Tag Archives: Ec conformity marking

Parking lamps on motor vehicles

Parking lamps on motor vehicles

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Parking lamps on motor vehicles

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Motor vehicles > Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Parking lamps on motor vehicles (until 2014)

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 77/540/EEC of 28 June 1977 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to parking lamps for motor vehicles [See amendingacts].

Summary

This Directive concerns any motor vehicle intended for use on the road, with or without bodywork, having at least four wheels and a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h, as well as its trailers.

Vehicles which run on rails, agricultural or forestry tractors and any mobile machinery.

Each Member State must grant component EC type-approval for any type of parking lamp which satisfies the construction and testing requirements laid down in the Annexes to the Directive, and issue an EC component type-approval mark for each type of parking lamp approved. The Member State which has granted EC component type-approval must take the measures required in order to verify that production models conform to the approved type.

According to the system of granting approval set out in the Directive, Member States may not:

  • prohibit the placing on the market of parking lamps on grounds relating to their construction or method of functioning if they bear the EC component type-approval mark.
  • refuse to grant EC type-approval or national type-approval of any vehicle on grounds relating to parking lamps if these bear the EC component type-approval mark and are fitted in accordance with the requirements laid down in Directive 76/756/EEC.
  • refuse or prohibit the sale, registration, entry into service or use of any vehicle on grounds relating to parking lamps if these bear the EEC component type-approval mark and are fitted in accordance with the requirements laid down in Directive 76/756/EEC.

Nevertheless, a Member State may prohibit the placing on the market of parking lamps bearing the EC component type-approval mark that consistently fail to conform to the approved type.

This Directive is repealed by Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 from 1 November 2014.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for implementation in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 77/540/EEC

29.6.1977

29.6.1978

OJ L 220 of 29.8.1977

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 1999/16/EC

2.5.1999

1.10.1999

OJ L 97 of 12.4.1999

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 77/540/EEC have been integrated into the original text. This consolidated version is for reference only.

Technical standards: tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles

Technical standards: tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Technical standards: tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Motor vehicles > Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Technical standards: tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles (until December 2015)

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 86/217/EEC of 26 May 1986 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to tyre pressure gauges for motor vehicles.

Summary

This Directive applies to pressure gauges intended to measure the inflation pressure of motor vehicle tyres.

To obtain an EC mark, pressure gauges are subject to EC pattern-approval and verification. Requirements that they must satisfy include:

  • the metrological characteristics specified in paragraph 2 of the annex;
  • robust and careful construction to maintain their metrological characteristics;
  • guaranteed direct and accurate reading of pressure measured;
  • the dial must specify the symbol for the quantity measured and the symbol for the unit of measurement.

More detail can be found in the technical annex.

Member States may not refuse, prohibit or restrict the marketing and use of tyre pressure gauges for reasons connected with their metrological characteristics if they bear the EC pattern-approval and verification marks.

This Directive will be repealed by Directive 2011/17/EU on 1 December 2015.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 86/217/EEC

30.05.1986

30.11.1987

OJ L 152, 6.6.1986

Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles

Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Air pollution

Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles

Document or Iniciative

Directive 2006/40/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 relating to emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC.

Summary

In accordance with the objective of the Kyoto Protocol to reduce the CO2 gas emissions that are causing climate change, the Directive aims to cut back the emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases used in air conditioning systems * in motor vehicles. It thus averts any obstacles which may arise, within the internal market, from the adoption by the Member States of different technical requirements on this aspect.

The Directive therefore provides for the gradual prohibition of air conditioning systems designed to contain fluorinated gases with a global warming potential higher than 150 *.

Technical provisions

The Directive makes provision, first of all, for controlling leakages from air conditioning systems designed to contain greenhouse gases with a global warming potential higher than 150. Such air conditioning systems are therefore banned by a transitional measure, unless the rate of leakage from that system does not exceed the maximum permissible limits. This measure shall apply to all new vehicle types as from 21 June 2008 and to new vehicles from 21 June 2009.

