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A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU

A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > European Strategy for Growth > Growth and jobs

A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU

In response to a request from the European Council, this Communication sets out a broad-based innovation strategy for Europe, following on from the Communication “More Research and Innovation – Investing for growth and employment” and the recommendations in the report “Creating an Innovative Europe”. The Commission says the European Union (EU) must become an innovation-based society. The main objective is to lay down a framework for promoting all types of innovation and encouraging the development of innovation-friendly lead markets. The EU has exceptional innovation potential, however this potential is under-exploited and the European regulatory and economic framework is not conducive enough to innovation.

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 13 September 2006 “Putting knowledge into practice: A broad-based innovation strategy for the EU” [COM(2006) 502 final Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

To be able to compete, Europe must become more inventive, innovate more and react better to consumers’ needs and preferences. A comprehensive strategy is proposed to achieve this.

The European Union has already taken significant steps:

  • the Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs of 2005 sets out policies and reforms to make Europe’s regulatory and economic framework more innovation-friendly;
  • the Commission Communication of October 2005 “More Research and Innovation” sets out a programme of 19 fields of action for the EU and the Member States;
  • the National Reform Programmes, based on the Integrated Guidelines of the 2005 Lisbon Strategy, encourage the Member States to take targeted measures to promote innovation, using the Structural Funds.

In spite of these initiatives, the EU economy is still not the innovative world economy that it should be. The report “Creating an Innovative Europe” (the Aho report) recommends urgent action to better exploit the EU’s innovation potential. According to the report, the business environment must be made more innovation-friendly. The Commission also thinks that innovation must be part of the core societal values and that citizens should not fear it but understand that it works for the benefit of all of society.

Against this background, the Communication is designed to:

  • provide a framework for discussions on innovation at national and European level;
  • identify new areas for action;
  • introduce a strategy to facilitate the creation and marketing of new innovative products and services in promising areas.

A more innovative European Union

Education is essential for the creation of an innovation-oriented society. The EU and its Member States must therefore facilitate the modernisation and restructuring of their education systems so that they can provide the skills required for innovation, in particular entrepreneurial skills as well as literacy, scientific and mathematical competence, languages and digital literacy.

The EU lacks appropriate skills, in particular in the field of science and engineering, and the absolute number of science and technology graduates is falling. This must therefore be rectified so as not to undermine the future capacity of Europe to innovate.

Transnational and structural mobility (between universities and industry) is also important to enable researchers to acquire new knowledge and find new applications. An open and competitive labour market for researchers must therefore be created.

Barriers hampering the EU’s innovation potential persist in the internal market. They affect:

  • goods and services;
  • consumers seeking access to them;
  • the mobility of workers; and
  • the availability of venture capital.

The service sector offers a major opportunity for innovation which must be exploited (the sector accounts for more than two thirds of GDP and employment). The creation of a real internal market for services and support for the funding and creation of innovative SMEs in the service sector should enable this opportunity to be seized.

The regulatory environment must be improved. Innovation calls for predictable, flexible, simple and effective regulation that reinforces consumer confidence, protects intellectual property and provides open and interoperable standards. The worldwide success of European business depends on the rapid adoption of such standards. As regards the protection of intellectual property, the Commission sees the adoption of a Community patent which is effective and affordable for business as the most important step. In the meantime, implementation of the London Protocol will help to improve the situation for business as regards intellectual property rights (IPRs). Better enforcement of IPRs on foreign markets is also crucial.

All the public and private stakeholders (business, the public sector and consumers) must be involved in the innovation process. Cooperation between them must be encouraged, in particular in the following forms:

  • clusters* in which businesses form part of a whole and interact with one another. Among other things they enhance productivity, promote research and become a focus for developing skills. The Community instruments support cluster policy because they promote innovation. Major transnational European cooperation, across national borders, should help to generate world-class European clusters;
  • knowledge transfer between the public research base and industry must be improved;
  • strategic partnerships between business and universities. These partnerships must be strengthened to bridge the cultural gap between university research and business needs;
  • the European Institute of Technology (EIT), which the Commission would like to see set up to form an integrated partnership of science, business and education for developing a new model for innovation. Students, researchers and businesses will work together in knowledge and innovation communities, in particular to develop know-how in key areas and enhance research and innovation management skills.

