Category Archives: Research and Innovation: International Dimension and Enlargement

The major changes that are now taking place, whether environmental, demographic or other, constitute global challenges and require an appropriate response. Europe has a key role to play so that international cooperation, like science, forms an area without borders. For this reason research is a completely separate theme in the European Union’s foreign and enlargement policies.

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Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about placeholder Slovenia

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

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Scientific and technologic cooperation with Switzerland

Scientific and technologic cooperation with Switzerland

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technologic cooperation with Switzerland

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technologic cooperation with Switzerland

Document or Iniciative

Decision 2008/270/EC,Euratom of the Council and of the Commission of 25 February 2008 concerning the conclusion on behalf of the European Community and the European Atomic Energy Community of the Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the European Community and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and the Swiss Confederation, of the other part.

Summary

The subject of this Decision is the conclusion of a new Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Switzerland and the European Communities.

This Agreement applies provisionally from 1 January 2007. It has been concluded for the duration of the SeventhFramework Programme.

In practice, the Agreement enables Swiss research bodies to join the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Development, and the specific programmes which result from it.

This cooperation has been established since the Fifth Framework Programme for Research and Development. Each agreement provides for its own renewal in the eventuality that new programmes are adopted by the European Union.

The new Agreement continues in line with preceding agreements and therefore provides for Switzerland’s contribution to Seventh Framework Programme budgets. It reiterates the provisions relating to intellectual property rights. However, the Agreement has been adapted to fit in with the specificities of the new Framework Programme, particularly with regard to Switzerland’s participation in the legal structures (in accordance with Article 169 and 171 of the EC Treaty).

The ‘Switzerland/Communities Research Committee’ shall assess and be responsible for the proper execution and interpretation of this Agreement.

Context

Swiss researchers participate in Framework Programmes for Research, the Union’s main instruments for implementing a Community policy for science and technology since the 1980s. Until 2004, this participation was carried out on a project-by-project basis with restricted rights. Since the signing of the first bilateral agreement on scientific and technological cooperation (under the 6th Framework Programme 2002-2006), Switzerland has been fully involved and on an ipso jure basis.

REFERENCES

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/270/EC,Euratom

25.2.2008

OJ L 86 of 28.3.2008

Scientific and technologic cooperation with Israel

Scientific and technologic cooperation with Israel

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technologic cooperation with Israel

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technologic cooperation with Israel

Acte

Council Decision 2008/181/EC of 25 February 2008 concerning the conclusion of the Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation between the European Community and the State of Israel.

Summary

The subject of this Decision is the conclusion of a new Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between Israel and the European Community.

This Agreement applies provisionally from 1 January 2007. It has been concluded for the duration of the Seventh Framework Programme.

In practice, the Agreement enables Israeli research bodies to join the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Development, and the specific programmes which result from it.

This cooperation does not cover nuclear research and therefore does not include the activities implemented under the 7th Euratom Framework Programme.

The new Agreement continues in line with the preceding agreement, which entered into force in May 2004, and therefore provides for Israel’s budgetary contribution. It reiterates the provisions relating to intellectual property rights. However, the Agreement has been adapted to fit in with the specificities of the new Framework Programme, particularly with regard to Israel’s participation in the legal structures (in accordance with Article 169 and 171 of the EC Treaty).

Moreover, the cooperation between the two parties may include:

  • regular discussions on the orientations and priorities for research policies and planning in Israel and the Union;
  • discussions on cooperation prospects and development;
  • access to information concerning the implementation of research programmes and projects and concerning the results of work carried out under this Agreement;
  • joint meetings;
  • visits and exchanges of research workers, engineers and technicians;
  • regular contact and monitoring;
  • participation of experts in seminars, symposia and other workshops.

The function of the ‘EC-Israel Research Committee’ is to:

  • ensure, evaluate and review the implementation of this Agreement;
  • examine any measure which could improve and develop cooperation;
  • regularly discuss the future orientations and priorities of research policies and research planning in Israel and the Union and the prospects for future cooperation.

