Tag Archives: Cultural policy

A renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field

A renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about A renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Education training youth sport > Youth

A renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-18)

Document or Iniciative

Council Resolution of 27 November 2009 on a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018) [Official Journal C 311 of 19.12.2009].

Summary

For Europe to attain the objectives regarding growth and jobs set by the Lisbon strategy, it is imperative that its young men and women are socially as well as professionally well integrated. Such integration also promotes young people’s personal fulfilment, social cohesion and active citizenship. However, young people still face challenges in terms of employment, education and training, poverty, health, and participation and democratic representation. Therefore, a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field has been designed to provide better opportunities for Europe’s young people.

This renewed framework is based on the Commission’s communication of April 2009 on the new European Union (EU) Youth Strategy. It aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of European cooperation by establishing a strategy for the next decade that builds on the progress made and lessons learned under the previous framework.

European cooperation in the youth field during 2010-18

European cooperation in the youth field during 2010-18 is motivated by two interrelated objectives:

  • the creation of more and equal opportunities in education and the labour market;
  • the promotion of active citizenship, social inclusion and solidarity.

To this end, specific initiatives targeting young people and mainstreaming initiatives to incorporate youth issues into other policy areas are developed and promoted. The renewed framework outlines eight fields of action in which cross-sectoral initiatives to support young people should be taken:

  • education and training;
  • employment and entrepreneurship;
  • health and well-being;
  • participation;
  • voluntary activities;
  • social inclusion;
  • youth and the world;
  • creativity and culture.

European cooperation in the youth field must uphold a number of guiding principles, particularly:

  • promote gender equality;
  • combat all forms of discrimination;
  • consider differences between young people, especially in terms of disadvantage;
  • provide for the participation of young people in policy-making.

European cooperation should be evidence-based, relevant and concrete with clear and visible results that are regularly presented, reviewed and disseminated. It should be applied through a renewed framework of open method of coordination. This requires political commitment from EU countries and working methods based on:

  • a series of 3-year work cycles (the first cycle covers the years 2010-12);
  • an overall thematic priority for each trio presidency and specific priorities for each presidency country contributing to the overall thematic priority (the priorities for the period from 2010 to mid-2011 are set out in the annex to the resolution);
  • implementation instruments (knowledge building, mutual learning, progress reporting, dissemination of results, monitoring of the process, dialogue with young people, mobilisation of EU programmes and funds).

Within this renewed framework for European cooperation, the role of youth work must be strengthened. It should be supported and recognised for its social as well as economic contribution. The discussion should focus on the training, recognition of skills and mobility of youth workers and leaders, as well as on the promotion of innovative solutions in youth work.

Role of EU countries and the Commission

EU countries are called upon to work together on the basis of this resolution, with a view to improving European cooperation in the youth field. They should adopt national level measures that contribute to achieving the objectives set for this cooperation.

The Commission is invited to work with EU countries as well as to support their cooperation within the framework. The Commission should monitor the achievement of the objectives, in relation to which it should establish a working group to review data on the situation of young people and evaluate the need to develop new indicators for fields related to youth. The Commission should also propose peer-learning activities and initiate relevant studies.

Background

Established in June 2002, the framework for European cooperation in the youth field provided for the application of the open method of coordination in this context as well as for the mainstreaming of youth issues into other relevant policy areas. The European Youth Pact was adopted in March 2005 to contribute to reaching the objectives of growth and jobs of the Lisbon strategy. The renewed social agenda of July 2008 established children and youth as one of its main priority areas for action.

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Audiovisual and media

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2009/336/EC of 20 April 2009 setting up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency for the management of Community action in the fields of education, audiovisual and culture in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003.

Summary

This decision sets up the ‘Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency’ in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 and repeals Decision 2005/56/EC, which originally created the agency. The agency is established for the period 1 January 2005 – 31 December 2015 to manage Community action in these three fields. It is located in Brussels.

