EUROPASS – Serving citizen mobility

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EUROPASS – Serving citizen mobility

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about EUROPASS – Serving citizen mobility


These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Education training youth sport > Vocational training

EUROPASS – Serving citizen mobility

Document or Iniciative

Decision No 2241/2004/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 on a single Community framework for the transparency of qualifications and competences (Europass).


The Europass is one of the EU’s three main instruments to support mobility. A portfolio of five documents, it enables citizens to provide proof of their qualifications and skills clearly and easily in the Member States of the EU, the candidate countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Turkey) and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. It thus complements the Ploteus site, launched in 2002, which contains information on education and vocational training opportunities throughout Europe, as well as the European vocational training framework, which is currently being implemented.

It comprises the following elements:

Europass – Curriculum vitae (Europass-CV)

This is an improved version of the European CV created by the Commission in 2002. The model Europass-CV, the central element of the portfolio, was designed to illustrate people’s skills.

Europass – Mobility

Using a common European format, the Europass – Mobility records all periods of transnational mobility for learning purposes, at whatever level: company placement, semester studying at a university or any other training experience. It replaces, with a much wider scope, the Europass-Training.

Europass – Diploma supplement

The diploma supplement contains information on the holder’s higher education pathway. It describes the nature, level, context, content and status of any courses successfully completed. However, it does not replace the original diploma. Developed jointly with the Council of Europe and UNESCO, it is completed by the issuing body and presented at the same time as the diploma.

The diploma supplement comprises eight parts providing information on the holder, the diploma, the level of the qualification, the content and results obtained, the function of the qualification, the certification of the supplement and the national higher education system.

Europass – Certificate supplement

The certificate supplement describes the vocational qualifications of any person holding the vocational training or education certificate to which it refers. To this end, it provides, inter alia, information on the skills acquired, the range of vocational activities available, the certifying bodies, the level of the certificate, the entry qualifications required and opportunities for gaining access to the next level of training. It does not replace the original certificate or constitute an automatic recognition system. It is issued by the competent national authorities.

Europass – Language portfolio

The language portfolio enables citizens to present their linguistic and cultural skills. It contains the Europass Language Passport, which provides specific information on the holder’s language abilities, in accordance with Europe-wide standards, and his or her experience in each language, as well as a file of personal work to illustrate the level reached.

The Europass initiative is supported by an Internet portal administered at Community level. This site allows citizens to draw up their own Europass CVs and language passports, and to find out about the other Europass documents.

Co-funding is planned for the creation of a network of National Europass Centres (NECs) responsible for implementation at national level, in particular with regard to coordination and promotion.

The Commission should present an evaluation report on the implementation of the Directive to the European Parliament every four years from 1 January 2008.

For descriptions of the standard Europass documents, please consult the Annex to the Decision.

The Decision highlights the importance of cohesion and complementarity with the other instruments that promote European and international mobility, in particular:

  • the European Employment Network (EURES);
  • the European network of national information centres on recognition and university mobility (ENIC-NARIC) established by the Council of Europe and Unesco.


Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision (EC) No 2241/2004


OJ L 390 of 21.12.2004

Related Acts

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council of 4 July 2008 on the first evaluation of the Europass initiative [COM(2008) 427 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
This Report presents the main conclusions and recommendations of the first external evaluation of the Europass initiative, as well as the Commission’s conclusions for follow-up. The evaluation finds the initiative to be an effective mobility tool, providing citizens the relevant means to attest their qualifications and competences in a clear manner within the learning contexts and in the labour market. The network of NECs and the Internet portal, which are appreciated by stakeholders and users, are considered to be cost-effective implementation tools. Nevertheless, the evaluation deems that the initiative could be exploited further. In order to improve the relevance and effectiveness of the initiative, the evaluation recommends that:

  • occupational mobility be better addressed through improved implementation tools;
  • specific indicators be used to improve the NECs’ activity reports;
  • communication of the initiative to learners and employers be increased;
  • the CV tool, and in particular the template and guidance tools, be further developed;
  • the Diploma and Certificate Supplements be better incorporated into the framework;
  • cooperation with employment and guidance services be deepened to increase the impact of the initiative among the low-qualified and unemployed.

In response to the evaluation, the Commission intends to:

  • cooperate further with relevant institutions to promote the initiative among the low-qualified and unemployed;
  • provide a developed version of the Europass CV and an appropriate self-assessment service;
  • further promote the use of Europass Mobility in national and regional mobility actions;
  • incorporate the issuing of the Europass Mobility into the Lifelong Learning Programme;
  • ascertain better coordination of the management of the Europass Diploma and Certificate Supplements;
  • further develop the Europass Diploma, so that it takes better into account its holders’ learning outcomes;
  • link the Europass initiative into the implementation of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF).

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