Category Archives: Partnership for the accession of Latvia

The aim of the Accession Partnership is to assist the authorities in the candidate country (in this case, Latvia) in their efforts to comply with the accession criteria. It covers in detail the priorities for accession preparations, in particular implementing the acquis, and forms the basis for programming pre-accession assistance from Community funds such as the Phare programme. Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003 and the official integration of the country into the European Union on 1 May 2004, the accession partnership has come to an end.

Latvia – Political Criteria

Latvia – Political Criteria

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Political Criteria

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Political Criteria

Short-term priorities:

  • to adopt measures facilitating the naturalisation process with a view to integrating non-citizens (including stateless children);
  • to improve Latvian language teaching for non-Latvian speakers.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved in part.
Following the liberalisation of the citizenship law in autumn 1998, there was an increase in the number of naturalisation applications, although applications from stateless children are still low. The Latvian Language Programme has been continued successfully in spite of a shortage of language teachers. The government will have to earmark more funds for language teaching in the coming years.

Assessment (November 2000)

The language law is compatible with international standards and the Europe Agreement. The Latvian Language Training Programme has been implemented, but the government will earmark more funds for it in the future. The document on “The Integration of Society in Latvia” has been adopted but not yet put into effect.

Assessment (November 2001)

The regulations concerning the implementation of the language law have been amended to clarify the relationship between knowledge of the language and the profession. Latvia only has to observe this law in cases of legitimate general interest, taking account of the principle of proportionality. Direct public funding for the language training programme has been introduced. The priority relating to the Latvian language has to a large extent been satisfied.

Assessment (October 2002)

Significant progress has been made in reforming the public administration, which is becoming professional and stable. Efforts to ensure minimum staffing levels, the training of officials and adequate financial resources must continue. Although progress has been made as regards the judicial system, the legal framework has yet to be completed, including the adoption of a new Law on Criminal Procedure. No progress has been recorded regarding the alleviation of courts, the elimination of the backlog of pending court cases and the enforcement of decisions. Advances have been made in the fight against corruption as well as in the fields of human rights, the protection of minorities and the integration of non-citizens into Latvian society. Support to facilitate the integration process has been stepped up through language training and information campaigns.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priority:

  • accelerated integration of non-citizens by simplifying the naturalisation process (including for stateless children).

Assessment (October 1999)

Naturalisation procedures have been simplified in line with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) recommendations (by reducing the number of questions in the history test and reducing fees for several categories of applicant). Additional funds were made available in the spring of 1999 to reinforce the capacity of the Naturalisation Board and its branches to receive and process the increasing number of applications.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made on this priority.

Assessment (November 2001)

The programme on the integration of society in Latvia has been extended through new proposals, and a foundation, responsible for selecting and financing projects, has been created. There is still a lack of language teachers and the government must set aside additional funds to resolve this problem, the priority having been partially satisfied.

Assessment (October 2002)

There has been no progress as regards the naturalisation process. Sufficient funding must be made available to encourage better integration and language training.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002)700 final – SEC(2002)1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Economic Reform

Latvia – Economic Reform

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Economic Reform

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Economic Reform

Short-term priorities:

  • to establish medium-term economic policy priorities within the framework of the Europe Agreement;
  • to accelerate market-based business restructuring, in particular by completing the privatisation process;
  • to continue strengthening the banking industry;
  • to modernise agriculture;
  • to establish a land and property register.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved in part.

Privatisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is complete, but several large state enterprises in the utilities sector still have to be privatised. Further efforts in business restructuring will be needed for several years to come. Several initiatives have been launched in the agricultural sector, including the introduction of a credit guarantee fund; however, as the Russian crisis showed, further modernisation efforts will be necessary. Land registration is continuing and the state land register is almost complete, but registration in the legal register is still relatively low.

Assessment (November 2000)

In February 2000 a second action plan to improve the business environment was adopted. The privatisation of utility companies is continuing, albeit slowly. Registration of land in the land register is also slow. A new law introduced in October 2000 foresees the establishment of a regulatory authority for the areas of energy, telecommunications, postal services, household waste management and railways.