Innovation and research require major financial support. The national targets for research could raise the level of research and development investment across the EU if met. Some Community measures are also designed to provide better funding for research and innovation:

  • the Seventh Framework Programme which will boost the funding for collaborative research in the period 2007-2013;
  • Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs), which will provide a new funding framework for implementing RTD (research and technological development) agendas in those sectors determining industrial competitiveness;
  • earmarking a large proportion of the EUR 308 billion from the Structural Funds for investment in knowledge and innovation;
  • the Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP), providing in particular for an increase of 60% in the financial instruments to support entrepreneurship and innovation;
  • the Risk-Sharing Financial Facility (RSFF), which will support private investment in high-risk RTD and demonstration projects by means of loans and guarantees;
  • the JEREMIE Initiative (Joint European Resources for Micro-to-Medium Enterprises), which will help the Member States to develop financial instruments in favour of SMEs;
  • the new state aid guidelines for venture capital, which will enable the Member States to better target state aid on market deficiencies which hamper the provision of venture capital and prevent sufficient funding for research and innovation activities;
  • the new framework for state aid for R&D (research and development) and innovation, which will, in particular, enable the Member States to channel their spending into aid for young innovative businesses, innovation advisory and support services, the loan of qualified personnel, process and organisational innovation, and clusters;
  • tax incentives for R&D and innovation.

The public sector itself must adopt innovative approaches and exploit new technologies in public administration, to lead the way in creating a more innovative society.

Lead markets

The EU must promote the emergence of lead markets to facilitate the marketing of innovative products and services in promising areas. The emergence of such markets is fuelled by the strong consumer demand for innovative products and services. The idea is to identify those sectors in which the removal of barriers will promote the creation of new markets. The stakeholders, in particular the European Initiative INNOVA and the Technology Platforms, will help to identify and remove specific obstacles to the emergence of innovation-friendly markets. Various areas are conducive to the emergence of lead markets, for example eco-innovation and construction, internal security and defence, transport, space applications and health.

Better European governance for innovation

Structural change to promote innovation must be managed by political leadership. The Member States must continue to recognise and support innovation as a key priority within the Partnership for Growth and Jobs. The Competitiveness Council is requested to regularly assess the impact of national innovation policies on competitiveness.

An improved governance structure for innovation is required to put in place the policies recommended in this Communication. It is essential to establish strong innovation systems in all Member States, building on innovation drivers such as education and knowledge transfer. National coordinating mechanisms established under the Lisbon process should be used by the Member States to monitor effective implementation of their innovation strategies. In the context of the Treaty-based multilateral surveillance, the governance structure of the renewed Lisbon Strategy provides a forum for policy discussions and the exchange of innovation best practice at Community level. The Commission’s 2007 annual report will outline the progress achieved, based on the various thematic discussions on innovation in the Council in 2006. Lastly, integrated guidelines should be adopted to guide the process over a three-year cycle, and the Commission will assess the Member States’ reforms and policies in the field of innovation.

Roadmap

Ten actions are prioritised under the Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs:

  • an increase in the Member States’ public spending on education and innovation promotion via the education system and the modernisation of universities;
  • setting up a European Institute of Technology, to be operational by 2009;
  • development and implementation of a strategy by the Community and the Member States to create an open European labour market for researchers;
  • promotion of knowledge transfer between universities, public research organisations and industry;
  • mobilisation of the EU’s cohesion policy for the period 2007-2013 in support of innovation, including the earmarking of an ambitious proportion of the available funding;
  • adoption by the Commission of a new framework for state aid for research, development and innovation by the end of 2006, enabling state aid to be re-oriented and targeted at these objectives;
  • presentation by the Commission of a new patent strategy and preparation of a more comprehensive IPR (intellectual property rights) strategy;
  • development of an initiative on “copyright levies” to provide a legal framework for copyright which is more conducive to the development of new products and services;
  • introduction of a strategy in 2007 to facilitate the emergence of lead markets;
  • publication by the end of 2006 of a handbook on how public procurement can stimulate innovation.
Key terms used in the act
  • Clusters: business groupings in the same sector of activity.

 

A budget for Europe

A budget for Europe

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about A budget for Europe

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Agriculture > General framework

A budget for Europe (2014-2020)

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 29 June 2011 – A Budget for Europe 2020 [COM(2011) 500 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

This Communication details the future European Union budget for the period 2014-2020 and forms part of the Europe 2020 strategy. The proposed budget shall:

  • fund common policies, such as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP);
  • assist the weakest regions by applying the principle of solidarity;
  • complete the internal market;
  • promote synergies, cooperation and large-scale projects in the fields of research, innovation and justice;
  • respond to existing and emerging challenges that call for a pan-European approach, such as climate change, demographic change and humanitarian disasters.

