Tag Archives: Agricultural policy

Agriculture

Agriculture

Agriculture Contents

  • General framework: Financing, Rural development, Direct support, Structural operations, Competition, Information and statistics
  • Markets for agricultural products: Direct support schemes, Common organisation of agricultural markets (CMO), Sectoral applications, Other products
  • Food:  Food quality, Organic farming, Genetically-modified organisms
  • Environment: Management and conservation of resources, Forest resources and non-food products, Pollution from agriculture
  • Agriculture: enlargement: Pre-accession, On-going negotiations, 2004 and 2007 enlargements

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Agriculture

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture

Agriculture

The common agricultural policy (CAP) dates back to the early days of European integration, when Member States made a commitment to restructuring and increasing food production, which had been damaged as a result of the Second World War. Today, the CAP still has a pivotal role in the European Union, not just because farmland and forests account for more than 90 % of land within the EU, but also because it has become an essential mechanism for facing new challenges in terms of food quality, environmental protection and trade. The 2003 reform was a key moment in the CAP’s development, adapting the policy to meet the new requirements of farmers, consumers and the planet. This approach continues to form the basis of the future development of the common agricultural policy of an enlarged Union present on the world stage.

Agriculture Contents

  • General frameworkFinancing, Rural development, Direct support, Structural operations, Competition, Information and statistics
  • Markets for agricultural productsDirect support schemes, Common organisation of agricultural markets (CMO), Sectoral applications, Other products
  • FoodFood quality, Organic farming, Genetically-modified organisms
  • EnvironmentManagement and conservation of resources, Forest resources and non-food products, Pollution from agriculture
  • Agriculture: enlargementPre-accession, On-going negotiations, 2004 and 2007 enlargements

See also

Overviews of European Union: Agriculture.
Further information: European Commission Agriculture and Rural Development Directorate-General.

Agriculture: enlargement

Agriculture: enlargement

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Agriculture: enlargement

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Agriculture: enlargement

Agriculture: enlargement

The recent enlargements of the European Union have had the effect of increasing the significance of agriculture and have resulted in new economic and social challenges for the common agricultural policy (CAP). The new Member States have huge agricultural potential in terms of human resources and providing further farmland. However, this potential has yet to be fully realised. There is a considerable socioeconomic divide between the old and the new Member States in the agricultural sector. Through its intervention, the EU aims to prepare candidate countries for implementing the CAP, specifically by adapting their infrastructure and reducing the disparities between Member States upon their accession.

SYSTEM OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT

  • Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA)
  • Pre-accession agricultural instrument (SAPARD)

ONGOING ENLARGEMENT

  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety
  • Croatia – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety
  • Turkey – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety
  • Iceland – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety

JANUARY 2007 ENLARGEMENT

  • Bulgaria
  • Romania

MAY 2004 ENLARGEMENT

  • Cyprus
  • Estonia
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Malta
  • Poland
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia

General framework

General framework

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about General framework

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > General framework

General framework

There are two main elements to the common agricultural policy (CAP): helping European farmers to be competitive and promoting development in rural areas, particularly in the least-favoured regions. With this in mind, the financing available to farmers has changed, increasingly focusing on environmental protection and on the quality, rather than quantity, of production. The EU has also made a greater commitment to rural development through a single financial instrument which promotes agriculture and forestry and all types of rural activity. Control and monitoring systems also play a key role in the management of these measures, whilst ensuring the proper conduct of operations and the development of the agricultural sector within the Union.

