Customs

Customs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Customs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Customs

Customs

The Customs Union, characterised by an absence of internal borders, is an essential foundation of the European Union (EU) which applies to all trade of goods (Article 28 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The customs duties on imports and exports, as well as charges having equivalent effect between Member States, are forbidden. At external borders, the Common Customs Tariff, along with the Integrated Tariff (TARIC), is applied to goods from third countries. Goods moving freely within the Union comply with the rules of the internal market and with certain provisions of the Common Commercial Policy. In addition, instruments such as the Community Customs Code ensure that Member States’ customs authorities apply the standards uniformly.

The Customs Union, initiated by the Treaty of Rome in 1957, was established on 1 July 1968. Its mechanisms have essentially evolved to adapt to new technologies and to ensure greater security, particularly with regard to protection against counterfeiting and piracy.

CUSTOMS COOPERATION

  • The contribution of taxation and customs policies to the Lisbon Strategy
  • Strategy for the evolution of the Customs Union
  • Strategy for the Customs Union
  • Customs 2013 (2008-2013)
  • Action programme: Customs 2007 (2003-2007)
  • The role of customs in the integrated management of external borders
  • Enhancing police and customs cooperation in the European Union
  • Customs response to latest trends in counterfeiting and piracy
  • European anti-counterfeiting and anti-piracy plan
  • Money laundering: prevention through customs cooperation

Cooperation between customs administrations

Community statistics

  • External trade: statistics relating to non-member countries

CUSTOMS CONTROLS AND FORMALITIES

Community customs code

  • Modernised Community Customs Code
  • Provisions implementing the Community Customs Code
  • Transport under the TIR or ATA procedure

Combined Nomenclature, Common Customs Tariff and Integrated Tariff

Customs checks and exemptions at internal and external borders

SPECIFIC SCHEMES

Military equipment

Drugs

  • Police/customs agreements in the fight against drugs
  • Drug precursors: external aspects
  • Drug precursors: internal aspects

AGREEMENT WITH THIRD COUNTRIES AND INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS

Agreement with third countries

  • Agreement with Canada
  • Agreement with China
  • Agreement with Hong Kong
  • Agreement with India
  • Agreement with the Republic of Korea
  • Container security: EU/US agreements
  • Customs Agreement with Japan

International conventions

ENLARGEMENT

Ongoing Enlargement

  • Croatia – Internal market
  • Turkey – Internal market
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Internal market
  • Iceland – Internal market

Enlargement of January 2007

  • Bulgari
  • Romania

Enlargement of May 2004

  • Cyprus
  • Estonia
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Malta
  • Poland
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia

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