A budget for research, innovation and technological development

The EU must be competitive in terms of innovation if it wishes to play a leading role on the world stage. However, it lags behind significantly in terms of innovation and research. In order to catch up, the Commission intends to increase the level of European investment in research and development and bring it to 3 % of GDP.

To this end, the Commission plans to allocate EUR 80 billion for the period 2014-2020 to the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation, complemented by the structural funds.

A budget for solidarity for sustainable growth and employment

The EU’s cohesion policy is an expression of solidarity with the most deprived regions. Cohesion policy also plays a significant role in achieving the ambitions and objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy across the EU. The Commission therefore plans to create a new category of region, namely ‘transition regions’, which would include all regions with a GDP per capita between 75 % and 90 % of the EU-27 average.

Furthermore, unemployment and poverty require coordination of national and European actions. For this reason, the European Social Fund (ESF) has a significant role to play. Its activities could be complemented by the PROGRESS programme and the EURES network.

The Commission intends to allocate EUR 376 billion to the cohesion policy instruments and to distribute this amount between the different areas as follows:

  • EUR 162.6 billion for convergence regions;
  • EUR 38.9 billion for transition regions;
  • EUR 53.1 billion for competitiveness regions;
  • EUR 11.7 billion for territorial cooperation;
  • EUR 68.7 billion for the Cohesion Fund.

A budget for connecting Europe

In order to be fully operational, the single market requires modern infrastructure. For this reason, the Commission proposes the creation of a Connecting Europe Facility in order to promote access to the internal market for all.

The Commission will dedicate EUR 40 billion to the creation of the Connecting Europe Facility, along with EUR 10 billion for investment in transport within the Cohesion Fund. This amount will be divided between three different sectors:

  • EUR 9.1 billion for energy;
  • EUR 31.6 billion for transport;
  • EUR 9.1 billion for ICT.

A budget for the Common Agricultural Policy

The CAP must be competitive, ensure an adequate and secure food supply, and preserve the environment and the countryside while providing a fair standard of living for the agricultural community. To achieve these objectives, the Commission wishes to proceed with some changes in order to integrate the CAP into the Europe 2020 strategy. In the future, the budget allocated to agriculture will also support the sustainable management of natural resources and tackling climate change, and will contribute to balanced territorial development throughout Europe.

The Commission intends to keep the two-pillar structure of the CAP with a greener and more equitably distributed first pillar and a second pillar that is more focussed on competitiveness and innovation, climate change and the environment. It intends to introduce the following changes:

  • greening of direct payments;
  • convergence of payments;
  • capping the level of direct payments.

The Commission proposes to allocate:

  • EUR 281.8 billion to the first pillar of the CAP;
  • EUR 89.9 billion to rural development.

In addition, an amount of EUR 15.2 billion will be distributed between the following sectors:

  • EUR 4.5 billion for research and innovation;
  • EUR 2.2 billion for food safety;
  • EUR 2.5 billion for food support;
  • EUR 3.5 billion in a new reserve for possible crises in the agricultural sector;
  • up to EUR 2.5 billion for the European Globalisation Fund.

A budget for investing in human resources

The 2020 strategy highlights the need to increase tertiary education in Europe and to reduce early-school leaving, while valuing culture and media activities.

However, the current architecture of the programmes which aim to achieve these objectives is still too fragmented. For this reason, the Commission proposes to establish a single programme on education, training and youth.

To this end, the Commission wishes to allocate EUR 15.2 billion to education and training, along with EUR 1.6 billion for culture. This funding should be complemented by the structural funds.

A budget for responding to the challenges of immigration

Policies relating to security and immigration issues are at the heart of European concerns. Significant changes on how to conduct these policies were introduced under the Lisbon Treaty. For this reason, the Commission wishes to henceforth simplify the structure of the expenditure instruments by reducing the number of programmes to two Funds:

  • a Migration and Asylum Fund;
  • an Internal Security Fund.

Furthermore, the Commission intends to allocate EUR 8.2 billion to home affairs, and EUR 455 billion to civil protection and the European Emergency Response Capacity.

