Tag Archives: Animal feed

European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes

European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Animal welfare

European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes

Document or Iniciative

Council Decision 78/923/EEC of 19 June 1978 concerning the conclusion of the European Convention for the protection of animals kept for farming purposes.

Council Decision 92/583/EEC of 14 December 1992 on the conclusion of the Protocol of amendment to the European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes.

Summary

This Convention applies to animals reared or kept for the production of food, wool, skin or fur or for other farming purposes, including animals resulting from genetic modifications or new genetic combinations. It concerns, in particular, animals kept in intensive stock-farming systems.

The aim of the Convention is to protect farm animals against any unnecessary suffering or injury caused by their housing, the feed they are given or the care they receive. In order to achieve that objective, those countries that have signed the Convention must comply with certain rules concerning, among other thing, farming premises (space and the environment), feed, animal health and the organisation of inspections of the technical installations used in modern intensive stock-farming systems.

The Convention creates a Standing Committee to monitor its application. The Committee may draw up and adopt recommendations to the signatory countries.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Decision 78/923/EEC

19.6.1978

OJ L 323, 17.11.1978

Decision 92/583/EEC

14.12.1992

OJ L 395, 31.12.1992

Related Acts

General Directive concerning the protection of animals kept for farming purposes

Council Directive 98/58/EC [Official Journal L 221 of 8.8.1998].
This Directive lays down general rules on the protection of animals, of whatever species, including fish, reptiles and amphibians, reared for the production of food, wool, skin or fur or for other farming purposes.

Directives specific to certain species

Hens
Council Directive 1999/74/EC [Official Journal L 203 of 3.8.1999].

Calves
Council Directive 2008/119/EC [Official Journal L 10 of 15.1.2009].

Pigs
Council Directive 2008/120/EC [Official Journal L 47 of 18.2.2009].

Feed hygiene

Feed hygiene

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Feed hygiene

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Animal nutrition

Feed hygiene

Document or Iniciative

Regulation 183/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 January 2005 laying down requirements for feed hygiene [See amending act(s)].

Summary

This Regulation requires feed business operators to comply with obligations relating to hygiene and traceability and the registration and approval of their establishments. The objective is to achieve a high level of protection of human and animal health, notably by ensuring that feed is safe and of good quality.

Scope

The Regulation applies to the activities of feed business operators, starting with primary production of feed * up to and including its placing on the market and imports of products intended for animal nutrition from third countries. This also includes the feeding of food-producing animals.

The following are excluded from the scope of this Regulation:

  • the private domestic production of feed for food-producing animals intended for private domestic consumption and for animals not intended for food production, and the feeding of these animals;
  • the direct supply of small quantities of primary products at local level by the producer to local farms;
  • the retailing of pet food.

Obligations incumbent on operators

Feed business operators responsible for the primary production of feed must take the measures necessary to prevent, eliminate or reduce feed safety hazards during the production, preparation, cleaning, packaging, storing and transport of these products (Annex I). These operators must keep records relating to measures put in place to control contamination hazards.

Feed business operators other than at the level of primary production of feed must adopt appropriate measures to guarantee the safety of the products that they manufacture, transport or use. These measures are detailed more precisely than those concerning the primary production of feed (Annex II) and chiefly concern facilities and equipment used by the operators, staff training, the organisation and monitoring of different stages of production, and the documents which the operators must keep.

Feed business operators other than at the level of primary production of feed must apply HACCP principles (hazard analysis and critical control points) and must keep documents demonstrating that they respect these principles.

These principles prescribe a certain number of requirements to be met throughout the cycle of production, processing and distribution in order to permit, via hazard analysis, identification of the critical points which need to be kept under control in order to guarantee food safety:

  • identify any hazards that must be prevented, eliminated or reduced to acceptable levels;
  • identify the critical control points at the step or steps at which control is essential;
  • establish critical limits beyond which intervention is necessary;
  • establish and implement effective monitoring procedures at critical control points;
  • establish corrective actions when monitoring indicates that a critical control point is not under control;
  • implement own-check procedures to verify whether the measures adopted are working effectively;
  • keep records to demonstrate the effective application of these measures and to facilitate official controls by the competent authority.

Feed business operators are responsible for any infringement of the law governing feed safety. In order to prepare an effective system of financial guarantees for operators in this sector, the Commission presents a report on financial guarantees in the feed sector to the European Parliament and the Council (see “Related Acts”).

Feed business operators (including those responsible for the primary production of feed) must register their establishments with the competent authority of their Member State. They must provide the authority with up to date information and cooperate with it in the event of controls.

Where required by national or Community legislation, businesses in the food sector must be approved by the competent authority and may not operate without such approval. The competent authority of each Member State must keep a list of approved establishments. When an approved establishment no longer complies with the requirements governing its activities, the approval may be temporarily suspended or revoked.

Operators who import products from third countries must ensure that:

  • the country concerned is included in a list drawn up pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on official controls of food and feed;
  • the supplier is entered in a list kept by the third country testifying to the firm’s conformity with Community hygiene standards or equivalent standards.

Guides to good practice

The Member States encourage the preparation of national guides to good practice in the feed sector and national guides on the application of HACCP principles. Member States must assess such national guides to ensure that their contents are practicable, that they have been developed taking into account the appropriate principles of the Codex Alimentarius and that all interested parties have been consulted. National guides deemed to be in conformity are forwarded to the Commission, which enters them in a register.