Objectives and tasks

The agency is responsible for managing certain strands of the following Community programmes:

  • programmes encouraging the development, distribution and promotion of European audiovisual works (MEDIA II 1996-2000 and MEDIA Plus 2001-06);
  • training programmes for professionals in the European audiovisual industry (MEDIA II – Training 1996-2000 and MEDIA – Training 2001-06);
  • the MEDIA 2007 programme of support for the European audiovisual sector (2007-13);
  • Community action programmes to promote active European citizenship (civic participation 2004-06 and ‘Europe for Citizens’ 2007-13);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of youth (2004-06);
  • the ‘Youth’ (2000-06) and ‘Youth in Action’ (2007-13) Community action programmes;
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of culture (2004-06);
  • the ‘Culture 2000’ (2000-06) and ‘Culture’ (2007-13) programmes;
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the field of education ‘Socrates’ (2000-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the area of vocational training ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ (2000-06);
  • the multiannual programme for the effective integration of information and communication technologies in education and training systems in Europe ‘eLearning’ (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level and support specific activities in the field of education and training (2004-06);
  • the action programme in the field of lifelong learning (2007-13).

The agency is also responsible for managing the following external relations programmes in the field of education:

  • the programme for the enhancement of quality in higher education and the promotion of intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries (Erasmus Mundus 2004-08);
  • the External Cooperation Window (EM ECW) co-operation and mobility scheme;
  • Erasmus Mundus 2009-13 programme, directly incorporating the ECW action 2;
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the United States of America renewing the programme of cooperation in the field of higher education, vocational education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the government of Canada renewing a cooperation programme in higher education, training and youth (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • joint mobility projects eligible for funding under the Industrialised Cooperation Instrument Education Cooperation Programme (ICI ECP) agreement between the European Community and the governments of Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea;
  • the third and fourth phases of trans-European cooperation scheme for higher education (Tempus III 2000-06 and Tempus IV 2007- 2013).

Furthermore, the agency is responsible for the earlier external cooperation projects on higher education funded under the provisions of the following:

  • economic aid for certain countries of central and eastern Europe (Phare);
  • assistance for the partner states of eastern Europe and central Asia (Tacis);
  • assistance for Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo (CARDS);
  • financial and technical measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (MEDA);
  • aid for economic cooperation with developing countries in Asia (1992-06);
  • the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA);
  • the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI);
  • the financing instrument for development cooperation (DCI);
  • the financing instrument for cooperation with industrialised and other high-income countries and territories (ICI);
  • the 9th European Development Fund (EDF).

With regard to these programmes, the agency is in particular responsible for the following tasks:

  • managing the projects entrusted to it in the context of implementation of Community programmes throughout their duration;
  • adopting the budget implementation instruments for revenue and expenditure and carrying out some, or all, of the operations necessary for the management of the Community programmes, including those linked to the awarding of grants and contracts;
  • gathering, analysing and passing on to the Commission all the information needed to guide the implementation of the Community programmes;
  • implementing the Eurydice network for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information and the production of studies and publications.

The agency may also be entrusted to carry out other similar tasks in the education, audiovisual and culture fields. In such a case, the Commission decision delegating tasks to the agency will be adapted accordingly.

Structure, grants and supervision

The Commission appoints a steering committee and a Director to manage the agency; the former for a period of two and the latter for a period of four years. For its operation, the agency is allocated a grant entered in the general budget of the European Union as well as finances from the European Development Fund. The Commission is responsible for supervising the agency. The agency must report to it regularly on the implementation of the programmes for which it is responsible.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Decision 2009/336/EC

20.4.2009 – 31.12.2015

OJ L 101 of 24.1.2009


Another Normative about Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Other

Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency

This Commission Decision establishes the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency. It sets out the Agency’s role in the management of Community programmes and the conditions under which the Agency has to operate.

Document or Iniciative

Commission Decision 2005/56/EC of 14 January 2005 setting up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency for the management of Community action in the fields of education, audiovisual and culture in application of Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 [See amending acts].

Summary

In accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003, the Commission set up the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency to manage Community action in these fields. The Agency has been established for a fixed period running from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015. It is located in Brussels.

Creation of the Agency

The creation of this Agency will allow the Commission to focus on its priority activities and functions, without relinquishing control or responsibility for activities managed by the Agency. The Agency’s task is to implement programmes that require a high level of technical and financial expertise, but do not entail political decision-making.

