Scoreboard

Scoreboard

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scoreboard

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Other

Scoreboard

This scoreboard sets out the measures needed to create an area of freedom, security and justice and gives an overview of the progress made in implementing them.

Document or Iniciative

Commission communication of 24 March 2000: Scoreboard to review progress on the creation of an area of “Freedom, Security and Justice” in the European Union [COM(2000) 167 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The Amsterdam Treaty has laid down medium-term deadlines for adoption of the various measures required for the creation of an area of freedom, security and justice. These were fleshed out by the Vienna European Council (December 1998) and the Tampere European Council (October 1999).

By setting out the various measures and the timetable for adoption in a single “Scoreboard”, the Commission aims to keep a close eye on the progress made in creating an area of freedom, security and justice.

The Scoreboard helps to:

  • keep citizens informed of the measures being taken in the field of justice and home affairs;
  • keep up the momentum generated by the Tampere European Council;
  • highlight any delays in implementing the measures decided.

The Scoreboard follows as closely as possible the chapter headings used in Tampere and is divided into the following columns:

  • Objective: almost all the objectives listed in the Amsterdam Treaty and in the conclusions of the Vienna and Tampere European Councils, together with certain specific objectives in the field of justice and home affairs (citizenship of the Union, etc.);
  • Action needed: the form of follow-up action needed (legislative or non-legislative action, nature of the instrument required);
  • Responsibility: where responsibility lies for taking things forward (Commission and/or Member States);
  • Timetable for adoption (if any dates have been set);
  • State of play

The Commission will submit an updated version of the Scoreboard to the European Parliament and the Council every six months.

The Scoreboard is broken down into seven main sections:

  • a common EU asylum and migration policy:
    partnership with countries of origin, common European asylum system, fair treatment of third country nationals, management of migration flows;
  • a genuine European area of justice:
    better access to justice in Europe, mutual recognition of judicial decisions in criminal and civil matters, greater convergence in civil law;
  • Union-wide fight against crime:
    Union-wide crime prevention, stepping up cooperation in the fight against crime, fight against certain forms of crime, special action against money laundering;
  • issues related to internal and external borders and visa policy, implementation of Art. 62 TEC and converting the Schengen Acquis;
  • citizenship of the Union;
  • cooperation against drugs;
  • stronger external action.

The various elements of the Scoreboard are set out below:

1) COMMON EU ASYLUM AND MIGRATION POLICY

1.1 Partnership with countries of origin

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
Assessment of countries and regions of origin and transit in order to formulate specific integrated approaches Continuation of the mandate of the High Level Working Group on Asylum and Migration Council & Commission Ongoing work within the HLWG – Report on the implementation of the action plans already adopted: December 2000
Assessment of other countries and regions with a view to drawing up new action plans Council & Commission April 2001

1.2 Common European asylum system

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
Determination of the State responsible for the examination of an asylum application Examination of the effectiveness of the Dublin Convention Evaluation to be conducted by the Commission 2000 Launched in 2000
Adoption of criteria and mechanisms (regulation) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Proposal presented by the Commission in July 2001
EURODAC Council and Commission The Council adopted the Regulation concerning the establishment of EURODAC in December 2000
A fair and efficient asylum procedure Adoption of common minimum standards on procedures for granting or withdrawing refugee status, with a view to reducing the duration of asylum procedures and with special reference to the situation of children (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Proposal presented by the Commission in September 2000 and currently being discussed by the Council
Definition of common minimum conditions for reception of asylum seekers (with particular attention to the situation of children) (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Proposal presented by the Commission in April 2001
Common asylum procedure Commission (in part) Communication presented by the Commission in November 2000 (COM(2001) 710 final)
Uniform status throughout the Union for those who are granted asylum As a follow-up to the Commission communication, a legislative instrument may be needed Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal Commission to prepare a communication
Approximation of rules on the recognition of refugee status (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2004 Proposal presented by the Commission in September 2001
Adoption of measures on refugees and displaced persons, aimed at giving an appropriate status to any person in need of international protection Temporary protection in the event of mass influx of displaced persons in need of international protection (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal As quickly as possible Directive 2001/55/EC adopted in July 2001
Subsidiary forms of protection (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2004
Ensuring a balance of effort between Member States in receiving refugees and displaced persons and bearing the consequences of such intake Setting up a European Refugee Fund (decision) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal As quickly as possible Decision adopted by the Council in September 2000
Setting up a financial reserve to be available in the event of mass influx of refugees Council and EP Commission is exploring possibilities

