Category Archives: Partnership for the Accession of Slovakia

The aim of the Accession Partnership is to assist the authorities in the candidate country (in this case, Slovakia) in their efforts to comply with the accession criteria. It covers in detail the priorities for accession preparations, in particular implementing the acquis, and forms the basis for programming pre-accession assistance from Community funds such as the Phare programme. Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003 and the official integration of the country into the European Union on 1 May 2004, the accession partnership has come to an end.

Slovakia – Transport

Slovakia – Transport

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Transport

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Transport

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • extra efforts for alignment with Community legislation, particularly in road and rail transport (market access, safety regulations and taxation);
  • mobilising the investment needed in the transport infrastructure (particularly in the extension of trans-European networks).

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been recorded in this field.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been recorded in this field.

Assessment (November 2001)

Limited progress has been recorded in the fields of carriage by road, air and rail transport and inland navigation.

Assessment (October 2002)

In the railway sector, significant steps forward have been made regarding the future organisation of Slovak Railways. The legislation is in place for the establishment and efficient operation of an independent aviation accident investigation authority.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 1998/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(1997)2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1998)703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999)511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000)711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001)700 final – SEC (2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – internal market

Slovakia – internal market

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – internal market

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – internal market

Short-term priorities:

  • further alignment of legislation on standards and certification;
  • adoption of a law on State aid;
  • alignment of legislation on intellectual property;
  • alignment of legislation on public procurement (transparency), bankruptcy procedures and agriculture (veterinary and plant health legislation);
  • establishing of standardisation and conformity assessment structures.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met in full.

There has been progress as regards aligning legislation on standards and certification, State aid, public procurement and agriculture (particularly in veterinary and plant health matters).

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress has been made in all the priority areas, with the exception of the following issues. The legislation on trademarks and patents has not yet been applied. Further efforts need to be made to combat piracy and counterfeiting, as well as to improve border management. Restrictions on the free movement of capital persist. The inventory of State aid is not advancing well. Neither the VAT rate nor the legislation on chemical products have been aligned with Community legislation.

Assessment (November 2001)

A public procurement office has been set up. It is necessary to reinforce the means of combating counterfeiting. Alignment is progressing well as regards the free movement of goods, but there are still certain restrictions on the free movement of capital. The coordination of the supervisory authorities for financial services must be improved. There is still no inventory of State aid, and the application of the relevant legislation is posing problems. Progress has been made on the alignment of excise duties, in contrast to the alignment of VAT.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • alignment of legislation, and implementation and enforcement, in the areas of standardisation and conformity assessment, competition (monitoring and transparency of State aid and mergers), indirect taxation, intellectual property (enforcement), financial services, data protection and protection of audiovisual material;
  • consolidation of standardisation and conformity assessment structures;
  • establishment of a market surveillance system;
  • alignment of technical regulations on industrial products;
  • promotion of business expansion, particularly of SMEs;
  • alignment of Slovak law and practice on that of the Community in connection with telecommunications, consumer protection and the internal market in energy.

Assessment (October 1999)

There has been no progress in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress in these areas.

Assessment (November 2001)

The Directive on the protection of personal data has yet to be transposed. The main banking directives have been aligned and applied. Little progress has been made on insurance, investment services and securities markets. There are delays in the mutual recognition of diplomas. Alignment has progressed well in the fields of competition and customs. The independent regulatory authority for telecommunications must be reinforced.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC, 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC, 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion, COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report, COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report, COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report, COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Environment

Slovakia – Environment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Environment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Environment

Short-term priorities:

  • continued transposition of framework legislation;
  • establishment of detailed approximation programmes and implementation strategies related to individual acts;
  • planning and initial implementation of these programmes and strategies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met only in part.

Little progress has been achieved in this area apart from the adoption of sectoral measures. Comprehensive implementation plans and financial strategies have not been adopted.

Assessment (November 2000)

There is still no overall strategy. There has been no significant progress in the areas of water, waste and integrated pollution prevention and control. Little progress has been achieved regarding nature protection and air quality. New legislation was adopted with a view to alignment with the Directive on environmental impact assessment.

Assessment (November 2001)

A comprehensive approximation strategy and a plan for financing investments are still lacking. Little progress has been made in the fields of water, nature protection, air quality and industrial pollution risks. Good progress has been made on waste management.