Assessment (November 2001)

The simplification of legal and administrative procedures (particularly in the fields of customs, taxation and movement at the borders) has encouraged investment and improved the corporate environment. Privatisation has almost been concluded. The registration of land in the land register is more or less completed, although registration in the legal register is somewhat slower. A regulatory body for the fields of energy, telecommunications, postal services and railways has been operational since September 2001.

Assessment (October 2002)

The register is a step closer to completion. The national computerised land register should improve the operation of the land market. The national programme for the development of SMEs has not yet been adopted.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • to consolidate the privatisation process;
  • to step up market-driven restructuring in the enterprise, finance and banking sectors;
  • to establish a legal framework for public services and financial services;
  • to reinforce competition policy.

Assessment (October 1999)

Considerable progress has been made in strengthening competition policy. No progress has been made in the other areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

Preparations are being made for an annual tax monitoring procedure in line with EU procedures.

Assessment (November 2001)

The measures to support small and medium-sized enterprises have not had any major impact on their development. Access to finance continues to be one of the main obstacles. The annual budget monitoring procedure is being prepared. Social security contributions were reduced in 2000 and 2001. The final stage of the reform of the pension system has begun.

Assessment (October 2002)

Latvia has made progress in privatising large firms, in particular in the maritime transport and energy sectors and only a few large firms remain to be privatised. Further progress is also necessary to promote competitiveness, in particular by measures to boost domestic and foreign investments. On the whole, the priorities of the partnership for accession have been fully met.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2002) 700 final – SEC(2002)1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Latvia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Strengthening of the institutional and administrative capacities

Short-term priorities:

  • continuation of the structural reform of public administrations, in particular the administration of customs and tax and the capacity for financial control;
  • strengthening the Ministry of Agriculture;
  • drawing up a training strategy for the judiciary;
  • strengthening the relevant phytosanitary and veterinary administrations, particularly as regards infrastructures at external borders and the strengthening of environmental institutions;
  • making a start on setting up the necessary structures for regional and structural policies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been partially addressed.

Very limited progress has been made in reforming the public administration. As far as the customs administration is concerned, the decision to make the regional offices subordinate to the Customs Board should make it easier to enforce legislation. Training for the judiciary has been increased. However, major efforts to restructure and strengthen agriculture, the environment and regional and structural policy are still needed.

Assessment (November 2000)

The process of reforming the public administration has begun. A new civil service law was adopted in September 2000. A framework law on the structure of the public administration and another law on public bodies are in preparation. An internal audit council was set up in June 2000 and all ministries now have internal audit units. An external audit development plan was launched in December 1999.

Assessment (November 2001)

A law on the civil service, a law on agencies and a strategy for reforming the public administration have been adopted. However, the framework law on the structure of the public administration has not yet been approved. The rural development plan has been adopted and the national development plan is being prepared. A paying agency has been accredited for SAPARD. Good progress has been made on the internal public finance control system.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed. The section on the Partnership for accession in the 2002 report focuses on issues which require more work in order to prepare Latvia for accession.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • application of Community legislation relating to the internal market;
  • setting up institutions capable of implementing the Community’s regional development programmes and agricultural policy (statistical capacities in particular);
  • setting up anti-fraud departments;
  • strengthening the budget process and macro-economic forecasting capacity;
  • improving the functioning of the judicial system;
  • training the legal profession in Community law and its application;
  • strengthening the justice and home affairs institutions (providing enough suitably trained members of staff, in particular in the police force, at border posts in the ministries and the courts);
  • strengthening the administration responsible for food issues.

Assessment (October 1999)

Reforms have been carried out to improve the functioning of the judicial system, and training opportunities for the legal profession in Community law have been provided. Progress has been made in strengthening justice and home affairs institutions, in particular protecting the eastern border and improving the professionalism of border guards.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress was made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

A code of good practice for the civil service has entered into force and a document on wage reform has been adopted. However, providing the public administration with the capacity to apply and manage the acquis communautaire continues to be one of the most difficult problems to resolve. Rules on the organisation of internal audits of the programmes and projects financed by the European Union have been adopted. A plan on administrative territorial reform has also been adopted. Latvia has strengthened its administrative capacities in the field of statistics.

