Tag Archives: EU body or agency

European GNSS Agency

European GNSS Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about European GNSS Agency

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Transport > Bodies and objectives

European GNSS Agency

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EU) No 912/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 setting up the European GNSS Agency, repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1321/2004 on the establishment of structures for the management of the European satellite radio navigation programmes.

Summary

This regulation repeals Regulation (EC) No 1321/2004 which had previously established the European Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Supervisory Authority, a Community agency. Regulation (EC) No 683/2008, which defines the new framework for the public governance and funding of the EGNOS and Galileo programmes, sets out the principle of strict division of responsibilities between the Commission, the authority and the European Space Agency (ESA). This regulation grants the Commission certain responsibilities which had previously belonged to the authority, such as the management of the programmes. The authority was renamed the European GNSS Agency. Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 sets out the role and tasks of this agency. The agency is responsible for the following tasks:

  • ensuring security accreditation;
  • operating the Galileo security centre;
  • contributing to the preparation of the commercialisation of the systems;
  • accomplishing other tasks that may be entrusted to it by the Commission, in accordance with Article 54(2)(b) of the Financial Regulation, addressing specific issues linked to the programmes.

Structure of the agency

The agency is a body of the European Union (EU) with legal personality that is recognised in all EU countries and, as such, can be a party to legal proceedings. The agency has the following bodies: the Administrative Board, the Executive Director, and the Security Accreditation Board for European GNSS systems.

The Administrative Board is composed of one representative from each EU country, five representatives from the Commission and a non-voting representative from the European Parliament. Members are appointed for a term of five years, renewable once. Each representative has one vote, and decisions are taken by a two-thirds majority. The Administrative Board is responsible for ensuring the agency fulfils the tasks entrusted to it in this regulation. With regard to security accreditation matters, the Administrative Board is only responsible for resources and budgetary issues.

The Executive Director manages the agency. S/he is appointed and supervised by the Administrative Board for a term of five years, renewable once. The Executive Director is responsible for managing and representing the agency.

The Security Accreditation Board is composed of one representative from each EU country, one representative each from the Commission and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. It acts as the security accreditation authority and will need to establish the compliance of the systems with security requirements prior to all major programmatic decisions, such as the approval of the security accreditation strategy, the launch of satellites, the authorisation to operate the systems and ground stations and the manufacture of PRS receivers.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EU) No 912/2010

9.11.2010

OJ L 276 of 20.10.2010

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Energy > Internal energy market

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 713/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 establishing an Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (Text with EEA relevance).

Summary

This Regulation establishes the Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators with the aim of exercising at Community level the tasks performed by the Member States’ regulatory authorities.

The Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators is a Community body with legal personality. It shall issue opinions on all questions related to the field of energy regulators. It shall participate in the creation of network codes in the fields of electricity and gas and it can make decisions regarding cross-border infrastructure, including derogations from certain provisions in the applicable regulations.

Tasks

Tasks concerning the cooperation of transmission system operators

The Agency is responsible for issuing an opinion on the draft statutes, the list of members and the draft rules of procedure of the ENTSO (European Network of Transmission System Operators) for electricity and gas, and for monitoring the execution of the tasks. The Agency shall play an important role in drafting the framework guidelines which the network codes must comply with. In addition, the Agency shall monitor regional cooperation between transmission system operators in the electricity and gas sectors, and the execution of tasks by the ENTSO for electricity and gas.

Tasks concerning national regulatory authorities

The Agency is responsible for adopting, under certain conditions, individual decisions on technical issues. It may make recommendations with the aim of promoting the exchange of good practice between regulatory authorities and market players. It shall also provide a framework for cooperation between the national regulatory authorities.

The Agency may issue an opinion on whether a decision taken by a regulatory authority complies with the applicable Community rules. If its opinion is not followed, the Agency shall inform the European Commission and the Member State concerned.

The Agency is also responsible for determining, under certain conditions, the terms and conditions for access to and operational security of electricity and gas infrastructure, which connects at least two Member States.

Tasks concerning cross-border infrastructure

The terms and conditions for access applicable to cross-border infrastructure include:

  • a procedure for capacity allocation;
  • a time-frame for allocation;
  • shared congestion revenues;
  • the levying of charges on the users of the infrastructure.

The Agency is responsible for the terms and conditions for access and security only when the national regulatory authorities have not been able to reach an agreement within a period of six months or they have jointly requested it.

The Agency is responsible for monitoring the internal markets in electricity and natural gas, in particular the retail prices of electricity and natural gas.

