Category Archives: Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

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These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

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Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

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Outline of the Community (European Union) legislation about Cyprus

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic.

Competition > Competition: international dimension and enlargement

Cyprus

1) References

Commission Opinion [COM(1993) 313 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1998) 710 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 502 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000) 702 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

In its Opinion of July 1993, the Commission took the view that the Cypriot legislation that entered into force in 1990 was similar to the legislation of the European Community, although it did not have sufficient information at its disposal to assess whether the Cypriot legislation was being implemented effectively.

The Report of November 1998 found the anti-trust legislation in force to be generally compatible with Community law, but it stated that more work was needed on enforcement and in the area of state aid.

In its Report of October 1999, the Commission concluded that considerable progress had been achieved in anti-trust legislation with the adoption of the merger control law. However, Cyprus should have continued to make further efforts with regard to state aid, firms with special rights and state monopolies.

The November 2000 Report recorded satisfactory progress in antitrust legislation but criticised the inertia with regard to state aid.

The November 2001 Report states that progress has been made in both antitrust law – especially as a result of the increased powers of the Competition Protection Commission with regard to investigations and the imposition of penalties – and in State aid following the entry into force of a new law on the control of pubic aid.

The October 2002 Report found that Cyprus had made further progress in this area.

The November 2003 Report states that Cypriot competition policy is meeting the commitments arising from the accession negotiations. However, in the case of the legislation governing existing monopolies, Cyprus still has to achieve full alignment with the acquis.
The Treaty of Accession was signed on 16 April 2003 and accession took place on 1 May 2004.

COMMUNITY ACQUIS

The competition rules of the European Community derive from Article 3(g) of the EC Treaty, which provides that the activities of the Community are to include “a system ensuring that competition in the internal market is not distorted”. The main areas of application are agreements between undertakings, abuses of dominant positions and State aid, dealt with under Articles 81, 82 and 87 (ex-Articles 85, 86 and 92) of the EC Treaty.

Cyprus is therefore called upon to apply progressively the provisions of the Merger Control Regulations (4064/89) and Articles 31 (ex-Article 37) and 86 (ex-Article 90) concerning monopolies and special rights of the EC Treaty.

EVALUATION

The new antitrust legislation, which has been in force since 1989, started the process of aligning antitrust legislation with the Community acquis. In order to complete the work, further legislative efforts are needed, in particular with regard to secondary legislation.

At administrative level, in April 2002 Cyprus submitted an “Action plan for strengthening the administrative capacity of the Commission for the Protection of Competition”, designed to further strengthen the structure of the CPC.

As regards state aid, the overall assessment is positive. The Public Aid Control Law of 2001 contains the main principles of state aid control. Only the legislation on monopolies remains to be aligned fully with the acquis. The Office of the Commissioner for Public Aid is functioning well. In addition, the reform of the tax system is in place: as of January 2003 all fiscal aid will be subject to state aid control.

Negotiations on this chapter have been provisionally closed. Cyprus now needs to ensure that it continues to update its alignment as the acquis in this area evolves.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

 


Another Normative about Cyprus

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Cyprus

1) References

Commission Report [COM(98) 710 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 502 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000) 702 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

The 1998 Report stated that Cypriot legislation was in line with Community provisions. Since 1997, Cyprus has also been taking part in Community programmes in the areas of education, training and youth.

The October 1999 Report emphasised that the free movement of persons and the principle of non-discrimination, particularly on grounds of nationality, had to be applied in the areas of education, training and youth. Cyprus planned to continue participating in Community programmes in these areas.

The November 2000 Report emphasised that Cyprus had made progress in aligning its legislation with the acquis and in capacity-building measures in this area. Further efforts were needed in drafting the strategy and implementing the legislation.

The November 2001 Report stated that Cyprus had made significant progress. With regard to legislation, the adoption of a new law on qualifications fully transposed the Directive on the education of children of migrant workers, while amendments to the education and vocational training act tackled reform of the sector. Cyprus was also participating in the second generation of Community programmes (Socrates, Leonardo and Youth).

The October 2002 Report noted that Cyprus had made further progress in this field. However, it needed to focus further on the development and implementation of the reforms, including the development of a lifelong learning system and of secondary technical and vocational education.

