Nuclear energy

Table of Contents:

Nuclear energy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Nuclear energy


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Energy > Nuclear energy

Nuclear energy

Nuclear power stations currently produce around a third of the electricity and 15% of the energy consumed in the European Union (EU). The sector represents a source of energy with low carbon levels and relatively stable costs, which makes it attractive from the point of view of security of supply and fighting climate change. It is up to each Member State, however, to decide whether or not to pursue the option of nuclear power. The ground for nuclear energy in Europe was laid in 1957 by the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Its main functions consisted of furthering cooperation in the field of research, protecting the public by establishing common safety standards, ensuring an adequate and equitable supply of ores and nuclear fuel, monitoring the peaceful use of nuclear material, and cooperating with other countries and international organisations. Specific measures adopted at EU level are geared to protecting the health of those working in the sector and of the public at large, and protecting the environment from the risks associated with the use of nuclear fuel and the resulting waste.


  • Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)
  • Euratom Supply Agency
  • Seventh Framework Programme: Euratom
  • Nuclear Illustrative Programme


  • Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy
  • ITER: Euratom/Japan agreement on nuclear fusion


  • Nuclear non-proliferation
  • Dangers arising from ionising radiation
  • Safety of nuclear installations
  • Convention on Nuclear Safety
  • Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities
  • Control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources
  • Education and training in the nuclear energy field
  • Safeguarding nuclear materials
  • Cooperation with Non-EU Member Countries on nuclear safety
  • Operation and efficiency of facilities for monitoring the level of radioactivity in the air, water and soil – Report 1990-2007


  • Shipments of radioactive substances
  • Shipments of radioactive waste: supervision and control
  • Management of spent fuel and radioactive waste
  • European system for registration of carriers of radioactive materials (Proposal)

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