Organisation

The Agency comprises:

  • an Administrative Board which shall adopt a multi-annual programme;
  • a Board of Regulators which is responsible for providing advice to the Director;
  • a Director, appointed for five years and responsible for managing the Agency;
  • a Board of Appeal.

Financial resources

The revenues of the Agency come from:

  • a subsidy from the general budget of the European Union;
  • fees paid to the Agency;
  • voluntary contributions from Member States;
  • legacies, donations or grants.

Participation of third countries

Third countries which have signed agreements with the Community may participate in the work of the Agency.

Context

To facilitate the consultation of Member States’ regulatory bodies, Commission Decision 2003/796/EC has established an independent consultation group for the electricity and gas sectors (European Regulatory Group for Electricity and Gas or ERGEG). Although the results of its work are positive, it became apparent that Member States need to cooperate under a Community structure in order to strengthen the internal market in gas and electricity.

REFERENCES

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 713/2009

3.9.2009

OJ L211 of 14.8.2009

European railway agency

European railway agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about European railway agency

Topics

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Transport > Bodies and objectives

European railway agency

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 establishing a European Railway Agency [see amending act(s)].

Summary

The efficiency of rail transport in the EU is of crucial importance. However, services offered by railways must be improved in order to equal the level of services in other modes of transport. Rail policy is still too often centred on national considerations rather than on the needs of the citizens.

The railway industry in Europe is characterised by a lack of international technical regulation. The creation of an integrated rail area entails putting in place monitored common technical regulations. Given the difficulties encountered by Member States in formulating common solutions for safety and rail interoperability, it has become clear that the most appropriate instrument for creating this area is an Agency.

The main objectives of the European Railway Agency are to:

  • increase the safety of the European railway system;
  • improve the level of interoperability of the European railway system;
  • contribute towards establishing a European certification system of vehicle maintenance workshops;
  • contribute towards setting up a uniform training and recognition system for train drivers.

Safety of the railway system

The Agency must provide the necessary technical assistance to implement Directive 2004/49/EC on safety on Europe’s railways. Its main tasks will be to:

  • prepare and propose common safety methods and targets;
  • draw on the support of groups of experts in the sector placed under its responsibility;
  • consult social partners and organisations representing rail freight customers and passengers at European level;
  • ensure safety performance is continuously monitored;
  • produce a public report every two years;
  • keep a database on railway safety;
  • ensure the networking of and cooperation between national rail safety and investigation authorities, with the aim of encouraging the exchange of experience and developing a common rail safety culture.

Interoperability of the railway system

The interoperability of the European railway system aims at rendering the various national rail systems of the Member States compatible by removing or reducing the technical barriers.

The Agency is therefore responsible for improving the level of interoperability of the European railway system. To this end, it must organise and manage work aimed at creating and updating the Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs). The TSIs are technical specifications which aim at ensuring that the essential requirements of Directive 2008/57/EC on the interoperability of the European railway system are met.

Furthermore, the Agency publishes a report every two years on the progress made regarding interoperability.

Vehicle maintenance

Vehicle maintenance is an important part of rail safety. For this reason, the Agency is responsible for formulating recommendations to the Commission, specifically regarding the certification system of entities responsible for maintaining carriages and other rail vehicles.

The Agency is also responsible for producing a report on the implementation of this certification system.

Railway personnel

The training and skills of train drivers are important elements both for rail safety and for the interoperability of the European railway system. The Agency therefore also has the mission of contributing towards harmonising the vocational skills of train drivers. Consequently, the work of the Agency also comes under the framework of the Directive relating to the certification of train drivers in the EU.

The Agency must cooperate with the competent authorities in particular, in order to ensure the interoperability of the licence registers and the certificates given to train drivers, to assess the development of train driver certification and to produce a report on the improvements which could be made.

Organisation

The European Railway Agency comprises an Administrative Board which meets at least twice a year. Its main duties are to adopt the annual work programme and the Agency’s general report. The Administrative Board comprises representatives from each Member State, the Commission and six categories of professionals from the sector: railway undertakings, infrastructure managers, railway industry, worker unions, passengers and freight customers.

Furthermore, the Agency is led by a Chairperson appointed by the Administrative Board. The principal mission of the Chairperson is to prepare and implement the work programme. The Chairperson is also responsible for managing the budget of the Agency.