Assessment (October 2002)

These priorities have not been assessed.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Council Decision 98/263/EC of 30 March 1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Council Decision 1999/854/EC of 6 December 1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002 700 final – SEC(2002 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – internal market

Latvia – internal market

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – internal market

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – internal market

Short-term priorities:

  • further alignment of legislation, including in the areas of intellectual and industrial property rights, public procurement, financial services, competition, state aid and indirect taxation;
  • to adopt a law on state aid;
  • to improve the aid inventory;
  • to reinforce the new anti-trust authority.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved in part.

Alignment has progressed in all the areas concerned. However, further efforts are needed in the areas of public procurement, intellectual and industrial property, indirect taxation and payment and insurance systems. In the field of competition and state aid, further progress has been achieved; the Competition Council and State Aid Surveillance Commission are now fully functioning. The 1998 Annual Report on State aid has been improved in relation to previous years.

Assessment (November 2000)

The procurement law was amended. A new law on copyright came into force in May 2000, but little progress has been made on implementing legislation in this field. A law on personal data protection became operational in January 2001. The new commercial code, which transposes a number of company law directives, was adopted in April 2000. The overall legislative framework governing the free movement of goods has been completed. Several liberalisation measures have been taken in the area of capital movements. Some progress has also been made on the free movement of services. In the tax field, progress has been made on VAT, alcoholic beverages and tobacco. There was also some movement in the area of customs, including the amendment of the law on customs duties and measures to strengthen the customs administration.

Assessment (November 2001)

Good progress has been made on alignment in the public procurement field. The enforcement of intellectual property rights is problematic. Alignment has continued on the free movement of goods, the free movement of capital, financial services and customs. The Latvian tax collection system has been improved.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • to align legislation in the fields of products, customs, audiovisual policies, statistics and financial services;
  • to implement competition law;
  • to upgrade standardisation and conformity assessment structures;
  • to establish a market surveillance system and align horizontal technical legislation on industrial products;
  • further alignment of competition legislation;
  • to reinforce anti-trust and state aid authorities;
  • to promote business development (especially SMEs);
  • to align legislation in the fields of telecommunications, consumer protection and the internal energy market.

Assessment (October 1999)

The entry into force of amendments to the Law on Radio and Television represents a positive step forward in the audiovisual sector, but further amendments will be necessary. On free movement of goods, the adoption of standards is advancing, and progress has been made in strengthening implementation structures. In the area of competition and state aid, legislation now meets Community requirements, and the anti-trust and state aid authorities are fully operational. No progress has been made in the other sectors.

Assessment (November 2000)

The process of alignment in the audiovisual sector has continued. The consumer protection law has been supplemented by the advertising law. Other measures have been adopted on distance selling, liability for defective goods and services, and product safety.

Assessment (November 2001)

Alignment of intellectual and industrial property rights has been practically completed. Good progress has been made regarding the free movement of goods, although further efforts are required. Enforcement of competition rules must be improved. The new telecommunications regulatory body has started operating. Further efforts are needed on the audiovisual sector and VAT. The consumer protection system is now virtually aligned with Community law, but problems of enforcement persist. Although the capacity of the customs authorities has been reinforced, further efforts are necessary.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97)2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98)703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999)506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000)706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001)700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Justice and Home Affairs

Latvia – Justice and Home Affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Justice and Home Affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Justice and Home Affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • further efforts to implement measures to combat corruption and organised crime;
  • continuing judicial reform.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been achieved in part.

In the fight against corruption, the entry into force of the new criminal code represents a major step forward. Progress has also been made with regard to the relevant institutional structures. However, corruption remains a serious problem and much still needs to be done in this area. As regards judicial reform, the status of judges and the functioning of the court system have been improved. But a number of issues still have to be addressed, such as legislation on court bailiffs, court infrastructure and length of prison sentences.

