Tag Archives: CY

Cyprus – Justice and Home Affairs

Cyprus – Justice and Home Affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Justice and Home Affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Justice and Home Affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • adopt and implement asylum legislation in accordance with the EU acquis;
  • ensure regular and complete reporting by the offshore banking sector;
  • upgrade border control equipment and improve training of personnel to prevent illegal immigration;
  • ensure further progress in the detection of forged documents;
  • ratify the European Convention on Mutual Assistance and its protocol and the European Criminal Law Convention on Corruption;
  • sign the OECD Convention on bribery;
  • increase resources in the unit for combating money laundering.

Assessment (November 2001)

With regard to border control, progress has been made with a view to detecting forged documents and to improving infrastructures. However, efforts to control maritime borders must be continued, as must efforts to join the SIS (Schengen Information System). In addition the European Convention on judicial assistance has entered into force. This priority has been acted on in part.

Assessment (October 2002)

As regards asylum, Cyprus has introduced the necessary amendments to the Refugee Law incorporating the rights of refugees. The measures concerning upgrading of border equipment are being implemented. As regards the campaign against money laundering, 11 posts have been created for the Unit for Combating Money Laundering (MOKAS).

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • further upgrade law enforcement bodies and the judiciary (staff numbers, training and equipment);
  • continue progressive alignment of visa legislation and practice with that of the EU;
  • ensure effective application of international instruments on judicial cooperation, especially the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Penal Matters and its additional Protocol, the European Criminal Law Convention on Corruption, as well as the Hague Convention on Civil Procedure and on Access to Justice.

Assessment (November 2001)

Cyprus has strengthened the human resources and facilities of bodies responsible for applying the law and the judicial system. Efforts were made to apply international measures relating to judicial cooperation. Thus this priority has been acted upon to a large extent.

Assessment (October 2002)

Cyprus has achieved further legislative alignment with the common visa policy, but more steps are needed, in particular concerning visa-issuing capacity.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Environment

Cyprus – Environment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Environment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Environment

Short-term priorities:

  • transposing and enforcing the Directive on environmental impact assessment;
  • adopting a strategy and a detailed, directive-specific programme with a view to transposing, implementing and enforcing the European Union’s acquis;
  • speeding up transposition, especially in the areas of water quality, waste management and air quality;
  • drawing up a plan for financing investment (directive-specific), based on an estimate of the cost of alignment and realistic financial sources.

Assessment (November 2001)

The law on environmental impact assessment entered into force in April 2001. The national programme for the adoption of the acquis has been completed. The alignment of legislation on water quality has almost finished. A waste management strategy has been adopted. The alignment of the acquis on air quality is continuing.

Assessment (October 2002)

Transposition of the waste acquis has continued with the Law on packaging waste, but further efforts are needed. A monitoring programme has been put into operation as part of the implementation of the Water Framework Directive. A draft law on water pollution control and two regulations on the limitation of water pollution from asbestos and the management of sewage sludge have been approved.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • completing transposition;
  • continuing to boost institutional, administrative and monitoring capacities in order to guarantee environmental protection;
  • implementing a waste management strategy;
  • incorporating sustainable development principles into the formulation and implementation of all other sectoral policies.

Assessment (November 2001)

Cyprus has continued transposing legislation and reinforcing administrative capacity. The waste management strategy has been adopted, but alignment has not been completed in the field of hazardous waste. Legislation on recycling is being drafted. Efforts are being made to integrate sustainable development into the formulation of other policies, in particular agriculture and energy.

Assessment (October 2002)

Administrative and enforcement capacity is being stepped up. Regarding nature protection, a scheme has been approved to protect specific areas of the Akamas Peninsula.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC, 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Energy

Cyprus – Energy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Energy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Energy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • align oil-stock requirements;
  • incorporate the national regulatory energy objectives for emission control in power stations, use of unleaded petrol and use of low-sulphur diesel into the legal framework;
  • continue to improve energy efficiency;
  • prepare for the internal energy market, in particular as regards the directives on common rules for the electricity and gas markets.

