European energy policy

Table of Contents:

European energy policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about European energy policy


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Energy > European energy policy

European energy policy

The Treaty of Lisbon places energy at the heart of European activity. It effectively gives it a new legal basis which it lacked in the previous treaties (Article 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)).
The aims of the policy are supported by market-based tools (mainly taxes, subsidies and the CO2 emissions trading scheme), by developing energy technologies (especially technologies for energy efficiency and renewable or low-carbon energy) and by Community financial instruments. Furthermore, in December 2008 the EU adopted a series of measures with the objective of reducing the EU’s contribution to global warming and guaranteeing energy supply.


  • A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy
  • European Energy Programme for Recovery
  • Energy Security and Solidarity Action Plan
  • An Energy Policy for Europe
  • Green Paper: A European strategy for sustainable, competitive and secure energy

Factors contributing to the development of energy policy

  • Greenhouse gas: reducing emissions by 20 % or more by 2020
  • Information on investment projects in energy infrastructure
  • “Green” vehicles: a European strategy
  • Reducing greenhouse gases by 2020
  • ICTs to facilitate the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy
  • Strategy on climate change for 2020 and beyond
  • Strategy for sustainable development
  • Integrating the environment into Community energy policy
  • European Energy and Transport Forum


  • Greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme
  • Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity


  • SET-Plan for the development of low carbon technologies
  • Sustainable power generation from fossil fuels
  • Demonstration of the capture and storage of CO2
  • Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan)
  • Towards a European Strategic Energy Technology Plan


  • Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) (2007-2013)
  • Seventh Framework Programme (2007 to 2013)

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