1.3 Fair treatment of third-country nationals

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
Fight against all forms of discrimination, especially racism and xenophobia Implementation of the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of race or ethnic origin (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal June-December 2000 Directive adopted by the Council in June 2000
Establishment of a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal Directive adopted by the Council in November 2000
Programmes drawing upon best practices and experiences (decision) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal Decision adopted by the Council November 2000
Strengthening of cooperation with the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia and the Council of Europe Council / Commission Official opening of the Centre on 7 April 2000
Enhancing police and judicial cooperation in preventing and combating racism and xenophobia – Common charges for racism and xenophobia (framework decision) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal Second report on the implementation of the Joint Action of 15 July 1996 tabled in June 2000. Proposal for a framework decision presented by the Commission in November 2001
Approximation of national legislations on the conditions for admission and residence of third-country nationals
Approximation of the legal status of third-country nationals
Assessment of present and future migration flows into the EU, with regard to demographic changes, the situation of the labour market and migration pressures from countries and regions of origin Council / Commission / Member States Communication on an open method of coordination for immigration policy presented by the Commission in July 2001
Conditions of entry and residence for the purpose of (a) family reunification, (b) study or vocational training (c) paid employment or self-employed economic activity (directives) Council, on the basis of Commission proposals Commission proposal for a directive on the right to family reunification submitted to Parliament and Council on 1 December 1999. Amended proposals submitted by the Commission in October 2000 and May 2002
Standards and procedures for the issue of long-term visas and residence permits (directive) Council, on the basis of Commission proposals
Definition of a set of uniform rights (e.g. the right to reside, receive education and work as an employee or a self-employed person) to be granted to third country nationals who have resided legally in a Member State for a certain period of time (directive) Council, on the basis of Commission proposals Study put in hand by the Commission on the legal status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents in a Member State of the European Union.
Proposal for a Directive presented by the Commission in March 2001
Determination of the criteria and of the conditions under which, like Community nationals and their families, third country nationals could be allowed to settle and work in any Member State of the Union, taking account of the consequences for social equilibrium and the labour market . Council, on the basis of Commission proposals Proposal for a Directive presented by the Commission in July 2001

1.4 Management of migration flows

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To improve the exchange of statistics and information on asylum and immigration (this exchange should include statistics as well as information on national legislations and policies) Further implementation of the action plan adopted by the Council in April 1998 Commission, in cooperation with Member States Data collection started in October 1998; second phase (extension to candidate countries, Norway and Iceland) to be launched during the second half of 2000 (after evaluation of the initial phase)
Setting up of a (virtual) European Migration Observatory Commission Preparatory actions (on the basis of a feasibility study) financed by ODYSSEUS programme
To help combat trafficking in human beings and economic exploitation of migrants Adoption of measures establishing minimum rules on what constitutes a criminal act and what penalties should apply to organised crime linked with trafficking of human beings (framework decision) Council, on the basis of Commission proposal Proposal for a framework decision presented by the Commission in December 2000
Detecting and dismantling the criminal networks involved by making the fight against illegal immigration one of the priorities of operational cooperation Member States / Europol Communication on a common policy on illegal immigration presented by the Commission in November 2001
Further harmonisation of Member States’ laws on carrier’s liability (directive) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative Directive 2001/51/EC approved by the Council in June 2001
To assist countries of origin and transit Development of information campaigns on the actual possibilities for legal immigration and the prevention of all forms of trafficking in human beings Council, on the basis of Commission proposals April 2001
Promotion of voluntary return
Strengthening the capacity of the authorities in those countries to combat effectively trafficking in human beings
Helping third countries to cope with their readmission obligations towards the Union and the Member States
To establish a coherent European Union policy on readmission and return To conclude read-mission agreements or to include standard clauses in other agreements between the European Community and relevant third countries or groups of countries Council, on the basis of Commission proposals Recommendation for Commission mandates to negotiate Community readmission agreements with four third countries, tabled by the Commission on 14 February 2000

