Category Archives: Partnership for the Accession of the Czech Republic

The aim of the Accession Partnership is to assist the authorities in the candidate country (in this case, the Czech Republic) in their efforts to comply with the accession criteria. It covers in detail the priorities for accession preparations, in particular implementing the acquis, and forms the basis for programming pre-accession assistance from Community funds such as the Phare programme. Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003 and the official integration of the country into the European Union on 1 May 2004, the accession partnership has come to an end.

The Czech Republic – Transport

The Czech Republic – Transport

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The Czech Republic – Transport

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic – Transport

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • continuation of alignment efforts with Community legislation, (particularly on market access, safety regulations and taxation in road and rail transport);
  • mobilising the investment needed in the transport infrastructure (particularly in the extension of trans-European networks).

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have not been respected.

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress has been made with the alignment of road transport legislation. Work has started on restructuring the civil aviation authority and air traffic control.

Assessment (November 2001)

Significant progress has been made, in particular with regard to road transport. Major amendments to rail transport legislation are required. With regard to air transport, responsibility for slot allocation should be given to an independent body. Another independent body should be set up to carry out inquiries into air accidents.

Assessment (October 2002)

The transport priorities of the Accession Partnership have been partially met. Implementation of the measures under the Action Plan is progressing slowly. Some progress has been achieved in increasing human resources, and further reforms are being prepared for the railways.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 1998/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(1997) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1998) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

The Czech Republic – employment and social affairs

The Czech Republic – employment and social affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The Czech Republic – employment and social affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic – employment and social affairs

Short-term priorities

  • creating a national strategy with a view to subsequent participation in the European employment strategy;
  • supporting the social partners’ efforts to equip themselves with the necessary capacity to develop and implement the acquis.

Assessment (November 2000)

This priority has been largely observed. A national employment plan is in place. The social dialogue has improved, particularly within industry.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • setting up of appropriate job market structures and joint assessment of employment policies with the prospect of participating in European coordination;
  • aligning labour law and legislation on health and job security;
  • setting up control structures, (quickly adopting the framework directive on health and safety of workers);
  • applying the principle of equal opportunities between men and women;
  • continuing to develop active, autonomous social dialogue;
  • continuing to develop social welfare;
  • efforts to align the public health system with European standards.

Evaluation (October 1999)

Preparations for the joint examination of employment policies are continuing in a satisfactory manner. Progress has been made concerning the alignment of legislation on equal opportunities.

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress has been made in transposing the social security acquis. Alignment has been improved in the areas of working time and collective redundancies. Legislation has been adopted on equal opportunities, gender discrimination, parental leave, remuneration, people with disabilities and public health. Initial steps have been taken to set up a state monitoring system on health and safety in the workplace.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 1998/267/EC, 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC, 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(1997)2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1998)708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999)503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000)703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

The Czech Republic — Regional Policy

The Czech Republic — Regional Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The Czech Republic — Regional Policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic — Regional Policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • creation of a legal, administrative and budgetary framework for the drawing-up of an integrated regional policy;
  • participation in the structural programmes of the European Union after accession.

Assessment (October 1999)

Progress achieved in the preparations for joining the structural policy of the European Union is satisfactory. Financial control and audit procedures, however, need improving. It is also necessary to speed up the completion of the legislative framework.

Assessment (November 2000)

The legal framework for regional development has been adopted. The national development plan 2000-2006 and the SAPARD and ISPA programming documents have also been adopted. The Ministry for Regional Development has taken on new staff and cooperation with other ministries has been strengthened.

Assessment (November 2001)

There has been a noticeable improvement in regional policy, insofar as it is now based on a national regional development strategy, which specifies the objectives and instruments of this policy, in accordance with Community regulations. However, more emphasis needs to be placed on creating the structures needed to implement the Structural Funds.

Assessment (October 2002)

Significant progress has been made in the preparation for implementing the structural policies. The area eligible under Objective 2 in the region of Prague has been defined. Concerning legislation, the Act on Environmental Impact Assessment and the Act on Financial Control, in force since January 2002, are in line with the Community acquis. The Czech Government’s Resolution of January 2002 defined the institutional framework for implementing the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund. All the Regional Councils have been set up and the new local governments at NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Statistical Units) level III have become operational. The ministries have designated the managing and paying authorities and the implementing bodies for the Cohesion Fund. The managing authority for the Community Support Framework (CSF) will be the Ministry for Regional Development. The revised national development plan still has to be adopted. It consists of one joint regional operational programme (OP) and six sectoral OPs. Charged with implementing the national plan, the Managing and Co-ordination Committee will become the CSF Monitoring Committee and will ensure compliance with the partnership principle. In the field of financial management and control, the pilot version of the monitoring system for the Structural Funds will be extended to all other government agencies and regional authorities. The ex ante evaluation of the programming documents has already started. As far as management and control are concerned, significant progress has been achieved with the Act on Financial Control, which paves the way for a system of financial control inside the public authorities.

