Recovery of Greenland halibut stocks

Recovery of Greenland halibut stocks

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Recovery of Greenland halibut stocks

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Maritime Affairs And Fisheries > Management of fisheries resources and the environment

Recovery of Greenland halibut stocks

Document or Iniciative

Council Regulation (EC) No 2115/2005 of 20 December 2005 establishing a recovery plan for Greenland halibut in the framework of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation.

Summary

The multiannual plan provides for TACs (total allowable catches) of 18 500 tonnes in 2006 and 16 000 tonnes in 2007 in NAFO (Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation) Sub-area 2 and Divisions 3KLMNO *. The objective of the plan is to attain a level of exploitable biomass of five years and older.

Fishing permits

In order to achieve this objective the fishing, landing and transhipment of Greenland halibut are prohibited except in the case of holders of a special fishing permit, whose name and Community fleet register number must appear on a list (see Regulation (EC) No 26/2004). Member States may not issue a permit unless the vessel has been entered in the NAFO vessel register.

The Member States transmit the list and all subsequent amendments to the Commission, which then forwards them to NAFO. The Regulation lays down the time limits for the procedure concerned.

Member States are also responsible for allocating their Greenland halibut quota among the vessels flying their flag which are included in the NAFO list.

Reports

Masters of authorised fishing vessels are, under the Regulation, required to transmit reports indicating the quantities of Greenland halibut:

  • present on board when the vessel enters Sub-area 2 or Divisions 3KLMNO *;
  • fished weekly (or every three days when 70% of the halibut catch concerned is deemed to have been exhausted);
  • present on board when the vessel exits the fishing zone concerned;
  • loaded and unloaded in respect of each transhipment.

The reports are, within the time limits applicable, transmitted by the masters to the flag Member States and forwarded to the Commission.

Commission Regulations (EEC) Nos 2807/83 and 2868/88 notwithstanding, the margin of tolerance in the estimation of quantities reported in the logbook is 8 %.

Designated ports

Under the control measures applicable, landings may take place only at designated ports. It is for the Member States to designate those ports and lay down the associated inspection and surveillance procedures, including the terms and conditions for recording and reporting the quantities of Greenland halibut landed in each case. A list of designated ports is transmitted by the Member States to the Commission and forwarded to NAFO. A list of all the ports designated by the Member States and the other NAFO Contracting Parties is transmitted by the Commission to all the Member States. Time limits apply at each stage in the procedure.

Prior notification

Masters of authorised fishing vessels or their representatives are to provide, at least 72 hours before arrival, the following information to the Member States of the designated ports where they wish to land:

  • the time of arrival at the designated port;
  • a copy of their special fishing permit;
  • the quantities in kilograms live weight of Greenland halibut present on board;
  • the NAFO zone or zones in which the Greenland halibut was caught.

Port inspections

Member States must check all fishing vessels entering their designated ports to land or tranship Greenland halibut from the protected zones. Accordingly, under the port inspection arrangements, masters may not commence landing or transhipment operations until the inspectors are present. Moreover, all quantities are to be weighed by species before being transported. Member States are, within 14 working days, to notify catches to NAFO and send a copy to the Commission.

Background

As a member of NAFO the European Community initially implemented NAFO’s recovery plan for Greenland halibut by means of two provisional regulations (Regulations (EC) Nos 2287/2003 and 27/2005, which covered 2004 and 2005 respectively). The current plan spans several years.

Key terms used in the act
  • NAFO Sub-area 2 is the geographic area lying to the east of the meridian of 64°30′ west longitude in the area of Hudson Strait, to the south of Sub-area 0, to the south and west of Sub-area 1 and to the north of the parallel of 52°15′ north.
  • Divisions 3 KLMNO: Division 3K – That portion of the Sub-area lying north of the parallel of 49°15′ north latitude (Cape Freels, Newfoundland); Division 3L – That portion of the Sub-area lying between the Newfoundland coast from Cape Freels to Cape St Mary and a line described as follows: beginning at Cape Freels, thence due east to the meridian of 46°30′ west longitude, thence due south to the parallel of 46°00′ north latitude, thence due west to the meridian of 54°30′ west longitude, thence along a rhomb line to Cape St Mary, Newfoundland; Division 3M – That portion of the Sub-area lying south of the parallel of 49°15′ north latitude and east of the meridian of 46°30′ west longitude; Division 3N -That portion of the Sub-area lying south of the parallel of 46°00′ north latitude and between the meridian of 46°30′ west longitude and the meridian of 51°00′ west longitude; Division 3O – That portion of the Sub-area lying south of the parallel of 46°00′ north latitude and between the meridian of 51°00′ west longitude and the meridian of 54°30′ west longitude.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Council Regulation (EC) No 2115/2005 30.12.2005 L 340 of 30.12.2005

Related Acts

Council Regulation (EC) No 27/2005 of 22 December 2004 fixing for 2005 the fishing opportunities and associated conditions for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Community waters and, for Community vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required [Official Journal No L 12 of 14 January 2005].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 26/2004 of 30 December 2003 on the Community fishing fleet register [Official Journal No L 5 of 9 January 2004]

The Regulation specifies the minimum information which must figure in the register that each Member State keeps of the fishing vessels flying its flag. It also lays down the obligations of Member States regarding the collection, validation and transmission of the data to the Commission and the latter’s obligations regarding the management of the Community fishing fleet register. Fishing vessels are identified by a unique CFR (Community Fleet Register) number which is assigned definitively to them and may not be reassigned to another vessel.

Council Regulation (EC) No 2287/2003 of 19 December 2003 fixing for 2004 the fishing opportunities and associated conditions for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Community waters and, for Community vessels, in waters where catch limitations are required [Official Journal No L 344 of 31 December 2003].

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2868/88 of 16 September 1988 laying down detailed rules for the application of the Scheme of Joint International Inspection adopted by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation [Official Journal No L 257 of 17 September 1988].

Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2807/83 of 22 September 1983 laying down detailed rules for recording information on Member States’ catches of fish [Official Journal No L 276 of 10 October 1983].

Council Regulation (EEC) No 3179/78 of 28 December 1978 concerning the conclusion by the European Economic Community of the Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries [Official Journal No L 378 of 30 December 1978].

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