This Committee shall meet at least once a year.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/181/EC

25.2.2008

OJ L 59 of 4.3.2008

Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

The major changes that are now taking place, whether environmental, demographic or other, constitute global challenges and require an appropriate response. Europe has a key role to play so that international cooperation, like science, forms an area without borders. For this reason research is a completely separate theme in the European Union’s foreign and enlargement policies.

INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION

  • Scientific and technological cooperation with Jordan
  • Scientific and technological cooperation with New Zealand
  • Scientific and technological cooperation with the United States
  • Scientific and technological cooperation with Egypt
  • Scientific and technologic cooperation with Switzerland
  • Scientific and technologic cooperation with Israel
  • ITER: Euratom/Japan agreement on nuclear fusion

ENLARGEMENT

Ongoing enlargement

  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Research and new technologies
  • Croatia – Research and new technologies
  • Turkey – Research and new technologies
  • Iceland – Research and new technologies

Enlargement of January 2007

  • Bulgaria
  • Romania

Enlargement of May 2004

  • Cyprus
  • Estonia
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Malta
  • Poland
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia

Scientific and technological cooperation with Egypt

Scientific and technological cooperation with Egypt

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technological cooperation with Egypt

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technological cooperation with Egypt

Acts

Council Decision 2008/180/EC of 25 February 2008 concerning the conclusion of the Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between the European Community and the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Summary

This decision marks the conclusion of the Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation by the European Community (EC). This was a provisional agreement between the Community and Egypt signed on 21 June 2005.

The aim of the Agreement is to strengthen cooperation between the two parties in the fields of common interest where they are carrying out scientific and technological research and development projects.

The Agreement enables Egyptian legal entities * to participate in the framework programme of the European Community and, vice versa, legal entities in the Member States can participate in Egypt’s research programmes and projects in themes equivalent to those of the EC Framework programme. Activities undertaken include the implementation of research programmes, technological development and demonstration activities promoting cooperation with and between businesses, centres of research, universities, non-member countries and international organisations. The activities also aim to encourage training and the movement of researchers, as well as the dissemination and optimisation of the results of research activities, whilst also respecting the provisions for intellectual property rights.

The two parties shall facilitate the free movement of researchers and materials used for the activities covered in the Agreement. Grant funding can be allocated to a legal entity of Egypt participating in a Community action.

Coordination is undertaken by a joint committee called “EC-Egypt Joint Scientific and Technological Cooperation Committee”. The Committee is responsible for the evaluation and implementation of the Agreement. The remit of the Committee also includes the identification of sectors where cooperation could be developed and research priorities. The Committee shall meet at least once a year.

Context

The Agreement between the European Community and Egypt establishes a formal framework for cooperation in scientific and technological research

Key terms of the act
  • Legal entity: any natural person, or any legal person created under the national law of its place of establishment or under Community law or international law, having legal personality and being entitled to have rights and obligations of any kind in its own name.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 2008/180/EC

27.2.2008

OJ L 59 of 4.3.2008

Scientific and technological cooperation with the United States

Scientific and technological cooperation with the United States

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technological cooperation with the United States

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technological cooperation with the United States

Acts

Council Decision 98/591/EC of 13 October 1998 concerning the conclusion of the Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the United States of America.

Council Decision 2009/306/EC of 30 March 2009 concerning the extension and amendment of the Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the United States of America.

Summary

Decision 2009/306/EC aims to extend the Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation concluded between the European Community (EC) and the United States on 5 December 1997 in Washington for a period of five years.

Its objective is to reinforce cooperation between the two parties in common priority areas in which they carry out scientific and technological research and development activities. Areas of cooperative activities are as follows:

  • environment,
  • biomedicine and health,
  • agriculture,
  • fisheries science,
  • engineering research,
  • non-nuclear energy,
  • natural resources,
  • materials sciences (including nanotechnology) and metrology,
  • information and communication technologies (ICTs),
  • telematics,
  • biotechnology,
  • marine sciences and technologies,
  • social sciences research,
  • transportation,
  • security research,
  • space research,
  • science and technology policy, management, training and mobility of scientists.

The Agreement allows American legal entities * to participate in the European Community Framework Programme. Reciprocally, legal entities from Member States can participate in American programmes on themes that are equivalent to those of the EC Framework Programme. Actions carried out concern the implementation of research programmes, technological development and demonstration by promoting cooperation with and between enterprises, research centres, universities, third countries and international organisations. They also aim to encourage the training and mobility of scientists, as well as the dissemination and optimisation of the results of research activities, whilst complying with the provisions for intellectual property.