A budget for making the EU a global player

It is important that the EU plays a leading role on the world stage, and that it ensures stability, prosperity and democracy in the countries surrounding it. In particular, the Commission wishes to develop its external strategy by creating a pan-African instrument under the Development and Cooperation Instrument (DCI). The EU also wishes to be involved in the process of democratisation in the Arab world.

The Commission does not consider that another major alteration of the legislative architecture applicable to the management of its external relations is necessary. It proposes to allocate EUR 70 billion for the external assistance instrument for the period 2014-2020.

And outside the MFF:

  • European Development Fund (ACP countries): EUR 30 billion;
  • European Development Fund (overseas countries and territories): EUR 321 billion;
  • Global Climate and Biodiversity Fund;
  • Emergency Aid Reserve: EUR 2.5 billion.

Projects requiring funding outside the EU budget

The European Development Fund (EDF) is financed outside the EU budget because of its specific status. The same applies to the ITER and European Earth Monitoring programme (GMES) projects, for which the costs are too high to be included in the EU budget.

A simplified budget

The new budget framework of the EU must meet the need for simplicity. For this reason, the Commission has decided to reduce the number of separate programmes and instruments. Complex programmes which have not been successful will either be redesigned in a simplified and more effective form or discontinued.

Another way to simplify the management of programmes is to put them under a single framework with common rules, keeping any exceptions or specificities to the minimum. For example, the three main sources of funding for research and innovation will be brought together within a single Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation. For funds under shared management, a Common Strategic Framework will replace the current approach of establishing separate sets of strategic guidelines for the different instruments.

Executive agencies are called upon to play a greater role in providing better quality service delivery.

Mindful of the pressures on Member States’ budgets and having regard to cut backs in national public administrative expenditure, the Commission proposes a 5 % reduction in the staffing levels of each institution/service, agency or other body.

The Commission also proposes to change the five instruments outside the financial framework, specifically:

  • the Emergency Aid Reserve;
  • the Flexibility Instrument;
  • the Solidarity Fund;
  • the Globalisation Adjustment Fund;
  • a new instrument to react to crisis situations in agriculture.

Conclusion

The Commission proposes in accompanying legislative texts a Regulation adopting a new multiannual financial framework, an inter-institutional agreement on budgetary matters and sound financial management, and for a Decision on own resources (with relevant implementing legislation).

In the months to come before the end of 2011, the approach outlined in this Communication will be set out in detail in the legislative proposals for the expenditure programmes and instruments in the individual policy areas.

RELATED ACTS

Proposal for a Council Regulation of 29 June 2011 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 [COM(2011) 398 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Proposal for a Council Decision of 29 June 2011 on the system of own resources of the European Union [COM(2011) 510 final – Not published in the Official Journal].


Another Normative about A budget for Europe

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Employment and social policy > European Strategy for Growth

A budget for Europe (2014-2020)

Document or Iniciative

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 29 June 2011 – A Budget for Europe 2020 [COM(2011) 500 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

This Communication details the future European Union budget for the period 2014-2020 and forms part of the Europe 2020 strategy. The proposed budget shall:

  • fund common policies, such as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP);
  • assist the weakest regions by applying the principle of solidarity;
  • complete the internal market;
  • promote synergies, cooperation and large-scale projects in the fields of research, innovation and justice;
  • respond to existing and emerging challenges that call for a pan-European approach, such as climate change, demographic change and humanitarian disasters.

A budget for research, innovation and technological development

The EU must be competitive in terms of innovation if it wishes to play a leading role on the world stage. However, it lags behind significantly in terms of innovation and research. In order to catch up, the Commission intends to increase the level of European investment in research and development and bring it to 3 % of GDP.

To this end, the Commission plans to allocate EUR 80 billion for the period 2014-2020 to the Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation, complemented by the structural funds.

A budget for solidarity for sustainable growth and employment

The EU’s cohesion policy is an expression of solidarity with the most deprived regions. Cohesion policy also plays a significant role in achieving the ambitions and objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy across the EU. The Commission therefore plans to create a new category of region, namely ‘transition regions’, which would include all regions with a GDP per capita between 75 % and 90 % of the EU-27 average.

Furthermore, unemployment and poverty require coordination of national and European actions. For this reason, the European Social Fund (ESF) has a significant role to play. Its activities could be complemented by the PROGRESS programme and the EURES network.