Assessment (October 2002)

Some progress can be reported with transposition of the acquis in the areas of air quality, industrial pollution control and risk management, and waste. Good progress has been made with regard to water quality and nature protection. Close attention still needs to be paid to implementing the acquis regarding waste management, water quality and industrial pollution control.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • putting in place of control structures and capacities;
  • further planning and implementation of approximation programmes related to individual acts;
  • special emphasis on air and water quality and waste, and on a comprehensive policy for tackling industrial pollution and for risk management.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in these areas.

Assessment (November 2001)

Capacities for monitoring and controlling implementation of the legislation need to be reinforced. Greater attention should be paid to integration of the environment into the other sectoral policies.

Assessment (October 2002)

Attention needs to be paid to integrating environmental protection requirements into the formulation and implementation of other sectoral policies. Action has been taken to develop administrative capacity in the field of the environment, though further action is still needed.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Economic Policy

Slovakia – Economic Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Economic Policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Economic Policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • regular review of the joint assessment of economic policy priorities, within the Europe Agreement framework, focusing on satisfying the Copenhagen criteria for membership of the Union and the acquis in the area of economic and monetary policy (coordination of economic policies, submission of convergence programmes, avoidance of excessive deficits);
  • while Slovakia is not expected to adopt the euro immediately on accession, it is expected to pursue policies which aim to achieve real convergence in accordance with the Union’s objectives of economic and social cohesion, and nominal convergence compatible with the ultimate goal of adoption of the euro.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

The report notes a marked improvement in macroeconomic stability.

Assessment (October 2002)

Some progress has been made towards ensuring the medium-term sustainability of public finances.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001)1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Justice and Home Affairs

Slovakia – Justice and Home Affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Justice and Home Affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Justice and Home Affairs

Short-term priorities

  • improving the fight against organised crime and illegal immigration;
  • ratifying the Council of Europe convention on money laundering, the Council of Europe criminal law convention on corruption and the OECD convention on combating bribery;
  • aligning the criminal code on the acquis in the areas of the fight against organised crime and fraud;
  • improving legislation on asylum and setting up an independent body;
  • strengthening the capacity to fight money laundering.

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress had been made in the fight against organised crime and illegal immigration and in legislation on asylum. All the international conventions on the list of priorities had been ratified, with the exception of the Council of Europe convention on money laundering. The capacity for fighting money laundering had not been strengthened.

Assessment (November 2001)

Some progress has been made in the fight against organised crime and illegal immigration. Slovakia has also ratified the Council of Europe convention on money laundering. However, the Penal Code has not yet been amended and asylum arrangements need to be improved. The priorities have therefore been only partially achieved.

Assessment (October 2002)

Slovakia must continue efforts to strengthen its border control capacity in order to combat illegal immigration. A national unit to crack down on illegal immigration was set up in April 2002. The new Asylum Act, adopted in June 2002, provides for the establishment of an independent review authority as the second instance in an asylum procedure.

In the field of police cooperation and the fight against organised crime, Slovakia has continued to make encouraging progress in aligning its legislation, with the adoption of amendments to the Code of Criminal Procedure. However, continued efforts need to be made to combat organised crime, including trafficking in human beings and drug trafficking.

Slovakia has also built up its capacity to deal with money laundering and is concentrating on compliance with the recommendations of the financial action task force. Work is under way on strengthening the Financial Intelligence Department, as provided for in the Action Plan.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • continuing to establish and strengthen institutions in the field of justice and home affairs (particularly with a view to empowering the police and ensuring the independence of the judiciary);
  • continuing the development of an effective border management system;
  • fighting organised crime and corruption;
  • aligning visa policy on that of the EU and completing the process of alignment on the provisions of international conventions;
  • improving capacity for dealing with asylum and immigration issues, with a view in particular to applying the Schengen acquis.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress had been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress had been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

The Commission notes that limited progress has been made in modernising the legal system and external border controls. Trafficking in women and children, drugs trafficking and corruption are still very serious problems at present. Slovakia has therefore fulfilled this priority only in part.

Assessment (October 2002)

Slovakia has made good progress in aligning its visa policy with that of the EU, in particular with the adoption of the new law on the stay of foreigners, which entered into force in April 2002. A Central Visa Office has been operational since February 2002.

The department for combating trafficking in human beings and the Organised Crime Bureau of the Presidium of the National Police Force are now up and running. The police departments responsible for combating organised crime still need be to strengthened by the addition of new staff.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Agriculture

Slovakia – Agriculture

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Agriculture

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Agriculture

Short-term priorities

  • to continue alignment of veterinary and plant health legislation and improve inspection;
  • to create a vineyard register.