Assessment (November 2000)

Several steps have been taken to improve border controls. Agreements have been concluded to improve information flows between the institutions involved. The judiciary still has a backlog of court cases. A system of airport transit visas has been introduced. Procedures for obtaining residence permits HAS BEEN simplified. Work has started on creating a database for registering asylum-seekers. Corruption continues to pose serious problems.

Assessment (November 2001)

With regard to border controls, Latvia has continued work on infrastructures at border posts and provided more efficient facilities. The central administrative structures have been modified in order to combat computer crime and the trafficking of human beings more effectively. The asylum and immigration policies have been more or less aligned with the European Union’s (EU) acquis. Additional efforts are required to ensure the independence of the judiciary, training for judges and respect for procedural deadlines.

Assessment (October 2002)

Legislative progress has been made with regard to law enforcement bodies and the judiciary. Cooperation between the competent authorities, in particular, the police and the authorities which combat money laundering, has been stepped up. Little progress was made in the judicial area and results are poor.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • to develop an efficient system of border controls (especially on the eastern border);
  • to implement migration policy and new legislation on asylum and the rights of refugees;
  • to continue combating organised crime and corruption with a view to applying the Schengen Agreement;
  • to align visa policy on that of the EU.

Assessment (October 1999)

The new visa legislation adopted in April 1999 represents a significant step towards fulfilling EU standards. No progress has been made in the other areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

Latvia has made some progress in relation to the policy on visas and police cooperation. During 2001, it has adopted two action plans with a view to implementing the Schengen acquis. Furthermore, progress has been made in combating corruption. Nonetheless, the Commission calls on Latvia to continue its efforts in order to achieve concrete results on a large scale.

Assessment (October 2002)

Alignment with the acquis relating to visas and the right to asylum has continued but not with regard to migration. In accordance with the action plan, the competent authorities have again been strengthened.

Controls at the external borders have been tightened as a result of the implementation of the policy document on State Border Guard Development (2001-2005), increased investments in order to develop the infrastructure at the eastern border, the installation of information systems (REIS, UVIS) as well as training measures. The establishment of an integrated maritime surveillance system has advanced through the establishment of maritime units within the State Border Guards.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM (2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC (2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Environment

Latvia – Environment

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Environment

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Environment

Short-term priorities:

  • continued transposition of framework legislation;
  • establishment of detailed approximation programmes and implementation strategies related to individual acts;
  • planning and initial implementation of these programmes and strategies.

Assessment (October 1999)

These priorities have been met.

Latvia has made progress in transposing horizontal legislation, while continuing to align its air quality, water quality, waste management and industrial pollution legislation. Further efforts are nonetheless required. Greater emphasis is required on implementing and enforcing new standards.

Assessment (November 2000)

The legislation complies with the acquis concerning the environment impact assessment. Good progress has been made in the alignment of legislation on nature protection, GMOs, air quality and nuclear safety. Progress still has to be made in the areas of water quality, waste management, industrial pollution control, noise pollution and chemical products.

Assessment (November 2001)

The alignment of legislation has continued, particularly in the following sectors: environmental impact assessment, waste management, pollution, nature protection and nuclear safety. Several bodies have been set up: the Latvian Environment Agency, the GMO Monitoring Council, the Packaging Management Council and the Radiation Safety Centre.

Assessment (October 2002)

Good progress has been made towards completing the transposition of the acquis, particularly in the areas of environmental information, waste management and chemicals.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • development of monitoring and implementation control structures and capacities;
  • on-going planning and implementation of approximation programmes related to individual legal acts;
  • particular emphasis on drinking water quality, waste water and waste;
  • environmental protection requirements and the need for sustainable development must be integrated into the definition and implementation of national sectoral policies.

Assessment (October 1999)

The National Environmental Policy Plan and the related Action Programme address the issue of integration of the environment into other sectors. No progress has been recorded in the other areas.

Assessment (November 2000)

There has been no progress in this area.

