Category Archives: Partnership for the Accession of Lithuania

The aim of the Accession Partnership is to assist the authorities in the candidate country in their efforts to comply with the accession criteria. It covers in detail the priorities for accession preparations, in particular implementing the acquis, and forms the basis for programming pre-accession assistance from Community funds such as the Phare programme. Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003 and the official integration of the country into the European Union on 1 May 2004, the accession partnership has come to an end.

Lithuania – Agriculture

Lithuania – Agriculture

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Agriculture

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Agriculture

Short-term priorities:

Agriculture

  • continuation of the alignment and modernisation of inspection procedures in the veterinary and plant health sector;
  • completion of the restructuring of businesses in the dairy sector and initiation of the restructuring of other sectors, meat in particular;
  • reduction in state assistance to businesses facing difficulties.

Assessment (November 2000)

The modernisation of inspection procedures has begun. The restructuring of the dairy sector is ongoing, but that of the meat industry is yet to start. State aid to failing businesses has been reduced.

Assessment (November 2001)

Progress has been made in the veterinary and plant health sector and in reducing state aid to firms in difficulty. Efforts are required where the food industry is concerned.

Assessment (October 2002)

Lithuania’s efforts are continuing. Border controls must be stepped up.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

Agriculture

  • alignment with the agricultural acquis (especially in veterinary and plant health matters and, in particular, on external border controls);
  • completion of the registration of real estate ownership and development of a property market;
  • development of the capacity to implement and apply the common agricultural policy (CAP), particularly as regards the administrative structures and basic management mechanisms intended to monitor agricultural markets and to implement structural and rural development measures;
  • adoption and implementation of veterinary and plant health rules and regulations;
  • upgrading some food processing establishments and some testing and diagnostic facilities;
  • restructuring of the agri-food sector.

Assessment (October 1999)

There are indications of progress in the alignment of national legislation with the agricultural acquis, including veterinary and plant health questions, with emphasis on external border controls.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress made on these priorities.

Assessment (November 2001)

Some efforts have been made following the adoption of the legal basis required for implementing the acquis. Progress is needed on the transposition of the acquis and on administrative structures.

Assessment (October 2002)

Lithuania has made progress but must make efforts as regards border controls, implementing the integrated administration and control system, strengthening its administrative management and control capacity, setting up a paying agency and the treatment of animal waste.

Fisheries

  • development of the capacity to implement and apply the common fisheries policy, in particular by making available adequate institutional resources and facilities for inspection and control;
  • alignment with the requirements on vessel registration.

Assessment (November 2000)

The capacity for resource management within the common fisheries policy has expanded. Alignment in the matter of a shipping register has progressed.

Assessment (November 2001)

Lithuania has started to develop its resource management capability. However, further progress is needed as regards the requirements concerning fishing vessel registration.

Assessment (October 2002)

Although progress continues to be made in all areas, Lithuania must concentrate on market development, structural policy, controls and the fishing vessel register.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Transport

Lithuania – Transport

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Transport

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Transport

Short-term priorities:

  • alignment of legislation on maritime safety.

Assessment (November 2000)

Alignment in the field of maritime safety has begun, but major efforts are needed to ensure that it is implemented.

Assessment (November 2001)

Although Lithuanian legislation on maritime safety has been aligned with the acquis, more work is required to put in place the administrative structures and capacity necessary to apply the acquis.

Assessment (October 2002)

Legislative alignment in the maritime sector is progressing well. Training of maritime safety personnel is on-going. Following the recent setting-up of the independent Lithuanian Maritime Safety Administration, staff levels will need to be increased in order further to improve the flag State performance.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • further efforts on alignment with the Community acquis, in particular on maritime (safety) and road and rail transport;
  • provision of the necessary investment for transport infrastructure (particularly the extension of trans-European networks).

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been observed in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress on these priorities.

Assessment (November 2001)

Lithuania has made significant progress in the fields of road and air transport safety. Efforts should now focus on the fiscal harmonisation of road transport and on maritime safety.

Assessment (October 2002)

Overall, the Accession Partnership priorities in this area have been partially met. Implementation of the measures laid down in the Action Plan is on track.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Economic Reform

Lithuania – Economic Reform

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Economic Reform

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Economic Reform

Short-term priorities:

  • establishment of medium-term economic policy priorities and joint assessment within the framework of the Europe Agreement;
  • acceleration of large scale privatisation;
  • adoption of measures aimed at the restructuring of the banking, energy and agri-food sectors;
  • enforcement of financial discipline for enterprises.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been partially achieved.