As a second stage, the Directive provides for a total ban on air conditioning systems designed to contain fluorinated greenhouse gases with a global warming potential higher than 150. The ban covers all new vehicle types from 1 January 2011 and applies to all new vehicles from 1 January 2017.

The Directive also lays down provisions on the retrofitting and refilling of air conditioning systems.

Scope

The vehicles covered by the Directive are passenger cars (category M1 vehicles) and light commercial vehicles (category N1, class 1 vehicles).

Directive 2006/40/EC is the first stage of a legislative package on air conditioning systems. New legislation will supply the administrative provisions concerning the EC type-approval procedure and a harmonised leakage detection test in order to measure the leakage rate of fluorinated gases with a global warming potential higher than 150.

Background

Following the approval of the Kyoto Protocol by the European Union (EU) (Decision 2002/358/EC) and, therefore, the commitment made to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, several Member States planned to regulate emissions from air-conditioning systems in motor vehicles. In order to avoid a situation where differing regulations impede the free movement of motor vehicles within the internal market, it is necessary to harmonise the technical specifications concerning air conditioning systems. This Directive forms part of the EC type-approval procedure.

Key terms
  • Air-conditioning system: any system whose main purpose is to decrease the air temperature and humidity of the passenger compartment of a vehicle.
  • Global warming potential (GWP): the climatic warming potential of a fluorinated greenhouse gas relative to that of carbon dioxide. It is calculated in terms of the 100 year warming potential of one kilogram of a gas relative to one kilogram of CO2. The relevant GWP figures are those published in the third assessment report adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001 IPCC GWP values).

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2006/40/EC

4.7.2006

4.1.2008

OJ L 161, 14.6.2006

Related Acts

Commission Regulation (EC) No 706/2007 of 21 June 2007 laying down, pursuant to Directive 2006/40/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, administrative provisions for the EC type-approval of vehicles, and a harmonised test for measuring leakages from certain air conditioning systems [Official Journal L 161, 22.06.2007].

Commission Directive 2007/37/EC of 21 June 2007 amending Annexes I and III to Council Directive 70/156/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type approval of motor vehicles and their trailers [Official Journal L 161, 22.06.2007].


Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases [Official Journal L 161, 14.6.2006].
The EU lays down rules for the containment, use, recovery and destruction of certain fluorinated greenhouse gases, the labelling of products and equipment containing them, the reporting of information on them, the prohibition of the placing on the market of products and equipment containing them, and the training and certification of personnel in relation to them.

Electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

Electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Single Market for Goods > Construction

Electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

Document or Iniciative

Directive 2006/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the harmonisation of the laws of Member States relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits (codified version) (Text with EEA relevance).

Summary

This Directive aims at ensuring that electrical equipment may be placed on the market only if it does not, when installed and maintained, endanger the safety of persons, domestic animals or property, and at promoting the free movement of this equipment in the European Union.

Scope

This Directive applies to electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 Volts for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 Volts for direct current.

It does not apply to:

  • electrical equipment for use in an explosive atmosphere;
  • equipment for radiology and medical purposes;
  • electrical parts for goods and passenger lifts;
  • electricity meters;
  • plugs and socket outlets for domestic use;
  • electric fence controllers;
  • radio-electrical interference;
  • electrical equipment for use on ships, aircraft or railways;
  • electrical equipment intended for export to third countries.

Safety objectives

Electrical equipment may be placed on the market if it complies with the safety objectives laid down in Annex I to this Directive concerning:

  • general safety conditions applying to equipment;
  • hazards arising from electrical equipment;
  • hazards caused by external influences on electrical equipment.

The free movement of electrical equipment must not be hindered if it meets the safety objectives defined in the Directive. Manufacturers may choose how they comply with safety objectives.