Assessment (November 2001)

The transposition of Community legislation must continue in all sectors, together with work to ensure its effective application. Special efforts are required in the fields of waste management, water quality and chemical products.

Assessment (October 2002)

Implementation of the waste management acquis has continued, particularly as regards packaging, packaging waste and hazardous waste. The environmental protection control system has been strengthened. Implementation has begun of the acquis relating to urban wastewater and drinking water. Administrative capacity has been stepped up, notably through the training of environmental inspectors, though further efforts are required, particularly at regional and local level. The Nature Protection Board has become operational, but needs to be reinforced. The environment needs to be further integrated into other policies.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999)506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Economic policy

Latvia – Economic policy

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Economic policy

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Economic policy

Short-term priorities:

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • regular review of the joint assessment of economic policy priorities within the Europe Agreement framework, focusing on satisfying the Copenhagen criteria for membership of the Union and the acquis in the area of economic and monetary policy (coordination of economic policies, submission of convergence programmes, avoidance of excessive deficits);
  • while Latvia is not expected to adopt the euro immediately on accession, it is expected to pursue policies which aim to achieve real convergence in accordance with the Union’s objectives of economic and social cohesion, as well as nominal convergence compatible with the ultimate goal of adoption of the euro.

Assessment (October 1999)

Latvian legislation has been amended to comply with the requirements of the European Union with a view to its participation in economic and monetary union.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made with this priority.

Assessment (November 2001)

No progress has been made with this priority.

Assessment (October 2002)

A large number of objectives have already been achieved on the basis of previous accession partnerships. The 2002 partnership report therefore focuses on very specific outstanding issues and does not provide an overview of Latvia’s preparedness for economic and monetary union.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97)2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98)703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999)506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Agriculture

Latvia – Agriculture

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Agriculture

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Agriculture

Short-term priorities

Agriculture

  • continuation of the alignment and improvement of inspection procedures in the veterinary and plant health sector;
  • modernisation of meat and dairy processing factories in order to meet European Union public health and hygiene standards.

Assessment (November 2000)

Progress has been made on the alignment of legislation on animal welfare, veterinary medicine, the identification and registration of animals, as well as in the plant health sector and on animal feed. The equipment of border posts is continuing. Hygiene standards have been adopted for some products including meat and milk. Factories are slow in complying with European health requirements.

Assessment (November 2001)

Progress has been made on plant health and veterinary legislation and on border controls. Although some provisions have been adopted, there is still no action plan for food processing plants.

Assessment (October 2002)

Latvia has continued its efforts in the veterinary sector by setting up a food and veterinary service and tightening up veterinary and food safety controls.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

Agriculture

  • alignment with the agricultural “acquis” (especially in veterinary and plant health matters and, in particular, on external border controls);
  • consolidation of land ownership patterns and development of a rural policy;
  • development of the capacity to implement the common agricultural policy, particularly as regards administrative structures and the basic management mechanisms intended to monitor agricultural markets and to implement structural and rural development measures;
  • adoption and implementation of veterinary and plant health requirements;
  • upgrading of some food processing establishments and some testing and diagnostic facilities;
  • restructuring of the agri-food sector.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made on these priorities.

Assessment (November 2001)

There has been progress on agricultural policy management mechanisms and on food hygiene following the adoption of a strategy in April 2000. Efforts have continued in the veterinary and plant health sectors.

Assessment (October 2002)

Latvia has set up a veterinary and food office and the Sapard agency has been approved.
Efforts will have to be made to align with the Community acquis and strengthen the institutional capacity needed to implement the common agricultural policy.

Fisheries

A satellite monitoring system has been introduced, a computerised fishing fleet register has been established and a detailed plan for implementing intervention mechanisms has been drawn up. However, efforts are still needed on inspection and control.

Assessment (October 2002)

Efforts to complete alignment have continued. Administrative capacity must be increased and certain areas such as structural policy and market policy improved.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121, 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 6.12.1999
Official Journal L 335, 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Transport

Latvia – Transport

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Transport

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Transport

Short-term priorities:

  • alignments of legislation on maritime safety.