The Agency is supervised by the Commission and reports to three Directorates-General:

  • Education and Culture (DG EAC) – responsible for the majority of the programmes and actions entrusted to the Agency;
  • Information and Society (DG INFSO) – responsible for the MEDIA programme;
  • EuropeAid Cooperation Office (DG AIDCO) – responsible for Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Window.

Objectives and tasks

The Agency is hereby entrusted with the management of certain strands of the following Community programmes:

  • the programmes encouraging the development, distribution and promotion of European audiovisual works (MEDIA II – Development and distribution 1996-2000 and MEDIA Plus – Development, Distribution and Promotion 2001-06);
  • the training programmes for professionals in the European audiovisual programme industry (MEDIA II – Training 1996-2000 and MEDIA- Training 2001-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the field of education “Socrates” (2000-06);
  • the second phase of the Community action programme in the area of vocational training “Leonardo da Vinci” (2000-06);
  • the “Youth” (2000-06) and “Youth in Action” (2007-13) Community action programmes;
  • the “Culture” (2000-06 and 2007-13) programmes;
  • the multiannual programme (2004-06) for the effective integration of information and communication technologies in education and training systems in Europe (“eLearning”);
  • the Community action programmes to promote active European citizenship (civic participation 2004-06 and “Europe for Citizens” 2007-13);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of youth (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level and support specific activities in the field of education and training (2004-06);
  • the Community action programme to promote bodies active at European level in the field of culture (2004-06);
  • the action programme in the field of lifelong learning (2007-13);
  • the Media 2007 programme of support for the European audiovisual sector.

The Agency is also responsible for managing external relations programmes in the field of education:

  • the programme for the enhancement of quality in higher education and the promotion of intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries (Erasmus Mundus 2004-08);
  • the External Cooperation Window (EM ECW) cooperation and mobility scheme (in the Erasmus Mundus Programme 2009-13, the EM ECW will be incorporated directly under Action 2);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreements between the European Community and the United States of America renewing the programme of cooperation in higher education, vocational education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • projects eligible for funding under the agreement between the European Community and the Government of Canada renewing a cooperation programme in higher education and training (2001-05 and 2006-13);
  • joint mobility projects eligible for funding under the Industrialised Cooperation Instrument Education Cooperation Programme (ICI ECP) agreement between the European Community and the governments of Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea will be transferred to the Agency in 2009;
  • the third and fourth phases of the trans-European cooperation scheme for higher education (Tempus III 2000-06 and Tempus IV 2007-13, which will be transferred to the Agency in 2009).

In addition, the Agency is responsible for the earlier external cooperation projects on higher education funded under the provision of the following:

  • economic aid for certain countries of central and eastern Europe (Phare);
  • assistance to the partner States of Eastern Europe and Central Asia;
  • assistance for Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo;
  • financial and technical measures to accompany the reform of economic and social structures in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership (MEDA);
  • aid for economic cooperation with developing countries in Asia;
  • the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA);
  • the European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument (ENPI);
  • the instrument for development cooperation (DCI);
  • the instrument for cooperation with industrialised and other high-income countries and territories (ICI);
  • the 9th European Development Fund (EDF) (2000-07).

In connection with these programmes, the Agency is more specifically responsible for:

  • managing, throughout their duration, the projects entrusted to it in the context of implementation of Community programmes;
  • adopting the budget implementation instruments for revenue and expenditure and carrying out some, or all, of the operations necessary for the management of the Community programmes, including those linked to the awarding of grants and contracts;
  • gathering, analysing and passing on to the Commission all the information needed to guide the implementation of the Community programme;
  • implementing the Eurydice network for the collection, analysis and dissemination of information and the production of studies and publications.

The Agency may also carry out other similar tasks in the fields listed above. The Commission Decision delegating authority will then be adapted to take account of the addition of these tasks.