The Commission intends to allocate EUR 376 billion to the cohesion policy instruments and to distribute this amount between the different areas as follows:

  • EUR 162.6 billion for convergence regions;
  • EUR 38.9 billion for transition regions;
  • EUR 53.1 billion for competitiveness regions;
  • EUR 11.7 billion for territorial cooperation;
  • EUR 68.7 billion for the Cohesion Fund.

A budget for connecting Europe

In order to be fully operational, the single market requires modern infrastructure. For this reason, the Commission proposes the creation of a Connecting Europe Facility in order to promote access to the internal market for all.

The Commission will dedicate EUR 40 billion to the creation of the Connecting Europe Facility, along with EUR 10 billion for investment in transport within the Cohesion Fund. This amount will be divided between three different sectors:

  • EUR 9.1 billion for energy;
  • EUR 31.6 billion for transport;
  • EUR 9.1 billion for ICT.

A budget for the Common Agricultural Policy

The CAP must be competitive, ensure an adequate and secure food supply, and preserve the environment and the countryside while providing a fair standard of living for the agricultural community. To achieve these objectives, the Commission wishes to proceed with some changes in order to integrate the CAP into the Europe 2020 strategy. In the future, the budget allocated to agriculture will also support the sustainable management of natural resources and tackling climate change, and will contribute to balanced territorial development throughout Europe.

The Commission intends to keep the two-pillar structure of the CAP with a greener and more equitably distributed first pillar and a second pillar that is more focussed on competitiveness and innovation, climate change and the environment. It intends to introduce the following changes:

  • greening of direct payments;
  • convergence of payments;
  • capping the level of direct payments.

The Commission proposes to allocate:

  • EUR 281.8 billion to the first pillar of the CAP;
  • EUR 89.9 billion to rural development.

In addition, an amount of EUR 15.2 billion will be distributed between the following sectors:

  • EUR 4.5 billion for research and innovation;
  • EUR 2.2 billion for food safety;
  • EUR 2.5 billion for food support;
  • EUR 3.5 billion in a new reserve for possible crises in the agricultural sector;
  • up to EUR 2.5 billion for the European Globalisation Fund.

A budget for investing in human resources

The 2020 strategy highlights the need to increase tertiary education in Europe and to reduce early-school leaving, while valuing culture and media activities.

However, the current architecture of the programmes which aim to achieve these objectives is still too fragmented. For this reason, the Commission proposes to establish a single programme on education, training and youth.

To this end, the Commission wishes to allocate EUR 15.2 billion to education and training, along with EUR 1.6 billion for culture. This funding should be complemented by the structural funds.

A budget for responding to the challenges of immigration

Policies relating to security and immigration issues are at the heart of European concerns. Significant changes on how to conduct these policies were introduced under the Lisbon Treaty. For this reason, the Commission wishes to henceforth simplify the structure of the expenditure instruments by reducing the number of programmes to two Funds:

  • a Migration and Asylum Fund;
  • an Internal Security Fund.

Furthermore, the Commission intends to allocate EUR 8.2 billion to home affairs, and EUR 455 billion to civil protection and the European Emergency Response Capacity.

A budget for making the EU a global player

It is important that the EU plays a leading role on the world stage, and that it ensures stability, prosperity and democracy in the countries surrounding it. In particular, the Commission wishes to develop its external strategy by creating a pan-African instrument under the Development and Cooperation Instrument (DCI). The EU also wishes to be involved in the process of democratisation in the Arab world.

The Commission does not consider that another major alteration of the legislative architecture applicable to the management of its external relations is necessary. It proposes to allocate EUR 70 billion for the external assistance instrument for the period 2014-2020.

And outside the MFF:

  • European Development Fund (ACP countries): EUR 30 billion;
  • European Development Fund (overseas countries and territories): EUR 321 billion;
  • Global Climate and Biodiversity Fund;
  • Emergency Aid Reserve: EUR 2.5 billion.

Projects requiring funding outside the EU budget

The European Development Fund (EDF) is financed outside the EU budget because of its specific status. The same applies to the ITER and European Earth Monitoring programme (GMES) projects, for which the costs are too high to be included in the EU budget.

A simplified budget

The new budget framework of the EU must meet the need for simplicity. For this reason, the Commission has decided to reduce the number of separate programmes and instruments. Complex programmes which have not been successful will either be redesigned in a simplified and more effective form or discontinued.