The two parties will facilitate the free circulation of scientists and equipment used for activities covered by this Agreement. Funding may be granted to an American legal entity participating in a Community action.

Coordination will be carried out by a Joint Consultative Group (JCG) who will meet once a year. This group is composed of a limited and equal number of representatives from each party. It is responsible for evaluating and monitoring the implementation of the Agreement. Its remit also includes determining the sectors where cooperation could be reinforced and to define research priorities.

Context

The Agreement between the European Community and the United States of America establishes an official cooperation framework with regard to scientific and technological research. It was concluded on 5 December 1997 for an initial period of five years. It can be extended with possible amendments for additional periods of five years.

Key terms of the Act
  • Legal entity: a natural or legal person created in accordance with national law in the place of its establishment or with Community or international law, with a legal personality and being able to hold rights and obligations of any nature in its own name.

References

Act Entry into force Deadline for transposition in the Member States Official Journal
Decision 98/591/EC

13.10.1998

OJ L 284 of 22.10.1998

Decision 2009/306/EC

30.3.2009

OJ L 90 of 2.4.2009

Scientific and technological cooperation with New Zealand

Scientific and technological cooperation with New Zealand

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technological cooperation with New Zealand

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technological cooperation with New Zealand

Document or Iniciative

Council Decision 2009/502/EC of 19 January 2009 on the conclusion on behalf of the Community of the Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation between the European Union and the Government of New Zealand.

Summary

The European Union (EU) and New Zealand have concluded an Agreement aimed at introducing a Framework Programme to develop their scientific and technological cooperation.

The Agreement has been concluded for a period of five years and shall remain in force unless terminated by either Party.

Implementation of cooperation

The Draft Agreement attached to this Proposal lays down the principles upon which cooperation is to be based:

  • mutual contributions and benefits;
  • mutual access for participants to research programmes or projects operated by the other Party;
  • exchange of information;
  • promotion of knowledge-based societies for economic and social development;
  • protection of intellectual property rights.

Direct cooperation aims to define research and development programmes which may be undertaken on a cooperative basis and to extend mutual knowledge of scientific, political, practical and legislative aspects in this field. Cooperation will take the form of meetings and the exchange of information, researchers and technical personnel.

Funding of activities shall be provided through grants and financial contributions which are to be exempt from customs duties where granted by the Parties to participants of the other Party.

Indirect cooperationcovers cooperative activities operated by the Government of New Zealand and the European Union under research programmes or projects funded by the other Party. Both shall ensure that appropriate assistance is provided and shall coordinate the activities. Participation shall take place according to a principle of equal treatment for participants of both Parties.

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Union shall be both an executive agent for the carrying out of direct activities and a participant in indirect activities.

Intellectual property

Scientific and technological information of a non-proprietary nature arising from cooperative activities shall be in the public domain and may be made available by either Party.

The rights and obligations of participants in indirect activities shall be governed by the relevant international laws, regulations and conventions on intellectual property.

Joint Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation

A Joint Committee shall be established to manage cooperation and assess progress. The Committee shall be chaired by and include representatives of both Parties. It is to meet at least every two years.

The Committee’s role is to:

  • give views on scientific and technological policy issues;
  • make recommendations on the implementation of the Agreement;
  • make technical amendments to the Agreement.

It may decide to establish additional direct cooperative activities.

Context

This Agreement was preceded by an Arrangement concluded in 1991 in the area of scientific and technological cooperation.

Key terms of the Act
  • Participant: any physical person normally residing in New Zealand or in the Community, or any legal person established in New Zealand or in the Community with a legal personality and the capacity to hold rights and obligations of any nature.

References And Procedure

Act Entry into force Transposition Official Journal
Decision 2009/502/EC

30.1.2009

OJ L 171 of 1.7.2009

Scientific and technological cooperation with Jordan

Scientific and technological cooperation with Jordan

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Scientific and technological cooperation with Jordan

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

Scientific and technological cooperation with Jordan

Document or Iniciative

Council Decision 2011/348/EC of 10 November 2009 on the signing, on behalf of the Community, and provisional application of the Agreement between the European Community and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on Scientific and Technological Cooperation.