The European Railway Agency does not have decision-making powers as such, but it can present opinions, recommendations and proposals to the Commission. It is independent, but works in close cooperation with experts in the field.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 881/2004

1.5.2004

OJ L 164, 30.4.2004

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1335/2008

1.1.2009

OJ L 354, 31.12.2008

Maritime safety: European Maritime Safety Agency

Maritime safety: European Maritime Safety Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Maritime safety: European Maritime Safety Agency

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Transport > Bodies and objectives

Maritime safety: European Maritime Safety Agency

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 1406/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2002 establishing a European Maritime Safety Agency [See amending acts].

Summary

This regulation establishes a European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) which provides European Union (EU) countries and the Commission with technical and scientific assistance to ensure the proper application of EU legislation in the field of maritime safety, monitor its implementation and evaluate its effectiveness.

The EMSA is responsible for:

  • assisting the Commission in updating, developing and effectively implementing EU legislation in the field of maritime safety and maritime security, the prevention of pollution and response to pollution caused by ships;
  • working with the EU countries to organise, where appropriate, relevant training activities and provide them with technical assistance in implementing EU legislation;
  • providing the Commission and the EU countries with objective, reliable and comparable information and data on maritime safety through the collection, recording and evaluation of technical data in the fields of maritime safety, maritime traffic and marine pollution by means of the systematic exploitation of existing databases and, where appropriate, the development of additional databases;
  • assisting the Commission in the publication, every six months, of information relating to ships that have been refused access to EU ports, and assisting the EU countries in their activities to improve the identification and pursuit of ships making unlawful discharges;
  • undertaking tasks relating to the surveillance of navigation and maritime traffic pursuant to Directive 2002/59/EC in order to facilitate cooperation between the EU countries and the Commission in this field;
  • developing a common methodology for investigating maritime accidents in cooperation with the Commission and the EU countries;
  • providing countries applying for EU accession with technical support in implementing EU legislation in the field of maritime safety, including the organisation of appropriate training activities.

The EMSA is an EU body and has legal personality. At the request of the Commission, and with the agreement of the EU countries concerned, the EMSA may decide to establish the regional centres needed to carry out tasks relating to the monitoring of navigation and maritime traffic and, in particular, to ensure optimum traffic conditions in sensitive areas. The EMSA is represented by its Executive Director.

The EMSA’s staff consists of EU officials and EU countries’ civil servants temporarily assigned or seconded to the EMSA, and other servants recruited by the EMSA.

The EMSA’s Administrative Board is made up of one representative from each EU country, four representatives from the Commission and four professionals from the sectors most concerned. The latter are appointed by the Commission and do not have the right to vote. The term of office is five years and is renewable once.

The Executive Director of the EMSA is completely independent in the performance of his/her duties, without prejudice to the respective competencies of the Commission and the Administrative Board. He/she acts as EMSA manager and, to this end, is responsible for preparing and implementing the budget and work programme and for all matters relating to staff. The Executive Director of the EMSA is appointed by the Administrative Board for a term of five years, renewable once.

The EMSA’s budget consists, for the most part, of a contribution from the EU and from any non-EU country which participates in the work, and, secondly, of charges for publications, training and any other service provided by the EMSA. Financial control is ensured by the Financial Controller of the Commission.

Within five years of the date on which the EMSA takes up its responsibilities, the Administrative Board is to commission an independent external evaluation of the implementation of the regulation.

Non-EU countries wishing to participate in the EMSA must adopt and apply EU law in all fields of competence of the EMSA.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1406/2002

25.8.2002

OJ L 208, 5.8.2002

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1644/2003

1.10.2003

OJ L 245, 29.9.2003

Regulation (EC) No 724/2004

19.5.2004

OJ L 129, 29.4.2004

Regulation (EC) No 2038/2006

31.12.2006

OJ L 394, 30.12.2006

The successive amendments and corrections made to Regulation (EC) No 1406/2002 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated versionis for reference purposes only.

Related Acts

Directive 2009/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on port State control [Official Journal L 131 of 28.5.2009].

Directive 2005/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on ship-source pollution and on the introduction of penalties, including criminal penalties, for pollution offences [Official Journal L 255 of 30.9.2005].

Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2002 establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system and repealing Council Directive 93/75/EEC [Official Journal L 208 of 5.8.2002].

Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation

Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation

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Institutional affairs > The institutions bodies and agencies of the union

Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI)

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2004/20/EC of 23 December 2003 setting up an executive agency, the “Intelligent Energy Executive Agency”, to manage Community action in the field of energy in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 [See amending acts].

Summary

This Decision established the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI), previously the Intelligent Energy Executive Agency, for the period 1 January 2004 – 31 December 2015. Governed by Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003, the EACI is responsible for managing Community action in the fields of energy, entrepreneurship and innovation, as well as sustainable freight transport. It is located in Brussels.

