Tag Archives: Community import

Fight against Newcastle disease

Fight against Newcastle disease

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fight against Newcastle disease

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Animal health

Fight against Newcastle disease

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 92/66/EEC of 14 July 1992 introducing Community measures for the control of Newcastle disease [See amending acts].

Summary

This Directive lays down measures for tackling Newcastle disease as soon as its presence is detected in poultry. Similar measures are applied to racing pigeons and other birds kept in captivity.

Once a case of Newcastle disease is suspected, the official veterinarian shall inform the competent authority and implement the measures imposed by them. These measures provide for:

  • the placing of all holdings with suspected outbreaks under surveillance;
  • a record of all categories of poultry kept on the holdings to be made;
  • the isolation of all animals in their living quarters;
  • the banning of transporting poultry;
  • the competent authority to limit the movement of people, vehicles, other animals and materials connected with the poultry, which are liable to be contaminated;
  • the requirement that eggs remain within the holding;
  • the installation of appropriate means of disinfection inside the holding;
  • carrying out an epizootiological inquiry.

The preventative measures shall be withdrawn by the veterinarian once the suspicion of Newcastle disease has been officially ruled out.

Once the presence of Newcastle disease has been officially confirmed, the competent authority shall order a series of measures, including:

  • all poultry on the holding shall be killed;
  • all substances and waste liable to be contaminated shall be destroyed or treated appropriately;
  • meat from poultry from the holding, slaughtered during the presumed incubation period of disease shall be destroyed;
  • eggs laid during the presumed incubation period shall be destroyed;
  • buildings used for housing poultry shall be cleaned and disinfected;
  • no poultry shall be reintroduced to the holding until at least 21 days after completion of cleaning and disinfecting operations;
  • carrying out an epizootiological inquiry.

Some flocks of poultry do not have to be destroyed if the official veterinarian confirms that the animals are healthy and have been completely separated from infected flocks.

After the confirmation of Newcastle disease, the competent authority shall establish a protection zone (based on a minimum radius of three kilometres around the infected holding) and a surveillance zone (based on a minimum radius of 10 kilometres around the infected holding), in which specific measures apply. These measures include, amongst others, the identification of all holdings keeping poultry, periodic visits, clinical examinations and isolating animals. The measures applied in the protection zone shall be withdrawn no less than twenty one days after the cleaning and disinfecting of the holding. In the surveillance zone the measures shall be maintained for thirty days after the cleaning and disinfecting operations.

Each Member State shall designate a national laboratory responsible for coordinating the standards and methods of diagnosis, the use of reagents and the testing of vaccines for Newcastle disease. Each Member State shall then communicate the details of their laboratory to the other Member States and the public. The national laboratories shall work in cooperation with the Community reference laboratory, located in Weybridge (United Kingdom).

Vaccination against Newcastle disease can be carried out in accordance with procedures laid down by Member States. Member States may also provide a vaccination programme for racing pigeons. If the presence of the disease is confirmed, emergency vaccination may also be performed in the zones and for periods as defined by the competent authority.

Each Member State shall draw up a contingency plan which shall determine how Newcastle disease will be managed nationally. The plans shall comply with the series of criteria detailed in this Directive. For example, they must include the establishment of a crisis centre, local disease control centres and detailed information on the staff responsible for the emergency measures.

Commission experts may undertake checks on national establishments.

In order to eradicate Newcastle disease, Member States shall benefit from Community financial assistance according to the conditions defined in Decision 90/424/EEC.

The Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health shall assist the Commission in managing Newcastle disease. They will be involved in designing the checks carried out by the Commission’s experts, amongst other tasks.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Directive 92/66/EEC

25.9.1992

1.10.1993

OJ L 260 of 5.9.1992

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 806/2003

5.6.2003

OJ L 122 of 16.5.2003

Directive 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.1.2010

OJ L 219 of 14.8.2008

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 92/66/EEC have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated versionis of documentary value only.

Related Acts

Commission Decision 2007/24/CE of 22 December 2006 approving contingency plans for the control of avian influenza and Newcastle disease [Official Journal L 8 of 13.1.2007].

Intra-Community trade in and imports of bovine embryos

Intra-Community trade in and imports of bovine embryos

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Intra-Community trade in and imports of bovine embryos

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Veterinary checks animal health rules food hygiene

Intra-Community trade in and imports of bovine embryos

Document or Iniciative

Council Directive 89/556/EEC of 25 September 1989 on animal health conditions governing intra-Community trade in and importation from third countries of embryos of domestic animals of the bovine species [See amending act(s)].