Accession negotiations on regional policy have been provisionally closed and the Czech Republic has not requested any transitional periods. The National Development Plan is still to be approved. Although there is already a timetable for drafting the programming documents, considerable efforts are still needed from now until the end of December 2002. As regards territorial organisation, the Czech Republic has completed the establishment of territorial units corresponding to the NUTS classification with eight cohesion regions at NUTS level II and 14 regions (kraj) at NUTS level III. Most of the units appointed as managing or paying authorities have experience with implementing and managing the Phare, ISPA and Sapard programmes. Increased efforts are needed to develop the appropriate channels of communication to enable local authorities and the economic and social partners to play a direct and visible role in formal consultation processes. In the field of financial management and control, the Czech Republic has made good progress in bringing its legislation into line with the Community acquis. The introduction of multiannual planning of budgetary expenditure is a positive development. However, financial control structures and procedures need still to be strengthened by creating internal audit units within the ministries responsible for implementing the Funds. In order to complete preparations for membership, the Czech Republic must now encourage closer cooperation and partnership between its ministries, strengthen its administrative capacity by giving priority to the training of human resources, and develop systems and procedures for effective monitoring, financial management and control.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Czech Republic – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Czech Republic – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Czech Republic – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Short-term priorities:

  • improving capacity in banking and insurance sector supervision, internal financial control, environment and agriculture;
  • strengthening the relevant phytosanitary and veterinary administrations, particularly as regards facilities at external borders;
  • making a start on setting up the necessary structures for regional and structural policies.

Assessment (October 1999)

There was some progress with setting up the structures needed for implementing regional and structural policies. None was made, however, on administrative capacity building in the insurance sector, environment and agriculture. Similarly, little was done to improve phytosanitary and veterinary facilities at the external borders. Neither was there any movement on the adoption of a system of internal financial control in the national administration.

Assessment (November 2000)

A law on the civil service has been prepared but has not yet been adopted. Progress has been made in the reform of the judicial system, but much remains to be done. Internal financial auditing remains ineffective.

Assessment (November 2001)

The implementation of the reform of the civil service has not begun. Although some progress has been made in reforming the judicial system, the autonomy of the judiciary and the training of judges must be improved. Internal and external financial controls have improved. The Sapard agency has yet to be accredited. The national and rural development plans have been drawn up.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare the Czech Republic for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • continue the policy to modernise public administration;
  • improve the operation of the judicial system and customs authorities and train the judiciary in Community law and its application;
  • establish independent bodies to supervise data and consumer protection;
  • reinforce the relevant justice and home affairs institutions (ensuring sufficient and properly trained personnel, in particular for the police, border posts, and ministries and courts);
  • strengthen the nuclear safety authority;
  • complete the alignment of financial control capacity;
  • reform of customs and tax administrations to ensure readiness to apply the acquis;
  • reinforce food inspection services.

Assessment (October 1999)

The Government has focused particularly on public administration reform, although no legislation has been adopted in this respect. It has presented Parliament with a general reform programme aiming to overcome the main deficiencies in the judicial system. The operation of the customs and tax administrations continues to improve.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been recorded in these priorities.

Assessment (November 2001)

With regard to financial control, the administrative capacities have been strengthened. The reform of the judiciary is under way. The Czech statistical office is operating well and the legislation in this field has been brought into line with the acquis.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.3.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.4.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC (2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC (2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Czech Republic – internal market

Czech Republic – internal market

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Czech Republic – internal market

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic – internal market

Short-term priorities:

  • intellectual property rights (legislation and enforcement);
  • certification and standardisation (further aligning legislative measures with the acquis and concluding a European conformity assessment agreement);
  • amending the anti-trust law;
  • further developing the legislative framework for controlling State aid and increasing transparency through the establishment of an additional State aid inventory.
  • free movement of goods: amending horizontal legislation on technical requirements for products, conformity assessment and public health protection;
  • free movement of capital: aligning laws on telecommunications, insurance and bonds;
  • free movement of services: reinforcing the Securities Commission and widening its field of operation.