Assessment (November 2000)

Little progress has been made on aligning veterinary and plant heath legislation and on improving frontier inspection posts. The vineyard register has not yet been completed.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress has been made on aligning veterinary legislation. Efforts still need to be made in the plant health sector and as regards the establishment of inspection posts at the external borders. There has been some preparatory work on drawing up the vineyard register.

Assessment (October 2002)

Alignment has continued in the veterinary and plant heath sectors.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • aligning with Community rules on agriculture (in particular animal and plant health, with particular emphasis on inspections at the external frontiers);
  • developing the capacity to implement and enforce the common agricultural policy (CAP), in particular the fundamental management mechanisms and the administrative structures required in order to monitor the agricultural markets and to implement structural and rural development measures;
  • adopting and implementing veterinary and plant-health rules;
  • bringing certain food processing centres and testing and diagnostic facilities up to scratch;
  • restructuring the agri-food industry.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

Little progress has been recorded as regards the mechanisms and management structures of the common agricultural policy. The food processing industry must be restructured and inspection posts must be set up at the future external borders.

Assessment (October 2002)

Slovakia must make progress on strengthening its administrative capacities. Border control systems must also be set up and food processing centres upgraded. Slovakia must also introduce the integrated administration and control system.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC of 30.3.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.4.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Energy

Slovakia – Energy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Energy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Energy

Short-term priorities

  • establish a decommissioning plan to implement the decision to shut down the Bohunice V1 nuclear reactors;
  • implement an energy strategy, with special attention to energy efficiency;
  • maintain high levels of nuclear safety in the Bohunice V2 and Mochovce nuclear power plants.

Assessment (November 2001)

A decommissioning plan has been established for Bohunice V1 but needs to be adopted and implemented. Efforts continued to be made to ensure high levels of nuclear safety but this priority has still only partially been met. No progress can be reported in the field of energy efficiency.

Assessment (October 2002)

An updated decommissioning plan has been produced for Bohunice V1, but still needs to be refined, adopted and implemented.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities

  • implement a long-term overall energy strategy, based on efficiency and diversification and providing for alignment on EU energy legislation and its application;
  • complete the Mochovce nuclear plant in compliance with international safety standards;
  • implement a realistic closure programme for the Bohunice V1 plant.

Assessment (October 1999)

Slovakia has decided to shut down the Bohunice V1 plant, which represents a major step towards achieving this priority.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress in these areas.

Assessment (November 2001)

Efforts are still needed to prepare the internal energy market, to align oil stock requirements and to ensure security of supply. There has been significant progress to ensure a high level of nuclear safety at the Bohunice V2 and Mochovce nuclear power plants. The Slovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority has been adequately strengthened. However, this priority has only partially been met.

Assessment (October 2002)

Slovakia has made good progress with strengthening the body responsible for oil stocks, notably by increasing its staff.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/853/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Political Criteria

Slovakia – Political Criteria

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Political Criteria

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Political Criteria

Short-term priorities:

  • free and fair presidential, national and local elections in 1998;
  • effective opposition participation in parliamentary oversight committees and supervisory boards;
  • adoption of legislative provisions on the use of minority languages and related implementing measures.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved.

Municipal elections took place in December 1998 following an amendment of the electoral law in line with a Constitutional Court ruling. Direct presidential elections took place in May 1999 in accordance with undertakings given to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The opposition parties have obtained proportional representation in the parliamentary oversight and supervisory committees, although the main opposition party has refused to chair any of them. Legislation on minority languages has been adopted.

Assessment (November 2000)

The strategy for improving the situation of the Roma is not sufficiently operational and its budget allocation is clearly insufficient. No progress has been recorded as far as the daily life of the Rome is concerned.

Assessment (November 2001)

There has been little tangible improvement in the situation of the Roma, even though they now have new opportunities for access to the labour market. Although the intentions of the Slovak Government are good, problems with project funding are delaying implementation.

Assessment (October 2002)

As part of its strategy to reform public administration, Slovakia has now begun implementing a civil service law and has established a Civil Service Office. However, the transfer of responsibilities from national to regional level is not yet proceeding satisfactorily, as issues relating to training and remuneration still need to be tackled. Slovakia is continuing to implement the Action Plan to combat corruption.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • adoption of new measures to ensure respect for the Constitution and opposition rights;
  • guaranteed independence of the judiciary;
  • fostering and enhancing the operation of democratic institutions, NGOs, independent media and policies/institutions which protect minority rights.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in these fields.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in these fields.

Assessment (November 2001)

Improvements have been made to the law on minority languages. However, it is essential to enforce the legislation more rigorously and to increase budgetary resources in this area.