Presumption of conformity

Electrical equipment which complies with the provisions of the harmonised standards should be subject to a presumption of conformity with the safety objectives established by this Directive and be able to move freely.

Standards shall be regarded as harmonised if they are drawn up by common agreement between the bodies notified by the Member States and published under national procedures. Their references shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

If standards have not yet been harmonised, Member States should take measures to ensure that their competent administrative authorities regard electrical equipment as complying with the safety objectives of the Directive if the electrical equipment complies with the safety provisions of the International Commission on the Rules for the Approval of Electrical Equipment (CEEel) or of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

If harmonised standards or safety provisions do not yet exist, Member States shall take measures to ensure that their competent administrative authorities regard electrical equipment as complying with the safety objectives of the Directive if the electrical equipment is in accordance with the safety standards in force in the Member State of manufacture.

Placing on the market

Before placing electrical equipment on the market:

  • the manufacturer or his authorised representative established in the European Union must affix the “CE” marking to each product and draw up a written “EC” declaration of conformity;
  • the manufacturer must establish the technical documentation.

The “EC” declaration of conformity must contain:

  • the name and address of the manufacturer or his authorised representative established in the European Union;
  • a description of the electrical equipment;
  • a reference to the harmonised standards;
  • if required, references to the specifications with which conformity is declared;
  • identification of the signatory who has been empowered to enter into commitments on behalf of the manufacturer or his authorised representative established in the European Union;
  • the last two digits of the year in which the “CE” marking was affixed.

Safeguard

If, for safety reasons, a Member State prohibits the placing on the market of any electrical equipment or impedes its free movement, it shall inform the Commission and the other Member States concerned.

The Directive codifies and repeals Directive 73/23/EEC.

Reference

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 2006/95/EC

16.1.2007

OJ L374 of 27.12.2006

Appliances burning gaseous fuels

Appliances burning gaseous fuels

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Appliances burning gaseous fuels

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Single Market for Goods > Construction

Appliances burning gaseous fuels

Document or Iniciative

Directive 2009/142/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 relating to appliances burning gaseous fuels (Text with EEA relevance).

Summary

This Directive defines the rules applying to the following gas appliances and fittings:

  • appliances burning gaseous fuels used for cooking, heating, hot water production, refrigeration, lighting or washing and having a normal water temperature not exceeding 105 °C;
  • safety equipment, such as in particular safety devices, controlling devices and regulating devices.

These appliances must be designed and built in such a way as to operate safely and present no danger to persons, domestic animals or property.

When placed on the market, all appliances must be accompanied by:

  • technical instructions for the installer, giving details of the type of gas and supply pressure used, the flow of fresh air required, as well as the conditions for the dispersal of combustion products;
  • instructions for use and servicing intended for the user which give the information required for safe installation;
  • warnings indicating the type of gas, the supply pressure and any restrictions on use.

Manufacturers must guarantee the safety of the properties of materials.

The manufacturer must lodge an application for type-examination with the notified body * including:

  • the manufacturer’s name and address;
  • a written declaration;
  • design documentation.

Where the application satisfies the criteria laid down by this Directive, the notified body must issue an EC type-examination certificate to the applicant.

EC surveillance ensures that the manufacturer duly fulfils the obligations arising out of the approved quality system.

The manufacturer may also make an EC declaration of conformity to type *.

The gas appliance or installation must include the following inscriptions:

  • the manufacturer’s name or identification symbol;
  • the trade name of the appliance;
  • the type of electrical supply used;
  • the appliance category;
  • the last two digits of the year in which the “CE” marking was affixed.

This Directive repeals Directive 90/396/EC.

Key terms of the Act
  • Notified body: provides conformity assessment services under the conditions laid down by directives. This is a service to manufacturers in the public interest;
  • EC declaration of conformity to type: product quality assurance, a notified body assesses and checks the manufacturer’s quality systems.