The EACI implements tasks under the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) 2007-13 and the second Marco Polo Programme 2007-13. The tasks consist of the following:

  • management of specific projects within the Entrepreneurship and Innovation as well as the Intelligent Energy – Europe Programmes;
  • adoption of budget implementation instruments and management of implementing measures for contracts and grants;
  • collection, analysis and communication of the information required for implementing the Programmes.

The Agency is also responsible for managing the implementing measures of the Intelligent Energy – Europe 2003-06 and the Marco Polo 2003-06 Programmes. In addition, the EACI may be given responsibility for executing other similar tasks under the CIP or other Community programmes. In such an event, this Decision will be amended to take into account the supplementary tasks.

The EACI is managed by a Steering Committee and a Director. Both are appointed by the Commission, the first for three and the latter for five years.

The Agency is financed from the funds of the CIP and the second Marco Polo Programme. Any supplementary tasks will be financed from the funds of the relevant Community programmes. Its administrative budget is implemented on the basis of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004.

The Commission holds supervisory authority over the Agency, which must regularly report back on the progress it has achieved in implementing its Programmes.

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2004/20/EC 23.12.2003 – 31.12.2015 OJ L 5 of 9.1.2004
Amending act(s) Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2007/372/EC 31.5.2007 – 31.12.2015 OJ L 140 of 1.6.2007

This summary is for information only. It is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document, which remains the only binding legal text.

Regulatory agencies

Regulatory agencies

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Regulatory agencies

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Institutional affairs > The institutions bodies and agencies of the union

Regulatory agencies

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council of 11 March 2008: European Agencies – The way forward {SEC(2008) 323} [COM(2008) 135 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The present Communication concerns only regulatory agencies, and not the executive agencies. It addresses the need for a common approach to the place of these agencies in European governance and the lack of clarity over their role and accountability. Currently, the Commission is responsible for proposing the establishment of agencies on a case-by-case basis, with the European Parliament and/or the Council of Ministers taking the final decision. A common view of the regulatory agencies shared by the EU institutions would promote transparency and improve working methods. This is particularly important as the agencies play an integral though highly varied part in a wide range of policy issues.

The regulatory agencies can be categorised roughly on the basis of their functions:

  • adoption of individual decisions;
  • technical or scientific advice to the Commission and the Member States;
  • responsibility for operational activities;
  • information and networking services;
  • services to other agencies and institutions.

The specific roles of each agency are set out in its own founding legal act. These agencies are independent bodies, usually governed by a Management Board. The Management Board has responsibility for overseeing the performance of the agency and for nominating the Director, who in turn is in charge of the agency’s operational aspects. Most of the agencies are funded by the EU budget, and hence the European Parliament has responsibility for their budgetary discharge. In addition, the general Financial Regulation, along with the Framework Financial Regulation, provides common rules for the agencies’ financial governance. What is lacking, however, is a general set of rules for the creation and operation of these agencies. And more importantly, there is a lack of clear rules for the accountability of their actions. Furthermore, the role and influence of the other institutions is questionable, for example with regard to the nomination and appointment of Directors and Management Boards. Consequently, with the present Communication, the Commission aims to re-launch a debate on the governance of the regulatory agencies.

A common framework

A common approach to the governance of regulatory agencies should be standardised enough to take into account the differences between the agencies. At the same time, the basic principles of accountability and sound financial management should also be respected. Therefore, the common approach should specify the following aspects of the regulatory agencies:

  • tasks;
  • structure and working methods;
  • accountability and relations with the other institutions;
  • regulatory framework;
  • establishment and termination;
  • communication strategy.

To achieve consistency, the common approach may necessitate amending the founding legal act of an existing agency.

Next steps

The Commission calls for the creation of an inter-institutional working group to form a political assessment of the regulatory agencies. This could be followed-up with an instrument, legally binding or otherwise, that would provide form and transparency to the results of the assessment. The objective is to achieve a common political understanding about the agencies.

Simultaneously, the Commission will launch an evaluation of the existing regulatory agencies, with the results to be communicated by 2009-10. In the meantime, no new agencies will be proposed so that the evaluation may be carried out in a constant setting. The Commission will also launch a review of its own internal systems with regard to its relations to agencies and its methodology for conducting impact assessment of the regulatory agencies.

Related Acts

Draft Interinsitutional Agreement of 25 February 2005 on the operating framework for the European regulatory agencies [COM(2005) 59 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Communication from the Commission to the Council of 20 December 1999: Participation of candidate countries in Community programmes, agencies and committees [COM(1999) 710 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Food and feed safety

Food and feed safety

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Food and feed safety

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Food safety > Veterinary checks animal health rules food hygiene

Food and feed safety

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety [See amending acts].