Assessment (October 2002)

Considerable progress has been made in strengthening the independence and efficiency of the judiciary. Investigation procedures have been made more transparent as a result of amendments to the Code of Criminal Procedure. The strategy for improving the situation of the Roma minority has received increased financial support, albeit still insufficient. Special attention needs to be paid to employment opportunities, access to education and better housing. Implementation of the minority language legislation needs to be pursued further.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Council Decision 1999/852/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Economic Reform

Slovakia – Economic Reform

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Economic Reform

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Economic Reform

Short-term priorities:

  • establishment of medium-term economic policy priorities and joint assessment within the framework of the Europe Agreement;
  • implementation of policies designed to tackle internal and external imbalances and to sustain macroeconomic stability;
  • progress on structural reforms and on market-driven restructuring in the enterprise, finance and banking sectors;
  • further conversion of energy-intensive heavy industries.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved only in part.

Slovakia has adopted measures to tackle external and internal imbalances through cost-cutting and revenue-raising measures. It has also established a medium-term economic policy and a joint assessment framework. Little progress has been made on structural reform, the restructuring of the financial and banking sectors or the conversion of energy-intensive industries, however.

Assessment (November 2000)

Macroeconomic stability has improved. The restructuring of enterprises and the privatisation of banks are proceeding. Tax measures have been introduced to stimulate investment. New insolvency procedures are being applied. Little progress has been recorded in the insurance sector.

Assessment (November 2001)

The macroeconomic stability of the country has improved since last year. Good progress is being made in restructuring businesses and banks and privatising the insurance company, a former State monopoly. Insolvency procedures, measures to promote investment and mechanisms for recovering bad debts have been adopted.

Assessment (October 2002)

The last State-owned banks and insurance companies have been privatised, so that the restructuring of the financial sector is nearly complete.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • promoting the competitiveness of the private sector and in particular SMEs;
  • completing the privatisation process;
  • liberalising prices and rents;
  • setting up an annual budgetary surveillance procedure with a view to bringing systems of information, monitoring and auditing public finances into line with those of the European Union;
  • pursuing reform of the funding of social security.

Assessment (November 2001)

Competitiveness has been promoted in the private sector. Although the privatisation process is not complete, it has progressed. Prices and rents are being liberalised. An annual surveillance procedure has been set up. The reform of the funding of social security is continuing.

Assessment (October 2002)

There has been some progress towards ensuring the medium-term sustainability of public finances and improvements have been made to public finance management. Some reforms have been adopted in the health and pension systems, but most of the measures required to achieve fiscal sustainability are still outstanding. The economic priorities of the Accession Partnership have been partly met.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Council Decision 1999/853/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Slovakia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Slovakia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Slovakia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Slovakia

Slovakia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Short-term priorities:

  • adoption of a Civil Service Law and development of a strategy for the reform of public administration, with the emphasis on strengthening the departments dealing with EU accession;
  • reinforcement of institutions in the environmental, veterinary and phytosanitary fields (particularly as regards facilities at external borders);
  • setting up the structures needed for regional and structural policy.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have not been achieved.

Slovakia has prepared the way for a Civil Service Law by adopting a reform strategy, but the Law itself has not yet been adopted. Little progress has been made towards reinforcing environmental institutions or setting up structures for regional and structural policy. No progress has been made in the veterinary or phytosanitary sectors.

Assessment (November 2000)

The Civil Service law has not been adopted. There has been a delay in implementing public administration reform. Work on drawing up the national development plan and the rural development plan will continue.

Assessment (November 2001)

The Civil Service law has been adopted and the reform strategy has been implemented. The rural development plan has been approved and the national development plan is making progress. The judicial and administrative capacities needed to manage the pre-accession aid must be put in place. The Sapard organisation must be accredited. A law on financial control and the internal audit as well as the amendment of the law on the Audit Office have been adopted.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare Slovakia for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • reinforcement of the Audit Office, financial control arrangements and internal audit functions;
  • improved operation of the customs authorities, the bodies supervising the banking and financial sectors, and the institutional structures and budgetary mechanisms for regional development;
  • improved operation of the judicial system;
  • reinforcement of justice and home affairs institutions (ensuring sufficient numbers of properly trained personnel);
  • reinforcement of food control administration.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in these fields.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in these fields.

Assessment (November 2001)

The Audit Office has been reinforced. The number of staff in the internal audit departments and the central harmonisation and statistics department must also be reinforced.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia,Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 98/262/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Council Decision 1999/853/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 511 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 711 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1754
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1410
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1209
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.