Reference

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2009/142/EC

5.1.2010

OJ L 330 of 16.12.2009

This summary is for information only. It is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document, which remains the only binding legal text.

Fertilisers

Fertilisers

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fertilisers

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Environment

Fertilisers

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 relating to fertilisers [See Amending Act(s)].

Summary

The European Union (EU) gathers all rules applying to fertilisers into a single piece of legislation in order to ensure the uniform application of a package of very technical provisions.

EC fertilisers

This Regulation only applies to mineral fertilisers made up of one or more plant nutrients (or fertilising elements).

All types of fertiliser in Annex I which comply with the provisions of this regulation may bear the words “EC fertiliser”. The list of the various types of fertilisers authorised on the European market may be extended. In order to be listed, the manufacturer must apply to the competent authority in their country and constitute a technical file on the characteristics of the fertiliser. Applications are then sent to the Commission, which accepts or rejects the manufacturer’s application.

All fertilisers bearing the words “EC fertiliser” may circulate freely on the European market. Member States may not prohibit or limit their placing on the market unless they consider that the fertiliser in question represents a danger for health or a risk to the environment. In such cases, the product is temporarily withdrawn from the market until a study is carried out at European level to ascertain whether the risk is well founded.

Legal requirements

A type of fertiliser shall only bear the words “EC fertiliser” if:

  • it has no adverse effect on the health of humans, animals, plants or the environment under normal conditions of use;
  • it is effective;
  • relevant sampling and analysis methods are being provided.

Annex I of the Regulation also establishes minimum nutrient content required for each type of fertiliser (nitrogen content, phosphorus content, etc.).

The Regulation lays down a certain number of compulsory statements which must appear on the packaging and labels of fertilisers. In particular, these include the marking “EC fertiliser”, details relating to the description of nutrients or micro-nutrients, information about the manufacturer and, if applicable, details of blends. Some optional information is also recommended, such as specific directions for the use, storage and handling of the fertiliser.

The Regulation harmonises the rules on labelling and packaging in the EU. These rules concern, inter alia, the marking of nutrient content. Quantities of substances may be indicated in several ways. For example, phosphate content may be indicated in elemental form or in oxide form.

Provisions for specific types of fertilisers

The Regulation sets out detailed technical provisions regarding the scope, declaration, identification and packaging of four types of fertiliser:

  • main inorganic nutrient fertilisers: these are the main fertilising elements supplied in substantial quantities for plant growth, i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium;
  • secondary inorganic nutrient fertilisers: these are calcium, magnesium, sodium and sulphur;
  • inorganic micro-nutrient fertilisers: these contain elements required in small quantities such as boron, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, etc.;
  • ammonium nitrate fertilisers of high nitrogen content: given the dangerous nature of this type of fertiliser, the Regulation lays down additional measures such as a detonability test described in Annex III to this Regulation.

Controls

Member States may carry out official controls to verify compliance of fertilisers bearing the words “EC fertiliser” with the provisions of the Regulation. These control measures are to be carried out by designated laboratories in each Member State in accordance with a uniform procedure set out in the Annexes to the Regulation.

For inspection purposes, manufacturers must keep records of the origin of “EC fertilisers” for as long as they are being supplied to the market.

Member States determine the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of the provisions of the Regulation.

Implementation at Community level

The Commission shall be assisted in implementing the Regulation and making adaptations to the Annexes by a committee composed of representatives of the Member States.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003

11.12.2003
(11.6.2005 for Articles 8 and 26)

OJ L 304, 21.11.2003

DEROGATIONS FROM THE ACT

Decision 2006/348/EC [Official Journal L 129 of 17.5.2006].
This derogation applies to the maximum admissible content of cadmium in fertilisers notified by the Republic of Finland.

Decision 2006/349/EC [Official Journal L 129 of 17.5.2006].
This derogation applies to the maximum admissible content of cadmium in fertilisers notified by the Republic of Austria.