2) A GENUINE EUROPEAN AREA OF JUSTICE

2.1 Better access to justice in Europe

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To ensure legal security and equal access to justice Information campaign and publication of “user guides” on judicial cooperation within the Union Commission Commission to launch preparatory work
Establishment of a permanent information system by a network of national authorities (the European Judicial Network for Civil Matters) Council, on the basis of a proposal by the Commission 2001 Decision establishing a European Judicial Network in civil and commercial matters adopted by the Council in May 2001
Proposal to establish minimum standards of legal aid Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 Commission transmitted a Green Paper in February 2000; Commission is preparing a paper on recovery of legal costs and lawyer’s fees and on “group actions”
Proposal on common procedural rules for small civil and commercial claims, uncontested claims and maintenance claims Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 Proposal for a Regulation creating a European enforcement order for uncontested claims presented by the Commission in April 2002
Proposal to establish minimum standards of quality for ADR Member States to set up the extra-judicial procedures April 2004 Commission issued a recommendation in 1998 on principles applicable to ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution) for consumers; Commission is launching an EEJ (European Extra Judicial) Network for consumers.
Green Paper on alternative dispute resolution in civil and commercial law presented by the Commission in April 2002
To ensure legal security and equal access to justice Creation of multilingual forms mutually accepted as valid documents in cross-border legal proceedings Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 To be included in the programme on mutual recognition of judgments in civil and commercial matters
To protect rights to compensation and to provide assistance to victims Drawing up of minimum standards for protection of victims Parliament and Council to examine the Commission’s communication Commission transmitted a communication in July 1999
Green Paper on compensation to crime victims presented by the Commission in September 2001
Further instruments on approximation of compensation arrangements for victims 2004

2.2. Mutual recognition of judicial decisions

As regards civil matters:

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To enhance mutual recognition of judicial decisions and judgments, and the necessary approximation of legislation, to facilitate cooperation between authorities and the judicial protection of individual rights Programme of measures on mutual recognition of civil and commercial judgments (including measures required for mutual recognition and enforcement; abolishing obstacles to small claims and family litigation) Council and Commission to adopt a programme Programme to be adopted by the end of 2000 Regulation establishing a general Community framework of activities to facilitate the implementation of judicial cooperation in civil matters adopted by the Council in April 2002
Launching of work on the European Enforcement Order Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative This action is to be included in the programme of measures to implement the principle of mutual recognition
Proposal on minimum standards for specific aspects of civil procedures (new procedural legislation on money payments) This action is to be included in the programme of measures to implement the principle of mutual recognition

As regards criminal matters:

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To make sure that criminals have no safe havens Ratification of the 1995 and 1996 EU
Conventions on extradition
Member States April 2001 Six Member States ratified the 1995 Convention
Six Member States ratified the 1996 Convention
Study on abolition of formal extradition procedures concerning persons fleeing from justice after having been sentenced Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal End 2001 The Commission presented a proposal for a framework decision in September 2001
The Council subsequently adopted the framework decision on the European arrest warrant
Providing for fast-track extradition procedures Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal End 2001
Examine the issue of extradition in relation to proceedings in absentia Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004
To ensure that decisions taken in one Member State have effect throughout the Union Programme of measures on the application of the principle of mutual recognition to be followed by specific instruments Council / Commission Programme to be adopted by end 2000 Communication on mutual recognition of final decisions in criminal matters presented by the Commission in July 2000
Application of mutual recognition to pre-trial orders Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative In November 2000, France, Sweden and Belgium presented an initiative on the freezing of assets and evidence
This lead to a framework decision from the Council
Examine the feasibility of improved cross-border cooperation on the transfer of proceedings and the enforcement of sentences Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 To be included in Commission paper
Study the feasibility of extending and possibly formalising the exchange of information on criminal records Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 To be included in Commission paper