Lithuania has formulated a medium-term economic strategy. Progress has been achieved in the area of large-scale privatisation, the restructuring of the banking sector and enforcement of financial discipline for enterprises. On the other hand, efforts must be stepped up to restructure the energy and agri-food sectors.

Assessment (November 2000)

The budget deficit has been rectified. Large-scale privatisation has been continued although some undertakings have still to be privatised. Registration of landed property will soon be completed. Legislation on bankruptcy must still be amended with a view to applying it rationally. Little has been done to encourage competitiveness in practice.

Assessment (November 2001)

The country has continued to reduce its budget deficit. Large-scale privatisation is almost complete. Progress has been made on restructuring the banking sector. Legislation on bankruptcy has been applied. An appropriate strategy for boosting competitiveness has not yet been put in place. Registration of landed property is complete.

Assessment (October 2002)

Privatisation of the Lithuanian gas company is being finalised. The electricity company has been restructured and preparations are underway for its privatisation.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • complete the privatisation process and restructuring of the banking, energy and agri-food sectors;
  • improve the functioning of the land property register;
  • align the legal framework (bankruptcy and competition legislation, simplification of business regulations including licensing).

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been recorded in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been recorded in these areas.

Assessment (November 2001)

Restructuring of the banking sector has continued, as has restructuring of social security, albeit at a slow pace. A procedure has been introduced for annual budgetary surveillance.

Assessment (October 2002)

The large-scale privatisation process has been completed and the last state-owned bank and the energy distribution companies are now in private hands. Significant progress has been made with regard to application of and compliance with the legislation on bankruptcy. But there has been little progress in the reform of land registration. Overall, the priorities of the accession partnership as far as the economic criteria are concerned have been broadly complied with.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC, 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC, 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission report COM(2002) 700 final SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Lithuania – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Short-term priorities:

  • major efforts in reforming the administration, border controls, customs, taxation and finance;
  • preparing a training strategy for civil servants;
  • adopting measures to strengthen the judiciary, veterinary and phytosanitary administrations, in particular infrastructures at external borders;
  • strengthening environmental institutions;
  • making a start on setting up the necessary structures for structural and regional policies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been partially implemented.

Considerable progress has been made in reforming the public administration and border controls, though further efforts are required in customs reform. Lithuania has also improved the tax administration and developed training for civil servants and the judiciary. Significant efforts have been made to reform the veterinary and phytosanitary administrations and on the environment. However, further efforts are necessary both at a central and local level in the environmental field. Lithuania has begun to set up the structures needed for regional and structural policy, but progress is slow and major efforts are still required to complete the process.

Assessment (November 2000)

An operational paying agency was set up for the SAPARD programme, but other programmes are needed in view of the establishment of the legal, administrative and budgetary frameworks needed to manage the ISPA and SAPARD programmes. The legislative framework for financial control is not complete and the necessary administrative structures have not been put in place. The training strategy has been pursued and customs officers, police officers and border guards have received training in EU law.

Assessment (November 2001)

The national and rural development plans have been completed. Certain measures are required to complete the legal, administrative and budgetary frameworks needed to manage the ISPA and SAPARD programmes. Alignment of financial control has continued as has the implementation of the national training strategy.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare Lithuania for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • setting up of a unit to fight fraud, a National Audit Office and mechanisms for financial and budget control;
  • improving the functioning of the judicial system;
  • strengthening justice and home affairs institutions (relying on an adequate number of suitably trained staff);
  • strengthening the relevant foodstuffs control administration.

Assessment (October 1999)

No significant progress has been recorded in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

Implementation of legislation on the administration and the civil service has commenced.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress has been made in the application of the legislation on the administration and the civil service. A number of internal audit services have been set up. A programme to train judges on Community law and on the application of the acquis are under way. The administrative capacity of the statistical services has been strengthened.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been implemented.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 98/265/EC of 30 March 1998
Official Journal L 121, 23/04/1998

Council Decision 1999/856/EC of 6 December 1999
Official Journal L 335, 28/12/1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – internal market

Lithuania – internal market

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – internal market

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – internal market

Short-term priorities:

  • further alignment in the areas of phytosanitary and veterinary administration, intellectual and industrial property, public procurement and financial services;
  • upgrading of independent standardisation and conformity assessment structures;
  • establishment of a transparent State aid inventory;
  • adoption of new competition legislation.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been implemented in part.

