Fight against terrorism

Fight against terrorism

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Fight against terrorism

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Justice freedom and security > Fight against terrorism

Fight against terrorism

Since terrorism represents a threat to the security, freedom and values of the European Union and to its citizens, EU action aims to provide an appropriate, tailored response to combat this phenomenon. Prevent, protect, pursue and respond are the four pillars of its overall approach. The EU is working hard on preventing and cracking down on terrorist acts and on protecting infrastructures and citizens. It is also tackling the causes, resources and capacities of terrorism. Coordination between the law enforcement agencies and judicial authorities within the EU and international cooperation are also essential to ensure the effectiveness of combating this transnational phenomenon.
The Amsterdam Treaty created the bases for action by the EU, at the time confined to a few Member States. This action has gathered pace with the terrorist attacks in the United States (in 2001) and Europe (Madrid and London in 2004 and 2005).

STRATEGY AND PLAN OF ACTION

  • Terrorist offences
  • EU counter-terrorism policy
  • Stepping up the fight against terrorism
  • Counter-terrorism strategy
  • EU internal security strategy
  • The Stockholm Programme
  • Action plan on the Stockholm Programme
  • The Hague Programme: 10 priorities for the next five years
  • European security strategy
  • The external dimension of the area of freedom, security and justice
  • Action to combat illicit trade in light weapons
  • Strategy to combat illicit accumulation and trafficking of light weapons
  • EU action plan on chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security

Action programmes

  • Specific Programme: Prevention, preparedness and consequence management of terrorism (2007-2013)
  • OISIN II Programme
  • Oisin Programme (1997-2000)

ACCESS TO AND EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION

  • Access to the Visa Information System (VIS) by the national authorities and Europol
  • Information exchange and cooperation regarding terrorist offences
  • Agreement between the European Union and the United States on the transfer of financial messaging data
  • Agreement on the processing and transfer of passenger name record data by air carriers to the United States Department of Homeland Security (2007 PNR Agreement)
  • Agreement between the European Union and the United States on the security of classified information
  • Sharing of information on terrorist kidnappings
  • Exchange of certain data with Interpol
  • A global approach to PNR data transfers
  • Information management in the area of freedom, security and justice
  • Fight against organised crime and terrorism: role of Eurojust and the European Judicial Network
  • Exchange of information between the law enforcement authorities of the Member States
  • New functions for the Schengen Information System in the fight against terrorism
  • Detection technology in the work of law enforcement, customs and other security services
  • Improved effectiveness, enhanced interoperability and synergies between European databases

PREVENTION

  • Integration of biometric features in passports and travel documents
  • Exchange of information to combat counterfeit travel documents
  • Detecting forged documents
  • Approval of explosives intended for civilian use
  • Enhancing the security of explosives
  • Security of explosives
  • Cooperation with the African Centre for Study and Research on Terrorism
  • Addressing the factors contributing to violent radicalisation
  • The fight against terrorism: preparedness and management of the consequences
  • Fight against terrorism: prevention, preparedness and response
  • The fight against bioterrorism (communication)

Financing terrorism

  • Information on the payer accompanying transfers of funds
  • Combating the financing of terrorism
  • Money laundering: prevention of the use of the financial system
  • Freezing funds: list of terrorists and terrorist groups
  • Combating terrorist financing: enhancement of national-level coordination and greater transparency of the non-profit sector.
  • Fight against Terrorist Financing: exchanging information, transparency and traceability of financial transactions

PROTECTION

  • European critical infrastructures
  • European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection
  • Critical infrastructure protection
  • Compensation to crime victims
  • The rights of crime victims
  • European Security Research and Innovation Agenda
  • Overhaul for EU Solidarity Fund

PURSUIT

  • European arrest warrant
  • Convention on extradition between Member States

RESPONSE

  • Civil Protection Mechanism
  • Financing of civil protection measures (2007-2013)
  • Report on preparedness for possible emergencies (2002)
  • Preventive alert against emergencies

INSTITUTIONS AND AGENCIES

  • Standing Committee on operational cooperation on internal security
  • European Police Office – Europol (from 1.1.2010)
  • Europol: European Police Office (until 31.12.2009)
  • Democratic control over Europol
  • Transmission of personal data by Europol
  • European Judicial Network
  • The European Police College (CEPOL)
  • Decision establishing Eurojust
  • European Agency for the Management of External Borders – Frontex

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