FINANCING

Financial framework

  • A budget for Europe (2014-2020)
  • Interinstitutional Agreement on cooperation in budgetary matters
  • Towards a new financial framework 2007-2013
  • Financing the common agricultural policy
  • Scrutiny of expenditure under the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF)
  • Recovery and information system for money wrongly paid in connection with the financing of the common agricultural policy
  • Community system for the identification of certain beneficiaries of transactions financed by the EAGGF Guarantee Section

Rural development

  • European Union strategic guidelines for rural development
  • European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)
  • Access for rural areas to ICTs
  • Employment in rural areas: closing the jobs gap
  • 2000-06: support for rural development within the framework of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF)
  • The financing of the common agricultural policy (CAP)

Direct support schemes

  • Single Farm Payment
  • Mediterranean package
  • Risk and crisis management in agriculture
  • Reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP)

STRUCTURAL ACTIONS

2007-2013

  • General provisions ERDF – ESF – Cohesion Fund (2007-2013)
  • European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (2007-2013)
  • The European Social Fund (2007-2013)
  • European grouping of territorial cooperation (EGTC)
  • Cohesion Fund (2007-2013)
  • Rules for the application of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Cohesion Fund (2007-2013)

Disadvantaged regions

  • Specific measures for the outermost regions
  • Specific measures in favour of the smaller Aegean islands

COMPETITION

  • Application of certain EU competition rules to agricultural products
  • State aid in the agriculture sector

INFORMATION AND STATISTICS

Simplifying the CAP

  • The CAP towards 2020
  • A simplified CAP for Europe
  • Health Check of the CAP reform
  • Simplification and better regulation for the common agricultural policy

Better understanding the CAP

  • Information measures relating to the common agricultural policy
  • Information measures on the Community market and markets of Non-EU Member Countries

Statistics and surveys

  • Farm Accountancy Data Network

Iceland – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety

Iceland – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Iceland – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > Agriculture: enlargement

Iceland – Agriculture, fisheries and food safety

acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.

Document or Iniciative

Commission Report [COM(2011) 666 final – SEC(2011) 1202 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The 2011 Commission Report identifies the progress which still needs to be achieved by Iceland in the fields of agriculture and fisheries. The provisions of the European Union (EU) acquis on food safety are applied by the country following the adoption of the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement.

EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)

The agriculture chapter covers a large number of binding rules, many of which are directly applicable. The proper application of these rules and their effective enforcement by an efficient public administration are essential for the functioning of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The CAP includes the setting-up of management and control systems such as a paying agency and the Integrated Administration and Control System (IACS), and also the capacity to implement rural development measures. EU accession requires integration into the common market organisations for a range of agricultural products, including arable crops, sugar, animal products and specialised crops. Member States must also be able to apply EU legislation on direct aid for farmers and to manage the common market organisations for various agricultural products.

The fisheries
acquis consists of regulations, which do not need to be transposed into national legislation. However, it requires the introduction of measures to prepare the administration and operators for participation in the Common Fisheries Policy (in the areas of market policy, resource and fleet management, inspection and control, structural actions and State aid). In some cases, existing fisheries agreements or conventions with third countries or international organisations need to be adapted.

This chapter covers detailed rules in the area of food safety. The general foodstuffs policy sets hygiene rules for foodstuff production. Furthermore, the acquis provides detailed rules in the veterinary field, which are essential for safeguarding animal health, animal welfare and safety of food of animal origin in the internal market. In the phytosanitary field, EU rules cover issues such as quality of seed, plant protection material, harmful organisms and animal nutrition.

EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)

The majority of the agricultural policy is still not aligned with the European provisions and no new legislative measures have been undertaken by Iceland. Appropriate administrative structures must also be established in this field.

Overall Iceland has aligned its legislation with the EU acquis on matters of food safety, veterinary policy and phytosanitary policy. However, Iceland’s legislation on live animals is still not aligned and no new development has been noted. The European legislative package relating to hygiene shall be put in place in November 2011. Additional progress is required concerning legislation on phytopharmaceutical products, novel foods, and also to strengthen administrative capacities and the capacities of laboratories.

The country continues to apply a fisheries policy, which has similar objectives to those of the European fisheries policy. However, the applicable rules continue to differ considerably. The legislation is not aligned with the EU acquis and no new development has been noted. The mechanisms for putting in place and monitoring European support measures must also be established. The existing restrictions to foreign investment in the fisheries sector are not aligned with the European rules.