Tag Archives: Audiovisual

Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services

Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Audiovisual and media

Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services (2006 recommendation)

Document or Iniciative

Recommendation 2006/952/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on the protection of minors and human dignity and on the right of reply in relation to the competitiveness of the European audiovisual and on-line information services industry [Official Journal L 378 of 27.12.2006].

Summary

The emergence of new information and communication technology demands constant vigilance when it comes to protecting the rights of the individual. It must be ensured that the content of audiovisual and information services stays within the law, respects the principle of human dignity and does not impair the development of minors.

To create a “European media area” that respects freedom of expression and, at the same time, the rights of the consumer, action will be required at all levels: European level, by Member States, and by the industry and other parties concerned.

ACTION AT MEMBER STATE LEVEL

The recommendation calls on Member States to take the necessary measures to ensure that minors and human dignity are better protected across all audiovisual and on-line information services.

Right of reply across all media

Member States are invited to consider introducing measures regarding the right of reply or equivalent remedies in relation to on-line media.

Promoting responsible use by minors

The recommendation invites Member States to take measures to enable minors to make responsible use of audiovisual and on-line information services. This could involve improving the level of awareness among parents, teachers and trainers of the potential of the new services and of the means whereby they may be made safe for minors.

Promoting a responsible attitude on the part of professionals, intermediaries and users

Member States are invited to promote a responsible attitude on the part of professionals, intermediaries and users by:

  • encouraging the audiovisual and on-line information services industry to avoid all discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation, and to combat any such discrimination;
  • encouraging vigilance and the reporting of pages considered illegal;
  • drawing up a code of conduct in cooperation with professionals and regulatory authorities at national and Community level.

Combating illegal activity

A key role is ascribed to measures to combat illegal activity that is likely to be harmful to minors on the Internet. The recommendation proposes that the following measures be taken:

  • awarding a quality label to service providers so that users can easily check whether or not a given provider subscribes to a code of conduct;
  • establishing appropriate means for the reporting of illegal and/or suspicious activities on the Internet.

ACTION AT INDUSTRY LEVEL

Apart from the Member States, the audiovisual and on-line information services industry and other parties concerned are also urged to take action to ensure respect for human dignity and the protection of minors in the services they offer.

Positive measures for the benefit of minors

The recommendation suggests that a number of initiatives be adopted, including greater cooperation between the regulatory, self-regulatory and co-regulatory bodies of the Member States. It also encourages the exchange of best practices concerning such issues as a system of common descriptive symbols or warning messages which would help users to assess the content of the services.

Technical measures

The industry is urged to examine the possibility of creating filters which would prevent information offending against human dignity from passing through the Internet. It is also encouraged to develop measures to increase the use of content labelling systems for material distributed over the Internet.

Combating discrimination

The recommendation invites the industry to find effective means of fighting any incitement to discrimination in audiovisual and on-line information services. In addition, it should promote a diversified and realistic picture of the skills and potential of men and women in society.

COMMISSION INITIATIVES

Apart from its activity in the context of the 2005-2008 Community programme for a safer Internet, the Commission intends to take a number of initiatives to promote the protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and on-line information services. These involve, in particular:

  • introducing a European freephone number to provide Internet users with information on issues relating to the protection of minors and human dignity;
  • possible support for the establishment of a generic second-level domain name reserved for monitored sites committed to respecting minors and their rights;
  • support for the formation of networks by self-regulatory bodies and the exchanging of experience among them, with the aim of assessing the effectiveness of codes of conduct and approaches based on self-regulation.

Related Acts

Council Recommendation 98/560/EC of 24 September 1998 on the development of the competitiveness of the European audiovisual and information services industry by promoting national frameworks aimed at achieving a comparable and effective level of protection of minors and human dignity [Official Journal L 270 of 7 October 1998].

This 1998 recommendation is the first legal instrument at Community level governing the content of audiovisual and information services and the protection of minors and human dignity.

Audiovisual and media

Audiovisual and media

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Audiovisual and media

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Audiovisual and media

Audiovisual and media

Audiovisual media (radio broadcasting, television and cinema) represent more than a million jobs in the European Union and constitute the primary source of information and entertainment for Europeans. The Community’s objectives in terms of audiovisual matters are European cultural diversity, the protection of minors, the promotion of media diversity, as well as increased European film production.
In this context, the Union encourages cooperation between Member Sates and supports their action on the basis of Article 167 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (EU). The “Audiovisual Media Services” (AMS) Directive and the Media Programme are the two cornerstones of Community audiovisual policy.

TELEVISION WITHOUT FRONTIERS

  • Audiovisual Media Services (AMS) Directive
  • “Audiovisual media services without frontiers” Directive
  • Television broadcasting activities: “Television without Frontiers” (TVWF) Directive

Revision process of the TVWF Directive

  • The future of European regulatory audiovisual policy
  • Provisions of the TWF directive on televised advertising (interpretative communication)

MEDIA PROGRAMMES

  • Media Mundus audiovisual cooperation programme with professionals from third countries 2011-2013
  • MEDIA 2007: programme of support for the European audiovisual sector
  • MEDIA Plus (2001-2006): programme to encourage the development, distribution and promotion of European works
  • MEDIA-Training (2001-2006): training programme for professionals in the European audiovisual programme industry
  • Media II (1996-2000): programme encouraging the development and distribution of European audiovisual works
  • Training programme for professionals in the audiovisual industry (MEDIA II Training) (1996-2000)
  • Action programme to promote the development of the European audiovisual industry (Media) (1991-1995)

PROTECTION OF MINORS AND HUMAN DIGNITY

  • Protecting children in the digital world
  • Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services (2006 recommendation)
  • Protection of minors and human dignity (1998 Recommendation)
  • Protection of minors and human dignity in audiovisual and information services: Green Paper

DIGITAL TELEVISION AND INTERACTIVE MEDIA

  • Digital Agenda for Europe
  • Digitising cultural heritage online
  • European cinema: opportunities and challenges in the digital era
  • Media literacy in the digital environment
  • Towards a single market in creative content online
  • Media literacy in the digital age
  • Community policy on digital video broadcasting
  • Principles and guidelines for the Community’s audiovisual policy in the digital age

Switchover to digital broadcasting

  • Strengthening the internal market for mobile TV
  • Legal framework for mobile TV
  • Switchover from analogue to digital broadcasting
  • Interoperability of digital interactive television services

Interactive media

  • Online access to Europe’s cultural heritage
  • i2010: Digital libraries
  • Interactive media content in Europe
  • Protection of video game users

STATE AID RULES

  • National aid to the film and audiovisual industries
  • State aid for public service broadcasting
  • State aid for public service broadcasting

HIGH DEFINITION TELEVISION

  • High-definition television – HDTV

BODIES AND AGENCIES

  • Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency
  • Community participation in the European Audiovisual Observatory

ENLARGEMENT

Ongoing enlargement

  • Turkey – Information society and media
  • Croatia – Information Society and Media
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Information society and media
  • Iceland – Information society and media

Enlargement of January 2007

  • Bulgaria
  • Romania

Enlargement of May 2004

  • Cyprus
  • Estonia
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Malta
  • Poland
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia