæftigelse, som blev indgået med den fornyede Lissabonstrategi.

Ideen med et partnerskab er at skabe synergier mellem EU’s og de nationale beslutningstagninger med henblik på en stabil og øget vækst og flere arbejdspladser af bedre kvalitet.

Fællesskabets program følger således ligesom medlemsstaternes reformprogrammer de integrerede retningslinjer for vækst og beskæftigelse, der blev fastlagt af Rådet i juni 2005. Det tager dog især sigte på aktioner, der har en tydelig merværdi og supplerer den nationale indsats.

En rapport (EN ) [PDF] om de fremskridt, der er gjort i gennemførelsen af Fællesskabets Lissabonprogram blev forelagt den 23. oktober 2006.

Kommissionen gør hvert år status over Lissabonstrategien i en årsrapport (DE) (EN) (FR), som dækker gennemførelsen af partnerskabet for vækst og beskæftigelse både i EU og i medlemsstaterne.

Tilhørende Dokumenter

Rådets beslutning 2006/702/EF af 6. oktober 2006 om Fællesskabets strategiske retningslinjer for samhørighed [Den Europæiske Unions Tidende L 291 af 21.10.2006].

Udkastet til Fællesskabets strategiske retningslinjer for samhørighed, vækst og beskæftigelse blev vedtaget af Rådet den 6. oktober 2006. Disse strategiske retningslinjer er en vejledende ramme for gennemførelsen af samhørighedspolitikken og fondenes intervention i perioden 2007-2013.

Rådets afgørelse 2006/144/EF af 20. februar 2006 om Fællesskabets strategiske retningslinjer for udvikling af landdistrikterne (programmeringsperioden 2007-2013) [Den Europæiske Unions Tidende L 55 af 25.2.2006].

Rapporter

Meddelelse fra Kommissionen til Det Europæiske Råd af 11. december 2007 – “Strategisk rapport om den fornyede Lissabonstrategi for vækst og beskæftigelse: Igangsætning af den nye cyklus (2008-2010) del I” [KOM(2007) 803 endelig – Ikke offentliggjort i Den Europæiske Unions Tidende].

På grundlag af status over den første cyklus med reformer af den fornyede Lissabonstrategi for vækst og beskæftigelse præsenterer Kommissionen en række aktioner, som skal gøre det muligt at igangsætte næste cyklus (2008-2010) og nå strategiens målsætninger. Med henblik herpå er der af Fællesskabet og medlemsstaterne i fællesskab planlagt foranstaltninger inden for fire prioriterede områder: investering i viden og innovation, frigørelse af forretningsmuligheder navnlig hos små og mellemstore virksomheder, investering i mennesker og modernisering af arbejdsmarkederne og skabelse af en overgang til en kulstoffattig og energieffektiv økonomi.

Kommissionens meddelelse af 12. december 2006 til Det Europæiske Råds forårsmøde – “Et gennemførelsesår” – Del 1: Gennemførelsen af den fornyede Lissabonstrategi for vækst og beskæftigelse [KOM(2006) 816 endelig – Ikke offentliggjort i Den Europæiske Unions Tidende].

Umiddelbart før indledningen af den anden etape af strategien for vækst og beskæftigelse i 2008 gør Kommissionen status over den hidtidige gennemførelse af strategien for vækst og beskæftigelse. Den gør status over de fremskridt, der er gjort på EU-plan og i de enkelte medlemsstater. I denne meddelelse vurderer den resultaterne af makro- og mikroøkonomiske politikker og beskæftigelsespolitikken. Kommissionen tager stilling til de nationale reformprogrammer og opfordrer alle medlemsstaterne til at intensivere deres indsats på de fire prioriterede områder – investering i viden og innovation, virksomheders og de små og mellemstore virksomheders potentiale, modernisering af arbejdsmarkedet og energisektoren i tilknytning til de udfordringer, klimaændringen giver anledning til. Som helhed betragtet er medlemsstaternes indledende foranstaltninger lovende. Det er dog Kommissionens opfattelse, at flere af dem kunne træffe mere energiske foranstaltninger på områder som de offentlige finansers bæredygtighed på lang sigt, reformen af arbejdsmarkedet, forskning og udvikling, klima- energi-, innovations- og konkurrencerelevante politikker.

Kommissionens meddelelse af 25. januar 2006 ( src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_es.gif” align=”center” alt=”castellano” height=”13″ lang=”es” title=”castellano” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_de.gif” align=”center” alt=”deutsch” height=”13″ lang=”de” title=”deutsch” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_en.gif” align=”center” alt=”english” height=”13″ lang=”en” title=”english” width=”18/”>

src=”../../../scadplus/images/lang_high_fr.gif” align=”center” alt=”français” height=”13″ lang=”fr” title=”français” width=”18/”>
) til Det Europæiske Råds forårsmøde – Fuld fart fremad – Del 1: Det nye partnerskab for vækst og beskæftigelse [KOM(2006) 30 endelig – Ikke offentliggjort i Den Europæiske Unions Tidende].