Progress has been made in alignment in the areas of public procurement and intellectual property. In the area of competition, significant progress has been made in the anti-trust field. However, proper State aid control is still lacking. Good progress has been made in financial services and in conformity assessment, but further efforts are required as regards standardisation and market surveillance.

Assessment (November 2000)

The legislation on public procurement has been applied. Some progress has been seen on combating piracy and the implementation of copyright. Alignment in the areas of the free movement of goods, direct investment, insurance companies, State aid and audiovisual policy has progressed well. Antitrust legislation has been applied. In the area of telecommunications, an independent regulatory body has been established.

Assessment (November 2001)

Lithuania has made good progress in implementing the legislation on public procurement and in aligning its intellectual and industrial property laws. The institutions required for the free movement of goods have been strengthened, particularly as regards standardisation and accreditation. Progress has been made with the legislation on direct investment and foreign insurance companies. Some restrictions on the free movement of capital do, however, need to be lifted. The laws on restrictive practices and State aid have been applied.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • capital liberalisation;
  • alignment of public procurement legislation;
  • strengthening competition authorities;
  • efficient enforcement of competition law;
  • continued alignment of competition law, particularly as regards State aid control;
  • upgrading standardisation and conformity assessment structures;
  • establishing a system of market surveillance;
  • alignment of horizontal technical legislation on industrial products, indirect taxation and statistics;
  • promoting business development (especially SMEs);
  • alignment of legislation in the fields of telecommunications, consumer protection and the internal energy market.

Assessment (October 1999)

No significant progress has been made in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in these areas.

Assessment (November 2001)

Public procurement and competition laws have been aligned to the acquis, unlike the data protection law. The administrative capacity of the institutions responsible for the intellectual and industrial property laws needs to be strengthened, as does that of those responsible for consumer protection. Further efforts still need to be made with the mutual recognition of diplomas. There has been good progress in aligning the legislation on VAT and excise duties.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Justice and Home Affairs

Lithuania – Justice and Home Affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Justice and Home Affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Justice and Home Affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • further efforts to implement measures to combat corruption and organised crime;
  • to improve border management;
  • to improve refugee reception facilities.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities were implemented in part.

Some measures were taken, but the fight against corruption needed to be pursued further. Improvements were made in border management and refugee reception facilities.

Assessment (November 2000)

Border demarcation progressed. A new law on border control was adopted. Legislation relating to border control and immigration was implemented. Significant progress was made in the alignment of the right to asylum. Bodies responsible for implementation needed to be modernised and coordination needed to be improved. The fight against money laundering had to be stepped up. The European convention on criminal law had been ratified but the Convention of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on Corruption still had to be signed.

Assessment (November 2001)

Legislation on border controls, immigration and asylum continues to be enforced. Further efforts are required to reform the judiciary and combat money laundering. As such, this priority was achieved only in part.

Assessment (October 2002)

Substantial progress has been made in tightening checks at borders, including maritime borders. This has been backed up by an intensive training programme for border guards.

Progress has been made in the prevention of money laundering but legislative alignment is not yet complete. Efforts must also be made to step up cooperation between the authorities responsible for fighting organised crime.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • to complete the process of demarcating borders;
  • to develop an efficient system of border controls;
  • to implement migration policy and new legislation on asylum with a view to applying the Schengen Agreement;

Assessment (October 1999)

Progress was made in the area of visa policy.

Assessment (November 2000)

No significant progress was made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress was made in legislation on visas, border controls, immigration and asylum. Lithuania managed to establish procedures designed to combat illegal immigration. Further efforts were needed to combat organised crime, particularly smuggling, drug trafficking, the trade in human beings and money laundering.

Assessment (October 2002)

Land and sea borders now have adequate infrastructure and equipment. Demarcation of the border with Belarus has continued. Lithuania has drawn the attention of the Russian authorities to the need to ratify the agreement on borders.