Standardised Community guides may be prepared if the Commission considers this advisable. The Standing Committee on the Food Chain ensures that the content of such guides is practicable, that they have been prepared taking into account the appropriate principles of the Codex Alimentarius, and that the national guides and all the interested parties have been consulted.

BACKGROUND

Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 constitutes the cornerstone of the new European legislation on food safety. Adopting the “from farm to table” approach, it aims, by drawing on the latest scientific opinions, to guarantee a high standard of health and safety throughout the food chain. This approach also covers the entire animal feed chain, including the primary production of feed (which is not covered by the old legislation), animal nutrition and the production of feed.

Following the recent health crises and the occurrences of contamination of animal feed and feed materials (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, dioxin, hormones, etc.), the European Union is equipped with an appropriate legal instrument to ensure safety of all kinds of feed, to ensure that all feed businesses operate in accordance with harmonised hygiene requirements, and to improve traceability.

The Regulation replaces Directive 95/69/EC.

Key terms used in the act

Primary production of feed: production of agricultural products, notably including cultivation, harvesting, milking, breeding (before slaughter) or fishing, terminating exclusively in products which have not been subjected to any other processing after harvesting, gathering or capture, with the exception of simple physical processing.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 183/2005

8.02.2005

OJ L 35 of 8.02.2005

Amending act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

OJ L 87 of 31.3.2009

Related Acts

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on existing legal provisions, systems and practices in the Member States and at Community level relating to liability in the food and feed sectors and on feasible systems for financial guarantees in the feed sector at Community level in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 January 2005 laying down requirements for feed hygiene [COM(2007) 469 – Not published in the Official Journal].

This report consitutes the basis for a system of financial guarantees for feed business operators. On the basis of Regulation (EC) No 183/2005, which assigns to operators financial liability for infringements of Community legislation on the safety of animal feed, this report analyses the different guarantee options which could ensure enforcement of this liability in the framework of an efficient system. With this aim, the report takes account of the role of compulsory and optional insurance, bank guarantees and sectoral pooling systems. The report underlines the complexity of the problem and proposes launching a wide-ranging public debate on the various options. This debate is to take place over the two years following publication of the report and will take the opinions of all stakeholders into consideration.

Food and Feed

Food and Feed

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Food and Feed

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Food safety > Animal nutrition

Food and Feed (GMO)

Document or Iniciative

Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed [See amending act(s)].

Summary

This Regulation is stricter than the previous legislation. It supplements Regulation (EC) No 1830/2003 concerning the traceability and labelling of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

Products covered

The Regulation applies to three types of product:

  • genetically modified organisms for food and feed use;
  • food and feed containing GMOs;
  • food and feed produced from or containing ingredients produced from GMOs.

Authorisation procedure

The Regulation provides for a single authorisation procedure for food products containing GMOs.

The industrial operator can submit his application in accordance with this Regulation for all food products containing GMOs in compliance with the provisions provided for by Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release of GMOs into the environment.

The industrial operator submits a single application for food and feed uses and for cultivation. This means that a GMO which has obtained authorisation can be used not only in food and animal feed but also for cultivation or deliberate release into the environment.

Assessment (EFSA) and risk management (Commission)

Once the application has been made by an industrial operator, the national authority concerned acknowledges receipt in writing within 14 days and informs the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which is responsible for risk assessment in the food sector. The latter has 6 months in which to conduct this assessment.

The Commission is responsible for risk management. On the basis of the risk assessment carried out by the EFSA, the Commission draws up a draft decision accepting or rejecting the application within 3 months. It then submits this draft to the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health. If this committee accepts the proposal, it is finally adopted by the Commission; if it does not, the proposal is assessed by the Council of Ministers. If the latter does not reach a position within three months or if it is unable to reach a qualified majority for or against, the Commission adopts its proposal.

The marketing authorisation is renewable for ten-year periods.

Labelling

Food and feed products containing GMOs must be labelled as such. The words ‘genetically modified’ or ‘produced from genetically modified (name of the organism)’ must be clearly visible on the labelling of these products.

Food and feed products which contain a proportion of GMOs of less than 0.9 % of each ingredient are not labelled as GMO on the condition that the presence of the genetically modified organism is adventitious or technically unavoidable.

All genetically modified organisms and products thereof for food use must respect the labelling conditions provided for in this Regulation and also those laid down in Regulation (EC) No 1830/2003 concerning the traceability and labelling of GMOs.

GMO adventitious presence threshold

The presence of GMOs in traditional crops is difficult to avoid. Minute traces in food products are tolerated if their presence is accidental or the result of technically unavoidable contamination during growing, harvesting, transport or processing.

It is the responsibility of the farmer to demonstrate to the authorities the adventitious or technically unavoidable presence of a GMO in a food product.

Background

This Regulation harmonises the legislation on the labelling of GMOs by amending or repealing the legislation in force.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003

7.11.2003

18.4.2004

OJ L 268 of 18.10.2003

Amending Act(s) Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1981/2006

12.1.2007

OJ L 368 of 23.12.2006

Regulation (EC) No 298/2008

10.4.2008

OJ L 97 of 9.4.2008