The November 2003 Report considers that Cyprus is largely in line with the acquis but that it needs to implement it properly in relation to the education of the children of migrant workers.
The Treaty of Accession was signed on 16 April 2003 and accession took place on 1 May 2004.

COMMUNITY ACQUIS

The EC Treaty provides for:

  • the contribution of the Community to the development of quality education including a European dimension, supporting and supplementing the action of the Member States while fully respecting their cultural and linguistic diversity (Article 149, ex Article 126) with regard to the content of teaching and the organisation of education systems;
  • the implementation of a vocational training policy which supports and supplements the action of the Member States (Article 150, ex Article 127), with the aim of facilitating adaptation to industrial changes and integration into the labour market.

These provisions have been implemented mainly through three major action programmes (Socrates, Leonardo da Vinci and Youth for Europe) recently updated by a new generation of programmes (Socrates, Leonardo and Youth).

EVALUATION

Cyprus has made good progress in education, training and youth. Significant progress was made in the mutual recognition of qualifications when a new law was adopted in November 1999 which provided inter alia for standards in vocational qualifications to be drawn up. A council for the recognition and academic equivalence of higher education qualifications has also been set up.

Cyprus has been taking part in the Socrates, Leonardo and Youth programmes since 1 November 1997.

The reform of education and vocational training at secondary level has made a great deal of progress because of changes introduced to the law in November 2000. These changes made it possible to decentralise powers to the regions and to set up the University of Applied Sciences and Arts and the Centre for Distance and Lifelong Learning. Information technology has been introduced in all primary schools. Despite the progress achieved, the administrative capacity of the Ministry of Education and Science needs to be increased, and it is necessary to develop a system of lifelong learning as well as secondary technical and vocational education.

With regard to non-discrimination of EU nationals in the field of education, the European baccalaureat is recognised as being equivalent to the corresponding qualifications in Cyprus. Further alignment with the acquis is needed in relation to the equal treatment of students in higher education, for example in tuition fees, to prevent discrimination between Cypriots and EU nationals. In this connection a pilot project for the development of standards for vocational qualifications was completed in 2002.

The principles of the legislation in force concerning the education of the children of migrant workers are in line with the acquis. Furthermore, there are already provisions on this issue in state schools. A number of teachers have been specially trained to teach the local language and to help to integrate these children into the school system, and a special training programme for teachers in this field is currently being drawn up. In November 2000 the Cypriot Parliament adopted a new law on qualifications, which fully transposes the Directive on the education of children of migrant workers, and opened a new credit line for this.
However, Cyprus must continue to properly implement the acquis in relation to the education of the children of migrant workers.
The EU’s main languages are already taught in state schools.

Since the Commission’s 1998 Report, Cyprus has made steady progress. Negotiations on this chapter have been provisionally closed (see 2002 Report). Cyprus has not requested any transitional arrangements in this area.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.


Another Normative about Cyprus

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Cyprus

1) References

Commission Opinion [COM(93) 313 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(98) 710 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 502 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000) 702 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [SEC(2001) 1745 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

In its Opinion of July 1993, the Commission stated that, in some cases, substantial changes were needed to Cypriot consumer law if Cyprus were to join the European Community in the future.

The Report of November 1998, whilst recognising the progress made so far, called for an additional effort to be made to complete the transposition of the acquis and the application of the legislation.

In its Report of October 1999, the Commission stated that substantial progress had been made since the last report, particularly in the area of legislation.

The Report of October 2002 stated that Cyprus had reached an advanced stage in the area of legislative alignment and administrative capacity. Negotiations on this chapter had been provisionally closed and Cyprus had not requested any transitional measures.

The Report of October 2003 states that Cyprus meets most of the accession requirements in the areas of market surveillance and non-safety related measures. Continued efforts are needed to fully transpose and implement the Community acquis.
The Treaty of Accession was signed on 16 April 2003 and accession took place on 1 May 2004.

COMMUNITY ACQUIS

The Community acquis covers the protection of consumers’ economic interests (notably in the fields of misleading advertising, indication of prices, consumer credit, unfair contract terms, distance selling, package travel, and timeshares), general product safety, cosmetics safety, the labelling of textile products and toy safety.
New, recently adopted Community legislation (distance selling, comparative advertising and indication of prices) must also be transposed.