Lithuania is in the process of completing legislative alignment in respect of visas, asylum and immigration and increasing the administrative capacity of the authorities responsible. It needs to adopt a uniform format for visas and to make provision for carrier liability. It also has to put in place minimum guarantees for asylum procedures., drugs trafficking, the trade in human beings and money laundering.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Environment

Lithuania – Environment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Environment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Environment

Short-term priorities:

  • continued transposition of framework legislation;
  • establishment of detailed approximation programmes and implementation strategies related to individual acts;
  • planning and initial implementation of these programmes and strategies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met.

Lithuania has made further progress in this area, continuing to align its legislation on the community acquis. It has also worked to ensure its enforcement.

Assessment (November 2000)

The directive on environment impact assessment has been transposed and is starting to be implemented. The transposition of the framework legislation has continued concerning air, water, waste and radiation protection. Efforts have been recorded in the devising of plans to finance investment. Administrative capacity has been stepped up.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress has been made in the transposition of the framework legislation in the fields of air, water, waste, radiation protection and nature protection. The directive on environmental impact assessment has also been transposed. Plans to finance investment for certain sectors have been drawn up. Lithuania has strengthened its administrative capacities at central and local level.

Assessment (October 2002)

Regarding transposition of the acquis, secondary legislation still needs to be adopted in relation to chemicals, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), industrial pollution, waste, noise and nature protection. Implementation of the acquis has continued, but further steps still need to be taken regarding waste, industrial pollution, nature protection, chemicals and GMOs.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • putting in place of monitoring and implementation control structures and capacities;
  • on-going planning and implementation of approximation programmes related to individual legal acts;
  • particular emphasis on drinking water quality, waste and nuclear safety.

Assessment (October 1999)

No significant progress has been recorded in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

Institutional capacities need to be rationalised because of the large number of institutions involved in implementing environmental legislation. Approximation has continued, particularly in the air, waste, GMO and native conservation sectors. Lithuania has begun to apply an action programme for sustainable development.

Assessment (October 2002)

Administrative and monitoring capacity has been stepped up. However, further efforts are required in relation to chemicals and GMOs. Investment programmes have continued in the water sector, and preparations have continued for establishing regional waste management plans. Preliminary areas of special protection and conservation have been selected. Particular attention needs to be paid to integrating the environment into the other sectoral policies.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC (2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC (2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Energy

Lithuania – Energy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Energy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Energy

Short-term priorities:

  • implementing a comprehensive long-term energy strategy;
  • decommissioning plan for the Ignalina nuclear power plant (in line with commitments entered into in the Nuclear Safety Account Agreement).

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met.

Considerable progress has been made in this area, notably through the adoption of a comprehensive energy policy including plans for the decommissioning of the Ignalina plant in line with commitments under the Nuclear Safety Account Agreement.

Assessment (November 2000)

Lithuania has introduced an overall energy strategy. The work on the decommissioning and closure of the Ignalina nuclear power plant has begun. Nuclear safety is improving. The reform of the electricity industry is in preparation. The setting-up of an institution responsible for radioactive waste management is making progress.

Assessment (November 2001)

Lithuania has started implementing a comprehensive energy strategy in line with the Nuclear Safety Account agreement, in particular, through the adoption of an action plan. It has steadily continued preparing for the definitive closure of Unit 1 of the Ignalina nuclear power plant and improving nuclear safety. However, the efforts to strengthen the nuclear safety authority need to be sustained and intensified. A radioactive waste management institution has been established although it needs to be strengthened. In addition, the reform of the electricity industry is still being prepared. The Commission therefore considers that this priority continues to be largely met.

Assessment (October 2002)

Lithuania has continued to implement the national energy strategy, and has started the process of its urgent revision. Lithuania has taken the very important steps of formally confirming that Unit 1 of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant will be closed before 2005 and formally committing to close Unit 2 by 2009.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • implementation of a comprehensive energy strategy based on efficiency and diversification and including compliance with nuclear safety standards and realistic commitments regarding closure of power plants.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in these areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in this area

Assessment (November 2001)

At the other units of the Ignalina nuclear power plant, Lithuania continued its work on nuclear safety. Preparations are being made for installation of the second shutdown system on Unit 2, but full support by the operator needs to be ensured. Preparations for a comprehensive safety analysis report for Unit 2, due by 2002, have started. Lithuania has adopted two major pieces of legislation to pave the way for the internal energy market: the Electricity and Gas Laws. Sufficient resources will need to be secured for the authorities responsible for this field. Preparations are being made for alignment with the rules on oil stocks and crisis management. Lithuania has also adopted an updated energy efficiency strategy.