Summary

The Directive lays down animal health conditions for trade between Member States in embryos of domestic cattle and imports from third countries.

Intra-Community trade in embryos is limited to those complying with conditions concerning conception, collection, processing, storage and certification. The embryos must be accompanied during transport by a health certificate certifying that they conform to this Directive.

The Directive envisages a system for approving the embryo collection and production teams in the Member States and in third countries. Each team is registered by the competent authority of the country concerned and receives a veterinary registration number.

The list of embryo collection and production teams and their veterinary registration number is regularly updated by the Member States. The latter then communicate the list to the other Member States and the public.

Imports of embryos from third countries are restricted to a list of authorised countries to be drawn up by a procedure provided for by Article 18 with regard to certain criteria (the health of the livestock, information on contagious diseases, prevention and combating animal diseases, the structure of veterinary services, the guarantees provided, etc.).

The Directive provides for safeguard and control measures in the country of collection and the country of destination.

REFERENCES

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 89/556/EEC

29.9.1989

1.1.1991

OJ L 302, 19.10.1989

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Directive 90/425/EEC

26.7.1990

26.9.1990

OJ L 224, 18.8.1990

Directive 93/52/EEC

19.7.1993

31.12.1993

OJ L 175, 19.7.1993

Regulation (EC) No 806/2003

5.6.2003

OJ L 122, 16.5.2003

Directive 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.1.2010

OJ L 219, 14.8.2008

The successive amendments and corrections to Directive 89/556/EEC have incorporated into the original text. This consolidated versionis for reference only.

RELATED ACTS

Commission Decision 2006/168/EC of 4 January 2006 establishing the animal health conditions and the veterinary certification requirements for imports into the Community of bovine embryos and repealing Decision 2005/217/EC [Official Journal L 57 of 28.2.2006].

EU customs relief system

EU customs relief system

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about EU customs relief system

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Customs

EU customs relief system

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 1186/2009 of 16 November 2009 setting up a Community system of reliefs from customs duty.

Summary

This regulation sets out the cases in which relief from import and export duties and measures adopted on the basis of Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) (ex-Article 133 of the Treaty establishing the European Community) are granted when goods are imported into or exported out of the European Union (EU).

RELIEF FROM IMPORT DUTIES

There are various categories of goods which are eligible for relief from import duties. Subject to certain conditions, goods are free from import duties when they concern:

Personal property:

  • personal property of people transferring their normal place of residence from a non-EU country to an EU country, provided that the place of residence had been outside of the EU for at least 12 consecutive months;
  • goods imported on the occasion of a marriage, provided that the person concerned has been resident outside of the EU for at least 12 consecutive months and can provide proof of marriage;
  • personal property inherited by an EU resident;
  • clothing, study materials and furniture of students coming to study in the EU.

Goods of negligible value, non-commercial goods, capital goods and goods contained in travellers’ personal luggage:

  • goods of negligible value;
  • goods of a non-commercial nature, sent directly from one private individual in a non-EU country to another in the EU;
  • capital goods and other equipment belonging to an undertaking that has definitively terminated its activities in a non-EU country and has moved to the EU;
  • VAT-exempt goods contained in the personal luggage of travellers arriving from outside the EU.

Agricultural, biological, chemical, pharmaceutical and medical products:

  • agricultural, stock-farming, bee-keeping, horticultural and forestry products from properties in adjoining non-EU countries operated by EU farmers;
  • seeds, fertilisers and products for treatment of soil and crops imported by agricultural producers from non-EU countries, but intended for use in the adjoining EU countries;
  • laboratory animals and biological or chemical substances intended for research;
  • therapeutic substances of human origin and blood-grouping and tissue-typing reagents;
  • instruments and apparatus used in medical research, diagnosis or treatment;
  • reference substances for the quality control of medicinal products;
  • pharmaceutical products used at international sports events.

Other categories:

  • educational, scientific and cultural materials and scientific instruments and apparatus;
  • goods for charitable or philanthropic organisations;
  • honorary decorations or awards, gifts received in the context of international relations and goods to be used by monarchs or heads of state;
  • goods imported for trade promotion purposes;
  • trademarks, patterns or designs sent to organisations protecting copyrights or industrial and commercial patent rights;
  • tourist information literature;
  • ancillary materials used for the stowage and protection of goods during their transport;
  • litter, fodder and feedingstuffs accompanying animals during their transport;
  • fuel and lubricants contained in motor vehicles and motor cycles entering the EU;
  • materials for the construction or maintenance of war memorials;
  • coffins containing bodies, funerary urns containing ashes, and ornamental funerary articles.