Structure, grants and supervision

The Agency is managed by a Steering Committee and a Director appointed by the Commission. The members of the Steering Committee are appointed for two years and the Director for four years. The Agency receives a grant entered in the general budget of the European Union and financing from the European Development Fund. It implements its operating budget in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004. The Commission supervises the Agency, which must report regularly on the implementation of the programmes for which it is responsible.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2005/56/EC 14.1.2005 OJ L 24 of 27.1.2005

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2007/114/EC 1.1.2007 OJ L 49 of 17.2.2007
Decision 2008/629/EC 12.6.2008 OJ L 205 of 1.8.2008
Decision 2008/785/EC 9.10.2008 OJ L 269 of 10.10.2008

Related Acts

Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 of 19 December 2002 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programmes [Official Journal L 11 of 16.1.2003].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1653/2004 of 21 September 2004 on a standard financial regulation for the executive agencies pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 laying down the statute for executive agencies to be entrusted with certain tasks in the management of Community programmes [Official Journal L 297 of 22.9.2004].

Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013

Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Education training youth sport > Education and training: general framework

Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013

Document or Iniciative

Decision No 1298/2008/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 establishing the Erasmus Mundus 2009-2013 action programme for the enhancement of quality in higher education and the promotion of intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries.

Summary

The Erasmus Mundus programme is hereby established to promote the quality of higher education in Europe, improve the potential of students and encourage intercultural understanding. It also seeks to support the development of higher education in third countries. The programme runs from 1 January 2009 until 31 December 2013.

Specific objectives

The programme aims, in particular, to improve:

  • cooperation between European institutions of higher education;
  • the quality of higher education;
  • skills and qualifications of citizens (European and third-country) through mobility;
  • third-country institutions of higher education in terms of human resources and international cooperation;
  • the visibility of and access to European higher education, including for third-country nationals.

Actions

The Erasmus Mundus programme is implemented through three actions, which consist of:

  • high quality Erasmus Mundus joint programmes, including both Masters and Doctoral programmes;
  • Erasmus Mundus partnerships between European and third-country higher education institutions;
  • measures that promote European higher education.

These actions may be pursued through approaches that support the development of joint programmes and cooperation networks, mobility of people (especially towards Europe), language skills and intercultural understanding, pilot projects with external partners and evaluations of trends and developments in higher education in the international context.

Information on the activities and developments in the programme are to be diffused as widely as possible by the Commission, in particular through the programme website.

Participation

The following may participate in the Erasmus Mundus programme:

  • higher education institutions, research centres and enterprises;
  • students at all levels of higher education;
  • post-doctoral researchers, academics and higher education staff;
  • other bodies involved in higher education (both public and private).

The programme is open to the European Union (EU) Member States. It is also open to the European Free Trade Association countries that are members of the European Economic Area, the candidate countries for accession to the EU, as well as the countries of the western Balkans and the Swiss Confederation, provided that a specific agreement has been concluded to that end.

Implementation

The Commission is responsible for ensuring that the Community actions are implemented in an effective and transparent manner. It must give due consideration to the bilateral cooperation between Member States and third countries and to other Community programmes and actions relating to higher education and research. It should also consult relevant European organisations and associations and provide its delegations in third countries with relevant public information.

In implementing this programme, Member States must ensure that the relevant stakeholders are properly involved, efforts are made to remove barriers to exchange programmes with third countries and students and institutions are kept well informed about the programme. The Member States should also assign structures for cooperating with the Commission as well as to seek synergies with other Community programmes and any related national initiatives.

The programme should promote the Lisbon Strategy, diversity and intercultural education, equality and equal opportunities for all with particular provisions made for students with special needs, the combating of all forms of discrimination and the development of third countries.

The financial framework for the Erasmus Mundus programme 2009-13 is EUR 493.690.000 for Actions 1 and 3. EUR 460.000.000 are indicatively set aside to cover Action 2.

Monitoring and evaluation

The Commission must regularly monitor the programme in cooperation with Member States. It is also responsible for the regular evaluation of the programme and must submit an interim report to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions before March 31 of the second year following the launch of the programme’s courses. In addition, the Commission must issue a communication on the continuation of the programme before 30 January 2012 and an ex-post evaluation report before 31 December 2015.

References

Act Entry into force – Date of expiry Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Decision No 1298/2008/EC

20.12.2008 – 31.12.2013

OJ L 340 of 19.12.2008