Assessment (November (2000)

Some provisions on maritime safety have been adopted. A restructuring of the maritime administration has begun in order to improve control procedures for ports and flags. A register for ships flying the Latvian flag is being drawn up.

Assessment (November 2001)

No new legislation on maritime safety has been adopted in the last year. Nevertheless, Latvia has reinforced its maritime administrative structures by carrying out an internal restructuring.

Assessment (October 2002)

Latvia has pursued the restructuring of its maritime administration and training. Regarding Flag State performance, progress has been made inasmuch as the Port State controls and detention rates of Latvian ships have improved, but the safety record needs to be raised significantly to reach EU level.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • further efforts on alignment to acquis, particularly on road freight transport (technical rules and taxation), shipping (safety) and rail transport;
  • mobilisation of necessary investment for transport infrastructure (in particular the extension of trans-European networks).

Assessment (October 1999)

Latvia has continued to align its legislation on the acquis and to invest in transport infrastructure. Progress was particularly apparent on the railways.

Assessment (November 2000)

Regulations on the transport of dangerous goods by road have been adopted. An independent authority investigating civil aviation accidents was set up in January 2000.

Assessment (November 2001)

Latvia has adopted a number of legislative acts concerning weights and dimensions, type-approval, vehicle registration, driver qualification and the transport of dangerous goods. Certain Community provisions have yet to be transposed however.
A law on rail transport entered into force in January 2001.
Latvia has harmonised a large part of its legislation in the field of air transport.
With regard to maritime transport, the first results of ongoing efforts to improve maritime safety are now being seen.

Assessment (October 2002)

Legislative alignment has continued in road transport, but no new legislation has been adopted in relation to either railway or maritime transport. With regard to air transport, the computerised reservation system requirements have been transposed. Regarding rail transport, a passenger carriage operator has been established.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001)700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

Latvia – Employment and social affairs

Latvia – Employment and social affairs

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Latvia – Employment and social affairs

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Partnership for the accession of Latvia

Latvia – Employment and social affairs

Short-term priorities:

  • completion of the national employment strategy;
  • support for the social partners’ capacity-building efforts in developing and implementing the acquis, notably through bilateral social dialogue;
  • adoption of a new labour code (i.e. collective redundancies, equal treatment and working conditions).

Assessment (November 2000)

The national employment plan for the year 2000 was adopted in February 2000. Examination of the employment situation has already begun. Tripartite social dialogue is well established in Latvia, but no progress has been seen in bipartisanship. The new labour code is in the process of being approved.

Assessment (October 2002)

No particular action was taken with regard to social dialogue.
Progress was made in 2002 in terms of the national employment strategy.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Medium-term priorities:

  • development of labour market policies and joint review of these policies as preparation for participation in Union coordination;
  • alignment of labour law and occupational hygiene and safety legislation and development of implementation structures, in particular early adoption of the framework directive on health and safety at work;
  • establishment of equal opportunities between women and men;
  • further development of active, autonomous social dialogue;
  • further development of social protection;
  • steps to bring public health standards into line with Union norms.

Assessment (October 1999)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (November 2000)

No progress has been made in this area.

Assessment (October 2002)

Although the acquis on equal treatment for women and men has yet to be implemented, the 2002 Report notes that progress has been made in this area.
The bipartite social dialogue is still lagging behind.

Assessment (November 2003)

Please refer to the fact sheets on the adoption of the Community acquis.

Following the signing of the Accession Treaty on 16 April 2003, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004.

References

Decision 98/263/EC of 30.03.1998
Official Journal L 121 of 23.04.1998

Decision 1999/854/EC of 06.12.1999
Official Journal L 335 of 28.12.1999

Commission Opinion COM(97) 2004 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(98) 703 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(1999) 506 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2000) 706 final
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1749
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2002) 706 final – SEC(2002) 1405
Not published in the Official Journal

Commission Report COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1203
Not published in the Official Journal

Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236, 23.09.2003]

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.