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

OJ L 87, 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated versionis for information only.


Another Normative about Fertilisers

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Internal market > Single Market for Goods > Chemical products

Fertilisers

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 relating to fertilisers [See Amending Act(s)].

Summary

The European Union (EU) gathers all rules applying to fertilisers into a single piece of legislation in order to ensure the uniform application of a package of very technical provisions.

EC fertilisers

This Regulation only applies to mineral fertilisers made up of one or more plant nutrients (or fertilising elements).

All types of fertiliser in Annex I which comply with the provisions of this regulation may bear the words “EC fertiliser”. The list of the various types of fertilisers authorised on the European market may be extended. In order to be listed, the manufacturer must apply to the competent authority in their country and constitute a technical file on the characteristics of the fertiliser. Applications are then sent to the Commission, which accepts or rejects the manufacturer’s application.

All fertilisers bearing the words “EC fertiliser” may circulate freely on the European market. Member States may not prohibit or limit their placing on the market unless they consider that the fertiliser in question represents a danger for health or a risk to the environment. In such cases, the product is temporarily withdrawn from the market until a study is carried out at European level to ascertain whether the risk is well founded.

Legal requirements

A type of fertiliser shall only bear the words “EC fertiliser” if:

  • it has no adverse effect on the health of humans, animals, plants or the environment under normal conditions of use;
  • it is effective;
  • relevant sampling and analysis methods are being provided.

Annex I of the Regulation also establishes minimum nutrient content required for each type of fertiliser (nitrogen content, phosphorus content, etc.).

The Regulation lays down a certain number of compulsory statements which must appear on the packaging and labels of fertilisers. In particular, these include the marking “EC fertiliser”, details relating to the description of nutrients or micro-nutrients, information about the manufacturer and, if applicable, details of blends. Some optional information is also recommended, such as specific directions for the use, storage and handling of the fertiliser.

The Regulation harmonises the rules on labelling and packaging in the EU. These rules concern, inter alia, the marking of nutrient content. Quantities of substances may be indicated in several ways. For example, phosphate content may be indicated in elemental form or in oxide form.

Provisions for specific types of fertilisers

The Regulation sets out detailed technical provisions regarding the scope, declaration, identification and packaging of four types of fertiliser:

  • main inorganic nutrient fertilisers: these are the main fertilising elements supplied in substantial quantities for plant growth, i.e. nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium;
  • secondary inorganic nutrient fertilisers: these are calcium, magnesium, sodium and sulphur;
  • inorganic micro-nutrient fertilisers: these contain elements required in small quantities such as boron, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, etc.;
  • ammonium nitrate fertilisers of high nitrogen content: given the dangerous nature of this type of fertiliser, the Regulation lays down additional measures such as a detonability test described in Annex III to this Regulation.

Controls

Member States may carry out official controls to verify compliance of fertilisers bearing the words “EC fertiliser” with the provisions of the Regulation. These control measures are to be carried out by designated laboratories in each Member State in accordance with a uniform procedure set out in the Annexes to the Regulation.

For inspection purposes, manufacturers must keep records of the origin of “EC fertilisers” for as long as they are being supplied to the market.

Member States determine the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of the provisions of the Regulation.

Implementation at Community level

The Commission shall be assisted in implementing the Regulation and making adaptations to the Annexes by a committee composed of representatives of the Member States.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003

11.12.2003
(11.6.2005 for Articles 8 and 26)

OJ L 304, 21.11.2003

DEROGATIONS FROM THE ACT

Decision 2006/348/EC [Official Journal L 129 of 17.5.2006].
This derogation applies to the maximum admissible content of cadmium in fertilisers notified by the Republic of Finland.

Decision 2006/349/EC [Official Journal L 129 of 17.5.2006].
This derogation applies to the maximum admissible content of cadmium in fertilisers notified by the Republic of Austria.

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

OJ L 87, 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for information only.