Assessment (October 1999)

Progress has been made in the fields of standardisation and certification, following the adoption of substantial sectoral legislation. Nevertheless, the amended framework law on technical requirements has still not been adopted. The negotiations relating to the Protocol on European conformity assessment are continuing. Progress has also been made in respect of the frontier controls to be applied to intellectual property rights. Part of the inventory of existing State aid has been drawn up. On the other hand, there has been no progress in the fields of anti-trust and State aid legislation.

Assessment (November 2000)

Considerable progress has been made in the area of industrial property and copyright legislation, but the implementation and monitoring of these laws needs to be improved. As regards company law, the issue of the protection of small shareholders has not yet been dealt with. The new law on the protection of personal data is in line with the relevant Community legislation, but the planned independent supervisory authority has yet to be established. The priority regarding the free movement of goods has been met. As regards the free movement of capital, problems remain regarding non-residents’ right to purchase real estate and the closure of existing anonymous accounts. Limited progress has been made with the priorities regarding the free movement of services. Antitrust law is not yet in line with Community law. Major progress has been achieved in the legislation on State aid, and a large part of the inventory has been completed.

Assessment (November 2001)

Transposition has been completed in the field of intellectual and industrial property rights. Czech company law is generally in line with Community legislation, as is Czech data protection law. An independent supervisory authority has been set up in this sector. Good progress has been made with alignment in the field of the free movement of goods and in the audiovisual sector. The liberalisation of capital movements has almost been completed. Substantial progress has been made on competition matters. The telecommunications regulatory authority should be more independent.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • alignment of legislation on public procurement, accounting, data protection, financial services, indirect taxation, the audiovisual sector and consumer protection;
  • further development of standardisation and conformity assessment bodies and establishment of a market surveillance system;
  • adoption of technical legislation in respect of industrial products;
  • strengthening of the relevant competition authorities;
  • completion of the alignment of competition law with the acquis;
  • promotion of enterprise development (particularly SMEs);
  • alignment with the acquis in the fields of telecommunications, consumer protection and the internal energy market.

Assessment (October 1999)

The Czech Republic has made progress in aligning its banking legislation and its technical legislation in the field of industrial products. It has also continued its SME-support policies.

Assessment (November 2000)

As regards public procurement, the national preference clause has yet to be abolished. A new law on data protection has been adopted. The adoption of new laws on insurance and strengthening the insurance supervisory authority constitutes major progress. The staff responsible in the area of competition have been well-trained in Community competition policy. Some progress has been made in aligning consumer protection legislation.

Assessment (November 2001)

In the field of public procurement, the national preference clause should be repealed. The transposition of intellectual and industrial property law is almost complete. The legislation on data protection is virtually in line with Community legislation and a supervisory body has been set up. There has been good progress in aligning the free movement of goods, insurance and VAT, but this is not the case with the free movement of persons. The application of antitrust and State aid rules still needs to be guaranteed. Significant progress has been made in the field of consumer protection. The customs legislation is closely aligned to the Community legislation.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 99/858/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Czech Republic – Justice and Home Affairs

Czech Republic – Justice and Home Affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Czech Republic – Justice and Home Affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic – Justice and Home Affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • development of effective border management.

Assessment (October 1999)

This priority has not been met. No progress has been made in this sector.

Assessment (November 2000)

Little progress has been made in the strengthening of border controls. The new Act on Asylum and the Act on the Residence of Aliens are consistent with the acquis. The Money Laundering Act brings Czech legislation more into line with the acquis. The results obtained in the fight against economic crime, corruption and organised crime remain inadequate. More interinstitutional cooperation and greater numbers of qualified staff are required in this field.

Assessment (November 2001)

Significant progress has been made towards alignment with the acquis in the area of border controls, particularly with a view to joining the SIS (Schengen Information System). Advances have also been made in asylum and immigration policy. However, more needs to be done to bring Czech legislation into line with the acquis in the field of fighting organised crime, corruption and money laundering. This priority has therefore only been partly met.

Assessment (October 2002)

The Czech Republic has addressed the problems associated with the need to step up border controls and to improve coordination between organisations and controls at green borders.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • development of effective border management;
  • implementation of migration policy and reform of asylum procedures;
  • fight against drugs and organised crime (in particular money laundering, drugs and trafficking in human beings;
  • fight against corruption;
  • more effective operation of the judiciary and law enforcement;
  • alignment of visa policy with that of the European Union and completion of alignment to international conventions, particularly with a view to applying the Schengenacquis.

