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Domestic refrigeration appliances: energy efficiency

Domestic refrigeration appliances: energy efficiency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Domestic refrigeration appliances: energy efficiency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Other

Domestic refrigeration appliances: energy efficiency

Minimum energy efficiency standards (maximum allowable electricity consumption value for a given volume and category of appliances) apply to domestic refrigeration appliances. In addition, the “CE” conformity marking on the label guarantees that the appliance meets these standards. This conformity marking applies to all household electrical appliances.

Document or Iniciative

Directive 96/57/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 September 1996 on energy efficiency requirements for household electric refrigerators, freezers and combinations thereof [See amending acts].

Summary

This Directive applies to refrigerators, frozen food storage cabinets and freezers and combinations thereof, running on mains electricity.

No of stars indicates category

The appliance’s electricity consumption must be lower than or equal to the maximum allowable value for its category. The category, indicated by the number of stars, is determined by the relationship between volume and energy consumption.

CE marking

Household refrigeration appliances that conform to the energy efficiency requirements of this Directive must bear the CE” conformity marking.

Where a Member State establishes that the CE marking has been affixed unduly, the manufacturer or his authorised representative established in the European Union (EU) is obliged to make the product comply. Otherwise, the Member State concerned may take the product off the market.

Technical documentation

Technical documentation, provided with the appliance, shall contain the model identification and explanations of the appliance’s operation (instructions), its design (in particular, factors that influence energy consumption) and manufacture (name and address of the manufacturer).

Framework Directive 2005/32/EC

Framework Directive 2005/32/EC on the setting of ecodesign requirements amends Directive 96/57/EC. The latter now falls under the Framework Directive, of which it has become an implementing measure. The Framework Directive applies to all energy-consuming appliances except vehicles.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 96/57/EC 08.10.1996 03.09.1997 OJ L 236 of 18.09.1996

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 2005/32/EC 06.08.2005 11.08.2007 OJ L 191 of 22.07.2005

Related Acts

REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS

Commission Directive 2003/66/EC of 3 July 2003 amending Directive 94/2/EC implementing Council Directive 92/75/EEC with regard to energy labelling of household electric refrigerators, freezers and their combinations [Official Journal L 170 of 9 July 2003].

This Directive made it possible, as of 2004, for consumers easily to identify those refrigerators and freezers which consume the least energy by referring to the indications “A+” (efficient) and “A++” (most efficient) on the sales labels of such products. These two categories are to be maintained as an interim arrangement until a comprehensive revision of the energy labelling classes takes place. (The refrigerators and freezers that consume the most energy are classified “F” and “G”).

Domestic divisions of public limited liability companies: sixth Directive

Domestic divisions of public limited liability companies: sixth Directive

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Domestic divisions of public limited liability companies: sixth Directive

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Businesses in the internal market > Company law

Domestic divisions of public limited liability companies: sixth Directive

Document or Iniciative

Sixth Council Directive 82/891/EEC of 17 December 1982 based on Article 54(3)(g) of the Treaty, concerning the division of public limited liability companies.

Summary

The Directive lays down rules for division by acquisition *, division by the formation of new companies * and division under the supervision of a judicial authority *.

Division by acquisition and division by the formation of new companies

Draft terms of division, an instrument negotiated by the administrative or management bodies of the companies involved in a division, must be drawn up. The draft must contain a minimum of particulars, including the share exchange ratio and the rights conferred by the recipient companies on the holders of shares to which special rights are attached and the holders of securities other than shares. It must be published in the manner prescribed by the law of each Member State.

A division requires at least the approval of a general meeting of each company involved in the division. The administrative or management bodies of a company being divided must supply certain information to the general meeting of that company and to the administrative or management bodies of the recipient companies.

Strict safeguards ensure the protection of shareholders and, in particular, creditors. As regards the latter, the main safeguard consists in the joint and several liability of the recipient companies where one of them does not discharge an obligation transferred to it under the division. The Member States may provide that the recipient companies will be jointly and severally liable for the obligations of the company being divided.

Division under the supervision of a judicial authority

Where the judicial authority establishes that no prejudice would be caused to shareholders or creditors, it may relieve the companies involved in the division from applying certain rules applicable to divisions by acquisition and divisions by the formation of new companies.

Key terms of the Act
  • Division by acquisition: an operation whereby, after being wound up without going into liquidation, a company transfers to more than one company all its assets and liabilities. The shareholders of the company being divided receive shares in the companies receiving contributions as a result of the division.
  • Division by the formation of new companies: an operation whereby, after being wound up without going into liquidation, a company transfers to several newly formed companies all its assets and liabilities. The shareholders of the company being divided are allocated shares in the recipient companies.
  • Divisions under the supervision of a judicial authority: a division which is subject to supervision by a judicial authority with the power to call a general meeting of the shareholders of the company being divided in order to decide upon the division, to call any meeting of creditors of each of the companies and to decide upon the division and approve the draft terms of a division.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 1982/891/EEC

22.12.1982

1.1.1986

OJ L 378 of 31.12.1982

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 2007/63/EC

7.12.2007

31.9.2008

OJ L 300 of 17.11.2007

Directive 2009/109/EC

22.10.2009

30.6.2011

OJ L 259 of 2.10.2009

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 1982/891/EEC have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference only.