2.3 Greater convergence in civil law

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To eliminate obstacles created by disparities in law and procedures New procedural legislation in cross-border cases (e.g. provisional measures, taking of evidence, time limits) Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative. April 2004 Regulation on the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters adopted by the Council in May 2001
General study to identify and eliminate obstacles to the smooth functioning of civil proceedings Council to prepare a report End 2001 Commission to prepare draft agreement with Norway, Iceland and Switzerland
Finalising the Brussels and Lugano Conventions Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001
Drawing up a legal instrument on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations. Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001 Commission to prepare a communication, to be followed (if need be) by a draft regulation
Revising, where necessary, the 1980 Rome Convention. Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001
Preliminary study on the possibility of drawing up a legal instrument on the law applicable to divorce Council/ Commission April 2004 Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000 adopted by the Council in May 2000
Drawing up of a preliminary study on jurisdiction and the law applicable to matrimonial property and successions April 2004

3) UNION-WIDE FIGHT AGAINST CRIME

3.1 Union-wide crime prevention

Objectives Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To prevent crime through reduction of opportunities Identification and development of common priorities – policy guidelines – to be taken into account when preparing new legislation Council/ Commission/ Member States Decision setting up a European crime prevention network adopted by the Council in May 2001
Communication on crime prevention presented by the Commission in November 2000
Integration of crime prevention aspects in actions and programmes against crime at the Union and Member State level – policy guidelines to be adopted by Council Council/ Commission/ Member States
To facilitate cooperation between Member States Exchange of best practices and cooperation between national crime prevention authorities in priority areas. A Community- programme addressing such matters as juvenile, urban and drug-related crime has been set up. Council / Commission/ Member States 2001

3.2 Stepping up cooperation in the fight against crime

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of Play
To coordinate and where appropriate, centralise proceedings Setting up joint investigative teams, as a first step, to combat trafficking in drugs and human beings as well as terrorism – when investigating cross-border crime Adoption of the MLA Convention; or Council, on the basis of an initiative by a Member State Without delay The Convention entered into force on 23 August 2005. It replaces Framework Decision 2002/465/JHA from the Council of 13 June 2002 on joint investigative teams
Setting up a unit composed of national prosecutors, magistrates or police officers of equivalent competence – EUROJUST Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative End 2001 Decision establishing Eurojust adopted by the Council in February 2002
Implement and where appropriate further develop the European Judicial Network Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001
Prevent conflicts of jurisdiction by examining the possibility of registering proceedings pending in more than one Member State Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004
To provide mutual assistance to the fullest extent possible Adoption, ratification and implementation of the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Council / Member States April 2001 Act establishing the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters adopted by the Council in May 2000
Consider arrangements under which authorities may operate in the territory of another Member State Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001
Examine the possibilities for harmonised rules on data protection Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001 Work started in Council, on the basis of a discussion paper by the Portuguese Presidency
To protect rights of victims and to provide them with assistance Draw up minimum standards Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2001 Framework Decision on the standing of victims adopted by the Council in March 2001
To develop operational police cooperation and law enforcement training at EU level Establishment of a European Police Chiefs’ operational task force Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative 2001 Council has begun discussion on the basis of a paper presented by the United Kingdom.
Setting up the European Police College, starting as a network of existing national training institutes Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative 2001 Decision establishing a European Police College adopted by the Council in December 2000
To improve cooperation between customs authorities in the fight against crime Implementation of the CIS (Customs Information Systems) and Naples II Conventions. Member States Ongoing
Closer cooperation of law enforcement authorities against smuggling
To foster international cooperation in the fight against transnational organised crime Adoption and ratification of the United Nations’ Convention on transnational organised crime and the additional Protocols Council, Member States/ Commission For signature in late 2000 The Convention and its Protocols were signed in Palermo in December 2000
To reinforce the role of Europol in facilitating European cooperation in preventing and combating crime, with the necessary support and resources Extending the competence of Europol to cover money laundering in general, regardless of the offence from which the proceeds originate Council, on the basis of an initiative by a Member State All these items are under discussion in Council
Examining the feasibility of setting up a database of pending cases Europol / Council
Enabling Europol to facilitate the preparation of specific investigative actions by the competent authorities of the Member States, including operational action by joint investigative teams Appropriate decision by Council needed April 2004, without delay for certain areas
Adoption of measures allowing Europol to ask the competent authorities of the Member States to conduct and coordinate their investigations in specific cases and to develop specific expertise which may be put at the disposal of Member States to assist them in investigating organised crime Council, on the basis of an initiative by a Member State April 2004
Consideration to be given to possible review of the Europol Convention to cover new powers and the question of democratic and judicial control Council / Commission

