Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen

Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen


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External relations > Relations with third countries > Middle east

Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen

Document or Iniciative

Council Decision 98/189/EC of 23 February 1998 concerning the conclusion of the Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen.

Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen.


The Agreement is based on respect of democratic principles and fundamental human rights and its objectives in the above fields are to:

  • promote and intensify trade and develop sustainable economic cooperation;
  • strengthen cooperation in fields related to economic progress;
  • contribute to Yemen’s efforts to improve the quality of life and standards of living of the most disadvantaged groups of the population;
  • take the requisite measures to protect the environment and ensure sustainable management of natural resources;
  • extend cooperation to the field of culture, communication and information to improve mutual understanding.

Fields of cooperation

In the field of trade cooperation, both Parties must bring their trade policies into line with the rules of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). They also agree to grant each other most-favoured-nation treatment except in relation to preferences accorded under a customs union, free-trade area or a preferential-treatment area. Bilateral trade will be developed and diversified. The Agreement also seeks to improve the terms of access for products and eliminate barriers to trade, provide technical assistance, exchange information and improve cooperation in the customs field.

The Parties undertake to consider temporary exemptions from duty, tax and other charges, and to consult each other on any trade-related dispute. Yemen must protect intellectual, industrial and commercial property rights and ensure effective application of the principle of unrestricted access to cargoes on a commercial and on a non-discriminatory basis for international maritime services.

In the field of development cooperation, the Community recognises that it could make a greater contribution in terms of size and impact and therefore undertakes to help Yemen reduce poverty by developing primary education and training, better working conditions, water supply, rural development and better health care. Cooperation must be guided by a clear cooperation strategy taking account of the geographical distribution of commitments and accompanied by a dialogue to define mutually agreed priorities and pursue effectiveness and sustainability.

To demonstrate commitment to economic cooperation a regular economic dialogue will cover all areas of macroeconomic policy, including budgetary policy, the balance of payments and monetary policy. Its aim will be to establish closer cooperation between the relevant authorities in order to:

  • develop a competitive economic environment facilitating the development of small and medium-sized businesses;
  • facilitate contacts and exchanges of information, conduct economic dialogue and improve mutual understanding;
  • improve cooperation on standards and regulations;
  • strengthen management training;
  • promote dialogue on energy policy, technology transfer and technological cooperation;
  • support Yemen’s efforts to modernise and restructure its industry;
  • promote the involvement of the private sector in cooperation programmes;
  • promote cooperation on financial services;
  • encourage cooperation on transport and transport management;
  • establish dialogue and, where possible, provide assistance for regulation and standardisation of telecommunications and the development of projects, particularly concerning the application of telematics in the fields of education, health, the environment, transport and e-commerce;
  • promote investment by creating a more favourable climate for investors.

Economic and other forms of cooperation may be extended to activities under cooperation or integration agreements with other countries in the same region to contribute to regional cooperation. Coordination with the Community’s decentralised cooperation programmes with the Mediterranean and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries is planned to this end.

On agriculture and fisheries, the aim is to modernise and restructure the sector with a view to the implementation of a national food security strategy, the development of stable markets, integrated rural development, the development of the private sector, diversification of production, reduction of food dependency, and cooperation in the fields of health, veterinary and plant-health matters, technical assistance and training.

The Parties recognise that there is a close link between poverty and environmental damage and therefore agree to give top priority to environmental protection. This will involve setting up administrative, regulatory and information structures for rational management of the environment, developing sustainable and non-polluting energy sources, encouraging regional cooperation and coordination and exchanges of information and know-how.

The aim of cooperation in the fields of tourism, science and technology is to promote cooperation, exchanges of information and development.

The Agreement’s other objectives include combating drug abuse, including illicit production of and trade in drugs, narcotics and psychotropic substances, combating money laundering and controlling chemical precursors.

In the social field, priority will be given to respect for basic social rights, focusing on measures to promote the effective equality of women and their fair involvement in the decision-making process, improving working conditions and social protection of mothers and children, improving the social protection system and health cover.

Human resources development will also be covered as an integral part of economic and social development. Efforts will be made to promote access for women to education, development of skills through closer cooperation on education and training and cooperation between universities and businesses.

Action will also be undertaken on information, culture and communications to improve mutual understanding and strengthen cultural ties. Cooperation will focus on reciprocal information programmes, conservation and restoration of monuments, education and training and cultural events.

Institutional aspects

A Joint Cooperation Committee has been set up to oversee the overall implementation of the Agreement. It will ensure the proper functioning of the Agreement, set its priorities and make recommendations. Regular contacts between the European and Yemeni parliaments are desired by both Parties.

The Agreement may be extended and replace incompatible or identical provisions. It does not affect the powers of the Member States to undertake bilateral activities. Its non-execution may mean measures will be taken against the other Party but this can be obviated by attempts to find a solution that least disrupts the functioning of the Agreement.

The officials and experts involved in implementing this Agreement will enjoy guarantees, facilities and legal privileges in accordance with international standards.

Information on EC-Yemen relations can be found on DG RELEX’s website.


Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Council Decision of 23 February 1998 concerning the conclusion of the Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen
Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and the Republic of Yemen
1.7.1998 OJ L 72 of 11.3.1998

Related Acts

Country Strategy Paper for Yemen 2002-2006 (pdf )

Joint Declaration  on Political Dialogue between the European Union and the Republic of Yemen.


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