Where relief from import duties is subject to the goods being put to a particular use, the person concerned is responsible for providing the competent authority with proof that these conditions have been met. In this situation, only the competent authorities of the EU country concerned may grant this relief.

RELIEF FROM EXPORT DUTIES

There are various categories of goods which are eligible for relief from export duties. Subject to certain conditions, goods are free from export duties when they concern:

  • goods of negligible value;
  • domesticated animals exported when an agricultural undertaking transfers its activities from an EU to a non-EU country;
  • agricultural or stock-farming products obtained by non-EU farmers in adjoining countries;
  • seeds exported by agricultural producers for use on properties in non-EU countries;
  • fodder and feedingstuffs accompanying animals during their exportation.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1186/2009

30.12.2009

OJ L 324, 10.12.2009

International trade in hazardous chemicals

International trade in hazardous chemicals

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about International trade in hazardous chemicals

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Single Market for Goods > Chemical products

International trade in hazardous chemicals

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EU) No. 649/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 concerning the export and import of hazardous chemicals.

Summary

The Regulation provides rules concerning the import of chemicals that are banned or severely restricted for use in the European Union (EU). Exporters shall be required to notify the export of chemicals subject to this Regulation before export can take place. Furthermore, the chemicals covered by the Rotterdam Convention, and chemicals that are banned or severely restricted in the European Union, cannot be exported without the consent of the importing countries.

This Regulation aims at ensuring that the provisions of the Regulation on the classification, labelling and packaging of chemical substances shall also apply to all chemicals when they are exported from Member States to other Parties to the Convention or to other countries, except if these provisions are incompatible with the specific requirements of these Parties or other countries.

Chemicals concerned:

This Regulation covers:

  • certain hazardous chemicals that are subject to the prior informed consent procedure (the ‘PIC procedure’) under the Rotterdam Convention;
  • certain hazardous chemicals that are banned or severely restricted within the Union or a Member State; and
  • all chemicals when exported in so far as their classification, labelling and packaging are concerned.

Certain products are excluded from the scope of the Regulation, specifically:

  • narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;
  • radioactive materials;
  • wastes;
  • chemical weapons;
  • food and food additives;
  • feedingstuffs;
  • genetically modified organisms;
  • medicinal products;
  • chemicals exported for the purpose of research or analysis in low quantities which do not present a risk to health or the environment.

National authorities

Each Member State shall designate one or more authority to carry out the administrative functions required by this Regulation.

European Chemicals Agency

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) shall assist the Commission by managing the technical, scientific and administrative aspects relating to the import and export of said products. It shall send, in particular, manufacturers’ notifications to non-EU importing countries, manage all related communications, and maintain a database of the notifications which shall be accessible on its website.

Notification and explicit consent procedure

This Regulation sets the time periods and obligations concerning the notification procedure and the explicit consent procedure depending on the category to which the chemical product belongs.

Imports

The Commission shall adopt a decision in the form of a final or interim response regarding the import of the chemical in question. Where a chemical is subject to additional or amended restrictions, the Commission shall adopt a revised import decision.

In the case of a chemical being banned or severely restricted, the Commission shall take this information into account in its import decision.

Exports

Exporters must comply with the decisions of other Parties concerning import. Export of a chemical to a Party which has not provided a response concerning the import of the chemical concerned is prohibited. However, the chemical may be exported if the importing Party has given explicit consent for the chemical in question.

Any export of a chemical which is banned or severely restricted by European Union legislation must be notified to the importing country and said country must acknowledge receipt of the notification in accordance with the Convention.

Exchange of information

The Commission, assisted by ECHA and the Member States, shall facilitate the provision of scientific, technical, economic and legal information concerning the chemicals covered by this Regulation.

Technical assistance

The Commission, the designated national authorities of the Member States and ECHA shall cooperate in promoting technical assistance for the development of the infrastructure, the capacity and the expertise necessary to manage chemicals properly throughout their lifecycles, depending on the needs of developing countries and countries with economies in transition.

Penalties

The rules on penalties applicable to infringements of the provisions of this Regulation shall be determined by Member States. The penalties provided for must be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.

Repeal

This Regulation repeals Regulation (EC) No. 689/2008 with effect from 1 March 2014.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EU) No. 649/2012

16.8.2012

OJ L 201 of 27.7.2012