Summary

This Regulation ensures the quality of foodstuffs intended for human consumption and animal feed. It guarantees the free circulation of safe and secure food and feed in the internal market.

In addition, the European Union’s (EU) food legislation protects consumers against fraudulent or deceptive commercial practices. This legislation also aims to protect the health and wellbeing of animals, plant health and the environment.

Safety standards

No food stuff dangerous to health and/or unfit for consumption may be placed on the market. To determine whether a foodstuff is dangerous, the following are considered:

  • the normal conditions of use;
  • the information provided to the consumer;
  • the probable immediate or delayed effect on health;
  • the cumulative toxic effects;
  • the specific sensitivity of certain consumers.

Where any food which is unsafe is part of a batch, lot or consignment, it is assumed that the whole batch, lot or consignment is unsafe.

In addition, animal feed deemed to be unsafe cannot be placed on the market or fed to any food-producing animals.

Responsibilities of operators

Operators * must apply the food legislation at all stages of the food chain, from the production, processing, transport and distribution stages through to the supply of food.

In addition, operators are responsible for ensuring the traceability of products at all stages of the production, processing and distribution, including with regard to substances incorporated into the foodstuffs.

If an operator considers that a food or feed is harmful to human or animal health, they immediately initiate the procedures to withdraw the product from the market and inform the competent authorities. Where the product may have reached the consumer, the operator informs the consumers and recalls the products already supplied.

Food risk analysis

The health risk analysis is carried out in several phases: assessment, management and communication to the public. This process is carried out in an independent, objective and transparent manner. It is based on the available scientific evidence.

Where the assessment identifies the presence of a risk, the Member States and the Commission may apply the precautionary principle and adopt provisional and proportionate measures.

International market

The legislation applies to foodstuffs exported or re-exported in the EU before being placed on the market of a third country, except if the importing country decides otherwise.

The EU contributes to the development of international technical standards for food and feed, as well as for animal health and plant protection.

European food safety authority (EFSA)

A European Food Safety Authority provides scientific advice and scientific and technical support in all areas impacting on food safety. It constitutes an independent source of information on all matters in this field and ensures that the general public is kept informed.

Participation in EFSA is open to EU Member States and to other countries applying EU food safety law.

EFSA is also responsible for:

  • coordinating risk assessments and identifying emerging risks;
  • providing scientific and technical advice to the Commission, including in connection with crisis management;
  • collecting and publishing scientific and technical data in areas relating to food safety;
  • stablishing European networks of organisations operating in the field of food safety.

Rapid alert system

The rapid alert system (RAPEX) involves the Member States, the Commission and EFSA. It enables information exchange concerning:

  • measures aimed at restricting the placing in circulation or withdrawal of food or feed from the market;
  • actions taken with professional operators for controlling the use of food or feed;
  • the rejection of a batch or consignment of food or feed by an EU border post.

In the case of a food-related risk, the information disseminated within the rapid alert network must be made available to the general public.

Emergencies

Where food or feed, including those imported from a third country presents a serious and uncontainable risk to human health, animal health or the environment, the Commission puts in place protective measures and:

  • suspends the placing on the market or use of products originating from the EU;
  • suspends imports of products originating from third countries.

However, if the Commission does not act after having been informed of the existence of a risk, the Member State concerned may take protective measures. Within a period of 10 working days, the Commission must refer the matter to the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health with a view to extending, amending or revoking the national measures.

Crisis-management plan

In the case of situations entailing direct or indirect risks to human health not provided for by the Regulation, the Commission, EFSA and the Member States may establish a general crisis-management plan.

Similarly, in the case of a serious risk, which cannot be dealt with under the existing provisions, the Commission must immediately set up a crisis unit, in which the Authority participates by providing scientific and technical support. The crisis unit is responsible for collecting and evaluating all relevant information and identifying the options available for preventing, eliminating or reducing the risk to human health.

Context

Decisions 68/361/EEC, 69/414/EEC and 70/372/EEC are repealed.

Key terms of the Act
  • Operator: the natural or legal person responsible for ensuring that the requirements of food law are met within the food business under their control.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 178/2002

21.2.2002

1.1.2005

OJ L 031, 1. 2. 2002

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1642/2003

1.10.2003

OJ L 245, 29.9.2003

Regulation (EC) No 575/2006

28.4.2006

OJ L 100, 8.4.2006

Regulation (EC) No 202/2008

25.3.2008

OJ L 60, 5.3.2008

Regulation (EC) No 596/2009

7.8.2009

OJ L 188, 18.7.2009

The successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated versionis of documentary value only.