3.3 Fight against certain forms of crime

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To adopt a common approach throughout the EU on cross-border crime Criminalisation of trafficking in human beings and sexual exploitation of children with particular reference to
child pornography on the Internet
Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Communication and proposal for a framework decision on trafficking in human beings presented by the Commission in December 2000
Common definitions, charges and penalties in the field of drug trafficking Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Proposal for a framework decision on the constituent elements of criminal acts and penalties presented by the Commission in May 2001
Common definitions, charges and penalties in the field of corruption Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal April 2001 Commission is preparing a policy paper
Common definitions, charges and penalties in the field of environmental crime Council April 2001 Denmark tabled (under Article 34) a proposal in January 2000
Proposal for a Directive presented by the Commission in March 2001
Proposal on common charges for hooliganism Council, on the basis of an initiative by a Member State Decision on the proposal of Belgium adopted in April 2002
Common definitions, charges and penalties in the field of racism and xenophobia

(framework decision)

Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative April 2004 Second report on the implementation of the Joint Action of 15 July 1996 tabled in June 2000
Proposal for a framework decision on combating racism and xenophobia presented by the Commission in November 2001
Common definitions in the field of preventing and combating cyber-crime, including common charges and penalties for high-tech crime Council, on the basis of a proposal of the Commission April 2001 Communication on combating computer-related crime adopted by the Commission in January 2001 (COM(2000) 890 final)
Proposal for a framework decision on attacks against information systems presented in April 2002
To adopt a common approach throughout the EU on cross-border crime Criminalisation of fraud involving non-cash means of payment Council, on the basis of a proposal of the Commission April 2001 Framework decision on combating fraud involving means of payment adopted in May 2001
Common definitions, charges and penalties as regards counterfeiting of the Euro Council adopted a framework decision which was amended in 2001 April 2001 The Commission is preparing complementary measures
Decision establishing the ” Pericles ” programme adopted by the Council in December 2001
Criminalisation of fraud in public contracts Council, on the basis of a Member State initiative April 2001 Germany presented an initiative in March 1999
Reinforcing the legal framework for the protection of the Community’s financial interests Council and Parliament, on the basis of a Commission proposal Proposal for a Directive on protecting the Community’s financial interests presented by the Commission in May 2001

3.4 Special action against money laundering

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption State of play
To deprive criminals of the proceeds of crime Convention or framework decision on financial crime, money laundering Council, on the basis of an initiative by France
Concrete steps to trace, freeze, seize and confiscate the proceeds of crime The Council adopted Framework Decision 2003/577/JHA on the execution in the European Union of orders freezing property or evidence.
To improve knowledge and ability to fight money laundering activities Implement fully the provisions of the Directive on money laundering, the 1990 Strasbourg Convention and the Financial Action Task Force recommendations, in the Member States and their dependent territories Member States
Adoption of the draft revised Directive on money laundering Council and Parliament As soon as possible Directive on prevention of the use of the financial system for the purpose of money laundering adopted in December 2001
More rapid exchange of information between the existing financial intelligence units (FIU), enabling judicial authorities and FIU to receive information, regardless of secrecy provisions. Council, on the basis of an initiative by Finland Decision 2000/642/JHA on the exchange of information between financial intelligence units adopted by the Council in October 2000
Community rules must be drawn up to prevent the use of non-EU companies and organisations to launder the proceeds of crime Commission/ Council/Member States
Report identifying those provisions in national legislation on banking, finance and company law which obstruct international cooperation Commission
Widening the competence of Europol to cover money laundering in general, regardless of the offence from which the proceeds originate Council, on the basis of a Commission proposal or a Member State initiative Discussion in Council and in Europol Management Board

4) ISSUES RELATED TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL BORDERS AND VISA POLICY, IMPLEMENTATION OF ART. 62 TEC AND CONVERTING THE SCHENGEN ACQUIS

Objective Action needed Responsibility Timetable for adoption Stat

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