Equality between men and women

Equality between men and women

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Equality between men and women

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Employment and social policy > Equality between men and women

Equality between men and women

Equality between women and men is one of the fundamental principles of Community law. The European Union?s (EU) objectives on gender equality are to ensure equal opportunities and equal treatment for men and women and to combat any form of discrimination on the grounds of gender. The EU has adopted a two-pronged approach to this issue, combining specific measures with gender mainstreaming. The issue also has a strong international dimension with regard to the fight against poverty, access to education and health services, taking part in the economy and in the decision-making process, women’s rights and human rights.

GENERAL FRAMEWORK

Gender mainstreaming

  • Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015
  • Strengthening the commitment to equality between women and men: a women’s charter
  • Roadmap for equality between women and men (2006-2010)
  • Fifth Community Action Programme on Equal Opportunities (2001-2006)
  • Incorporation of equal opportunities into Community policies

Financial aspects

  • Community programme for employment and solidarity – PROGRESS (2007-2013)
  • European Progress Microfinance Facility (EPMF)
  • EQUAL
  • Gender mainstreaming within the Structural Funds
  • Promotion of organisations active in the field of equality between men and women (2004-2006)

Reports

  • Report on equality between women and men – 2009
  • Report on equality between women and men – 2008
  • Report on equality between men and wome 2007
  • Report on equality between women and men 2006
  • Report on equality for men and women, 2005
  • Report on equality between men and women, 2004
  • Report on equal opportunities 2002
  • Equal opportunities report 2001

Institutional aspects

  • European Institute for Gender Equality
  • Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities for Men and Women
  • Gender balance within the committees and expert groups set up by the Commission

PRINCIPLE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION BASED ON SEX

  • The principle of equal treatment for men and women outside the labour market
  • Burden of proof in cases of discrimination based on sex

FEMALE EMPLOYMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Employment

  • Tackling the pay gap between men and women
  • Gender equality in the labour market
  • Equal treatment as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion
  • Self-employed workers: equal treatment between men and women
  • Equal treatment of self-employed workers (until 2012)
  • Equal pay
  • Balanced participation of women and men in the decision-making process
  • The integration of women in research

Social dimension

  • Parental leave
  • Promoting solidarity between the generations
  • Balanced participation of women and men in family and working life
  • Protection of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding
  • Childcare
  • Social security: equal treatment for men and women
  • Parental leave and leave for family reasons
  • Occupational pension schemes

COMBATING SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Combating sexual harassment

  • Protection of the dignity of women and men at work
  • Code of practice to clamp down on sexual harassment at work
  • Preventing sexual harassment at work

Combating violence, sexual exploitation and trafficking in women

  • New measures to combat trafficking in women
  • Trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation

INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION OF EQUALITY BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN

  • Strategy for gender equality in development policy
  • Fourth United Nations Conference on Women

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