EVALUATION

Cyprus has made good progress with the transposition of the Community acquis, both in the protection of consumers’ economic interests and in general product safety. However, progress still needs to be made in the following fields:

Safety-related measures:
The revised Directive on general product safety still needs to be implemented, and improvements made to the infrastructures that test this safety, in order to better satisfy the market surveillance requirements.

Non-safety-related measures:

There is a need to develop and strengthen the arbitration boards’ administrative structures, given the important role they play in settling consumer disputes.

Consumer associations:

Cyprus should do more to encourage greater participation from consumer associations in three areas:

  • shaping and implementing consumer policy;
  • developing safety standards for consumer products;
  • supporting activities related to market surveillance.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.

 


Another Normative about Cyprus

Topics

These categories group together and put in context the legislative and non-legislative initiatives which deal with the same topic

Enlargement > Enlargement 2004 and 2007 > Cyprus – adoption of the community acquis

Cyprus

1) References

Commission Opinion [COM(1993) 313 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1998) 710 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(1999) 502 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2000) 702 final – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2001) 700 final – SEC(2001) 1745 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – SEC(2002) 1401 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Commission Report [COM(2003) 675 final – SEC(2003) 1202 – Not published in the Official Journal]
Treaty of Accession to the European Union [Official Journal L 236 of 23.09.2003]

2) Summary

In its Opinion of July 1993, the Commission took the view that the Cypriot legislation that entered into force in 1990 was similar to the legislation of the European Community, although it did not have sufficient information at its disposal to assess whether the Cypriot legislation was being implemented effectively.

The Report of November 1998 found the anti-trust legislation in force to be generally compatible with Community law, but it stated that more work was needed on enforcement and in the area of state aid.

In its Report of October 1999, the Commission concluded that considerable progress had been achieved in anti-trust legislation with the adoption of the merger control law. However, Cyprus should have continued to make further efforts with regard to state aid, firms with special rights and state monopolies.

The November 2000 Report recorded satisfactory progress in antitrust legislation but criticised the inertia with regard to state aid.

The November 2001 Report states that progress has been made in both antitrust law – especially as a result of the increased powers of the Competition Protection Commission with regard to investigations and the imposition of penalties – and in State aid following the entry into force of a new law on the control of pubic aid.

The October 2002 Report found that Cyprus had made further progress in this area.

The November 2003 Report states that Cypriot competition policy is meeting the commitments arising from the accession negotiations. However, in the case of the legislation governing existing monopolies, Cyprus still has to achieve full alignment with the acquis.
The Treaty of Accession was signed on 16 April 2003 and accession took place on 1 May 2004.

COMMUNITY ACQUIS

The competition rules of the European Community derive from Article 3(g) of the EC Treaty, which provides that the activities of the Community are to include “a system ensuring that competition in the internal market is not distorted”. The main areas of application are agreements between undertakings, abuses of dominant positions and State aid, dealt with under Articles 81, 82 and 87 (ex-Articles 85, 86 and 92) of the EC Treaty.

Cyprus is therefore called upon to apply progressively the provisions of the Merger Control Regulations (4064/89) and Articles 31 (ex-Article 37) and 86 (ex-Article 90) concerning monopolies and special rights of the EC Treaty.

EVALUATION

The new antitrust legislation, which has been in force since 1989, started the process of aligning antitrust legislation with the Community acquis. In order to complete the work, further legislative efforts are needed, in particular with regard to secondary legislation.

At administrative level, in April 2002 Cyprus submitted an “Action plan for strengthening the administrative capacity of the Commission for the Protection of Competition”, designed to further strengthen the structure of the CPC.

As regards state aid, the overall assessment is positive. The Public Aid Control Law of 2001 contains the main principles of state aid control. Only the legislation on monopolies remains to be aligned fully with the acquis. The Office of the Commissioner for Public Aid is functioning well. In addition, the reform of the tax system is in place: as of January 2003 all fiscal aid will be subject to state aid control.

Negotiations on this chapter have been provisionally closed. Cyprus now needs to ensure that it continues to update its alignment as the acquis in this area evolves.

This summary is for information only and is not designed to interpret or replace the reference document.