Protection of nature and biodiversity

Protection of nature and biodiversity

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Protection of nature and biodiversity

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Environment > Protection of nature and biodiversity

Protection of nature and biodiversity

Increased urbanisation and the spread of human infrastructures, over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution in all its forms, the introduction of exotic species into our ecosystems – these factors are all highly damaging for biodiversity. As a result, 42% of mammals, 15% of birds and 52% of freshwater fish across Europe are under threat. In addition, nearly 1000 plant species are at serious risk or on the verge of disappearing completely. In order to safeguard biodiversity and combat the extinction of animal and plant species, the European Union has set up a vast network of protected sites (the Natura 2000 network) and made the protection of biodiversity one of the key objectives of the Sixth Environment Action Programme.

BIODIVERSITY

MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

Biofuels

  • EU strategy for biofuels
  • Motor vehicles: use of biofuels

Management of marine resources

  • Conservation and exploitation of marine resources
  • Conservation of certain stocks of migratory fish
  • Conservation and management of sharks

FAUNA AND FLORA

FORESTS

  • FLEGT Licensing scheme
  • Fight against illegal logging
  • Combating deforestation
  • European Union forest action plan
  • The EU forestry strategy

GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS

  • Contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms (GMMs)
  • Deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
  • Transboundary movement of genetically modified organisms
  • Novel foods and food ingredients
  • Traceability and labelling of GMOs
  • Food and Feed (GMO)

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