Assessment (November 2001)

The priorities in the field of energy policy have only been met in part. The question of oil stocks, which must be increased in order to ensure security of supply, should be tackled as soon as possible. Cyprus has undertaken to implement the Directive concerning common rules for the internal electricity market by the date of accession. The monopoly of the national electricity company must be broken to permit alignment with the acquis. Additional efforts must also be made to improve energy efficiency.

Assessment (October 2002)

Cyprus has continued the alignment process regarding oil-stocks and has made progress in the actual constitution of stocks. It has continued to prepare for participation in the internal energy market, particularly with regard to the electricity Directive.

Cyprus has continued to develop the use of renewable energies and has addressed all the recommendations made in the Council Report on Nuclear Safety.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78 of 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Political Criteria

Cyprus – Political Criteria

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Political Criteria

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Political Criteria

Short-term priorities:

  • maximise efforts to support a settlement under the auspices of the UN.

Assessment (November 2001)

The Cypriot government took part in negotiations to sort out the situation facing the island. However, this was stopped following the unilateral retreat from negotiations by the Turkish community in November 2000.

Assessment (October 2002)

In January 2002 Mr Glafcos Clerides and Mr Rauf Denktash started a dialogue under the auspices of the UN to reach a political agreement. Since Cyprus has continued its efforts to reach a settlement on the division of the island, it can be said that the partnership priority has been complied with.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC, 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Economic policy

Cyprus – Economic policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Economic policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Economic policy

Short-term priorities:

  • correct the widening of the fiscal and current account deficits;
  • strengthen effectiveness of monetary policy and effective liberalisation of capital movement;
  • bring the cooperative credit and savings societies sector into line with the acquis and international accounting standards.

Evaluation (November 2001)

These priorities have been respected.

Evaluation (October 2002)

In general, the priorities of the accession partnership concerning the economic criteria have been respected.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • implement programme for liberalisation of utilities;
  • complete the structural reform programme, in particular in the financial sector;
  • liberalise further capital account operations regarding direct investment, real estate investment, portfolio transactions, financial credits and the opening of deposits abroad;
  • liberalise foreign participation in financial services, oil refining, tourism and trading;
  • continue efforts to improve the conditions for enterprise creation and development;
  • continue efforts to restructure the textile sector;
  • establish an annual fiscal surveillance procedure aimed to bring the reporting, monitoring and control of public finances into line.

Evaluation (November 2001)

These priorities have been partially respected.

Evaluation (October 2002)

Cyprus has speeded up the liberalisation process of a number of protected sectors in its economy such as the telecommunications and energy sectors. In general, the priorities of the accession partnership concerning the economic criteria have been respected.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78 of 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM (2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Transport

Cyprus – Transport

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Transport

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Transport

Short-term priorities

  • align maritime transport legislation and enforce safety standards;
  • adopt an action plan for monitoring classification societies and improve the performance of the register of ships flying the Cypriot flag.

Assessment (November 2001)

Cyprus has noticeably improved its safety check performance. Detention rates in foreign ports and accidents at sea have been greatly reduced. An action plan for merchant ships has been implemented, including checks on classification societies.

Assessment (October 2002)

Cyprus has continued to align its road transport legislation. However, urgent action is needed to implement maritime transport legislation.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • complete alignment and implement legislation relating to transport by road, sea and air (especially aviation safety and air traffic management).

Assessment (November 2001)

Harmonisation has been completed with regard to road transport legislation on taxation, access to the profession, technical requirements for vehicles, the collection of statistics, cooperation between the public authorities and the road transport industry, dimensions and maximum weights, and speed limits. Nevertheless, Cyprus needs to continue transposing the acquis on the transport of dangerous goods, and carry on with preparatory work for the adoption of a new law on air transport.

Assessment (October 2002)

Cyprus has achieved progress in strengthening the administrative capacity of the Department of Merchant Shipping. However, it needs to sustain its efforts to have the Cypriot flag removed from the blacklist of the Paris Memorandum of Understanding.

In aviation, particularly air safety, the measures figuring in the Action Plan have been implemented.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78 of 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Employment and social affairs

Cyprus – Employment and social affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Employment and social affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Employment and social affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • support the social partners’ capacity-building efforts in order to develop and implement the acquis;
  • strengthen administrative capacity in the fields of labour law, equal opportunities and coordination of social security;
  • strengthen enforcement structures in the fields of health and safety at work (in particular the Labour Inspectorate).

