Police and customs cooperation

Police and customs cooperation

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Police and customs cooperation


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Police and customs cooperation

Police and customs cooperation

The protection of citizens requires better mutual assistance and exchanges of information between the law enforcement agencies of Member States. In particular, it is imperative that cooperation between national police as well as customs authorities be stepped-up to effectively fight crime at both local and European levels.
Mutual assistance between police services is based on bodies such as Europol and the European Police College (Cepol). Customs cooperation is based on the Naples II Convention.
In addition, various instruments have been put in place to achieve police and customs cooperation targets. These include the specific programme “Prevention of and fight against crime”, the Customs 2013 programme and the modernised customs code.


Action programmes

  • Specific programme: Preventing and combating crime (2007-2013)
  • Framework programme concerning police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters (AGIS)
  • Robert Schuman project (1998-2000)


  • European Police Office – Europol (from 1.1.2010)
  • Access to the Visa Information System (VIS) by the national authorities and Europol
  • Protecting the euro against counterfeiting: the role of Europol
  • The European Police College (CEPOL)
  • Secretariat for the joint supervisory data-protection bodies
  • Democratic control over Europol
  • Transmission of personal data by Europol
  • Europol: European Police Office (until 31.12.2009)

Maintaining public order and safety


Agreements with non-EU countries

  • Customs Agreement with Japan
  • Agreement with China
  • Agreement with India
  • Agreement with Hong Kong
  • Agreement with Canada
  • Agreement with the Republic of Korea

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