Assessment (October 1999)

A start has been made on the reform of asylum procedures. The government is paying increasing attention to the fight against organised crime and corruption, although efforts remain insufficient.

Assessment (November 2000)

Significant progress has been made in aligning visa policy.

Assessment (November 2001)

The reform of the Code of Criminal Procedure has made possible a far-reaching modernisation of the judicial system. Given the lack of proper training for the police, the fight against organised crime remains one of the most serious problems. The alignment of visa legislation should be completed before accession. This priority has therefore only been partly met.

Assessment 2002

Measures aimed at improving the system for issuing visas and cooperation between all the units responsible for controlling migration are broadly under way.

As far as asylum procedure is concerned, the relevant legislative measures have been adopted to ensure that an independent body participates in the procedure as second appeal instance.

In order to strengthen the new strategy of combating organised crime, in January 2002 the Czech Republic launched a thoroughgoing reform of the police service and implemented a reform of the Criminal Proceedings Code. Specific measures were taken to strengthen the training offered to police forces in the field of organised crime and drugs, particularly as regards the liaison officer with EUROPOL and the Ukraine. Further efforts are needed in the implementation of the project set in the Action Plan for “Prevention and repression of trafficking in human beings, especially women and children”.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia,Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal.

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal.

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Czech Republic – Environment

Czech Republic – Environment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Czech Republic – Environment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic – Environment

Short-term priorities

  • continued transposition of framework legislation;
  • development of detailed approximation programmes and implementation strategies related to individual acts;
  • planning and initial implementation of these programmes and strategies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met only in part.
Some progress has been made on aligning legislation, particularly on water protection and the management of waste and chemicals. However, there has been no progress with the transposition of framework legislation or the implementation of approximation programmes or strategies related to individual acts.

Assessment (November 2000)

Although the transposition of framework legislation has begun in certain areas such as water quality, air quality and waste management, many measures still need to be taken. The directive on environment impact assessment has not been transposed. No strategy has been devised for investing in the environment.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress has been achieved in alignment on the Community legislation, except on air protection, nature protection and industrial pollution prevention and control. An investment strategy for the environment is needed.

Assessment (October 2002)

Progress has been made towards completing the transposition of the acquis, particularly with regard to integrated pollution prevention and control. A priority should be transposition of the nature protection legislation.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • development of monitoring and implementation control structures and capacities;
  • on-going planning of approximation programmes related to individual legal acts;
  • particular emphasis on air, water and waste;
  • environmental protection requirements and the need for sustainable development need to be integrated into the definition and implementation of national sectoral policies.

Assessment (October 1999)

Some progress has been achieved in aligning sectoral legislation.

Assessment (November 2000)

Administrative capacity has been stepped up by increasing the staff of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Czech environmental inspection authority.

Assessment (November 2001)

Alignment remains to be completed in the fields of nature protection, air protection and industrial pollution control. There are still gaps in the legislation to implement and enforce the acquis. There is a need to strengthen administrative capacity and coordination between different governmental bodies.

Assessment (October 2002)

Some provisions of the new legislation on water and waste do not accord with the acquis. Further training activities are needed in relation to environmental impact assessment. In the water sector, the monitoring network still needs to be brought in line with acquis requirements concerning drinking and groundwater, nitrates and dangerous substances. Concerning dangerous substances, the main sources of pollution have been identified and the inventory has been updated. For biocides, an Authorisation Authority has been set up and a classification, packaging and labelling system has been established. Further efforts are needed on nature protection. Some progress has been made with stepping up administrative, monitoring and enforcement capacity at national and regional level. Investment planning capacity needs to be further improved. A national strategy for sustainable development has been adopted.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

The Czech Republic – Political criteria

The Czech Republic – Political criteria

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The Czech Republic – Political criteria

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic – Political criteria

Short-term priorities

  • implementing the action described in the governmental resolution of October 7 on the Roma, in particular, the provision of financial support;
  • implementing measures to fight discrimination (including within public administration);
  • promotion of job opportunities and improved access to education.

Assessment (November 2000)

This priority has been partially observed. The majority of the measures in the government’s plan of action concerning the Roma have been carried out and access to education has been improved, but more effort is required to integrate the Roma and to improve their job opportunities.

Assessment (November 2001)

The situation of the Roma continues to improve although there are still some problems with access to work. The priority has been partially achieved, thanks to the new measures adopted.