Evaluation (November 2001)

Progress has been made in relation to these priorities.

Evaluation (October 2002)

Cyprus has supported the social partners’ capacity-building efforts, which should be further supported by training.
At the end of 2002, an equal opportunities committee is to be set up and a budget allocated.
With regard to public health, the measures provided for in the action plan are either already in place or in the pipeline.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • transposal and implementation of European Union legislation in the fields of health and safety at work, labour law, equal opportunities and public health;
  • strengthen related administrative structures and the necessary structures to ensure coordination in the area of social security;
  • preparation of a national employment strategy, with the help of the Joint Employment Policy Review, with a view to later participation in the European Employment Strategy.

Evaluation (November 2001)

These priorities have been partially addressed.

Evaluation (October 2002)

Preparations for drawing up an employment strategy have begun.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78 of 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Regional Policy

Cyprus – Regional Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Regional Policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Regional Policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • Drawing up a national policy on economic and social cohesion in order to reduce internal disparities and to prepare for implementing the Structural Funds, including the procedures for drawing up multiannual budgets and the creation of structures for monitoring assessment and evaluation.

Assessment (November 2001)

As regards territorial organisation, the provisional NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Statistical Units) classification was introduced in good time. Cyprus is drawing up a special programme to prepare for the Structural Funds policy of the European Union, covering the implementation of partnership, monitoring, evaluation and statistics.

Assessment (October 2002)

Significant progress has been made in preparing the country to implement the structural policies. As regards territorial organisation, in February 2002, Eurostat accepted Cyprus’s proposal regarding the provisional NUTS classification. The whole country is designated as a single unit at NUTS levels I, II and III. The administrative districts are classified at NUTS level IV and municipalities at NUTS level V. The designation of the areas covered by Objective 2 is in process. The overall division of powers regarding the programming and implementation of the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund has been approved by the Council of Ministers. The Planning Bureau will be the future Managing Authority for all single programming documents (SPDs), while the Accounting and Financial Services Directorate of the Treasury will become the paying authority. With regard to programming, Cyprus will prepare three SPDs (for Objective 2, Objective 3 and Fisheries), to be submitted to the Commission in March 2003. In April 2002, an inter-ministerial committee for programming and management and a monitoring committee were set up. In March 2002, the Commission approved the first cross border INTERREG 3 programme with Greece. With regard to monitoring and evaluation, the plan for setting up a management system was submitted to the Accession Conference in March 2002. Since January, the Internal Audit Board has been in charge of financial management and control. The compilation of regional statistical data has continued. There has been no progress, however, as regards legislation.

Since 1998, the regional disparities between the northern and southern part of the island have increased. Once a political solution is found to the Cyprus problem, implementation of economic and social cohesion policy will have to work towards reducing the gaps. Accession negotiations on the regional policy chapter (No 21) have been provisionally closed and Cyprus has not requested any transitional periods. In addition to its administrative capacity, progress is needed in the following areas: 1) defining in detail the functions and duties of the established bodies; 2) developing structures, coordination mechanisms and cooperation both among the ministries and with all the potential partners; 3) improving evaluation, in particular ex-ante; 4) strengthening management and control procedures which already perform well; 5) removing problems encountered while setting-up a computerised accounting system; 6) improving the compilation of regional statistics.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC, 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Cyprus – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Short-term priorities:

  • Measures to complete the legislative framework for internal and external financial control;
  • Establishment of a central organisation within the government for harmonising internal audit and control functions;
  • Creation of internal audit and control units in spending centres;
  • Introduction of “functional independence” for national internal controllers and auditors at both central and decentralised levels;
  • Issue of an audit manual;
  • Access to data on per capita GDP in accordance with EU methodology.

Assessment (November 2001)

The review of the system for the internal financial control of tax revenue has begun. A manual, a charter and a strategic audit plan are being prepared. The internal and external control systems are more or less in line with the acquis. Cyprus is making progress in implementing the European System of Accounts.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare Cyprus for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • Strengthening of public financial control functions through the provision of adequate staff, training and equipment.