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2230/2004 of 23 December 2004 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of European Parliament and Council Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 with regard to the network of organisations operating in the fields within the European Food Safety Authority’s mission [Official Journal L 379 of 24.12.2004].

Commission Decision 2004/478/EC of 29 April 2004 concerning the adoption of a general plan for food/feed crisis management [Official Journal L 160 of 30.4.2004].


Regulation (EC) No 854/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific rules for the organisation of official controls on products of animal origin intended for human consumption [Official Journal L 139 of 30.4.2004].

The European Research Council Executive Agency

The European Research Council Executive Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The European Research Council Executive Agency

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Institutional affairs > The institutions bodies and agencies of the union

The European Research Council Executive Agency

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2008/37/EC of 14 December 2007 setting up the ‘European Research Council Executive Agency’ for the management of the specific Community programme ‘Ideas’ in the field of frontier research in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003.

Summary

This Decision establishes ‘The European Research Council Executive Agency’ for the period 1 January 2008 – 31 December 2017. Governed by Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003, the Agency is responsible for the management of Community activity in the field of frontier research.

The tasks of the Agency lie within the scope of the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013). They consist of implementing the FP7 Specific Programme ‘Ideas’ according to the guidelines set by the Commission and the principles and methodology set by the ‘Ideas’ annual work programmes, as adopted from the Scientific Council proposals. In order to fulfil its delegated tasks, the Agency will do the following:

  • award contracts and grants and manage entire life-cycles of projects selected on the basis of the sole criterion of excellence of proposals;
  • adopt budget implementation tasks;
  • collect, analyse and communicate the information needed to implement the Programme.

The Agency is managed by a Steering Committee and a Director, both appointed by the Commission. The Steering Committee is appointed for two years, the Director for four years. The appointments may be renewed.

In accordance with the FP7 Specific Programme ‘Ideas’, the Agency also provides assistance to the Scientific Council of the European Research Council (ERC), as adopted by the Council Decision 2006/972/EC.

Financing and supervision

The finances for the Agency are derived from the funds for the FP7 Specific Programme ‘Ideas’ (2007-13). The operating budget is to be implemented as stipulated by Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004.

The Agency is under the supervisory authority of the Commission, to which it must report regularly on the progress made in the implementation of its programme.

Background

With its Decision 2007/134 of 2 February 2007, the Commission established the ERC to implement the FP7 Specific Programme ‘Ideas’. The ERC comprises an independent Scientific Council, which was set up simultaneously and is composed of 22 high level scientists, and a dedicated implementation structure in the form of the executive agency.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/37/EC

14.12.2007 – 31.12.2017

OJ L 9 of 12.1.2008

Research Executive Agency

Research Executive Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Research Executive Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Institutional affairs > The institutions bodies and agencies of the union

Research Executive Agency

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2008/46/EC of 14 December 2007 setting up the ‘Research Executive Agency’ for the management of certain areas of the specific Community programmes People, Capacities and Cooperation in the field of research in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003.

Summary

This Decision establishes the ‘Research Executive Agency’ for the period 1 January 2008 – 31 December 2017. The Agency, governed by Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003, is responsible for managing some Community activities in the field of research. The tasks of the Agency fall within the scope of the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007 to 2013). In particular, they correspond to specific projects implementing the People Specific Programme, the Research for the Benefit of SMEs part of the Capacities Specific Programme, and the Space and Security themes of the Cooperation Specific Programme.

The Agency’s tasks consist of the following:

  • management of parts of the specific programmes listed above;
  • execution of the relevant parts of the budget;
  • collection, analysis and communication of information to guide programme implementation;
  • provision of logistical and administrative support.

The Commission may also entrust the Agency with similar tasks for additional areas of FP7.

The Agency is managed by a Steering Committee and a Director. Both are appointed by the Commission, the first for two years and the latter for four years. The appointments may be renewed.

Financing and supervision

The Agency is financed from funds of the People, Capacities and Cooperation Specific Programmes of FP7. For any additional tasks entrusted under FP7, the financing will come from corresponding funds. The financial regulations are established by the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004.

The Commission has supervisory authority over the Agency, which is obliged to provide regular progress reports on the implementation of its programmes.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/46/EC

14.12.2007 – 31.12.2017

OJ L 11 of 15.1.2008

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Audiovisual and media

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2009/336/EC of 20 April 2009 setting up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency for the management of Community action in the fields of education, audiovisual and culture in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003.

