Free movement of goods: general framework

Free movement of goods: general framework

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Free movement of goods: general framework


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Internal market > Free movement of goods: general framework

Free movement of goods: general framework

The free movement of goods is one of the freedoms of the single market of the European Union. Since January 1993, controls on the movement of goods within the internal market have been abolished and the European Union is now a single territory without internal frontiers.
The abolition of customs tariffs promotes intra-Community trade, which accounts for a large part of the total imports and exports of the Member States.
Articles 28 and 29 of the Treaty establishing the European Community prohibit import and export restrictions between all Member States. However, if there is a threat to public health or the environment, Member States may restrict the free movement of goods.

General Principles

  • A new boost to trade in goods
  • Accreditation and market surveillance
  • The mutual recognition principle in the single market
  • Internal Market Problem Solving System (SOLVIT network)
  • National technical regulations and free movement of goods

Restrictions on the free movement of goods

  • Removal of certain obstacles to trade: rapid intervention mechanism
  • Notification of national measures derogating from the principle of the free movement of goods


  • European statistics
  • Intrastat system – statistics relating to the trading of goods between Member States
  • Statistics on tourism
  • European Statistical Advisory Committee
  • European Statistical Governance Advisory Board
  • Production of Community statistics
  • EDICOM Programme

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