Assessment (November 2001)

This priority has been achieved.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Cyprus – Internal market

Cyprus – Internal market

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – Internal market

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Cyprus

Cyprus – Internal market

Short-term priorities:

  • public procurement: further harmonise legislation with regard to publication, time limits and review bodies;
  • extension of the law to local authorities and bodies governed by public law;
  • industrial and intellectual property rights: align and enforce legislation on trademarks, copyright and neighbouring rights;
  • strengthen administrative capacity and measures to combat counterfeiting, especially by strengthening border controls;
  • free movement of goods: adopt horizontal legislation on standardisation and certification;
  • transpose sectoral legislation in the field of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, cosmetics and hygiene requirements in foodstuffs;
  • speed up adoption of standards;
  • strengthen administrative structures, in particular for standards, certification and accreditation;
  • further transposal of the “New Approach” directives;
  • free movement of capital: further align rules on medium and long-term capital operations and prepare the way for subsequent liberalisation of short-term operations;
  • competition: adopt antitrust legislation, align legislation on State aid and increase the level of transparency of indirect support;
  • telecommunications: adopt a new law in order to ensure alignment with Community law;
  • establish an independent regulatory authority;
  • taxation: further harmonise VAT;
  • non-discrimination in relation to excise duties on imports originating in the European Union;
  • introduce the tax warehouse system and a procedure for the movement of dutiable goods;
  • ensure that new tax measures comply with the principles of the Code of Conduct for business taxation;
  • customs: adopt a pre-accession strategy for the harmonisation of Cyprus’ customs legislation;
  • accelerate the process of computerisation .

Assessment (November 2001)

In the field of public procurement, the harmonisation of legislation on publication, time limits and review bodies has not been carried out. The legislation on trademarks and patents is in line with Community law, but the law on copyright needs to be amended. The legislation on the free movement of foodstuffs has been adopted. The “New Approach” directives still need to be transposed. The liberalisation of capital movements is continuing. The alignment of antitrust legislation is sufficient, but action is needed on legislation relating to horizontal cooperation agreements. A law setting up a national regulatory authority in the field of telecommunications has been adopted. VAT alignment has been carried out. A general increase in the rates of excise duty is required. The customs computerisation process has speeded up.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare Cyprus for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • public procurement: eliminate national preference clause favouring local production;
  • company law: transpose the second and the twelfth directives, further align with the first, third and sixth directives;
  • implement Community law on balance sheets and profit-and-loss accounts;
  • align with EU accounting rules for “private exempt companies”;
  • data protection: adopt national legislation including the creation of an independent surveillance authority;
  • free movement of goods: complete the transposal of the “New Approach directives”;
  • free movement of capital: abolish remaining restrictions and authorisation procedures;
  • free movement of persons: complete the alignment of mutual recognition of diplomas;
  • competition: strengthen the competition authorities;
  • compatibility of legislation on State aid;
  • telecommunications: complete the alignment of the regulatory framework and the creation of an independent regulatory authority;
  • end the monopoly situation in voice telephony;
  • taxation: complete the alignment of the VAT system and increase rates of excise duty;
  • review existing laws and ensure compliance with the Code of Conduct for business taxation;
  • consumer protection: further align and strengthen market surveillance and enforcement authorities;
  • customs: accelerate the harmonisation of laws, including introduction of customs procedures with economic impact and simplified procedures;
  • strengthen institutional and administrative capacity;
  • continue the fight against fraud and corruption.

Assessment (November 2001)

In the field of public procurement, there are plans to eliminate the national preference clause favouring local production. Although the Cypriot legislation on accounting rules conforms with Community law, directives on other aspects of company law need to be transposed. A draft law on the protection of personal data and the creation of a surveillance authority are in the process of adoption. The “New Approach” directives have not yet been transposed. Restrictions on the free movement of capital still need to be abolished. Progress is being made for some professions in the mutual recognition of diplomas. The competition authority has been strengthened. There are still major delays in the adoption of legislation on telecommunications. The VAT system still needs to be aligned. The alignment with Community consumer protection law is on the right track. New customs procedures still need to be introduced.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 2000/248/EC of 20.03.2000
Official Journal No L 78, 29.03.2000

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.