Summary

This decision sets up the ‘Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency’ in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 and repeals Decision 2005/56/EC, which originally created the agency. The agency is established for the period 1 January 2005 – 31 December 2015 to manage Community action in these three fields. It is located in Brussels.

Objectives and tasks

The agency is responsible for managing certain strands of the following Community programmes:

  • programmes encouraging the development, distribution and promotion of European audiovisual works (MEDIA II 1996-2000 and MEDIA Plus 2001-06);
  • training programmes for professionals in the European audiovisual industry (MEDIA II – Training 1996-2000 and MEDIA – Training 2001-06);
  • the MEDIA 2007 programme of support for the European audiovisual sector (2007-13);
  • Community action programmes to promote active European citizenship (civic participation 2004-06 and ‘Europe for Citizens’ 2007-13);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of youth (2004-06);
  • the ‘Youth’ (2000-06) and ‘Youth in Action’ (2007-13) Community action programmes;
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of culture (2004-06);
  • the ‘Culture 2000’ (2000-06) and ‘Culture’ (2007-13) programmes;
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the field of education ‘Socrates’ (2000-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the area of vocational training ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ (2000-06);
  • the multiannual programme for the effective integration of information and communication technologies in education and training systems in Europe ‘eLearning’ (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level and support specific activities in the field of education and training (2004-06);
  • the action programme in the field of lifelong learning (2007-13).

The agency is also responsible for managing the following external relations programmes in the field of education:

  • the programme for the enhancement of quality in higher education and the promotion of intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries (Erasmus Mundus 2004-08);
  • the External Cooperation Window (EM ECW) co-operation and mobility scheme;
  • Erasmus Mundus 2009-13 programme, directly incorporating the ECW action 2;
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the United States of America renewing the programme of cooperation in the field of higher education, vocational education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the government of Canada renewing a cooperation programme in higher education, training and youth (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • joint mobility projects eligible for funding under the Industrialised Cooperation Instrument Education Cooperation Programme (ICI ECP) agreement between the European Community and the governments of Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea;
  • the third and fourth phases of trans-European cooperation scheme for higher education (Tempus III 2000-06 and Tempus IV 2007- 2013).

Furthermore, the agency is responsible for the earlier external cooperation projects on higher education funded under the provisions of the following:

  • economic aid for certain countries of central and eastern Europe (Phare);
  • assistance for the partner states of eastern Europe and central Asia (Tacis);
  • assistance for Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo (CARDS);
  • financial and technical measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (MEDA);
  • aid for economic cooperation with developing countries in Asia (1992-06);
  • the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA);
  • the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI);
  • the financing instrument for development cooperation (DCI);
  • the financing instrument for cooperation with industrialised and other high-income countries and territories (ICI);
  • the 9th European Development Fund (EDF).

With regard to these programmes, the agency is in particular responsible for the following tasks:

  • managing the projects entrusted to it in the context of implementation of Community programmes throughout their duration;
  • adopting the budget implementation instruments for revenue and expenditure and carrying out some, or all, of the operations necessary for the management of the Community programmes, including those linked to the awarding of grants and contracts;
  • gathering, analysing and passing on to the Commission all the information needed to guide the implementation of the Community programmes;
  • implementing the Eurydice network for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information and the production of studies and publications.

The agency may also be entrusted to carry out other similar tasks in the education, audiovisual and culture fields. In such a case, the Commission decision delegating tasks to the agency will be adapted accordingly.

Structure, grants and supervision

The Commission appoints a steering committee and a Director to manage the agency; the former for a period of two and the latter for a period of four years. For its operation, the agency is allocated a grant entered in the general budget of the European Union as well as finances from the European Development Fund. The Commission is responsible for supervising the agency. The agency must report to it regularly on the implementation of the programmes for which it is responsible.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Decision 2009/336/EC

20.4.2009 – 31.12.2015

OJ L 101 of 24.1.2009


Another Normative about Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Other

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

This Commission Decision establishes the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency. It sets out the Agency’s role in the management of Community programmes and the conditions under which the Agency has to operate.

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2005/56/EC of 14 January 2005 setting up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency for the management of Community action in the fields of education, audiovisual and culture in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 [See amending acts].

Summary

In accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003, the Commission set up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency to manage Community action in these fields. The Agency has been established for a fixed period running from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015. It is located in Brussels.

Creation of the Agency

The creation of this Agency will allow the Commission to focus on its priority activities and functions, without relinquishing control or responsibility for activities managed by the Agency. The Agency’s task is to implement programmes that require a high level of technical and financial expertise, but do not entail political decision-making.