Another way to simplify the management of programmes is to put them under a single framework with common rules, keeping any exceptions or specificities to the minimum. For example, the three main sources of funding for research and innovation will be brought together within a single Common Strategic Framework for Research and Innovation. For funds under shared management, a Common Strategic Framework will replace the current approach of establishing separate sets of strategic guidelines for the different instruments.

Executive agencies are called upon to play a greater role in providing better quality service delivery.

Mindful of the pressures on Member States’ budgets and having regard to cut backs in national public administrative expenditure, the Commission proposes a 5 % reduction in the staffing levels of each institution/service, agency or other body.

The Commission also proposes to change the five instruments outside the financial framework, specifically:

  • the Emergency Aid Reserve;
  • the Flexibility Instrument;
  • the Solidarity Fund;
  • the Globalisation Adjustment Fund;
  • a new instrument to react to crisis situations in agriculture.

Conclusion

The Commission proposes in accompanying legislative texts a Regulation adopting a new multiannual financial framework, an inter-institutional agreement on budgetary matters and sound financial management, and for a Decision on own resources (with relevant implementing legislation).

In the months to come before the end of 2011, the approach outlined in this Communication will be set out in detail in the legislative proposals for the expenditure programmes and instruments in the individual policy areas.

RELATED ACTS

Proposal for a Council Regulation of 29 June 2011 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 [COM(2011) 398 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Proposal for a Council Decision of 29 June 2011 on the system of own resources of the European Union [COM(2011) 510 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Abolition of customs formalities at internal frontier crossings for NATO military equipment

Abolition of customs formalities at internal frontier crossings for NATO military equipment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Abolition of customs formalities at internal frontier crossings for NATO military equipment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Customs

Abolition of customs formalities at internal frontier crossings for NATO military equipment

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3648/91 of 13 December 1991 laying down the procedures governing the use of Form 302 and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 3690/86 concerning the abolition within the framework of the TIR Convention of customs formalities on exit from a Member State at a frontier between two Member States, and Regulation (EEC) No 4283/88 on the abolition of certain exit formalities at internal Community frontiers – introduction of common border posts

Summary

Where goods are transported within the Community under the cover of Form 302 (established under the convention between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty on the status of their forces) the Community shall be considered, for the purposes of the rules governing the use of the said form for such transport, to form a single territory.

Where, in the course of a transport operation, goods pass through the territory of a third country, the checks and formalities inherent in Form 302 shall be applied at the points where the goods temporarily leave the customs territory of the Community and where they re-enter that territory.

The Regulation lays down the steps to be followed where it is found that, in the course of, or in connection with, a transport operation carried out under cover of Form 302, an offence or an irregularity has been committed. The Member States shall take the necessary measures to deal with any offence or irregularity and to impose effective penalties.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 3648/91 20.12.1991 OJ L 348 of 17.12.1991

Abolition of internal frontier controls for means of transport registered in a non-Community country

Abolition of internal frontier controls for means of transport registered in a non-Community country

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Abolition of internal frontier controls for means of transport registered in a non-Community country

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Customs

Abolition of internal frontier controls for means of transport registered in a non-Community country

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3912/92 of 17 December 1992 on controls carried out within the Community in the field of road and inland waterway transport in respect of means of transport registered or put into circulation in a third country.

Summary

This Regulation applies to controls carried out within the Community by the Member States in the field of road and inland waterway transport in respect of means of transport registered or put into circulation in a non-Community country.

The provisions of the Regulation do not affect the right of Member States to perform controls when means of transport from third countries enter their territory in order to make sure that they are authorised to circulate on their territory or to pass through it.

The above-mentioned controls are no longer carried out as frontier controls at the Community’s internal frontiers but only as part of the controls normally carried out by Member States in their territory.

The Member States are to take all measures needed to institute cooperation between their respective competent authorities.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 3912/92 1.1.1993 OJ L 395 of 31.12.1992

Related Acts

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3925/91 of 19 December 1991 concerning the elimination of controls and formalities applicable to the cabin and hold baggage of persons taking an intra-Community flight and the baggage of persons making an intra-Community sea crossing [Official Journal L 374 of.12.1991].

Council Regulation (EEC) No 4060/89 of 21 December 1989 on the elimination of controls performed at the frontiers of Member States in the field of road and inland waterway transport [Official Journal L 390 of.12.1989].