Assessment (October 2002)

Overall, Lithuania has continued to work on improving energy efficiency and on the use of renewable energy sources.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Economic policy

Lithuania – Economic policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Economic policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Economic policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • regular examination of the joint assessment of the priorities of economic policy under the Europe Agreement, emphasising adherence to the Copenhagen criteria on membership of the European Union and Community legislation in economic and monetary policy (coordinating economic policies, introducing convergence programmes, fighting excessive deficits);
  • Lithuania would have to pursue policies for attaining real convergence according to the European Union’s objectives on economic and social cohesion and a nominal convergence compatible with the ultimate objective – adoption of the Euro. It is, however, not expected that Lithuania will adopt the Euro immediately after accession.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been recorded in this field.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress in this field.

Assessment (November 2001)

Lithuania continues to successfully reduce its budget deficit.

Assessment (October 2002)

A large number of objectives have already been achieved on the basis of previous accession partnerships. The 2002 partnership report therefore focuses on very specific outstanding issues and does not provide an overview of Lithuania’s preparedness for economic and monetary union.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Lithuania – Regional Policy

Lithuania – Regional Policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Lithuania – Regional Policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Lithuania

Lithuania – Regional Policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priority:

  • introduction of the legal, budgetary and administrative framework bringing into effect a national integrated policy to fight regional disparities, with a view to participating in structural programmes of the European Union.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been recorded in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

Decisions defining responsibilities in respect of the management and implementation of the Structural Funds have been taken but are not yet operational. Major efforts are still needed to create the structures necessary for managing the Funds, in particular as regards analysis and evaluation.

Assessment (October 2002)

Lithuania has made important progress in preparing for the implementation of a regional policy aimed at reducing regional disparities. As regards territorial organisation, Lithuania has reached an agreement with the Commission on the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Statistical Units) classification: the whole country corresponds to NUTS levels I and II, the ten counties to level III, municipalities to level IV and neighbourhoods to level V. Lithuania adopted the Law on Approval of Financial Indicators for State and Municipal Budgets for 2002 and is preparing a new version of the Law on Regional Development. There has been no significant development in allocating institutional responsibilities apart from identifying second-level intermediate bodies which will be involved in managing the Structural Funds. With regard to programming, Lithuania submitted its National Development Plan 2002-2004 to the Commission in January 2002. This Plan will be useful experience for preparing the draft Single Programming Document (SPD), the drafting and ex-ante evaluation of which is currently in progress. In order to ensure inter-ministerial co-operation and the application of the partnership principle, the SPD Supervisory Commission and Working Group were established in February 2002. As far as financial management and control are concerned, Lithuania has successfully introduced a multi-annual approach to the Public Investment Programme and presented, in April 2002, a study on the country’s capacity to absorb assistance from the Structural and Cohesion Funds. All the ministries and organisations concerned have set up internal audit units, while a specialised unit is now in charge of developing systems and common standards. Concerning statistics, the compilation of regional data has continued.

Lithuania has provisionally closed negotiations on the Regional Policy chapter without requesting any transitional periods. From now on, efforts must be concentrated on the elaboration of an integrated and coherent national development strategy, which will incorporate the regional development strategy. Although the institutional framework is largely in place now, Lithuania still needs to strengthen its administrative capacity and improve the technical preparation of future projects in order to reach the level required. It is necessary to encourage business aid and a local development approach. Furthermore, Lithuania will focus efforts on the elaboration of the SPD for Objective 1 in accordance with the timetable agreed with the Commission through continued inter-ministerial co-operation and the participation of the relevant partners. Work on ensuring compliance with the requirements of the acquis communautaire for monitoring and evaluation must continue. With regard to management and financial control, the guidelines are still to be drawn up. Lithuania will ensure that the specific procedures for financial control, auditing and certification of expenses and correction of irregularities specifically applicable to the Structural and Cohesion Funds are finalised.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/265/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/856/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2007 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 507 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 707 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1750
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1406
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1204
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.