The Agency is supervised by the Commission and reports to three Directorates-General:

  • Education and Culture (DG EAC) – responsible for the majority of the programmes and actions entrusted to the Agency;
  • Information and Society (DG INFSO) – responsible for the MEDIA programme;
  • EuropeAid Cooperation Office (DG AIDCO) – responsible for Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Window.

Objectives and tasks

The Agency is hereby entrusted with the management of certain strands of the following Community programmes:

  • the programmes encouraging the development, distribution and promotion of European audiovisual works (MEDIA II – Development and distribution 1996-2000 and MEDIA Plus – Development, Distribution and Promotion 2001-06);
  • the training programmes for professionals in the European audiovisual programme industry (MEDIA II – Training 1996-2000 and MEDIA- Training 2001-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the field of education “Socrates” (2000-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the area of vocational training “Leonardo da Vinci” (2000-06);
  • the “Youth” (2000-06) and “Youth in Action” (2007-13) Community action programmes;
  • the “Culture” (2000-06 and 2007-13) programmes;
  • the multiannual programme (2004-06) for the effective integration of information and communication technologies in education and training systems in Europe (“eLearning”);
  • the Community action programmes to promote active European citizenship (civic participation 2004-06 and “Europe for Citizens” 2007-13);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of youth (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level and support specific activities in the field of education and training (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of culture (2004-06);
  • the action programme in the field of lifelong learning (2007-13);
  • the Media 2007 programme of support for the European audiovisual sector.

The Agency is also responsible for managing external relations programmes in the field of education:

  • the programme for the enhancement of quality in higher education and the promotion of intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries (Erasmus Mundus 2004-08);
  • the External Cooperation Window (EM ECW) cooperation and mobility scheme (in the Erasmus Mundus Programme 2009-13, the EM ECW will be incorporated directly under Action 2);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the United States of America renewing the programme of cooperation in higher education, vocational education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreement between the European Community and the Government of Canada renewing a cooperation programme in higher education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • joint mobility projects eligible for funding under the Industrialised Cooperation Instrument Education Cooperation Programme (ICI ECP) agreement between the European Community and the governments of Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea will be transferred to the Agency in 2009;
  • the third and fourth phases of the trans-European cooperation scheme for higher education (Tempus III 2000-06 and Tempus IV 2007-13, which will be transferred to the Agency in 2009).

In addition, the Agency is responsible for the earlier external cooperation projects on higher education funded under the provision of the following:

  • economic aid for certain countries of central and eastern Europe (Phare);
  • assistance to the partner States of Eastern Europe and Central Asia;
  • assistance for Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo;
  • financial and technical measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (MEDA);
  • aid for economic cooperation with developing countries in Asia;
  • the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA);
  • the European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument (ENPI);
  • the instrument for development cooperation (DCI);
  • the instrument for cooperation with industrialised and other high-income countries and territories (ICI);
  • the 9th European Development Fund (EDF) (2000-07).

In connection with these programmes, the Agency is more specifically responsible for:

  • managing, throughout their duration, the projects entrusted to it in the context of implementation of Community programmes;
  • adopting the budget implementation instruments for revenue and expenditure and carrying out some, or all, of the operations necessary for the management of the Community programmes, including those linked to the awarding of grants and contracts;
  • gathering, analysing and passing on to the Commission all the information needed to guide the implementation of the Community programme;
  • implementing the Eurydice network for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information and the production of studies and publications.

The Agency may also carry out other similar tasks in the fields listed above. The Commission Decision delegating authority will then be adapted to take account of the addition of these tasks.

Structure, grants and supervision

The Agency is managed by a Steering Committee and a Director appointed by the Commission. The members of the Steering Committee are appointed for two years and the Director for four years. The Agency receives a grant entered in the general budget of the European Union and financing from the European Development Fund. It implements its operating budget in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004. The Commission supervises the Agency, which must report regularly on the implementation of the programmes for which it is responsible.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2005/56/EC 14.1.2005 OJ L 24 of 27.1.2005

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2007/114/EC 1.1.2007 OJ L 49 of 17.2.2007
Decision 2008/629/EC 12.6.2008 OJ L 205 of 1.8.2008
Decision 2008/785/EC 9.10.2008 OJ L 269 of 10.10.2008

Related Acts

Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 of 19 December 2002 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programmes [Official Journal L 11 of 16.1.2003].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004 of 21 September 2004 on a standard financial regulation for the executive agencies pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programmes [Official Journal L 297 of 22.9.2004].