Assessment (October 2002)

The reform of public administration has advanced with the adoption of the Civil Service Act in May 2002. No progress has been made on standards of availability of public services. As regards training, the Institute of State Administration has started operations. Further progress has been made with judicial reform, especially in relation to administrative law, the self-administration of the judiciary and the implementation of the Code of Criminal Proceedings. Although progress has been made in reducing the length of court proceedings, further improvement is required. The fight against corruption and economic crime has advanced significantly. A Code of Ethics for the police must be adopted to prevent police misconduct.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • continuation of the efforts to integrate the Roma;
  • strengthening of the laws on freedom of the press;
  • continuing attention to equality of access to public services.

Assessment (October 1999)

The government has paid particular attention to the integration of the Roma, by pressing ahead with the framing and implementation of measures in this area. Parliament has amended the law on citizenship. It has also approved legislation allowing citizens access to information on public administration.

Assessment (November 2000)

The government has adopted a long-term policy concerning the Roma, together with strategies centred around education, employment, housing and the fight against discrimination. These strategies have been allocated additional funds.

Assessment (November 2001)

Having adopted a new long-term policy concerning the Roma, the government has achieved some of its priorities. Measures to fight discrimination, however, require more effort.

Assessment (October 2002)

Efforts have been made to improve the situation of the Roma minority in the fields of culture, education and housing. However, effective strategies are required to combat the structural discrimination in employment, education and housing.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2002)700 final – SEC(2002)1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

The Czech Republic – Economic Policy

The Czech Republic – Economic Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about The Czech Republic – Economic Policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic – Economic Policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • regular examination of the joint assessment of the priorities of economic policy under the Europe Agreement, emphasising adherence to the Copenhagen criteria on membership of the European Union and Community legislation in economic and monetary policy (coordinating economic policies, introducing convergenceprogrammes, fighting excessive deficits);
  • the Czech Republic will have to adopt policies for attaining real convergence according to the European Union’s objectives on economic and social cohesion and a nominal convergence compatible with the ultimate objective – adoption of the Euro. However, the Czech Republic will not be obliged to adopt the Euro immediately on accession.

Assessment (October 1999)

The joint evaluation with the Commission has begun. The government continues to follow the convergence policies.

Assessment (November 2000)

These priorities have not registered any progress.

Assessment (November 2001)

The priority regarding the alignment of the Central Bank legislation to the acquis has not been met.

Assessment (October 2002)

The Czech Republic has aligned its legislation concerning the independence of the Central Bank to the acquis; this priority has therefore been met.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC, 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC, 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(1997) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1998) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1402
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Czech Republic – Agriculture

Czech Republic – Agriculture

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Czech Republic – Agriculture

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of the Czech Republic

Czech Republic – Agriculture

Short-term priorities

  • to take the measures needed to implement the common agricultural policy;
  • to continue with alignment and modernisation of the inspection facilities;
  • to modernise production sites for meat and milk products with regard to hygiene and public health;
  • to harmonise the identification system for bovine animals.

Assessment (November 2000)

Some progress has been made in implementing the common agricultural policy. Little has been done to improve veterinary and plant health inspection methods or modernise production sites for meat and milk products. Progress has been made on the cattle identification system.

Assessment (November 2001)

Progress continues as regards the implementation of the common agricultural policy, rural development and the livestock identification system. Progress is still needed in the veterinary field and on modernising production facilities for meat and milk products.

Assessment (October 2002)

Progress continues to be made. The Czech Republic must continue its alignment with the Community acquis in the veterinary sector.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • completion of alignment with the agricultural acquis (notably in the phytosanitary and veterinary fields, and particularly as regards external border controls);
  • developing the necessary capacities for implementing and applying the common agricultural policy, particularly the basic management mechanisms and administrative structures needed to control agricultural markets and implement structural and rural development measures;
  • adopting and implementing veterinary and plant health rules;
  • upgrading certain food processing centres and some testing and diagnostic facilities;
  • restructuring the agri-food sector;
  • land restitution process in particular and creation of an operational property market.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have not been respected.

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress has been made on the establishment of management mechanisms for the common agricultural policy and on the animal identification system. The hazard analysis critical control points system was introduced.

Assessment (November 2001)

Despite satisfactory progress in implementing the common agricultural policy and as regards alignment on the acquis, progress is still needed on all aspects of the acquis.

Assessment (October 2002)

Progress continues to be made. The Czech Republic must continue its alignment with the Community acquis in the veterinary sector.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/267/EC, 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/858/EC, 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2009 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 708 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 503 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1746
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401
[Not published in the Official Journal]

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1200
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.