Agreement between the European Community and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on Scientific and Technological Cooperation.

Summary

The European Union (EU) and Jordan undertake to develop their cooperation in the field of science and technology.

Their cooperation is based, in particular, on the principles of mutual benefit and promotion of knowledge as a factor in economic and social development.

The implementation of the Agreement is managed by a joint cooperation committee.

Functioning of the cooperation

Cooperation activities may be undertaken by natural or legal persons. In this respect, the EU and Jordan must facilitate the free movement and residence of research workers in their respective territories, and the movement of goods intended for use in cooperation.

Participants established in Jordan may participate in indirect actions under the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration activities. The European authorities are authorised to perform controls and audits on contracts and grant agreements awarded to Jordanian participants, with the support of the country’s authorities.

Participants established in the EU may participate in research, development and demonstration programmes and projects in Jordan. They shall carry out their actions with due regard to national rules and be treated equitably compared with Jordanian participants.

Cooperation activities may take the following forms in particular:

  • regular political dialogue in the area of research;
  • exchanges of scientific and technological information;
  • exchanges of research workers, engineers and technicians;
  • exchanges of equipment, materials and testing services;
  • research and technological development training.

In addition, the Jordanian authorities and the Commission shall exchange information on current programmes and on new cooperation opportunities.

Intellectual property rights

Rules concerning the protection of intellectual property rights and the dissemination of knowledge are laid down in Annex II to the Agreement. These rules are compatible with national and international regulations. They apply to knowledge generated in the course of cooperation activities, to scientific literary works and to confidential information.

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placeholder Hungary

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about placeholder Hungary

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

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The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Research and new technologies

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Research and new technologies

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Research and new technologies

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Research and innovation > Research and innovation: international dimension and enlargement

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Research and new technologies

acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.

Document or Iniciative

Commission Report – [COM(2011) 666 final – SEC(2011) 1203 – Not published in the Official Journal].

Summary

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia was granted candidate country status for European Union (EU) membership in 2005. The Accession Partnership, adopted by the Council in 2008, supports the country’s preparations in view of its future membership and the alignment of its legislation with the Community acquis. In 2008, the accession negotiations had not yet been opened, as some progress still needed to be made on the objectives and conditions set out in the partnership.

The 2011 Report outlines progress, particularly in implementing the 2011-2020 Strategy. However, the administrative capacities remain limited.

EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)

Due to its specificity, the acquis in the field of science and research does not require any transposition in the national legal order. Implementation capacity does not relate to the application and enforcement of legal provisions but rather to the existence of the necessary conditions for effective participation in the framework programmes. In order to ensure the successful implementation of the acquis in this domain, notably successful association to the framework programmes, Turkey will need to create the necessary implementing capacities in the field of research and technological development including an increase of the personnel assigned to framework programme activities.

The acquis in the field of telecommunications is aimed at the elimination of obstacles to the effective operation of the single market in telecommunications services and networks, and the deployment of universally available modern services. A new regulatory framework on electronic communications was adopted by the European Union (EU) in 2002. As regards postal services, the objective is to implement the single market by opening up the sector to competition in a gradual and controlled way, within a regulatory framework which assures a universal service.

EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)

Concerning European standards on science and research progress was noted. The national strategy for 2011 – 2020 was adopted. The participation rate in the Seventh EU Framework Research Programme has further increased. The administrative capacity to support participation in the framework programmes is weak.

Related Acts

Commission Report [COM(2010) 660 final – SEC(2010) 1327 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The 2010 Report notes an increase in the level of participation in EU programmes on research matters. However, the capacities of research institutes need to be strengthened, and also their cooperation with industry.

Commission Report [COM(2009) 533 final – SEC(2009) 1334 – Not published in the Official Journal].

Commission Report [COM(2008) 674 final – SEC(2008) 2699 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

The November 2008 report notes significant progress in the area of electronic communications. The sector is more competitive. However, the financial situation of the Broadcasting Council and the Public Service Broadcaster is to be improved.